Упорядник: Клюніна Н. В., Скирта В. С. Інформаційно-аналітичний бюлетень ІІ-IV етапи Всеукраїнської учнівської олімпіади з іноземних мов. 2012-2013 н р. – Суми: рвв соіппо, 2013. – 112 с. Рецензенти: Гиря О. О icon

Упорядник: Клюніна Н. В., Скирта В. С. Інформаційно-аналітичний бюлетень ІІ-IV етапи Всеукраїнської учнівської олімпіади з іноземних мов. 2012-2013 н р. – Суми: рвв соіппо, 2013. – 112 с. Рецензенти: Гиря О. О




НазваУпорядник: Клюніна Н. В., Скирта В. С. Інформаційно-аналітичний бюлетень ІІ-IV етапи Всеукраїнської учнівської олімпіади з іноземних мов. 2012-2013 н р. – Суми: рвв соіппо, 2013. – 112 с. Рецензенти: Гиря О. О
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True/False

1 Catherine ran the inn but the work there didn’t help her to forget about her husband’s death.

2 The bridge tragedy happened nine months ago.

3 Sometimes Catherine was hearing things.

4 The woman mortgaged the inn to get money for living.

5 It was Friday evening when the insurance people came to Catherine’s house.

6 The insurance people couldn’t authorize payment on her husband’s policies without a death certificate.

7 There were two more people who had perished in the bridge tragedy.

8 Everyone believed Edwin Collins was a victim.

9 The insurance men accused Mr. Collins of having planned his disappearance.

10 Mr. Collins was sure his wife would get the insurance.


^ II Choose the answer A, B, C or D which you think fits best according to the text:
11 Catherine was so much depressed after her husband’s death that she
A. couldn’t work.
B. started hearing Ed’s voice.
C. believed he would return.
D. talked to Ed through the door.


12 Catherine needed money because she 
A. had to run the inn.
B. wanted to renovate the inn.
C. wanted to forget her grief.
D. had wasted her money.

13 The insurance people came to see Catherine to tell her that 
A. the company couldn’t pay the money without a document.
B. the insurance company refused to issue a death certificate.
C. Edwin Collins’ body had been found in the Atlantic.
D. Edwin Collins’ car had been found in the river.


14 The executive report stated that Edwin 
A. was caught in one of the cars.
B. was seen in the vicinity of the bridge.
C. could have died in the accident.
D. could not have been a victim.

15 The insurance people thought that Edwin Collins 
A. lived in South America.
B. had organized his disappearance.
C. did not care for his wife.
D. had planned to return home.


^ Writing Task

10-th Form


Some people claim that libraries with paperback books are becoming obsolete with the developments in electronic media. Do you agree? What role will libraries play in your future and that of your peers? Can anything be done to keep libraries from becoming a thing of the past? Do you think there is any difference in information coming from the printed pages of a book rather than a computer screen?


^ Reading Comprehension

10-th Form


Text 1 The Revolution Will Not Be Pastuerized: Inside the Raw-Milk Underground

The requirement for pasteurization—heating milk to at least 161 degrees Fahrenheit for fifteen seconds—neutralizes such deadly bacteria as ^ Campylobacter jejuni, Listeria monocytogenes, Escherichia coli, and salmonella. Between 1919, when only a third of the milk in Massachusetts was pasteurized, and 1939, when almost all of it was, the number of outbreaks of milk-borne disease fell by nearly 90 percent. Indeed, required pasteurization is part of a much broader security cordon set up in the past century to protect people from germs. Although milk has a special place on the watch list (it's not washable and comes out of apertures that sit just below the orifice of excretion), all foods are subject to scrutiny. The thing that makes our defense against raw milk so interesting, however, is the mounting evidence that these health measures also could be doing us great harm.

Over the past fifty years, people in developed countries began showing up in doctors' offices with autoimmune disorders in far greater numbers. In many places, the rates of such conditions as multiple sclerosis, type 1 diabetes, and Crohn's disease have doubled and even tripled. Almost half the people living in First World nations now suffer from allergies. It turns out that people who grow up on farms are much less likely to have these problems. Perhaps, scientists hypothesized, we've become too clean and aren't being exposed to the bacteria we need to prime our immune systems.

What we pour over our cereal has become the physical analogue of this larger ideological struggle over microbial security. The very thing that makes raw milk dangerous, its dirtiness, may make people healthier, and pasteurization could be cleansing beneficial bacteria from milk. The recent wave of raw-milk arrests comes at a time when new evidence is invigorating those who threaten to throw open our borders to bacterial incursion. Public-health officials are infuriated by the raw milkers' sheer wrongheadedness and inability to correctly interpret the facts, and the raw milkers feel the same way about them. Milk as it emerges from the teat, it seems, is both panacea and poison.


