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Contents Topical issues of international relations




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Visnyk of Luhansk National Taras Shevchenko University: Рedagogical Sciences. – № 1 (260), P. 2., 2013.


Contents


Topical issues of international relations


Buryan M. S. Expansion in the Age of Globalization: Ukrainian Vector


Volkova E. S. The British and French Policy Concerning the Ottoman Empire during 1831 – 1833


Goncharenko L. L. The Colonial Concept of Otto von Bismarck


Grytskykh I. V. Puerto Rico and the Problem of Decolonization (second part of 20th – beginning of 21st century)


Ischenko V. V. Development on the English Trade Connections during the Second Half of XVI cr.: the Formation of Northeast Arctic Route to the Eastern Countries


Rusakov K. A. Austrian Diplomacy and the Greek Project of Catherine II


Skyba A. Yu. Missions of Edward M. House to Europe, 1913 – 1915


^ Falko S. A. Formation of Service of Military Attaches of the Russian Empire in China (1881 – 1894)

Yakimenko L. N. Aliyev Role in the Signing of the "Contract of the Century" (1994)

World History


Gokov O. A. To the Question of the Identity of the Third Commander of the Persian Cossack Brigade

Kokoshko F. I. The Complexity in the Consideration of the Approaches Concerning the Causes of the Second World War


History of Ukraine


Boyko V. Development of Agricultural Engineering in the Tauride Province in the Second Half of XIX – Early XX cr.

Varenko V. M. Information Analytics in Ukraine: Necessity of the Implementation, Current Problems, Prospects of Development

^ Guzenko Y. I. To the Problem of Reconstruction of Appearance and Seaworthy Qualities of the Cossack Seagulls of the End of XVI – in the Beginning of the XVII cr

Yepik L. I. Realization of the Bolsheviks' Language Policy as a Reason of the Transformation of the Intelligentsia's Political World Outlook in Ukraine in the 20s of the 20th cr

^ Romanenko T. V. The Soviet press in the Ukrainian SSR at the beginning of the Second World War and during the German occupation (1939 – first half of 1943)

Stepanchuk O. P. «Revindicationely-Polonization» Action of the Polish Government at Holmshchyna during 1920 – 1930

Sugak V. V. The Duration of the Working Day of the Industrial Workers of the South of Ukraine in the Second Half of the XIX – at the Beginning of the XX cr

Fedorchenko O. Postal-Telegraphic Savings Banks of Odessa Postal-Telegraphic District in the End of ХІХ – Early ХХ cr


Historiography. Sources study


Bratus I. V. The Historical Aspects of Shevchenko Studies in Scientific Heritage of Bohdan Lepki

Zelentsova S. N. Materials of Provincial Gendarmerie and Secret Police as a Source on the History of Anarchism in Ukraine (1903 – 1914)

^ Turyanskaya O. F. The Problem of the Methods of Cognition in History in Scientific Literature

Hryaschevska L. M. Sources of Forming of Ethnographic Collections of South Ukraine Museums, the First Half of XIX cr.

Contents


Topical issues of international relations


Buryan M. S. Expansion in the Age of Globalization: Ukrainian Vector

The author’s individual approach to the appreciating of history and present state of an international relations and Ukraine in it are bring forward in the article.

It is considered to be that this subject is not topical problem because of disintegration of the colonial system in the second half of the XX cr. But on the surface it is understandable that the UN recognizes an existing of few no self-governing territories. In-depth study makes it possible to receive evidence that these «rudiments» of an old system of international relations can be viewed as the tip of the really existing iceberg – postcolonialism. The only form has changed, the content is the same.

As to Z. Brzezinski, seemingly independent states of the Western and Central Europe, among those – Germany, Great Britain, and also Japan are actually acting as submissive, sometimes rebellious «vassals» of the USA, being in essence protectorates of this country. As for Ukraine, it is possible to state that it’s domestically actions and on international arena also are important only as part of the Washington’s global strategy.

So, the new more adaptable, based on the subordination and dependence structure of the relations was created on the ruins of the previous colonial system. The USA is in the center of this system. Before the Suez crisis of 1956 the US were content with ruining the European empires, but after has begun to creating of their own system. It is planned to put Ukraine in it.

Keywords: the USA, Europa, Ukraine, Z. Brzezinski, international relations, colonial system, post-colonialism, expansion, globalism, empire, protectorate, geostrategy.


^ Volkova E. S. The British and French Policy Concerning the Ottoman Empire during 1831 – 1833

The policy of Great Britain and France concerning the Ottoman Empire in the Turkish-Egyptian conflict of 1831–1833 is investigated in the article. On the basis of the analysis of sources and works of our country and foreign historians, the author comes to the conclusion that during this period counteraction to influence of Russia in Turkey was a main goal of London and Paris. Ruling groups of two powers were concerned of possibility of the armed Russian intervention in the conflict, being afraid of strengthening of the Russian positions in the Middle East.

