Program of surgical studies for students of international medical faculty icon

Program of surgical studies for students of international medical faculty




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НазваProgram of surgical studies for students of international medical faculty
Дата23.08.2012
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PROGRAM OF SURGICAL STUDIES FOR STUDENTS OF INTERNATIONAL MEDICAL FACULTY




TOPICS



Organization of surgical aid to the population of Ukraine. Thermal injury

Basic principles of surgery in hospital. Employment in operating room. Treatment of wounds. Rehabilitation of patients with surgical diseases. Surgical care at home. Injury and purulent diseases of skin and subcutaneous tissue prevention. Basic medical documentation. Principles of biosafety and bioethics. Legal and Medico-social aspects of the system of health care on principles of bioethics. State regulation of biomedical interventions in the human body. Bioethical issues of the demographic crisis and its solving.

Burns: thermal, chemical, electric rays (radiation). Site assistance in burn injury. The volume of emergency before transporting the victim in a specialized hospital. Local treatment of burns. Freezing injury, diagnosis and treatment.

Main tasks and scope of assistance provided in the surgical room (department). Structure surgical clinics and his office equipment.

^ Fever. (Surgical infection). Abscess of fingers and wrist. Acute purulent diseases of skin and subcutaneous tissue (furuncle, carbuncle, abscess, phlegmon, erysipelas, eryzypeloyid). Etiology, pathogenesis, classification. Typical and atypical clinical manifestations. Complications, instrumental and laboratory diagnostics. Treatment and prevention. Prognosis



^ Fever. (Surgical infection). Differential diagnosis of acute surgical infection. Limfanhit, lymphadenitis, parotitis, hidradenit, mastitis, purulent-inflammatory diseases zaocherevennoyi cellulose, anaerobic infection. Etiology, pathogenesis, classification. Typical and atypical clinical manifestations. Complications, instrumental and laboratory diagnostics. Treatment and prevention. Prognosis. General principles of surgical treatment of purulent diseases. Local treatment of purulent wounds. Tetanus. Differential diagnosis. Laboratory and instrumental diagnostics. Clinical. Etiology, pathogenesis. Treatment. Prognosis.

Fever (sepsis). General principles on the use of antibiotics in surgery. Systemic inflammatory response syndrome. Diagnosis and treatment of surgical sepsis. AIDS in surgical clinic. General principles on the use of antibiotics in surgery. Antimicrobial agents for systemic use. Antibiotic prophylaxis in surgery. antibacterial therapy in surgery. Fungal infections in surgery



^ Pain in the perineum. Diseases of the rectum and perianalnoyi area. Differential diagnosis of pain-preen kryzhkovo area, perineum and rectum. Features on the "subjective test proctology patient. Anatomy of the rectum and pelvic day. Clinical course and treatment principles sonovni proctologic diseases: hemorrhoids (acute, chronic), paraproctitis (acute, chronic) anal fissures, epithelial preen course, hair rectal sphincter insufficiency colon, rectal injury. Etiology, pathogenesis, classification. Typical and atypical clinical signs of complications. Instrumental and laboratory dfiahnostyka. Treatment and prevention. Prognosis



^ Chest pain. Diseases of the lung, pleura and mediastinum. Differential diagnosis of acute surgical diseases of the lung, pleura and mediastinum. Peculiarities of clinical picture and treatment of acute surgical diseases of the lungs, mediastinum and pleura: pleural disease, acute purulent-destructive lung diseases, acute mediastenit. Thoracic aortic aneurysm. Etiology. Pathogenesis. Classification. Typical and atypical clinical manifestations. Complications. Instrumental and laboratory diagnosis. Treatment and prevention. Prognosis



^ Chest trauma. Diagnosis of breast trauma. Medical and diagnostic algorithm chest trauma. Closed chest trauma. Open chest trauma. Injuries heart and perikarda. Injuries of large vessels in the chest. Thoracoabdominal injuries



Dysphagia. Diseases of the esophagus and diaphragm. Differential diagnosis of dysphagia. Features klinyky and treatment of diseases (esophagitis, dyvertykuly, achalasia cardio, halaziya cardio, body chuzherodne esophagus, esophageal stricture Rubtsova) and esophageal injury. Diaphragmatic hernia, diaphragm relaxation. Etiology, pathogenesis, classification. Typical and atypical clinical manifestations. Complications. Instrumental and laboratory diagnosis. Treatment and prevention. Prognosis.



^ Pain in the limbs. Extremity arterial disease. Differential diagnosis of acute and chronic diseases of the arteries and veins of the extremities. Acute arterial obstruction. Carcinoma syndrome-Shrettera. Etiology, pathogenesis, classification. Typical and atypical manifestations klknichni. Complications. Instrumental and laboratory diagnosis. Treatment and prevention. Prognosis. Differential diagnosis of pain in the limbs.

Obliterating lesions of arteries: atherosclerosis obliteriyuchyy, obliterating trombanhiyit, nonspecific aortoaretriyit, Raynaud's disease. Etiology, pathogenesis, klasyfakatsiya. Typical and atypical clinical manifestations. Complications. Instrumental and laboratory diagnosis. Likvannya and prevention. Prognosis



^ Pain in the limbs. Diseases of the veins of the extremities.

Differential diagnosis of pain in the limbs. Chronic venous insufficiency: varicose disease of lower extremities posttromboflebitychnyy syndrome. Urodzhenni vascular dysplasia. Krovenosnyh vascular injury: acute trauma arteries, damage to veins. Diabetic angiopathy, lehenivoyi artery thromboembolism. Etiology, pathogenesis, classification. Typical and atypical clinical manifestations. Complications. Instrumental and laboratory diagnosis. Treatment and prevention. Prognosis.



