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Contents Theory and Methodology of Teaching in High School




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Visnyk of Luhansk National Taras Shevchenko University: Рedagogical Sciences. – № 8 (267), P. 2., 2013.


Contents


Theory and Methodology of Teaching in High School


Astashova O. M. Main Aspects of Preparation of Special Medical Group Students during Physical Education Classes


Babeshko A. P. Physical Training Activities of Students as a Basis of Physical Education


Bogdanova H. S. Description of Educational Conditions for the Increase of Professional Competence Level of Physical Training Teachers


Gavrylov A. S., Vorobjova M. V. The Theoretical and Methodological Backgrounds of the Formation of Positive Attitude to Physical Education Among University Students


Haiduk. N. O. Modern State of Professional image Formation in Future Physical Culture Teachers.


Drozdov D. V. Organization of Interaction of Future Trainers with the Subjects of Professional Socialization as an Educational Condition of Professional Quality Formation


Zagnoy T. V. Professional Training of Modern Specialists of Physical Education and Sports


Zaytsev V. A. The Place of Educational Practices in the Training of Future Health Basics Teachers to the Education of Healthy Students During Extracurricular Activities


Kostenko O. M. Logical Content Analysis of the Notions „Professionally-Applied Physical Training” and „Professionally-Applied Physical Culture”.


Krainiuk O. P. Forming of Students’ Determination during Physical Education


Leontyevа I. V. Methods of Swimming Training of Students and its Significance.


Мartinova N. P. Contemporary Issues for the Development of Motor Qualities in Female Students of Higher Educational Establishments


Tereshchuk V. A. Theoretical Bases of Training Future Physical Education Teachers for Professional and Personal Self-Development


Tolcheva А. V. Features of the Inverted Hatha-Yoga Poses with Students of Higher Educational Institutions.


^ Hu Lifei. The Value of Gymnastics as an Academic Discipline in the Educational Process of the Universities of the People's Republic of China


Theory and Methodology of Teaching in General Education Institutions


Burlakova T. L. Social and Educational Conditions for the Health Culture Formation of Junior Pupils in Educational Environment


Gornostaeva Yu. V. The Essence of Teaching Motor Actions in Students of Main School at the Lessons of Physical Culture


^ Poltavsky A. P, Bragunets A. V. Enhancement of the Level of Fitness in Primary School-Aged Children


Savko E. I., Gaptar V. M. Tourism as Physical Education and Health Culture of the Individual


Shvidenko O. V. Sports Game Technology in Physical Education


Shchurova N. V. Medical condition of Modern Students as a Problem of Sports and Recreational Activities of Secondary Schools.


Theoretic Bases for the Training of Sportsmen in Sports


Zavadich V. N. Methodological Peculiarities of Artistic Gymnastics Training


Lahno S. V., Shinkarev S. I. Technique of development of speed and power capabilities in boxing.


Lozhechka M. V. Theoretical and Methodological Approaches to the Definition of Criteria for Evaluating the Technical and Tactical Training of Wrestlers


^ Polulyashchenko T. L, Pivovarov A. I. Some Issues of Sports School Curriculum in Bicycling in the Process of Annual Preparation of Novices, Specialized in Cross-Country


Sklyar M. S. Planning for Long-Term Training of Young Karatekas.


Theoretic Bases for the Personality Socialization


Goncharenko N. O., Kroshka S. A. Lisichansk Teacher Training College as Gold Palace of Education (on the 75-th Anniversary)


Limonchenko A. S. Methodology of Using Physical Exercises to Reduce Psychological Tension


Hasan Faisal Ali Hasan. Characteristics of Psycho Physiological Changes in Students who had Cerebral Spastic Infantile Paralysis during the Long Period of Track and Field Throwing


Contents


^ THEORY AND METHODOLOGY OF TEACHING IN HIGH SCHOOL


Astashova O.M. Main Aspects of Preparation of Special Medical Group Students during Physical Education Classes

The author actualizes one of the most important problems of modern higher education, which is education of physical and moral health of students. Hypodynamic lives of students and hours of training at a computer, and other man-made factors have a negative impact on public health. In this context, the issues on the importance of students health are very important, as well as the formation of their value orientation to enhance their health. The article gives statistics, received by monitoring of students from two local universities, indicating that the number of students, attending preparatory or special medical courses, has been significantly increased in recent years. The author examines their implications for the appearance of negative trends in the field of physical education of students. One of the main reasons for relatively weak orientation of young people on health and a high level of physical development is observed in the absence of good and substantial moral and material incentives, as well as cultural traditions. As an effective alternative, the author puts forward the idea of forming an element of culture that creates powerful and effective incentives to encourage the person to systematically take care of his/her health, and the idea of the creative activity of students in the field of sports and sports activities.