Keywords: Great Britain, France, Russia, Ottoman Empire, the East question.


^ Goncharenko L. L. The Colonial Concept of Otto von Bismarck

The article analyzes the colonial concept of the Reich Chancellor Otto von Bismarck. The internal and external factors that affected on the formation and evolution of colonial attitudes of the Chancellor are investigated. The essence of the Otto von Bismarck’s colonial program is under review. The first colonial acquisitions of Germany are taken up in the article. The attitude of the German industrial circles to the Reich Chancellor’s colonial opinions is described. The main shortcomings of the colonial concept of Otto von Bismarck are characterized.

Keywords: Germany, Empire, Colonial Policy, Otto von Bismarck, Chancellor.


^ Grytskykh I. V. Puerto Rico and the Problem of Decolonization (second part of 20th – beginning of 21st century)

In the article author describes the history and actual status of Puerto-Rico decolonization process from 1952 (when Constitution of Puerto Rico was formally adopted on), to 2012 (in November 2012, a non-binding referendum resulted in fifty-four percent of respondents voting to reject the current status under the territorial clause of the U.S. Constitution). The research is based on the documents, published by the UN on its official site. The article is addressed to everybody, who takes an interest in the world history and actual problem of the international relations.

Keywords: Puerto-Rico, the United States of America, the United Nations, decolonization, self-determination of nations.


^ Ischenko V. V. Development on the English Trade Connections during the Second Half of XVI cr.: the Formation of Northeast Arctic Route to the Eastern Countries

In article is considered process of folding of the northeast Arctic route from Europe to the Eastern countries in the second half of the XVI century. The special attention is given to activity of the Muscovy Trading Company which was directed on establishment of the commercial relations with the Russian state, and also Iran and other Eastern countries. Also, the course and results of expeditions of R. Willoughby and E. Jenkinson to the White Sea and the Caspian region are analyzed in the article. The author comes to the conclusion that during 50–60-s of XVI cr. England was manage to score a great success in making of the northeast Arctic trade route, which was real alternative to the Spanish and Portuguese trade routes.

Keywords: Muscovy Trading Company, England, Russian State, Persia, East.


^ Rusakov K. A. Austrian Diplomacy and the Greek Project of Catherine II

The article is devoted to the Greek project of the Russian Empress Catherine II. The special attention in it is paid to that role which was played in development of plans of section of the European domains of the Ottoman Empire and territorial changes on the political map of the South-East Europe by Austrian diplomacy, and personally Emperor Joseph II and State Chancellor V. A. Kaunic. The author comes to conclusion that the Austrian Emperor Joseph II can as much be considered the author of the Greek project as well as Catherine II.

Keywords: The Greek project, Catherine II, Joseph II, Ottoman Empire, Russia, Austria.


^ Skyba A. Yu. Missions of Edward M. House to Europe, 1913 – 1915

Article is devoted to the problem forming the European policy of the USA at first quarter of XX century. By the example of American mediation missions, author examines the contribution of Woodrow Wilson's adviser Colonel Edward House. Author concludes that the diplomatic missions of Colonel House to Europe not only influenced the forming of the U.S. foreign policy doctrine, and also marked the beginning of the Anglo-American dialogue. Later due to this cooperation between Washington and London were developed foundations of the postwar world order.

Keywords: Edward House, Woodrow Wilson, Edward Grey, the USA, Great Britain, Germany.


^ Falko S. A. Formation of Service of Military Attaches of the Russian Empire in China (1881 – 1894)

The article is devoted to complex research of intelligence services’ activity of the Russian Empire War House in China late of XIX century. The research was necessitated by the need to generalization the historical experience of operating the military intelligence during the period of increasing of Russia’s foreign activity in the East Asia. The research deals with the questions that concern to special features of operating of legal military agentry intelligence service among the East Asian civilization. The effectiveness of collection of intelligence data by the mean of studying of the European, American and Asian press is detected.

Keywords: Russian Empire, China, military intelligence service, General Staff, military agents, armed forces.


^ Yakimenko L. N. Aliyev Role in the Signing of the "Contract of the Century" (1994)

The article considers the origins and nature of the Heydar Aliyev "energy strategy". It is indicates that signing of a "contract of the century" between Azerbaijan and a consortium of Western companies preceded a difficult negotiation process. European and American partners wanted to purchase Azerbaijani oil cheaply and on favorable terms. Moreover, dishonest negotiators put the talks in jeopardy. It forced Aliev to appoint his own son Ilham Aliyev to the post of the Vice President of SOCAR. He not only led the negotiations to a new level and also convinced the representatives of the oil companies to sign an agreement on the terms that were profitable primarily for Azerbaijan.