Statements 1 through 10 (circle + if the statement is true, - if it is false)


  1. In order for pasteurization to occur, the temperature of milk must reach a specific degree.

  2. The introduction of pasteurization reduced the number of milk-borne diseases in Massachusetts.

  3. Nowadays, we try to protect ourselves from germs in all foods, not just milk.

  4. Pasteurized milk can cause Crohn’s disease.

  5. More than half of the people living in Third World countries suffer from allergies.

  6. People who grow up on farms tend to be healthier because they avoid the germs of cities.

  7. Because pasteurization is the law, some people have been arrested for selling raw milk.

  8. Scientists agree 100% that all milk should be pasteurized.

  9. Scientists and individuals cannot agree on whether milk should be pasteurized or not.

  10. The main idea of the text is that exposure to bacteria in small amounts may make people healthier.



Text 2 The Immortal Fly is Tired


There is a housefly named Matthias, and he will never die. Most flies live a few days, but Matthias has been granted immortality, and for quite a long time he felt good about this, the fact that he was immortal, but lately he's not quite as enthused. He has, he supposes, seen too many friends die, and his heart is heavy. He had long known of that notion, of having a heavy heart, but he could not relate to it until now, when his heart is just that: heavy. His heart is so heavy that he feels, when he's flying, like he's carrying a piano or an anvil. He's been immortal now for about 16 years, and in that time, he guesses, has known perhaps 1,250 fellow flies, all of them now gone. Francisco, Davia, Gunther, Marco: all gone.

Over the years, to be sure, the pace has slowed. Having lost 600 or so fly friends in the first three or so years, he had to spend more time alone, to spread out his acquaintances a bit - he simply couldn't sustain the death-a-day rate he'd been enduring. Cindy, Jasper, Anna, Khushbu: all gone. But did they, his here-today, gone-tomorrow companions, know that he was immortal? Never. Most flies don't even know they're going to die; they have no such foresight. They spend the day or days of their lives flying, landing on things, exploring whatever glass surfaces they can findthe feeling of antenna on glass is, oh! oh! beyond description!and finally, they find a good windowsill or glass of orange juice, and they simply turn over and give up. And for 16 years Matthias has watched this 1,000 or so times, passing through shock and revulsion and empathy, and now he finds himself tired. He is tired of life, of death, of seeing and knowing and breathing. This is why he will, at his next opportunity, fly into your mouth or nostril, this being the only way an immortal fly can end his life. Please welcome him, forgive him, help him to the next world. Do not cough or chew.


Circle the correct letter A, B, C, or D:

  1. To be immortal means to…

  1. have a healthy life.

  2. be very strong.

  3. have the ability to live forever.

  4. be magical.

  1. Which answer best describes Matthias’s feelings about his immortality?

  1. happy at first, but now becoming more depressed

  2. sad, but becoming more enthused lately

  3. angry, but resigned and accepting

  4. originally excited, but now bored with life




  1. How did Matthias cope with losing so many friends?

  1. spending time alone

  2. replacing his old friends very quickly

  3. making new friends

  4. hating his friends




  1. How did Matthias’s friends feel about his immortality?

  1. jealous

  2. understanding and sympathetic

  3. full of shock and revulsion

  4. they didn’t know or understand




  1. How might a fly describe the feeling of antenna on glass?

  1. horrible

  2. indescribable

  3. nice

  4. normal



Text 3 New Taxis to Reduce Pollution in Cairo

Cairo is notorious for its overcrowded roads, irregular driving practices and rickety old vehicles, and also for its air pollution. In recent months though, environmental studies indicate there have been signs of improvement. That's due in part to the removal of many of the capital's antiquated black and white taxis. Most of those dating back to the 1960s and 70s were in a poor state of repair.

After new legislation demanded their removal from the roads, a low-interest loan scheme was set up with three Egyptian banks so drivers could buy new cars. The government pays about $900 for old ones to be scrapped and advertising on the vehicles helps cover repayments.

The idea has proved popular with customersthey can now travel in air-conditioned comfortand because the new cabs are metered, they don't have to haggle over fares. Banks and car manufacturers are glad for the extra business in tough economic times. As for the taxi drivers, most are delighted to be behind the wheel of new cars, although there have been a few complaints about switching from black and white to a plain white colour. “Our cabs used to look distinctive,” one man told me “they were part of our heritage, like the pyramids. If you saw our black and white cabs in an old movie, you knew it was shot in Cairo.”