^ Key words: health, sports, self-education, youth.


Babeshko A.P. Physical Training Activities of Students as a Basis of Physical Education

The research has shown that the basis for the formation of human’s physical culture is physical training activities. Its main characteristics reflect the diversity of approaches to the formation of the body-spiritual unity of the person having the intellectual and creative work, related to personal characteristics, which are inseparable from the development of his physical conditions. In this case, the multiform specific direction of the content of physical culture activities, meeting the individual needs of students in their physical improvement, is realized in the formation of different types of physical culture of the individual. It is established that the structural components of the physical culture activity reflects the process of multidirectional human's motor activity, productive side of which is objectified in the corresponding types of physical training. This article shows the increased role of physical culture in human life and society. Today, taking into account culture forming aspect of research, one may state that physical culture as a system is a complex structural and functional formation. Every person may find endless source of satisfaction of needs in the sphere of physical culture, connected with physical and mental development.

Key words: physical training activities, physical culture of the person, spiritualization of motor activity


^ Bogdanova H.S. Description of Educational Conditions for the Increase of Professional Competence Level of Physical Training Teachers

Educational conditions, which are directed at the increase of professional competence level of physical training teacher in the system of in-service training courses, are examined in the article. The educational conditions of professional competence development of a physical training teacher are considered in the in-service training courses, including strengthening of the valued relation of physical training teacher to professional self-perfection and development in course and intercourse periods; the use of interactive teaching methods, arising from the professional activity of physical training teacher; preparation of teachers in modern sports and wellness techniques. Description of every educational condition, and constituents, which positively influence professional development, self-perfection of physical training teacher, is given in course and intercourse periods of vocational training. The effectiveness of educational conditions for professional competence development of physical training teacher in frames of in-service training courses is theoretically grounded and empirically testified on the basis of professional development projects, professional development trainings, mastering sports and wellness techniques.

^ Key words: educational conditions, professional competence, physical training teacher.


Gavrylov A.S., Vorobjova M.V. The Theoretical and Methodological Backgrounds of the Formation of Positive Attitude to Physical Education Among University Students

The article observes the theoretical and methodological principles of the formation of the university students’ positive attitude to the physical education. It is underlined that sport activities of the students in higher educational establishments have to become the basis for the youth mass sport development, which can eventually not only induce sweeping changes in the attitude to physical education but also promote the sports lifestyle throughout young people. The author outlines the major tendencies of improving the physical education of the students in a classical university, including the following ones: active – sports and physical exercising and developing the functional systems of a human body; intellectual – mastering the theoretical and methodological aspects of physical education theory; sociopsycological – forming the general positive attitude to physical education; methodical and organizational – optimizing the use of different types of students’ physical activities, combining them as well as confronting, refining the methods and the programs of the physical educational process.

^ Key words: physical education, healthy lifestyle, positive attitude to physical education, social factors, educational factors, socio-educational factors, psycoeducational factors.


Haiduk. N.O. Modern State of Professional image Formation in Future Physical Culture Teachers.

The article considers professional image formation of future physical training teachers in modern conditions. The attention is paid to the problems of how to form the image structure of a professional teacher and the components of its outer and inner factors. The basic attention is given to the necessity of modification of teaching and educational process in a higher educational institution for the purpose of realization of the allocated educational conditions. Theoretical pre-conditions of forming of professional image of future teachers of physical culture are examined in higher educational establishments in the modern terms of studies, and forming of structure of image of teacher-professional of physical culture, to the components of external and internal factors. Professional image is viewed as an integral part of professional culture of a teacher, asa mechanism of professional and personal socialisation. Current researchers determine the image as the form, intentionally created by the subject and oriented on the self-sentiment.

^ Key words:professional image, educational conditionds, activity of a future physical culture teacher, academic activity, future teacher, physical culture.


Drozdov D.V. Organization of Interaction of Future Trainers with the Subjects of Professional Socialization as an Educational Condition of Professional Quality Formation

Organization of interaction of future trainers with the subjects of professional socialization as an educational condition of professional quality formation in future trainers is grounded in the article; it is accented on the importance of culture connection with professional motivation and interest in the special preparation as a condition of formation of patriotic qualities and the students’ readiness for the innovative activity. A wide interpretation of the culture concept is allowed, considering professional qualities of future trainers from the point of view of cultural acquisition of a definite social group (sports club, collective, trainer-lecturer), emotional and spiritual unification, that helps to develop a personality in a cultural context and on the highest levels of professional formation. Polyfunctionality and many-sided nature of professional trainer’s job and the necessity of increasing students’ motivation to the formation of such qualities defines the choice of the strategy of future trainer stimulation to the professional development on the basis of the essence of professional qualities of the trainer-lecturer.