Keywords: Azerbaijan, Heydar Aliyev, Ilham Aliyev, oil, a "contract of the century".


World History


Gokov O. A. To the Question of the Identity of the Third Commander of the Persian Cossack Brigade

In the article the identity of the third commander of the Persian Cossack Brigade M. D. Kuzmin-Karavaev is assigned and set out his biography. The errors regarding to its participation in the Russian-Persian demarcation of 1881–1886 are identified and corrected. The date of appointment and employment officio head of the Persian cavalry training are set. The author makes a decision about incompatibility of previous identifications. Accordingly, the works on the Russian-Persian border, which was published in 1886–1889, should be attributed to N. D. Kuzmin-Karavayev but not to A. N. Kuzmin-Karavayev.

Keywords: Persia, the Persian Cossack Brigade, the Russian-Persian demarcation of 1881–1886.


^ Kokoshko F. I. The Complexity in the Consideration of the Approaches Concerning the Causes of the Second World War

Difficult and controversial aspects are considered by the author. The events, which occurred in the late 1930's and early 1940’s. in Europe and the world, are ambiguously interpreted by modern politicians of those countries, which participated in the Second world war. Now it is hard to realize how international treaties and agreements were broke during the interwar period with much cynicism and facility. All this had serious consequences for many Nations, including the Ukrainian one. The attempt is made to consider some of the aspects of the crucial period in the history of mankind.

Keywords: security, conflicts, military potential, the dictators, the secrecy, the occupation, the contradictions.


History of Ukraine


Boyko V. Development of Agricultural Engineering in the Tauride Province in the Second Half of XIX – Early XX cr.

The article analyzes the conditions and dynamics of agricultural engineering in the Tauride Province since the mid of XIX century until the First World War. The companies within the industry, the owners, economic and technical characteristics, and the regional structure of production are named in this article. Conclusions on the leading role of foreign capital and the German colonies in the development of machine-building enterprises are defined. We characterize the prospects of the industry due to the proximity of markets and sources of raw materials.

Keywords: Tauride Province, industry, mechanical engineering.


^ Varenko V. M. Information Analytics in Ukraine: Necessity of the Implementation, Current Problems, Prospects of Development

The paper considers an issue which is topical for Ukrainian society – adoption of information analysis techniques into social life, chances of their effective functioning and development prospects. The author highlights the important role and potential of analytics in the modern information society, its diagnostic and prognostic functions, recognizing the use of analytics in Ukraine as the only possible way of contributing to social progress. The author makes appropriate conclusions.

Keywords: analytics, information society, information analysis techniques.


^ Guzenko Y. I. To the Problem of Reconstruction of Appearance and Seaworthy Qualities of the Cossack Seagulls of the End of XVI – in the Beginning of the XVII cr

In this article the author studies the problem of appearance and navigability of Cossack seagulls during the abovementioned period. He criticizes known description of the vessel, left by the French engineer Guillaume - Le Vasseur de Boplan. Guzenko Y. I. gives the dimensions corresponding to the known characteristics of the vessel. The author characterizes seaworthy qualities of the seagulls by analyzing the results of modern sailing ship replica of Cossack seagull the Presvyata Pokrova in the 1990s. He confirms that these ships were perfectly adapted to the conditions in which they were used, and they were a dangerous enemy of the Turkish galleys.

Keywords: Cossack seagull, appearance, seaworthy qualities.


Yepik L. I. Realization of the Bolsheviks' Language Policy as a Reason of the Transformation of the Intelligentsia's Political World Outlook in Ukraine in the 20s of the 20th cr

The author of the article gives the peculiarities of the Bolsheviks' language policy in Ukraine in the 20s years of the 20th century and shows the attitude of different groups of intelligentsia to it. The evolution of political world outlook of Ukrainian intelligentsia and representatives of national minorities depending on entering the Ukrainian language in the spheres of science, education and business are investigated. We can see the analysis of objective and subjective attitude of the Soviet intelligentsia to the language policy of the Soviet power in the 20s years of the 20th century and also the reasons of Ukrainian intelligentsia's disappointment with the policy of Ukrainization.

Keywords: Korenizatsiya, Ukrainization, language question, Ukrainian intelligentsia, intelligentsia of national minorities, Russian intelligentsia.


^ Romanenko T. V. The Soviet press in the Ukrainian SSR at the beginning of the Second World War and during the German occupation (1939 – first half of 1943)

In article the features of functioning of Soviet press in the Ukrainian SSR at the beginning of World War II and during the German occupation are considered. The author examined soviet state policy concerning to mass media in Ukraine during those period and their role in the Soviet propaganda on the territory of Ukrainian Soviet Republic. Were analyzed changes in circulations and work of editorial offices of Soviet periodicals, depending on the situation at the front. It is detected that during the Second World War the soviet press provided support of the soviet power on the rear and at occupied areas.