Circle the correct letter A, B, C, or D:

  1. Cairo’s air pollution was largely caused by….

    1. irregular government checks.

    2. oil spills in the Nile River.

    3. so many old taxis on the road.

    4. factories from the 1960s and 70s.




  1. Taxi drivers can get $900 for…

    1. buying a new car from the bank.

    2. repairing their old taxis.

    3. putting meters in their taxis.

    4. destroying their old taxis.




  1. Customers are happy because…

    1. they don’t have to argue about prices.

    2. they feel safer in the new taxis.

    3. they can more easily distinguish the new taxis.

    4. there are more taxis on the roads now.




  1. Some taxi drivers complain that…

    1. the new taxis are black and white.

    2. the new taxis are black.

    3. the new taxis are white.

    4. the new taxis look like pyramids.




  1. According to taxi drivers, everyone would know if a movie was filmed in Cairo if they saw…

    1. pyramids.

    2. overcrowded roads.

    3. old vehicles.

    4. black and white taxis.



Text 4 Can Sports Bring World Peace?


Sports have long been idealized as a way to heal wounds, mend fences, and rise above differences among cultures and nations. As we look ahead to the Olympics in a few weeks and the World Cup after that, are we fools to think that sports can not only transcend politics but pave a path to peace?

Nobody sells the sports-as-diplomacy theme better than the Olympics, which aims “to build a peaceful and better world thanks to sport.” Most everything about the Games echoes these ideals: the interlocking Olympic rings that symbolize the coming together of the five continents, the determinedly harmonious atmosphere at Olympic village, and the very existence of the IOC’s Olympic Truce Foundation and its stated goal of finding “peaceful and diplomatic solutions to the conflicts around the world.”

But despite the many feel-good stories, high-profile sporting events have served equally well, it seems, as a means by which to sow dissension: think of the Munich massacre, or the 1996 Olympic Park bombing. And in 1916, the unifying power of sports proved no match for the hostilities of World War I: the Berlin Olympics, long planned for that year, had to be cancelled.

We want so badly to believe that all we really need to achieve world peace is a ball. We crave feel-good solutions that will promote world harmony. We tell ourselves that the Olympics can make everybody love each other; that basketball and soccer can bring peace to Israel, conciliation to Ireland, and understanding to South Africa; that sports’ power to heal is stronger than hatred’s power to destroy. If sports are really going to save the world, we need those kids who are now shooting baskets and goals in Israel and Ireland and South Africa to become not athletes but political leaders. And they’d better grow up fast.


Circle the correct letter A, B, C, or D:

  1. According to the author, sports have long been touted as…

    1. a way to bring peace between different cultures and nations.

    2. the difference between peaceful and warring nations.

    3. a way to highlight political injustices in the world.

    4. a way to sow dissension.




  1. In this article the term ‘sports-as-diplomacy’ is best defined as…

  1. the Olympic Truce Foundation’s mission statement.

  2. the way in which the world views the conflicts in Israel, Ireland, and South Africa.

  3. a belief that creating solutions to world conflicts can be aided by sports.

  4. a reference to the failure of sports to resolve conflicts such as World War I.




  1. The Munich massacre and the 1996 Olympic Park bombing are evidence used by the author to show that…

    1. sports do bring peace even in times of conflict.

    2. poor security at major sporting events slows the peace process.

    3. organizations like the Olympics and the World Cup are mostly effective at bringing peace.

    4. large sporting events can create more reasons for hostility among rival nations.




  1. The author believes that sports…

  1. can be an avenue for peace if the competitions are held at the right place and the right time.

  2. cannot solve the world’s problems without the help of good politics.

  3. can bring peace to Israel, Ireland, and South Africa.

  4. will only bring peace if large events like the Olympics and the World Cup are not involved in political debates.




  1. In conclusion, the author suggests that…

  1. the path to world peace is through younger generations becoming involved in politics.

  2. the Olympics and the World Cup exclude countries currently in turmoil.

  3. sports are a feel-good solution that can be utilized by politicians more effectively.

  4. people are not wrong for believing sports can promote world peace.



