С. М. завідувач кафедри мвфд «Скриня педагогічних ідей» Іноземні мови Проект урок icon

С. М. завідувач кафедри мвфд «Скриня педагогічних ідей» Іноземні мови Проект урок




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31 жовтня 2011 року

Кафедра методики викладання філологічних дисциплін

Куриш С.М. – завідувач кафедри МВФД

«Скриня педагогічних ідей»

Іноземні мови

Проект уроку для розвитку навичок читання, мовлення та аудіювання з теми «Literature of the Wartime» (з досвіду роботи вчителя англійської мови Чернівецької гімназії №7 Рудан О.)




Проект уроку для розвитку навичок читання, мовлення та аудіювання з теми «Literature of the Wartime» (з досвіду роботи вчителя англійської мови Чернівецької гімназії №7 Рудан О.)




Даний матеріал представлений на допомогу вчителям у навчально- виховному процесі англійської мови для формування навичок мовлення, читання та аудіювання з теми «Literature of the Wartime» (з досвіду роботи вчителя англійської мови Чернівецької гімназії №7 Рудан О.)



BACKGROUND

Literature of the wartime.

The First World War gave the consciousness an understanding of the tragic destinies of the human personality .The process supported the blossoming of critical realism had become. The literature of this period is connected with the life of people, with the development of economical and social idea in different countries.

The strengthening of the critical realistic tendencies goes parallel with very complicated process of modernism influence.

The literature of critical realism is rich and full of variety. The realists were different in their philosophic, social and political outlooks. But their understanding of human problems, democracy and humanism united them.
^

GRAHAM GREENE


Graham Greene is, perhaps, the most interesting and most complicated English novelist writer today. His novels deal with real-life burning problems. Green’s observations are concentrated on the actual details of poverty and misery. In his novels Greene gives a deep psychological analysis of crime and murder, he shows the struggle against evil. For example, his “The Quiet American’ deals with the imperialist war waged by the French colonizers against Vietnamese people, who were fighting for their independence. Green’s works are interesting for realistic description, deep examining of characters, firmness, vitality and economy of style.


^ ERNEST MILLER HEMINGWAY

ERNEST MILLER HEMINGWAY is one of the America’s foremost writers, and a classic of American and world-literature of the 20th century. He influenced the American short story. Hemingway was a democrat and humanist. All his life he criticized the so-called ‘’American way of life». Hemingway‘s aim to write absolute truth induced him to create a new style. He avoided conventional narration in his stores. He tried to make his readers understand his ideas about nature, labour, and war by sketching in vivid scenes his own experience. This talented man took part in World War I, the Civil War in Spain and World War II, and fought actively against fascism and war.

Hemingway won the hearts of his readers by his personal qualities and being a brilliant naturalist and a keen observer of life around him.

^ GIVE PEACE A CHANCE’’

This is the patent age of new inventions

For killing bodies, and for saving souls,

All propagated with the best intentions.

Byron

(Music “The Heroic Symphony» by Shestacovich)

/The whole class is divided into two creative groups/

Warm-up.

(Situation in Iraq)

  • How Can you estimate the situation in Iraq?

  • What country’s position is closer to you?

  • Is this war necessary/

  • Who are the real victims in this war?

  • Is it possible to act without weapons in this situation?

  • May you know how to solve this conflict and to stop the war?

Brainstorm

Let’s brainstorm phrases from the texts by Greene and Hemingway.. Work is around two main words:”peace”and “war”. Students work in two groups



















The first group writes down the word which is connected with the word “peace» and suggest to the second group to recollect the whole phrase from the literary works by Greene and Hemingway which includes the suggested word. And then vice versa.

^ CHECKING HOMETASK

Students are to speak about two, the most progressive writers of the wartime, Greene and Hemingway. They are to pay their attention on the facts from writer’s biographies that are closely connected with the anti-war activity of Graham Greene and Ernest Hemingway.

POLILOGUE

(Group work)

The first group works with the main ideas from the biography of Greene. Their contenders give the key-sentence.

The second group works with the main facts from the biography of Hemingway. The first team gives the key-phrase.

LISTENING TO THE TEXT (tape recorder)

^ On the American Dead in Spain

The dead sleep cold in Spain tonight. Snow blows through the olive groves, sifting against the tree roots. Snow drifts over the mounds with the small headboards. (When there was time for headboards) The olive trees are thin in the cold wind because their lower branches were once cut to cover tanks, and the dead sleep cold in small hills above the Jarama River. It was cold that February when they died there and since then the dead have not noticed the changes of the seasons.

It is two years now since the Lincoln Battalion held for four and a half months along the heights of the Jarama, and the first American dead have been a part of the earth of Spain for a long time now.

The dead sleep cold in Spain tonight and they will sleep cold all this winter as the earth sleeps with them. But in the spring the rain will come to make the earth kind again. The wind will blow soft over the hills from the south. The black trees will come to life with small green leaves, and there will be blossoms on the apple trees along the Jarama River. This spring the deal will feel the earth beginning to live again.

