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1. My Family

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1. My Family.

Before I start talking about my family, let me introduce myself. I am are Petrenko I an 20. I was born in Kyiv.

And now I an going to tell you about my family. We are a family of five. We think we are a large and friendly family.

So begin with, I am going to talk first about my dad. His name is Ivan Petrovich, he is 45. He is a doctor. He is neither old, nor young. He is a good-looking man, handsome, rather thin with dark brown hair just beginning to go grey. He is a bread-maker in our family.

My mother’s name is Galina Nickolayevna. She is two years younger than my father. My mother is rather slim and pretty; she is always elegant and smart.

Victor is my elder brother. He is two years older. He is married. His wife is a journalist. They have got a child, my nephew.

And finaly a few words about my grandmother. She is 68. My granny is my best friend. She is retired in pension now. Put it into a few worlds, we are a united and friendly family.


a family



to be born in



a name



a mother



a father



a brother



to be married


бути одруженим



небіж, племінник

a doctor









neither old nor young


не старий і не молодий

^ Read, learn and out the following conversations:


- I say, Olga, come over one evening and have supper with us if you’re not too busy. I’ll introduce you to my family.

- Is your family large?

- Yes, our family is quite a big one. There are 6 of us. I have a mother, a father, two brothers and a granny.

- Do your brother look like you?

- Yes, we’re all very much alike. We’re all dark-haired and black-eyed. Nick, my elder brother, is very tall, like our father.

- Are they married?

- The younger one is still single.


- Have you any brothers or sisters?

- Yes, one brother and one sister. They’re twins, by the way. My brother is single and lives with my parents.

- Is your sister single, too?

-No, she’s married and has two children.

- Does your sister work?

- No, she’s a housewife at present. She looks after the house and the children.

- What does your brother - in - law do?

- He works as an engineer.

^ Role-play the following situations:

1. Розпитайте свого друга, якого ви давно не бачили, про його сім`ю. Довідайтесь, яка у нього родина, скільки дітей, ким працює його дружина.

2. Розкажіть про своїх батьків: чи працюють вони, чи на пенсії, чи живуть разом з вамиБ як часто ви їх відвідуєте.

2. My Flat.

We have a nice flat in a new block of flat. Our flat is the fifth floor of a ninestoreyed building. It has all modern conveniences: central heating, running hot and cold water, electricity, gas, a lift.

We have a three-rooms flat which consists of a living-room, a bedroom, a study, a kitchen, a bathroom and a toilet. Our flat has two balconies.

The living-room is the largest and most comfortable one in the flat. In the middle of the room we have a square table with six chairs round it. So the left of the table there is a wall-unit which has several sections: a sideboard, a wardrobe and some shelaes. At the opposite wall there is a piano. So the right there is a little table with color TV sent on it. Opposite the TV set there are two cosy armchairs. A divan-bed is in the left-hand corner. There is a thick carper on the floor.

The bedroom is smaller than the living-room. In this room there are two beds, two dressing-tables and a wardrobe.

Our study is the smallest room in the flat, but it is very cosy. It has a writing table, an armchair and a bookcase. Besides there is a small sofa near the wall opposite the bookcase.

In the kitchen we have a big refrigerator, a gas-cooker, a dinner-table, some chairs and a small TV set.


a living room



a study



a bedroom


спальна кімната

a kitchen



a balcony



a bathroom


ванна (кімната)

a toilet



modern conveniences


сучасні вигоди

running water



central heating


центральне опалення

a sofa


диван, софа

an armchair


крісло, диван

a color TV (set)


кольоровий телевізор

a shelf



a wardrobe


платтена шафа

a refrigerator



a gas-cooker



^ Read, learn and out the following conversations:


- Have you got a flat of your own?

- Yes, I have, and a very good one.

- How many rooms are there in it?

- There are three rooms there: a bedroom, a dining-room and a study. There are all modern conveniences: gas, central heating, hot and cold running water.

- And have you got a telephone?

- Oh, yes, I have, and you?

- I have a telephone too. My flat is also very comfortable, but it is too far from the centre.


- They say, you’ve got a flat. My congratulations. Where is it?

- Not far from the centre. About 20 minutes’ walk or 10 minutes’ ride by trolley-bus.