^ Key words: professional qualities, cultural tradition, motivation, interest, substantial module.


Zagnoy T.V. Professional Training of Modern Specialists of Physical Education and Sports

The article specifies on the training of modern specialists in physical education and sport. Training of qualified specialists depends on the conditions of labor market with its high demands to the teacher that should provide successful activity in such spheres as intellectual development, coaching activities, and improvement of recreational activity (physical rehabilitation). Training must consider the innovative international experience. Enhancement of training of physical education teachers requires not only new and effective approaches to the organization of educational process in higher teacher education, but also some alterations, changes in the structure and content of the special training of students, majoring in physical education, perfection of program for secondary school of physical education in order to improve the professional level of teaching. There are various objective reasons, which complicate training of teachers. They include as follows: new knowledge in certain branches of science, lacking systematicity; the deficiency of teachers with proper professional experience; poor educational bases for testing and experiments; insufficient methodological resources.

Keywords: professional preparation, public values, specialist of physical education, self-education, self-perfection.


Zaytsev V.A. The Place of Educational Practices in the Training of Future Health Basics Teachers to the Education of Healthy Students During Extracurricular Activities

The article is devoted to topical issues of training of future health basics teachers to extracurricular activities aimed at the education of students with high level of health culture, formation of spiritual, mental, social and physical aspects of health of primary school pupils. The objectives of the article is the disclosure of pedagogical practice in the preparation of future health basics teachers to the creation of health culture among young people, and development of additional tasks to student-practice on the educational practice in the context of education. Given an authoring example analysis of extra-curricular activities on health basics in secondary schools through which students’ level of healthy education at extracurricular time may be determined during practice. It is assumed that the proposed additional tasks to the content of teaching practice of students majoring promote more quality preparation of students for extracurricular activities on health basics in secondary schools in the context of health culture of primary school students.

^ Key words: pedagogical practices, profession preparation, pupils of secondary school, future teachers of bases of health.


Kostenko O.M. Logical Content Analysis of the Notions „Professionally-Applied Physical Training” and „Professionally-Applied Physical Culture”.

The article examines and analyses opinions of scientists on the account of the concept „professionally-applied physical training”. It pays attention to the comparison of notions „professionally-applied physical training” and „professionally-applied physical culture”. It is shown that in the result of the study of the scientific-methodical literature, devoted to the chosen problem, the studied concepts are quite complex and there is no single opinion on their nature and content. The definition of „professional-applied physical training” is observed in the concept of professionally-applied physical training. Also it is shown that in conditions of complex social and economic conditions, which are formed on the territory of Ukraine and beyond its borders, in the conditions of increase in the average age of the population, increasing requirements to the quality of training of specialists in the period of training in a higher educational institution. It is noted that all the above-discussed concepts of „professional-applied physical training” point to the fact that the problem of professionally-applied physical training is relevant and important.

^ Key words: professionally-applied physical training, professionally-applied physical culture, physical training.


Krainiuk O.P. Forming of Students’ Determination during Physical Education

The article is dedicated to the analysis of the level of moral and endurance qualities in technical college students during the study of physical education. Formation of universally developed personality is not possible without high level of moral and endurance qualities of students. The process of investigation of determination formation, its connection with courage development; experimental methods of determination level are given. Statistically distributed significance of the found research data is determined. The study gives the analysis of college students’ possibilities during the study of physical education. Only skillful specialists will be able to realize themselves, using strong moral-will qualities. Those materials will help to researches of college students’ strong-will and moral qualities during physical training. The strong moral and endurance qualities are formed only with the developed determination. The objective of the article is determination of manifestation level of student’s determination in the process of physical education. To achieve this objective it is necessary to solve the task of investigation, which is to reveal levels of determination manifestation during the performance of physical exercises.

Keywords: endurance, criterion, test, situational quality, age period.


Leontyevа I.V. Methods of Swimming Training of Students and its Significance.

