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Sumy state university medical institute




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MINISTRY OF EDUCATION AND SCIENCE OF UKRAINE

sUMY STATE UNIVERSITY

mEDICal INSTITUTE

INFECTIOUS DISEASES AND EPIDEMIOLOGY DEPARTMENT





METHODICAL RECOMMENDATIONS FOR BEFORE CLASS PREPARATION TO PRACTICAL CLASSES OF

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

(MODULE 1)




MINISTRY OF EDUCATION AND SCIENCE OF UKRAINE

SUMY STATE UNIVERSITY

MEDICAL INSTITUTE

INFECTIOUS DISEASES AND EPIDEMIOLOGY DEPARTMENT




2729 METHODICAL RECOMMENDATIONS

FOR BEFORE-CLASS OF PREPARATION TO PRACTICAL CLASSES OF

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

(module 1)

for the students of senior courses of higher medical institutions

of ІІІ - ІV levels of accreditation




SUMY

Sumy State University

2010

Methodical recommendations for before class preparation to practical classes of infectious diseases (module 1) / Compilers: M.D. Chemych, N.I. Il’ina, V.V. Zakhlebaeva. Sumy: Sumy State University, 2010. - 210 p.


^ Infectious diseases and epidemiology department

CONTENT

I

Introduction to the course of Infectious diseases. General description of the group of infectious diseases with the fecal-oral mechanism of transmission. "Infectious diseases" in the system of medical knowledge. The development of Infectious diseases as science.....................................................................................................




5

II

General description of the group of infectious diseases with the fecal-oral mechanism of transmission. Typhoid. Paratyphoids A and B.......................................................................................................



19

III


A diarrhoea syndrome in clinic of infectious diseases. Salmonellosis. Food toxicoinfection. Infectious diseases of viral etiology with the mainly fecal-oral mechanism of transmission (enterovirus diseases, rotavirus infection). Poliomyelitis...................




36

IV

Types of violations of water-electrolytic balance. Dehydration shock. Cholera. Diagnostics and principles of treatment of dehydration shock..................................................................................

57

V

Intestinal infectious diseases with the primary defeat of colon : shigellosis, amebiasis. Protosoal intestinal invasion: giardiasis, balantidiasis............................................................................................

82

VI

Iersiniosis: pseudotuberculosis, intestinal Iersiniosis.........................

112

VII


Helminthisms.

Ascaridosis. Enterobiasis. Trichocephallosis. Ancilostomidiasis. Strongyloidosis. Strongyloidosis as AIDS-associated invasion. Trichinosis. Dirophyllariosis.................................................................

129

VIII


Helminthisms.

Toxocarosis. Diphyllobothriasis, beef tapeworm infection, teniasis and cysticercosis, hymenolepiasis, echinococcosis. Alveococcosis. Opisthorchiasis. Schistosomiasiss.........................................................

149

IX

Botulism..................................................................................................

168

X


Emergency states of the patients with infectious diseases with the fecal-oral mechanism of transmission. Dehydration shock. Enterorrhagia and other surgical complications. Principles of diagnostics and aid. ...............................................................................

185

XI


Concluding class of module 1................................................................

204



І INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES. GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF THE GROUP OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES WITH FECAL-ORAL MECHANISM OF TRANSMISSION. "INFECTIOUS DISEASES" IN SYSTEM OF MEDICAL KNOWLEDGE. DEVELOPMENT OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES AS SCIENCE


^ Duration - 2 hours.


  1. Actuality: infectious diseases and in our time remain one of the main reasons of death rate in countries that are developing. Information about the causative agents of new infectious diseases appear. Therefore infection does not lose the actuality. Large prevalence of infectious diseases, invention of new causative agents, development of diagnostic possibilities require the knowledge of classification of diseasees. The early diagnostic of infectious patients is important for the early beginning of therapy. Treatment and prophylaxis of diseases cause make the ultimate goal of practical and theoretical medicine.


2 Educational aims of class (and the knowledge which is planned to gain)

2.1 A student must know:

а- 2

  • basic stages of the development of Infectology as science;

  • "Infectious diseases" in the system of medical knowledge;

  • general description of the group of infectious diseases with the fecal-oral mechanism of transmission;

  • determination of classification;

  • principles of classification;

  • alternative, clinical classifications, ICD OF WHO 10;

  • basic clinical symptoms of infectious diseases;

  • laboratory and instrumental diagnostics of infectious diseases;

  • essence of the fundamental approach at treatment of infectious patients;

  • concept of etiotropic, specific, nosotropic therapy;

  • detoxication, rehydration, desensitizing, immune-correct therapy;

  • complications of medical therapy;

  • structure and steady-state conditions of infectious department;

  • order of hospitalization, examination and discharge of infectious patient;

  • features of filling and writing of case history of infectious patient.
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