- On which floor is it?

- On the third floor of a 9-storey building.

- Is it comfortable?

Role-play the following situations:

1. Ви зустрічаєте приятеля, з яким давно не бачилися. Він розповідає, що одержав нову квартирую Ви вітаєте його і розпитуєте про квартиру.

2. Вам цікаво, де розташована квартира вашого приятеля, чи велика вона, чи є в ній балкон.

3. Ваш приятель прийшов відвідати Вас у новій квартирію Ви показуєте йому квартиру, відповідаючи на його запитання, чи зручна вона, що де розташована і т.д.

4. Поговорити з товаришем про: а) розташування його квартири; б) меблі в ній.

^ 3. Sport and Games.

I would like to tell you about my attitude to sport. Sport is very important in our life. People all over the world are fond of sport and games. That is one of the things in which people of every nationality and class are united. All kings of physical exercises are very useful to make our bodies strong enough to keep ourselves fit and healthy. There are summer and winter sports. The most popular outdoor winter sports are shooting, hunting, hockey. In the countries where the wether is frosty and there is much show - skating, skiing and tobogganing. Some people generally enjoy figure-skating and ski-jumping.

Summer affords excellent opportunities for swimming, boating, yachting, cycling and many other sports. Among outdoor games football takes the first place in all countries of the world. The other games are golf, lown-tennis, cricket, volley-ball, basket-ball and so on. Badminton is also very popular.

All the year round many people indulge in boxing, athletics, gymnastics and track and field events.

Among indoor games the most popular are billiards, table-tennis, draughts and some others, but the great international game is chess. So cut the long story short, I should admit that everyone must do all he can to be healthy.

^ 4. Great Britain.

The United Kingdom of Britain and Northern Ireland is situated on two large islands called the British Isles. Great Britain consists of England, Scotland and Wales. Ireland consists of Northern Ireland and the Irish Republic. Great Britain is washed by the Atlantic ocean, the North Sea and the Irish Sea.

Great Britain is a highly-developed industrial country. The largest cities of Great Britain are: London, Birmingham, Glasgow, Liverpool, Manchester, Edinburgh and Cardiff. Oxford and Cambridge are called University towns.

The main rivers of Great Britain are: the Clyde, the Severn and the Thames.

The climate of Great Britain is normally mild. The capital of Great Britain is London.

5. London.

London, one of the greatest cities in the world, is the capital of Great Britain. London, with a population of more than 8 million people, is the largest city in the world after Tokyo and New York. It stands on the two banks of the river Thames. London is devided into four parts: the City, Westminster, the West End and the East End.

The City is the financial centre of the United Kingdom. Here you can find St. Paul’s Cathedral. Not far from it is London’s tallest monument which was built by Sir Christopher Wren in the memory of the Great Fire of London in 1666.

The West End is famous for fashionable shopping and an entertainment places. The East End is an industrial district. Westminster is the place for government offices. London has a number of pleasant parks and gardens. There are many theatre, concert halls and cinemas in London. The underground railway system called “the tube” is the older and still one of the largest in the world. It has more that 275 stations. London is a very beautiful city.

^ 6. The United States of America.

The United States of America is one of the largest countries in the central part of the North American continent between the two oceans: the Atlantic Ocean to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west.

The longest rivers are the Mississippi and the Missouri.

The USA is a highly developed industriased country. It has very efficient industries, advanced technologies and advanced science. Electronic and electrical engineering, transport, communication and machine-tool industries can be found in almost all large cities of the USA.

The USA is a federal republic. The Government of the US is composed of three branches - executive, legislative and judicial. The Legislative branch makes new laws. And the judicial (судовий) branch make sure that the laws and actions of the other branches agree with the Constitution. The President is the head of the government, he is elected for four years. The US Congress consists of two Houses - the Senate and the House of Representatives. The head of the Senate is the Vice-President, the head of the House of Representatives is the Speaker. The Republican and the Democratic Parties are the main parties in the country.











7. Washington.

The beautiful city of Washington, D.C. is the capital of the United States and the centre of its government. In write stone and marble buildings surrounded by green parks, thousands of people work there for the national government.