Text5 Art

I remember, when in my younger days I had heard of the wonders of Italian painting, I fancied the great pictures would be great strangers; some surprising combination of color and form; a foreign wonder, barbaric pearl and gold, like the spontoons and standards of the militia, which play such pranks in the eyes and imaginations of school-boys. I was to see and acquire I knew not what. When I came at last to Rome, and saw with eyes the pictures, I found that genius left to novices the gay and fantastic and ostentatious, and itself pierced directly to the simple and true; that it was familiar and sincere; that it was the old, eternal fact I had met already in so many forms,—unto which I lived; that it was the plain you and me I knew so wellhad left at home in so many conversations. I had the same experience already in a church at Naples. There I saw that nothing was changed with me but the place, and said to myself,“Thou foolish child, hast thou come out hither, over four thousand miles of salt water, to find that which was perfect to thee there at home?”—that fact I saw again in the Academmia at Naples, in the chambers of sculpture, and yet again when I came to Rome, and to the paintings of Raphael, Angelo, Sacchi, Titian, and Leonardo da Vinci. “What, old mole! workest thou in the earth so fast?” It had travelled by my side: that which I fancied I had left in Boston was here in the Vatican, and again at Milan, and at Paris, and made all travelling ridiculous as a treadmill. I now require this of all pictures, that they domesticate me, not that they dazzle me. Pictures must not be too picturesque. Nothing astonishes men so much as common-sense and plain dealing. All great actions have been simple, and all great pictures are.

Circle the correct letter A, B, C, or D:

  1. Before the author sees Italian painting, he thinks it will look like…

    1. beautiful women.

    2. ceremonial objects of the military.

    3. foolish children.

    4. a religious experience.




  1. Which of the following words is an antonym to ‘ostentatious’?

    1. extravagant

    2. ornate

    3. restrained

    4. flamboyant




  1. What did the author discover when he saw Italian painting for the first time?

  1. That the paintings were simpler than he expected them to be.

  2. That Italian painting was as ostentatious as he had imagined.

  3. That he did not like Italian painting.

  4. That Italian painting was technically proficient but lacking in passion.




  1. All of the following words are synonymous with ‘picturesque’ EXCEPT:

  1. scenic

  2. pleasing

  3. drab

  4. attractive




  1. What is the author’s main point about great art?

      1. The aim of great art is the self-expression of the artist who creates it.

      2. Great art should be fancy and beautiful, conforming to viewers’ expectations.

      3. Only Italian painters are capable of producing great art.

      4. Great art amazes viewers with its surprising clarity and accessibility.



Speaking Tasks


1. Vegans are people who do not eat meat, dairy, or any animal products at all, including eggs. What reasons might a person have for becoming vegan? Do you think veganism is a good lifestyle choice? Why or why not? Imagine a vegan friend is coming to dinner. What would you serve?


2. One of the main reasons people study foreign languages is so they can travel around the world.

What word or phrase do you think is the most important to know when travelling in a foreign country? Why? What is the biggest challenge for a traveller who does not speak the local language? How do people communicate when they don’t speak each other’s language?


3. Young people play computer games now more than ever. Some people say that computer games can be bad for a child’s development. Do you agree with this opinion? What are the advantages and disadvantages of playing computer games? Do you think parents should limit the amount of time their children play on the computer?


4. Most scientists around the world believe that global warming is caused by the actions of humans. However, there are a few people who say global warming is not caused by humans. What would you say to those people? Are you convinced that global warming is a serious problem? What do you think caused global warming, and why?


5. A foreign visitor has only one day to spend in your country. Where should this visitor go on that day? What dishes should he or she eat? What souvenirs should the visitor take back to his or her country?


6. Many parts of the world are losing important natural resources, such as forests, animals, or clean water. Choose one resource that is disappearing and explain why it needs to be saved. How have humans affected this natural resource? Can the situation be improved or has too much damage been done already? Defend your opinion.


7. Characters like Santa Claus, the Tooth Fairy, and the Easter Bunny are popular among children in the United States. What magical creatures did you believe in as a child? Who told you these creatures weren’t real, and what was your reaction? Is it good for children to believe in magical creatures? Why or why not?


8. “Look before you leap” is a popular saying. Is it important to think before you act in every situation? In which situations is it most difficult to think before you act? Describe a time in your life when you did not follow this advice, and explain the consequences.


9. Many people have exotic animals as pets–everything from birds to tigers. Are the dangers of owning exotic pets greater than the danger of keeping ordinary pets? Is it cruel for people to own exotic animals as pets? Should there be laws limiting the types of animals people can own as pets?


10. Many people dream of being famous musicians. If you could be a famous musician, what instrument would you play? What genre of music would you play? What kind of audience would you write your music for?


