Pre-and perinatal pathology. Relevance of the topic icon

Pre-and perinatal pathology. Relevance of the topic




Скачати 22.63 Kb.
НазваPre-and perinatal pathology. Relevance of the topic
Дата29.08.2012
Розмір22.63 Kb.
ТипДокументи

Pre-and perinatal pathology.

Relevance of the topic : Prenatal pathology is a pathology that develops after fertilization until birth. Perinatal pathology, pathology of the fetus from 155 days of gestation to 7 days after birth.

The basis of prenatal pathology are gametopatii that lead to the development of hereditary fermentopathy, chromosomal diseases, miscarriages, blastopatii that cause vikidyshey, ectopic pregnancy, twin malformations; embriopatii, prnivodyaschie to congenital malformations of organs and systems, infectious and noninfectious fetopatii manifested by structural abnormalities at the tissue level and the development of obschepatologicheskih processes, including inflammation.

Perinatal pathology includes both congenital and acquired in the early postnatal period, and birth trauma.

Knowledge of pre-and perinatal pathology, causes, time of occurrence, morphological manifestations must be doctors of various specialties, not only because these processes are the cause of stillbirths and neonatal deaths, and may underlie diseases of adults, but also because it allows you to develop effective interventions for their prevention, timely diagnosis and treatment.

^ The purpose of (total): to be able to macroscopically recognize the major congenital malformations, provide reasons for the timing and mechanism of their origin, the value for the organism.

Be able to identify macro-microscopic signs of asphyxia, pneumopathy, hemolytic disease of the newborn, toxoplasmosis, cytomegalovirus, cystic fibrosis, represent the reasons outcomes, value for the organism.

Be able to macroscopically detect brain injury and hypoxic birth injury, represent causes, mechanisms of their development and outcomes.
^

The specific objectives


The objectives of the entry-level

Be able to


1.Diagnostsirovat on macroscopic features major congenital heart defects, brain, kidney, twin malformations

2.Diagnostsirovat on the macro-microscopic features asphyxia and birth, to have an idea of ​​its causes, pathogenesis, and outcomes.

3.Diagnostsirovat on the macro-microscopic features pneumopathy, be cause, pathogenesis, and outcomes.

4.Diagnostsirovat on the macro-microscopic characteristics hemolytic disease of the newborn, have an understanding of its causes, pathogenesis, outcome of different forms.

5.Diagnostsirovat microscopically cytomegalovirus, submit its reasons, the outcome

6.Diagnostsirovat macro-microscopically toxoplasma, represent the etiology and outcome.

7.Diagnostsirovat microscopically cystic fibrosis, to represent the cause, mechanism of development, complications and outcomes

8.Diagnostsirovat macroscopically generic traumatic brain injury (rupture of the cerebellar gallop). Have an understanding of its causes, outcome, significance.

1.Razlichat normal structure of (Dept. of normal anatomy), their histological structure of the (Department of Histology).

2.predstavlyat periodization prenatal 6periody progeneza, blastogenesis, embryogenesis and fetogeneza, their terms (Department of Histology).

3.Diagnostsirovat on the macro-microscopic features obschepatologicheskie processes (Dept. of Pathology).

To help you find out as to whether the initial level of your knowledge necessary, offer to execute several tasks.

Assignments for self-knowledge, entry-level skills.

Target number 1.

The prenatal period is:

  1. During maturation of gametes

  2. Period of crushing the eggs and the appearance of embryo-and trophoblast

  3. During organogenesis and the formation of the amnion and chorion

  4. Period of differentiation and maturation of tissues

  5. period from fertilization to birth

Task number 2.

Progenezom said:

  1. During maturation of gametes

  2. Period of crushing the eggs and the appearance of embryo-and trophoblast

  3. During organogenesis and the formation of the amnion and chorion

  4. Period of differentiation and maturation of tissues

  5. period from fertilization until birth.

Task number 3.

Kimatogenez includes periods:

  1. Progeneza and blastogenesis

  2. Blastogenesis and embryogenesis

  3. Embryogenesis and fetogeneza

  4. blastogenesis, embryogenesis and fetogeneza

  5. Progeneza, blastogenesis, embryogenesis and fetogeneza.

Specifying № 4.