The city was founded in 1790 and named after the first US president. It was built according to a preliminary plan.

The city’s industries are not well developed because its main output is laws and government decisions. Washington is the residence of the President and the Congress of the United States, all government departments and other important institutions. Washington is a large scientific and cultural centre where there are many research institutes, five universities, the National Academy of Science and the library of Congress. There are also two very important buildings here - the Capital (the seat of Congress) and the White House (the President’s residence).

The third well - known building - the Pentagon, the head-quarter of the US Military department, is situated in the suburbs, to the south of the Potomac. It has the shape of five huge regular concentric pentagons. Because of its sise it could not be built in the city.

8. Ukraine.

Ukraine is one of the largest republics in Europe. It has its own territory, constitution, higher and local bodies of state power (the Supreme Rada and local Radas), national emblem, state flag and anthem. There are 24 administrative regions and the Republic of the Crimea in Ukraine. The geographical position of Ukraine is very favourable to the development of its relations with the other countries of Europe, as well as with the countries throughout the world. It borders on the Russian Federation, Belaruss, Moldova, Poland, Slovakia, Hungry and Romania.

95% of Ukraine is flat and the rest of it is mountainous. The Ukrainian Carpathians and the Crimean Mountains make up 5% of its area. Ukraine is washed by the Black Sea and the sea of Azov. The major rivers are the Dnieper, the Dnister, the Bug and Donets.

Ukraine has many industrial raw materials, it has rich deposits of iron, metals, coal, oil, gas and other natural resources. The country has metallurgical and heavy industries. It is one of largest agricultural countries.

The capital of Ukraine is Kyiv.

9. Kyiv

The city of Kyiv is the capital of Ukraine. It is an industrial, scientific, administrative and cultural centre of the country. It is the seat of the Supreme Rada and the Cabinet of Ministers. Kyiv is one of the most ancient cities. In 1982 it was 1500 years old. It has a population of 2,6 million people and occupies an area of 790 square kilometers.

Kyiv is located on the picturesque banks of the Dnieper River. Kyiv is famous for its beauty. The streets of Kyiv are broad and straight. There are many chestnut trees and flowers in the city.

One of the oldest cities of Europe, it has many places of historic interest. Among them is Kyiv - Pechersk Lavra, the St.Sophia Cathedral, the Golden Gate, the monument to Bogdan Khmelnytski and Prince Volodymyr. There are many fine museums, theatres, monuments in Kyiv. Kyiv is the centre of education and science. No wonder that Kyivites are proud of their city.


a capital




















древній, стародавній




to occupy



to be proud of



^ 10. My Working Day.

I want to describe my working day. On weekdays my working day begins early in the morning. I usually get up at about 7 o’clock in the morning. Then I do my morning exercises and go to the bathroom to wash my face and hands and clean my teeth. I don’t take a shower in the morning. I generally do it late in the evening before going to bed. At a quarter past seven I am ready to have my breakfast. As a rule, I have a quick light breakfast which consist of a cup of coffee or tea and cheese or sausage sandwich. After breakfast I leave for work. I live far from my office so it taken me half an hour to get there by trolley-bus. My working day begins at 9 o’clock and ends at 6 o’clock in the evening.

After work, I usually do some shopping on my way home. I come back home at 7 o’clock in the evening or even later. I prepare my supper, wash up, clean my room. In the evening I watch TV or read books.

This is my usual working day. Weekends are more attractive.




буденний день

as a rule


як правило

to do one’s morning exercises


робити зарядку

to wash



to clean one’s teeth


чистити зуби

to be ready


бути готовим

to have breakfast



to consist of


складатися з ...

to do one’s shopping


робити покупки

to come back home


повертатися додому

to prepare



to go to bed


лягати спати




^ 11. Seasons and Weather.

Spring, summer, autumn and winter are the four seasons. March, April and May are the spring months; June, July and August are the summer months; September, October and November are the autumn months; December, January and February are the winter months.

When winter sets in the days are short and the night are long. It is often cold and sometimes it freezes hard. Cold winds flow from the North. It often snows. The temperature is below zero. There is much snow on the roads. The water freezes in the rivers and labes. It’s often windy and frosty. But some people are fond of winter. They like to ski and skate.