Keywords: the press, newspapers, Second World War, information.


^ Stepanchuk O. P. «Revindicationely-Polonization» Action of the Polish Government at Holmshchyna during 1920 – 1930

The author of this article analyses the religion policy of the Polish Government according to Ukrainian national minority of Holmschina during 1920 – 1930; explores the situation of Polish-Ukrainian interethnic relations on the territory of the Lublin’s district during the interwar period. The author gives main attention to the questions of redistribution of the properties and destruction of sacral buildings of Orthodox Church in Poland. The author makes the conclusion that this action was carried out in more appropriative time and was one of the most mistakes of the Polish administration. It only aggravated contradictions between the Ukrainians and the Polish.

^ Key words: polonization, colonization, revindication.


Sugak V. V. The Duration of the Working Day of the Industrial Workers of the South of Ukraine in the Second Half of the XIX – at the Beginning of the XX cr

In the publication is considered one of the most important aspects of the production of everyday life – the length of the working day – of the workers of the South of Ukraine (the Tavricheskaya, the Ekaterinoslavkaya, and the Kherson provinces). The questions of duration of the working day at the enterprises of the heavy industry of Odessa, as the center of the city of the South are took up in details. It is proved that of the excessive length of the working day had negative effects on the health of the personnel, increase of injuries and accidents at work.

Keywords: industry, labor, working day, injuries.


^ Fedorchenko O. Postal-Telegraphic Savings Banks of Odessa Postal-Telegraphic District in the End of ХІХ – Early ХХ cr

The some aspects of development of post-telegraphic savings banks of the Russian Empire at the end of XIX – at the beginning of the XX centuries are considered in this article. The main attention is given to indicators of activity of post post-telegraphic savings banks of the Odessa post post-telegraphic district. It is shown by the author that post-telegraphic savings banks of the Odessa post-telegraphic district took the first places in the Empire according to indicators of activity of savings business. Such situation became possible in connection with dynamic economic development of Taurian and Kherson provinces.

Keywords: postal-telegraphic savings banks, Odessa postal-telegraphic district, savings.


Historiography. Sources study


Bratus I. V. The Historical Aspects of Shevchenko Studies in Scientific Heritage of Bohdan Lepki

The article is devoted to the analysis of Shevchenko Studies in papers of Bogdan Lepki. The primary and secondary lighting ideas images of Taras Shevchenko are examined. The legacy of Shevchenko study is examined in direct relation to the socio-historical circumstances and the literature process development features. The author’s vocabulary of historical prose helps to restore the spirit of epoch when Shevchenko created his works. It also provides a fertile material for juxtaposition with the contemporary dictionary of literary language. Moreover, the writer’s novelty has been appreciated.

Keywords: Shevchenko, Lepki, Diaspora, biography, poetry.


^ Zelentsova S. N. Materials of Provincial Gendarmerie and Secret Police as a Source on the History of Anarchism in Ukraine (1903 – 1914)

The article deals with the materials of Provincial Gendarmerie and Secret police 1903–1914 years as a historical source about the anarchist movement in Ukraine. The features and specific origin of the documents, their information potential are characterized. Some of the sources have been analyzed by the method of grouping. This helps to establish cause-and-effect relations, the main stages of events, which took place, the places and years of anarchist groups’ activity. These materials are very important when precise historical course of events and for checking in the information from anarchists’ sources.

Keywords: Provincial Gendarme Administration, Secret police, anarchy, criminal proceedings, reports, correspondence, source.


^ Turyanskaya O. F. The Problem of the Methods of Cognition in History in Scientific Literature

Being put on the basis of scientific literature and according to various scientific approaches, methods of cognition in history are analyzed in this article. An essence of historical, moral and aesthetic rating of past historical events is showed. Also, the author discloses possibilities of using historical methods as a mode of historical events' assessment. Proceeding from the idea that person can identify the personal sense of historical events and facts as complex of moral and aesthetic rating, the author gives the algorithm and the main point of appreciating of historical events and actions of personalities.

Keywords: methods of cognition in history, sense of the past, rating, attitude on rating of the past.


Hryaschevska L. M. Sources of Forming of Ethnographic Collections of South Ukraine Museums, the First Half of XIX cr.

The establishment of museums in the South Ukraine is considered in the article. Revealed the main stages of ethnographic museums, the influence on the appearance of archeological museums in Southern Ukraine, identified changes that occur in the acquisition of museum collections in South Ukraine. The analysis of the activities of the Russian Geographical Society, and instructions for the collection of historical and topographical and statistical information and program of activities of the Odessa Society of History and Antiquities is made.

Keywords: collecting, fund, an ethnographic museum, society, charter.

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