Blastogenesis occurs:

  1. 1-14 days of pregnancy

  2. 15-75 days of pregnancy

  3. 76-154 days of pregnancy

  4. 155-280 days of pregnancy

  5. During the 280 days.

Task number 5.

Organogenesis occurs during:

  1. Progeneza

  2. Blastogenesis

  3. Embryogenesis

  4. In the early fetal period

  5. In the late fetal period.

Target number 6.

Embryogenesis is carried out:

  1. 1-14 days of pregnancy

  2. 15-75 days of pregnancy

  3. 76-154 days of pregnancy

  4. 155-280 days of pregnancy

  5. During the entire pregnancy.

The correctness of problem solving test, comparing them with the standards of response.

Standards of responses to meet the challenges for self-examination and self-knowledge, entry-level skills: 1-5; 2-1; 3-4, 4.1, 5.3, 6-2.

Information necessary to replenish the necessary knowledge, skills can be found in the following literature:

  1. Prywes M., Lysenko, N., V. Bushkovich Human Anatomy, "Hippocrates," 2001.

  2. Afanasyev JM, Yudin, IA "Histology, cytology and embryology M: Medicine, 1999, sec.

  3. Strukov A.І., Serov VV patologіchna anatomіya .- Harku "Fact" 1999 with.

The content of education should ensure that learning objectives which sposobstvyut graphs the logical structure of the theme: "Pre-and perinatal pathology" (Annex № 1 -)

The basic theoretical issues on which you can do the task activities:

  1. Definition and causes of blastomeres and embryos fetopaty their morphological manifestations.

  2. Terminology and morphological characteristics of major congenital malformations: the heart, brain, kidney, twin malformations.

  3. Asphyxia: definition, causes, morphological appearance.

  4. Pneumopathy: definition, classification, causes, morphological features.

  5. Hemolytic disease of the newborn: definition, causes, classification, morphological manifestations.

  6. Cytomegaly: definition, etiology, morphologic features.

  7. Toxoplasmosis: definition, etiology, morphological manifestations.

  8. Cystic fibrosis: definition, etiology, clinical and morphological shape, morphology, and complications.

  9. Birth injury and birth injury: definition, causes, mechanism of development, morphological manifestations, complications, and outcomes.

Books for learning-skills.

  1. Strukov A.І., Sєrov V. "Patologіchna anatomіya" .- Harkіv "Fact" 1999 with.

  2. Department of Pathological Anatomy lecture on the theme: "Prenatal and perenatalnaya pathology."


After studying the material on the subject for self-mastery of the material consists of the following targets:

Target number 1.

A newborn baby on ultrasound revealed a congenital heart defect, Fallot's triad. The development of this defect is a manifestation of:

  1. Gametopatii

  2. Blastopatii

  3. Embriopatii

  4. Early fetopatii

  5. Late fetopatii.

Task number 2.

The autopsy of the deceased on day 3 of life a newborn baby found in the brains of multiple cavities of different sizes, communicating with the ventricles.

The observed changes are consistent with the diagnosis:

  1. Microcephaly

  2. Hydrocephalus

  3. Mikrogiriya

  4. Porentsefaliya

  5. Anencephaly.

Task number 3.

The autopsy revealed a stillborn child: cyanosis of the skin, mucous and serous membranes, internal organs, and point melkopyatnistye hemorrhages under the pleura, epicardium, thymus capsule, liquid blood in the cavities of the heart and blood vessels, airless lungs that do not meet the pleural cavity. The observed changes are characteristic:

  1. Intrauterine asphyxia

  2. Hemolytic disease of newborn

  3. Congenital pneumonia

  4. Pneumopathy

  5. Hemorrhagic disease of newborns.

Specifying № 4.

Histologically, the lungs of premature infants who died at 4 days of life, identified multiple ribbonlike dense eosinophilic masses lining the inside respiratory bronchioles and alveoli. For a disease characterized by the described histological picture?

  1. Anectasis lung

  2. Hyaline membrane disease

  3. Congenital pneumonia

  4. Massive aspiration of amniotic fluid

  5. Bleeding in the lungs.

Task number 5.