In spring it gets warm. The temperature rises. The trees begin to bud, the flowers begin to bloom. The gardens are full of flowers. It sometimes rains heavily, but spring rains are warm and pleasant.

In summer it is very warm and sometimes even hot. On some days the temperature rises to 30 degrees above zero Centigrade. In summer we often go to the river. There we swim, bathe, and play games.

At the beginning of autumn it is still warm. But then it gets cool. The leaves on the trees turn red and yellow. At the end of autumn it gets dark rather early. The weather is often unpleasant. It often drizzles and it’s foggy.

^ Read, learn and act out the following conversation:

- How do you find the climate in Kyiv?

- Oh, I like it very much. It’s rather warm, dry and sunny. Do you always have such weather here?

- Unfortunately not. Last summer was awful. It rained all the time. We seldom had a spell of dry and sunny weather. But September was fine.

- And what’s the weather like in Kyiv in winter?

- It’s not usually very cold, though sometimes the temperature in Kyiv is minus 100 – minus 120.

Role – play the following situations:

  1. Розпитайте свого товариша про те, яку пору року він особливо любить і чому.

  2. Поговоріть про сьогоднішню погоду.

  3. Ваш товариш побував нещодавно в Англії. Розпитайте його про клімат цієї країни.

Read the text. Which of the customs described here do you find interesting and worth following?

^ 12. Some of the English Customs.

Some of the English customs are strange. People in England do not shake hands as much as people do in Europe. Men raise their hats to women but not to each other. When you go to a friend’s house for a dinner, it’s not the custom to say “Thank you” at the end of the dinner as in our country. There you wait until you are leaving to go home and then you say “Thank you for inviting me”. Very few people have servants in their homes. It is very difficult to get servants, and servants wages are high, so the men help their wives in many ways.

Sunday is a very quiet day in London. All the shops are not open and so are the theatres and most of the cinemas. Londoners like to get out of town on Sundays. They often go down to the sea for the day. There are very few outdoor cafes in London. That’s because the weather changes so often and so quickly. The sun may shine one minute and then a few minutes later it may rain.

Foreigners sometimes get a little tired of English cooking, and they go to Soho. Soho is a part of London where there are all sorts of restaurants: French, Italian, Greek, Spanish, Italian and many others.

^ 13. About theatre.

People have different hobbies. Some of them are fold of music, others prefer to collect old coins or stamps, the third are fond of painting.

As for me, I like to go to the theatre. I prefer to go to the drama theatre. I like to see Russian, Ukrainian and foreign plays. I saw a lot of plays in Kyiv’s Russian and Ukrainian Drama Theatres.

In the Ukrainian Drama theatre I saw dramas by Gogol, Bulgakov, Franko and others.

In the Russian Drama Theatre I saw Karel and Joseph Chapak’s “The Insect Play”, Nabokov’s “The Event”. I also saw Chekhov’s “Cherry Orchard”, “Sea-Gull”, “The Three Sister”. My dream is to see some Shakespeare’s plays in the original. Shakespeare wrote many plays, among them “Othello”, “Hamlet”, “Romeo and Juliet” and many others.

Sometimes I go to the National Opera of Ukraine. I like opera and ballet very much.

I want to tell you about my last visit to the Ivan Franko Drama Theatre. My friend bought two tickets for the play “Eneida”. It was a stage version of a well-known Ukrainian writer I. Kotlyarevskiy. There were brilliant actors and actresses in the cast. I admired everything: the wonderful scenery, marvelous acting, charming music. It was obvious that the play was a great success.

^ 14. The Cinema.

There are many different kinds of films: feature films, horror films, thrillers, concert films, films of plays, newsreels, cartoons, documentaries. There are silent films and “talkies”, ordinary and wide-screen films, black-and-white and color films.

Many years ago there were only silent, black-and-white films. Nowadays these films are part of history and we prefer sound films to silent ones, wide-screen to ordinary films, and color to black-and-white.