11. People often wish to be someone else. Have you ever wanted to be someone else, even for one day? Who and why? Do you think that other people ever want to be you? Explain? Does wishing to be someone else make your life better or worse? Explain.


12. Some would say it is important to have many friends, while others would argue that it is better to have a small group of friends. What are the advantages and disadvantages of having a large group of friends? What are the advantages and disadvantages of having a smaller group of friends? Do you feel it is more important to have many friends or few? Why?


13. Imagine that Ukraine has decided to colonize a new planet and you have been selected as one of five Ukrainians to go into space. If you could take only five things with you, what would you take? What would you miss most about Ukraine? What are the first three things you would do on the new planet?


14. Imagine you are in possession of a time machine that allows you to travel ONLY back in time. To what period of history would you travel? What would you do there? If your presence could change the course of events, what would you want to change and why?


15. School uniforms are becoming more popular in both Ukrainian and American schools, but students don’t always seem to like them. In your opinion, why are more and more schools requiring uniforms? What effects do uniforms have on students, teachers, and education? Why do people in certain professions have to wear uniforms? Is this a good or bad thing and why?


16. Many people play sports because they are fun and help us stay in shape. What do you think are the two best reasons to play sports? What can we learn from playing sports, either on a team or individually? What life lessons have you learned from playing sports?


17. Talk about a holiday that is celebrated in another country. What are the most important or interesting parts of this holiday? Is the holiday celebrated in Ukraine as well? How is it the same or different? If not, why. Is there a similar holiday in Ukraine?


18. Books have a positive influence on many peoples’ lives. What childhood books influenced you most? What do you think are the most important elements of a good story? If you could be any character from literature, who would you be and why?


19. Many school subjects are considered more important than others. What do you think they are, and how do students benefit from taking these classes? Are physical education and art considered to be important? Why or why not? What new subjects would you like to have introduced at your school?


20. Many young people have role models they admire. Who do you think is a good role model for young people in your country? Why? Would you consider yourself to be a role model? Explain. Do you consider your role model to be successful? Does success depend on individual effort or on luck? Why?


21. Imagine you are friends with a time traveller. Your friend has just arrived in 2010 from 100 years ago. What will be the biggest surprises for your new friend? How will you help guide your friend through modern life? Explain. What challenges will you and your friend face?


22. You have been chosen to create a new musical group. You will be in charge of creating the group’s image and sound. What kind of music will your group perform? Why? How will you select your performers, and where will you find them? What will you call your new group?


23 In the Harry Potter fantasy series, pupils at Hogwarts School are separated into four houses by a magical hat that can see into their minds. The bravest are sent to Gryffindor, the cleverest to Ravenclaw, the hardworking and loyal to Hufflepuff, and the cunning and resourceful to Slytherin. Do you think any of the above characteristics are better or worse than the others? Is one house ‘the best’? If you were to try on the hat, in which house do you think you would fit? Why? If everyone in your school was sorted like this, how would that change the divisions of class groups?


24. Many people think that parents are the most important role models. Are your parents your role models? If not, who are your role models? What qualities do you feel are important in a good role model? What responsibilities do role models have?


25. Imagine that you are the owner of a new restaurant. What type of restaurant would you like to own? For what three dishes would your restaurant be known? What issues do you have to keep in mind when owning and operating a restaurant?


26. Imagine that in your city an old, historical building is being considered for demolition in order to make way for a modern facility. Should your city try to preserve its old, historic building or replace it with a modern building? Would the city benefit more from an old building or a modern facility? How much importance should be given to historical sites?


27. “People behave differently when they wear different clothes.” Do you agree or disagree with the above statement? What kinds of different clothes do you wear, and does it influence your behaviour? How can someone’s appearance affect the way people judge them?


28. Holidays are an important time to spend with friends and family. What is your favorite holiday? How do you celebrate this holiday? What traditions do you and your family, and/or friends, have?


29. Eating organic food (food grown without chemicals) has become very popular. Why do people prefer organic food to inorganic food? How have supermarkets and fast food restaurants responded to this trend? Do you think this trend will last? Why or why not?


30. Many people have a ‘dream profession,’ or a job that they would love to have throughout their lives. What is your ‘dream profession’? Why would you choose this profession over others? What steps would you have to take to become a member of this profession?


31. Some people argue that the content of mainstream media such as TV, movies, video games, and the Internet has a negative influence on young people. Do you think that mainstream media negatively influences young people? What are some positive and negative aspects of the content of these media? If there are negative effects, what can we do to combat them?