Abdominal pain. Peritonitis. Diagnosis and differential diagnosis perytnitu. Features of clinical course of diseases accompanied psevdoabdominalnim syndrome. Laboratory Methods. Etiology of peritonitis. Pathogenesis of peritonitis. The most frequent reason perytonytu. Classification of peritonitis. Predicting severity of acute peritonitis. Intraabdominalnoyi hypertension syndrome. Stages of peritonitis. Basic principles of treatment of peritonitis



^ Abdominal pain. Acute intestinal nerpohidnist.

Diagnosis and differential diagnosis of acute intestinal obstruction. Features of clinical course of acute intestinal obstruction. Instrumental diagnosis of acute intestinal obstruction. Principles of pathogenesis, classification of acute intestinal nerpohidnosti. Surgical tactics surgical treatment of acute intestinal obstruction. Clinical course and treatment in certain types of acute intestinal obstruction: a dynamic intestinal obstruction, intestinal obstruction stranhulyatsiyna, obturatsionnoy intestinal obstruction, mixed mechanical intestinal obstruction. Ischemic disease of the digestive system, acute mesenteric circulation violation (bowel infarction). Abdominal aortic aneurysm. Etiology, pathogenesis, classification. Typical and atypical clinical manifestations. Complications. Instrumental and laboratory diagnosis. Treatment and prevention. Prognosis



^ Abdominal pain. Restricted abdominal hernia.

Diagnosis and differential diagnosis of abdominal hernia is pinched. Pathogenesis. Kasyfikatsiya. Causes of Hernias. Types of binding. Diagnosis and surgical tactics in nezaschemleniy hernia. Surgical tactics in binding hernia. Some ways plastic hernia. Inguinal hernia. Omphalocele. Femoral hernia. Ventral postoperative hernia. Rare hernias (hernia mechovydnoho process, lateral hernia lumbar hernia, zamykalna hernia, perineal hernia, hernia Ischium). Internal abdominal hernias



Abdominal pain. Hollow organ perforation.Diagnosis and differential diagnosis of hollow organ perforation. Features of clinical course preforatsiyi empty body. Phase flow perforated hollow organ. Surgical tactics in perforated hollow organ. Clinical and treatment of the most frequent causes of perforated hollow bodies: ulcer (peptic ulcer), gastric and duodenal ulcer, nonspecific colitis, colon dyvertykuloz.



^ Abdominal pain. Acute cholecystitis.

Differential diagnosis of acute cholecystitis. Features of clinical course of acute cholecystitis. Instrumental diagnosis, etiology and pathogenesis of acute cholecystitis. Classification. Surgical tactics in acute cholecystitis: Conservative treatment of acute cholecystitis. For operation and timing of surgical intervention. Select the method and scope of surgical intervention. Types of surgery in acute cholecystitis: cholecystectomy, holetsystostomiya. Acrimoniously-stone wooden disease. Surgical tactics in external and internal biliary svischah. Postcholecystectomical syndrome

Obstructive jaundice. Differential Diagnosis of jaundices prehospital phase. Differential Diagnosis jaundices in the hospital. Instrumental diagnosis of bile ducts. Benign tumor and parasitic obturatsionnoy jaundice. Causes of jaundice obturatsionnoy benign etiology. Choledocholithiasis. Cholangitis. Biliary pancreatitis. Papilostenoz. Tubulyarnyy choledoch stenosis. Iatrogenic bile duct injury. Benign biliary strictures. Biliodyhestyvni fistulas (Miritstsi syndrome). Surgical tactics in obturatsionnoy jaundice. Conservative therapy obturatsionnoy jaundice. Surgical intervention with obturatsionnoy jaundice: endoscopic surgical intervention transpapilyarni open transactions and not hepatikoholedohu large duodenal papilla



^ Abdominal pain. Acute pancreatitis.

Differential diagnosis of acute pancreatitis. Features of clinical course of acute pancreatitis. Laboratory and instrumental diagnosis of acute pancreatitis. Etiology, pathogenesis, classification of acute pancreatitis. Forms of acute pancreatitis. Phases of acute pancreatitis. Complications. Surgical tactics in acute pancreatitis. Conservative therapy of acute pancreatitis. Types of surgery in acute pancreatitis. Chronic pancreatitis.



Abdominal pain. Acute appendicitis. Differential diagnosis of acute appendicitis. Features of clinical course of acute appendicitis in typical and atypical localization of wormlike bone. Features of clinical course of acute appendicitis in pregnant women and senile persons. Etiology and pathogenesis of acute appendicitis. Classification of acute appendicitis. Treatment of acute appendicitis



Abdominal trauma. Closed abdominal injury. Open (penetrating) injury to the stomach. Damage to the diaphragm. Damage to the stomach. Damage to the duodenum. Damage to large and small intestine. Liver damage. Damage to the spleen. Damage to the pancreas. Retroperitoneal hematoma. Damage to major vessels.



Acute bleeding into the lumen of the gastrointestinal tract (ABGIT). Diagnosis and differential diagnosis ABGIT. Laboratory. Basic principles of diagnosis and treatment ABGIT. The main reason ABGIT. Classification. Diagnosing the source of bleeding. Endoscopic hemostasis. Infusion and drug remedial therapy. Inhibition of gastric secretion. Surgical tactics in various ABGIT reasons: acute gastroduodenal ulcer bleeding. Acute hemorrhagic ulcers and gastrointestinal tract erosion. Mallory-Weiss syndrome. Tumors of the alimentary canal. Syndrome are rare causes of portal hypertension ABGIT.

Blood transfusion and blood substitutes. Blood type and Rh affiliation. Indications for blood transfusion, blood products and blood substitutes. Samples of individual and biological compatibility test. Hemotransfuziyni reactions and complications. Types of blood substitutes and their uses.



Final module control







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