During the term of births complicated by prolapse of umbilical cord, developed acute intrauterine asphyxia. Resuscitation after birth, were ineffective. At autopsy, in addition to signs of asphyxia, drew the attention of the yellowness of the skin, enlarged liver and spleen, and histological examination of organs expressed erythroblastosis.

What disease has occurred in the fetus?

  1. Congenital hepatitis

  2. Toxoplasmosis

  3. Congenital sepsis

  4. Congenital form of hemolytic disease of the newborn

  5. Cystic fibrosis

Target number 6.

A child born with symptoms of jaundice, anemia, bleeding sores on the skin, sudoragami. Through the day he died. Histological examination of the lungs, liver, kidney, salivary glands, brain revealed degenerative and necrotic changes, interstitial infiltrates of myeloid cells and erythroblasts, large cells with eccentrically located nucleus with acidophilic inclusions, surrounded by a rim of enlightenment. What disease was the child?

  1. Toxoplasmosis

  2. Listeria

  3. Cystic fibrosis

  4. Sepsis

  5. Cytomegaly.

Target number 7.

A newborn baby was operated on for intestinal obstruction. During the operation, found obturation bowel Micon viscous, compacted with kistoznorasshirennymi pancreatic duct. How does the disease have suffered child?

  1. Intestinal atresia

  2. Congenital pancreatitis

  3. Cystic fibrosis

  4. Cytomegaly

  5. Listeriosis.

Target number 8.

Grossly the brain dead newborn found multiple cysts foci of calcification, the phenomenon of microcephaly with moderate expansion of the ventricles, the pia mater sclerosis. For what zabalevaniya most characteristic changes observed?

  1. Cytomegaly

  2. Porentsefalii

  3. Toxoplasmosis

  4. Listeriosis

  5. Gemogliticheskoy disease.

Target number 9.

A newborn child born from patologiicheskih childbirth, complicated by persistent weakness in the secondary labor, diagnosed with a massive hemorrhage in the posterior cranial fossa. The most likely cause of hemorrhage:

  1. Hypoxia

  2. The gap cerebellar gallop

  3. The gap sernovidnogo process

  4. Basilar artery rupture

  5. Rupture sinus of the dura mater.

Methodical instructions for students on practical training on the topic: "Prenatal and perinatal pathology."

In early studies on the standards of answers verified the correctness of the decision of homework. Then by the test control will be tested to prepare your lesson.

You should independently examine the macro-micropreparations, solve situational problems. Congenital malformations in the study makropreparatah "anencephaly", "polycystic kidney disease. " At micropreparations study "hyaline membrane disease," "aspiration of amniotic fluid," "congenital ateleptaz light," "cytomegalovirus," "cystic fibrosis". It uses algorithms describe the macro-and micropreparations.

Occupation comes to an end analysis of the results of independent work of each student by checking the description micropreparations, test control of learning.

Схожі:

Pre-and perinatal pathology. Relevance of the topic iconRelevance of the topic

Pre-and perinatal pathology. Relevance of the topic iconIntestinal infections The relevance of the topic

Pre-and perinatal pathology. Relevance of the topic iconViral infection. Relevance of the topic

Pre-and perinatal pathology. Relevance of the topic iconGeneral circulatory disorder Relevance of the topic

Pre-and perinatal pathology. Relevance of the topic iconPeriodontitis. Stomatitis. Epulis. Relevance of the topic

Pre-and perinatal pathology. Relevance of the topic icon" Atherosclerosis, hypertension, coronary heart disease. " Relevance of the topic

Pre-and perinatal pathology. Relevance of the topic iconKey words: body mass index, motivation, obesity, physical activity. Relevance of the topic of research

Pre-and perinatal pathology. Relevance of the topic iconДокументи
1. /Topic 1 st admission departm.doc
2. /Topic...

Pre-and perinatal pathology. Relevance of the topic iconДокументи
1. /Topic 01.doc
2. /Topic 02.doc
Pre-and perinatal pathology. Relevance of the topic iconДокументи
1. /Topic 01.doc
2. /Topic 02.doc
Додайте кнопку на своєму сайті:
Документи


База даних захищена авторським правом ©zavantag.com 2000-2013
При копіюванні матеріалу обов'язкове зазначення активного посилання відкритою для індексації.
звернутися до адміністрації
Документи