32. Because of increasing globalization, many cultures have started to lose some of their own traditions while gaining those of others. What do you think about this phenomenon? How important are your cultural traditions to you? What are the disadvantages of losing your own cultural traditions? What are the advantages of knowing the culture and traditions of others?

33. The film industry is currently releasing a series of new films, many of which were originally books. Some say that a picture is worth a thousand words, but others believe that nothing can replace a good book. Do you think that classic books should be made into films? How do books benefit from being made into films? What do they lose?


34. You probably have a mobile phone, but your parents probably did not have mobile phones when they were teenagers. How do you think technology has changed communication throughout history? Do you think that technology is capable of changing personal relationships? In what directions do you see telecommunications technology and human interactions moving in the future?


35. You are appointed the director of your school for a day. What issues might you face as a director? What changes, if any, would you make to your school and your school’s routine? Do you think that being a school director is an easy or difficult job? Why or why not?


36. A ‘Round the World’ ticket is a special deal most major airlines offer. With it, a passenger can choose multiple destinations and fly between them for one set price as long as he or she travels in one direction. Design your own trip and choose three to five destinations. Why would you want to go to these places? What are the advantages of seeing them all in one trip? What would you need to take with you?


37. You interact with teachers on a daily basis. What do you think of teaching as a profession? Is it important or not? Is it hard or easy? What position do teachers occupy in society? How do you think the profession of teaching will change in your lifetime?


38. “Money doesn’t grow on trees.” How do you interpret this American saying? What does it mean to you? What would life be like if money did grow on trees?


39. There are some popular stories about humans being much smaller or much larger than normal. If you had to, would you rather be a miniature person or a giant? What would you do differently when you were your new size? What kind of emotions would you feel?


40. Being an immigrant nation, America is very obviously diverse and multicultural. Ukraine may have fewer visible differences among its citizens, but Ukrainians are certainly not identical. In what ways is Ukraine diverse? How does diversity help or hurt a country? Do you wish Ukraine was more diverse, or less? Why?


41. Online journals and blogs are becoming increasingly popular. Often, people who publish online diaries write about personal events and feelings, and allow anyone on the Internet to read them. What is the appeal of online journals? What are the consequences of publishing personal thoughts online instead of in a private diary? Do you keep a diary, online or otherwise? If not, which format would appeal to you more, and why?


42. Television shows like “American Idol” and “Fabrika Zirok” have become incredibly popular in recent years. Ordinary people present their talents before judges and a viewing audience, and if they are well-received, they have a chance at becoming stars. What does it mean to be a ‘celebrity’ today — is talent the most important thing? Are shows like these a good way to discover unknown talent? Do all talented people have an equal chance at fame, regardless of looks, age, or status?


43. Many actors’ and musicians’ lives take place in the spotlight. Do you believe that the public should have access to the lives of celebrities? Why? Which celebrities do you feel are the most interesting? How do celebrities influence your life and the lives of pupils at your school?


44. The Internet has provided the world with a wonderful tool for communication. What are some of the advantages and disadvantages of the Internet? How has the Internet allowed people from different cultures to interact? In what ways has the Internet changed society?


45. A utopia is described as an ideal community or society. Describe your ideal society. Who would be invited to live in your society? Who would be excluded from your society?


46. Imagine that you have been asked to write a travel guide for Ukraine. What clothing items would you suggest travelers pack? What cities would you recommend, and what attractions should people see in these cities? Do you think it is important that visitors to Ukraine also experience life in a village? Why? Why not?


47. The level of medical care today is much higher than it was in the past. Doctors continue to acquire more knowledge that helps them treat patients effectively. In your opinion, what is the biggest medical advancement that has been made in the last one hundred years? In contrast, what is the biggest medical problem currently facing the world? Describe a time when you or someone you know benefited from a high level of medical care.


48. The Olympics were held this year in Vancouver, Canada. What are your favorite Olympic events? What role do the Olympics play in international relations? Historically, have the Olympics been effective in their role?


49. New York is called “The City That Never Sleeps.” Paris is renowned as “The City of Light.” Bangkok is known as “Sin City.” Choose one of these cities and explain why the city has such a nickname. What are the benefits for a city to be known worldwide by a nickname? Pick a city in Ukraine, give it a nickname, and explain your choice.


50. Mother Teresa said, “Do not wait for leaders; do it alone, person to person.” How are young people in Ukraine involved in improving their communities? What challenges do young Ukrainians face when they try to improve things person to person? What do you personally do to improve the lives of the people around you?

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