The political developments in Europe and consequently made changes into its own concep-tion of tactics and strategy of struggle icon

The political developments in Europe and consequently made changes into its own concep-tion of tactics and strategy of struggle




НазваThe political developments in Europe and consequently made changes into its own concep-tion of tactics and strategy of struggle
Дата19.02.2014
Розмір9.99 Kb.
ТипДокументи

SUMMARY

The political developments in Europe and consequently made changes into its own concep-tion of tactics and strategy of struggle.Within the framework of the resolutions of UIA – WEST AND THE ARMED UNDERGROUND OF OUN IN THE FIGHT FOR THE UKRAINIAN INDEPENDENT UNITED STATE IN 1942 1960 the First and Second conferences of OUN (1941-1942) the OUN Leadership began to organize local underground organizations, military training, form the cells of the Ukrainian Red Cross, propaganda, Security Service. UIA-“West” and the armed underground of The organizers of the liberation movement set OUN during the liberation struggle of a task to wage anti-German war in all direc-Western Ukrainians for the freedom and indetions against the occupational regime stirring pendence of Ukraine (1942-1960) belonged to to activity the congenial forces of the country the most significant, organized and militant side and bringing up the youth. The OUN units of liberation forces in the form of insur Leadership once and again discussed the issue rection and guerrilla movement. Their strug of forming military liberation forces and congle was waged under the innovative political ducting a flexible tactics under rather complimotto “Freedom for peoples, freedom for a cated circumstances of the wartime. man!” and was a logical continuation of the It was emphasized at the conference that all rebirth of the spiritual forces of the people that fit for war population in a short time should went back to the national and liberation join the combat banner of OUN for the libermovement for the Ukrainian Independent ation of Ukraine. United State in 1917-1920, active resistance But it was only at the Third conference of to the occupational regimes of Ukraine during OUN on 17-21 February 1943 when OUN, in the interwar period of the XX century. contrast to the previous conferences, outlined The eighteen-year struggle of UIA-“West” the particular plan of liberation actions and the armed underground of OUN was against the Hitlerite and soviet occupiers. waged for the implementation of the ideas of Further progressive decisions were 30June 1941 Act that proclaimed the restorannounced at the Extraordinary Assembly of tion of the Ukrainian statehood on the OUN in 1943 where the OUN leaders Western Ukrainian lands. declared of their orientation on self-reliance UIA-“West” spread its activity on the terriin the fight for the independence of Ukraine tory of Lviv, Ivano-Frankivsk, Ternopil, part and clarified the social and economic aspectsly Khmelnytsk regions and Trans-Curzonof the previous program principles.Ukraine of modern Poland where the armedAnd at last, in the summer of 1944, on theinsurrection formations put up resistance tobasis of the worked out decisions and pro-enslavers and this became the measure of ide-gram goals of the previous conferences, onological staunchness of UIA combatants.11-15 July of the same year the UkrainianAt the initial stage of World War II (1939-Central Liberation Council was convoked, a1941) when the Hungarian fascists drownedsort of coordination centre and an under-in blood the independence of the Carpathianground parliament of the belligerent Ukraine,Ukraine, the soviets terrorized the Easternwhere the Universal, the Platform and theGalicia and Bukovyna and the Hitlerites for-Provisional Statute of UCLC were adoptedbade the etatist Act of June 30, 1941 andwhich overtly displayed the aggressive aimsarrested nationalists en masse, the OUN lead-of Germany and the USSR and the actions ofers didn’t lose their heads and began to organ-the liberation forces.ize mass underground forces of resistance.The program foundation of OUN becameThe nationalists disclosed true intentions ofthe basis for the formation of UIA-“West”, thethe Hitlerites, explained their aims by means first units of which originated from theof propagandist methods and informationalUkrainian self-defense and then transformedmeasures. Proceeding from the experience ofinto Ukrainian Insurrection Army. Having qualified senior officers, appropriate arma-and many people died. The famine gave risements, medical service experts the OUNto robbery and marauding that cast shadow on Leadership did their best to organize militaryUIA. The Security Service caught maraudersdivisions, tactical sections, self-defense clus-and robbers and punished them mercilessly.ter detachments, kurens, sotnias and platoonsThe district departments of MSC organized(chotas) of UIA the terrain network of OUN,the groups of provocateurs who disguised asprovost corps, Security Service, systematicbeggars wormed out the stationing of theeconomic, financial bodies, agitation andinsurrectionist units. With the purpose of ren-propaganda, secret service and communica-dering lifeless the liberation movement, thetion.neutralization its social basis, the authorities Here we should draw attention to the activ-deported the active population to the Siberianity and self-sacrifice of the active members of and Asian latitudes, employed the principle ofthe OUN Leadership who managed to createhostage taking, the activity of special detach-UIA-“West” under unfavorable conditionsments that is still kept as bloody wounds inrepeating the experience of political predeces-the people’s memory.sors of Western Ukrainian People’s RepublicUnder the conditions of brigandage andof 1918-1919 and the command of theviolence of the punitive forces of the Bolshe-Ukrainian Galician Army.vik power the fighters of UIA-“West” usedIn 1944-1945 the armed units of UIA -the methods of the armed underground of”West” waged the fiercest battles whichOUN. It was by the order of the UIA Head-enriched kurens and sotnias with the experi-quarters of 3 September 1949 that Leadershipence of operational and tactical maneuver,ordered to cease the activities of UIA sub-raids in the enemy’s rear, the territories of units. By the end of 1949 the UIA-“West”satellite socialist countries, attacks of district units had been disbanded and joined thegarrisons, diversion. Above all, each militaryarmed underground of OUN.division had its own peculiarities in the strug-Throughout the whole period of disagree-gle which were determined by the nationalments between OUN and UIA the distributionconsciousness of the population, geographicalof functional duties had taken place. UIA per-position of the terrain, availability of the orga-formed military and operational tasks whilenizational personnel.OUN waged political, propaganda, under-Having experienced the winter blockade of ground and administrative, security, mass1946, the insurrectionists of UIA-“West”political actions.came off with flying colors ready for the bat-OUN opposed to aggravation of sovietiza-tle in the most unfavorable circumstancestion by all means of ideological and armedimposed by the soviet punitive system. The influence acquired during the struggle ofWest Ukrainian peasantry did their best tomany years. Unfortunately people died as thefavor the liberation struggle of OUN, UIAmost effective agents were used by the opera-through the system of ancillary structurestive agencies of MSC-KGB. Under the mostwhich were most effective even under the complicated conditions OUN undergroundconditions of bloody repressions and terror oftried to preserve the cadre. For this purposethe soviet power that were growing with eachthree strategic plans had been elaborated. Inyear. Thousands of the representatives of theaccordance with the first one, “Dazhdboh”,soviet power in the Western Ukraine put intothe participants of OUN were recommendedpractice the Stalin’s directives especially into be in the lingering underground, due to thethe economic sphere that implied the exces-next one, “Orlyk”, they had to move into thesive loans, taxes, bread, milk, meat and otherCentral and Eastern regions of Ukraine andagricultural products supplies.organize there OUN cells; according to theAt the same time the collective farms werethird one they had to train young people andorganized, and the peasants’ land, agriculturalreman the underground with them.implements, working livestock, dwellingsIn 1950-1960 the MSC-KGB agencieswere socialized. The population of UIA-intensified their secret service activity abroad“West” terrain suffered from famine in 1946spending huge amount of costs on surveil-lance system.It was at this period that S. Bandera, Headof the OUN Abroad Leadership tried to maketies with Ukraine and activate the opposition.