Usually we see films either in the cinema or on the TV and we probably see more and more various films on the TV. Still from time to time I go to the cinema. The last film I saw in the cinema was an American film. I prefer feature films and amusing comedies. It’s a pity the life is so difficult nowadays, and I want to relax a little, and sometimes even to laugh. But at the same time I am fond of true-to-life films describing the life of ordinary people, their feelings and problems. Such films move me deeply, and they always arouse feeling of sympathy or hatred for the heroes of these films. As a rule such films leave a deep and lasting impression upon me.

^ 15. Holidays in Ukraine.

Very often we look forward to holidays to enjoy ourselves. As you know, the word “ holidays” comes from the words “holy day”. The point is that all the holidays were first religious festivals, but nowadays many of them have nothing to do with religion. Each country has holidays honoring important events in its history.

As we live in Ukraine, we have our own customs and traditions, holidays and festivals. A long-term dream of Ukrainian people came true on December 1.1991. More than 90% of the Ukrainian people voted for the independence of their country, Ukraine. It was proclaimed on the 24th of August, 1991 and Ukraine became a sovereign state. That is why Ukrainian people celebrate this day as the greatest national holiday.

The New Year Holiday is widely observed in Ukraine. The most common type of celebration is the New Year party, either a family party or one arranged by a group of young people. We decorate the New Year tree with toys and colored lights and when the clock strikes 12, we say to each other: “Happy New Year!”

Christmas Day is observed on the 7th of January. This holiday is of religious origin. Most people observe the tradition of going to church and having a tasty dinner.

On the 8th of March we celebrate the Women’s Day. It is a nice spring holiday when men give presents and flowers to their wives, sweethearts, girl-friends, sisters and daughters. Children congratulate their mothers on this holiday, or send them a holiday card with the best wishes.

The 9th of May is Victory Day, the holiday of victory over fascist invaders. People lay flowers to the war memorials, to the tombs of the people who died in the war. War veterans are greeted and there is a salute and fireworks in the evening.

^ 16. My Favourite Writer.

I’m fond of reading books. I like to read novels and poems, plays and short stories, books on history, books about nature. I have many books let home and take out books at the library. My favourite writer is Jack London. He is an American writer. His life was very difficult. He was born in San Francisco in the family of impoverished farmer. In childhood he got to know misery and oppression. He began working at the age of eight. In the years that followed he did a man’s work, though he was only a boy. By the time he was twenty-two, he had lived more than most people did in fifty years. He had worked on ships and in factories; he had travelled across the ocean on ships as a sailor. In 1896 gold was discovered in Alaska, and together with thousands of other men, London rushed to the new territory. He brought no gold back with him, but he found something better than the yellow metal. The wonderful stories which he wrote on his return are based on the life he lived and on what he saw and heard in the frozen North. The collections of stories: “Children of the Frost”, “The son of the wolf” and “Love of Life” are gripping narratives of Man’s heroic struggle with Nature.

In his great works “The Iron Hell” and “Martin Eden”, London treats problems of the individual and society.

Jack London’s realism is combined with sympathy and love for Man in his struggle for life. It is this realism and humanism that made his writings as living and fresh today as they were at the beginning of the century.

^ 17. Hobbies. Leisure.

When we have time for leisure, we usually need something that can amuse and interest us. There are several ways to do this.

At our leisure time we go in for sports, read books, listen to various concerts of modern and old music, new and old songs. Those who are fond of sports listen to or watch football or hockey matches. These are the most popular kinds of sports. There are a lot of fans among people.

If we want to go out, there are a lot of cinemas, theatres, museums, clubs in our country where we can spend free time. Many people are fond of collecting different things. Some of them collect old wins or stamps, other – pictures, postcards, drawings.

People have different hobbies. I am fond of painting. My favourite painter is Leonardo da Vinci. Everyone agrees that Leonardo da Vinci was one of the greatest of all painters. His painting “The Last Supper” is probably the most famous painting in the world. He was also a great inventor. He invented the wheel barrow and the military tank. Besides, Leonardo was a great scientist and engineer. He was also a poet, a musician, and a sculptor.

There is such beauty in his paintings that they are as hard to describe as beautiful music. The faces of his people are full of expression.

I like his paintings very much and have a big collection of reproductions of his pictures.


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Розпитайте свого друга, якого ви давно не бачили, про його сім`ю. Довідайтесь, яка у нього родина, скільки дітей, ким працює його...
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