For our dead are a part of the earth of Spain now and the earth of Spain can never die. Each winter it will seem to die and each spring it will come alive again. Our dead will live with it forever.

Just as the earth can never die, neither will those who ever been free return to slavery. The peasants who work the earth where our dead lie know what these dead died for. There was time during the war for them to learn these things, and there is forever for them to remember them in.

Our dead live in the hearts and the minds of the Spanish peasants, of the Spanish workers, of all the good simple honest people who believed in and fought for the Spanish Republic. And as long as our dead live in the Spanish earth, and they will live as long as earth lives, no system of tyranny ever will prevail in Spain.

The fascists may spread over the land, blasting their way with weight of metal brought from the countries. They may advance aided by traitors and by cowards. They may destroy cities and villages and try to hold the people in slavery

The Spanish people will rise again as they have always risen before against tyranny.

The dead do not need to rise. They are a part of the earth now and the earth can never be conquered. For the earth endured forever. It will outlive all systems of tyranny.

Those who have entered it honorably, and no men ever entered earth more honorably than those that died in Spain, already have achieved immortality.

February 14, 1939

^ ERNEST HEMINGWAY

1) Read and listen and read to the story. Order these events.

  1. -They may advance aided by traitors and by cowards.

  2. -Snow drifts over the mounds with the small headboards.

  3. -Our dead will live forever.

  4. -The wind will blow soft over the hills from the south.

  5. -The olive trees are thin in the cold wind.

  6. -It will outlive all systems of tyranny.

2) Are the statements below true or false?

  1. -The fascists may build new cities and villages.

  2. -It was the hot and bright summer in Spain.

  3. -The earth may be kind all the days long.

  4. -No one fought for the Spanish Republic.

  5. -The earth couldn’t come to life in any case.

  6. -The lower branches of the trees are used to kindle the fireplaces.

-His people forget every dead hero.

3) Which of these word-combinations you use to describe your psychological state after listening and reading to the text:

  1. -To hide from the ominous cold.

  2. To rush in abyss of war events

  3. Desire to support the Spanish patriots

  4. -To meet in private with enemy

  5. -To be frightened of hopelessness of situation

  6. To cry, to call for help

  7. It is better to die than to become slaves

4) Answer the questions:

  1. -The main idea of the text

  2. -Is it a typical Hemingway’s writing?

  3. -Does the Nature try to help people? Why?

  4. -The war heroes mustn’t be forgotten. Your point of view.

  5. -Your social position on the war problems

  6. -Why can the earth come alive again?

^ LOOK AT THE PICTURES

(Group work)

You can see pictures with a military plot. Think and describe the definite picture, which was prepared for you by your contender

PSYCHOLOGICAL TRAINING

(Group work)

Give the psychological characteristic of one of the heroes from the works of Greene and Hemingway. Teacher chooses

the name of the hero. One team describe him, the second one tries to recognize what character he is.

^ DRAMATISATION (+ the dialogical speech)

Every creative group has the definite episode '. One is from the “For Whom the Bell Tolls” by E.Hemingway< the second

is- from “The Quiet American» by G.Greene.

During the dramatization of the episode from ‘The Quiet American”—music “National Vietnamese Music”, during the dramatization of the episode of “For Whom The Bell Tolls

“—music ‘The instrumental version of “Love Story

^ For whom the bell tolls

“ They were walking down the edge of the meadow now and there was a gray mist. The grass was lush underfoot after the pine-needle floor of the forest and the dew on the grass wet through their canvas rope-soled shores. Ahead, thorough the trees, Robert Jordan could see a light where he knew the mouth of the cave must be.

“Ägustin is a very good man,”Anselmo said. “He speaks very filthily and always in jokes but he is a very serious man

“You know him well?

‘Yes. For a long time. I have much confidence in him.

‘”And what he says?

“Yes, man. This Pablo is bad now, as you can see

“And the best thing to do?”

“One shall guard it at all times”

“Who?

“You. Me. The woman and Augustin. Since he sees the danger

“Did you think things were as bad as they are here?

“No,”Anselmo said. “They have gone bad very fast. But it is necessary to come here. This is the country of Pablo and El Sordo.

THE QUIET AMERICAN”


STYLISTICAL TRAINING

Find examples of Hemingway’s style in the text:

-His detailed description

-His natural manner of personification

-The conventional narration

-The language is of bare simplicity

- -He is the inventor of “theory of an iceberg “

SUMMARY

Using all the worked lesson material and in view of last events in the world, students are to make the project of appeal to all the nations of the world “Stop Wars!

Music—“The Ode to Pleasure» by Beethoven

READING and DISCUSSION

Students read their projects and discuss their arguments.

HOMEWORK

To write the essay ‘We believe in Future”

The1 team—in the Hemingway’s style.

The 2 team—in the Greene’s style

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