Схожі:

The political developments in Europe and consequently made changes into its own concep-tion of tactics and strategy of struggle iconДокументи
1. /own-developments/_нформац_я про порушення порушення правил вигулу собак.doc
2....

The political developments in Europe and consequently made changes into its own concep-tion of tactics and strategy of struggle iconДокументи
1. /Europe and me/Europa%20i%20ja_Polish%20version.pdf
2. /Europe...

The political developments in Europe and consequently made changes into its own concep-tion of tactics and strategy of struggle iconCouncil conseil of europe de `europe
Загальноєвропейські Рекомендації з мовної освіти: вивчення, викладання, оцінювання
The political developments in Europe and consequently made changes into its own concep-tion of tactics and strategy of struggle iconLecture №1 Theme: subject of political science
«Politia». Aristotle considered politics as a form of people's community, common cause and welfare. Plato believed politics was an...
The political developments in Europe and consequently made changes into its own concep-tion of tactics and strategy of struggle iconKey developments in the higher education system of Ukraine

The political developments in Europe and consequently made changes into its own concep-tion of tactics and strategy of struggle iconDecree on additional measures to enhance the struggle against the concealment of untaxed incomes and money-laundering

The political developments in Europe and consequently made changes into its own concep-tion of tactics and strategy of struggle iconModule applied anatomy, physioilogy & method s and technic s of endoscopic investi­GA­tion of the ent-organs

The political developments in Europe and consequently made changes into its own concep-tion of tactics and strategy of struggle iconFree science online us resources made available through the u. S. Ukraine science and technology working group

The political developments in Europe and consequently made changes into its own concep-tion of tactics and strategy of struggle iconUnited states ecological research strategy

The political developments in Europe and consequently made changes into its own concep-tion of tactics and strategy of struggle iconДокументи
1. /b1.doc/Ancient Europe/Ancient Europe 8000 BC - AD 1000. Encyclopedia of the Barbarian...
Додайте кнопку на своєму сайті:
Документи


База даних захищена авторським правом ©zavantag.com 2000-2013
При копіюванні матеріалу обов'язкове зазначення активного посилання відкритою для індексації.
звернутися до адміністрації
Документи