The article considers the main methods of teaching students to swim, as well as its recreational value to the health of students. Learning to swim is a necessity in the current situation of high mortality in water in Ukraine, so its performance should pay special attention to methodological aspect. The basic methods of swimming training are verbal, practical and intuitive. These three complex methods must be interconnected in learning swimming skills. Studies should be carried out with the novices in groups, as they feel more comfortable in team. But it should be used as a teaching method and individual remedial. Special attention is paid to the elucidation of positive effect of swimming training on the student body. There is no doubt that swimming is a unique physical exercise, promoting physical development and health. It harmoniously develops all muscle groups, contributes to the development and improvement of physical qualities as endurance, strength, speed (velocity), flexibility, agility (coordination). These lessons will help students tackle the issues: poor posture, obesity, low immunity, and diseases of cardiovascular system.

Key words: method, swimming, students, rehabilitation.


^ Мartinova N.P. Contemporary Issues for the Development of Motor Qualities in Female Students of Higher Educational Establishments

The above stated article represents the analysis of research on the motor quality issues with female students of higher education establishments. The research has been made as to the level of the working out of the issue in the educational theory. Some particular features of motor quality development of students have been disclosed. The necessity for creating conditions for students to have wide choice of physical education means for training, which are relevant for their claims, interests, health condition as well as physical and technical readiness, was given grounds for in the article. We have found it advisable to conduct sports-oriented classes, where motor quality level lies dependent on the purposeful use of the means of its development. It has been accounted for the priority choice of aerobics by female students as being an effective means of physical and health improving activity. Analysis has been drawn as to how aerobics influences cardiovascular and respiratory systems, development of physical qualities, illness prevention, recreation.

^ Key words: physical education, motor qualities, female students, aerobics.


Tereshchuk V.A. Theoretical Bases of Training Future Physical Education Teachers for Professional and Personal Self-Development

The question of forming of preparedness in future physical education teachers for professional and personal self-development has been studied in the article. It states that personally oriented approach is important. It provides professional and personal self-development, self-actualization and professional self-fulfillment and self-identity of future physical education teachers. The problem of future physical education teacher preparedness for professional and personal self-development requires conscious professional orientation of the individual, as well as creativity, self-improvement, regular renewal of knowledge and skills and improvement of the level of the development of important professional and personal qualities. The primary important task of professional education is future physical education teacher training, not only from the professional point of view but considering a teacher as a comprehensively developed and creative personality. Future teachers of physical education should have aspiration for creative fulfillment in educational activity, and appropriate educational conditions stimulate teacher’s creative activity, the level of preparedness for professional and personal self-development improves.

^ Key words: preparedness, physical education teacher, professional and personal self-development.


Tolcheva А. V. Features of the Inverted Hatha-Yoga Poses with Students of Higher Educational Institutions.

Currently Eastern systems of self-improvement are popular, and a special place among them refers to hatha-yoga. Hatha-yoga is the ancient Indian system, the main purpose of which is perfect balance of interaction processes of physical body, mind and energy. Therefore, hatha-yoga is especially suitable for people, engaged in mental work and having educational nature. Tools and methods of yoga are of interest to modern medicine, physiology and psychology. Research in these areas of modern science today indicates that students in higher education do not have enough physical education classes, which are held in the classroom to make up for the proper physical activity. The lack of physical activity leads to the general apathy of the body, decreased immunity, lack of interest in activities and as a consequence leads to poor performance. Currently, specialists in physical education and sports can not ignore this unique system of physical perfection, including hatha-yoga, as the system of extracurricular activities with the students of higher education institutions requires constant improvement. In the article the features perform inverted postures in hatha-yoga classes with students of higher educational institutions.

Keywords: hatha-yoga, students, extracurricular, work, employment.


^ Hu Lifei. The Value of Gymnastics as an Academic Discipline in the Educational Process of the Universities of the People's Republic of China

At the present stage of development of the People's Republic of China it is a leader among other states in terms of growth of sports results, which could serve as a basis for optimizing the development of physical culture and sports in Ukraine. The purpose of the study is to reveal features of the course of gymnastics in the higher educational institutions of China. The methods, used are as follows: the analysis of the literature, Internet sources and the analysis of software, standard documents and teaching materials. In the article the methodical and legal framework of the People's Republic of China to the regulation of the rate of gymnastics training in universities of China is given. The study found that the Chinese government policy is aimed at the improving and strengthening of the physical health of the nation, which is carried out by the promotion of traditional sports and is designed to stimulate interest in sports and the development of important skills. The development of gymnastics as an academic science on the territory of the People's Republic of China stipulates the combination of principles of physical and spiritual development, directed at the formation of basic physical qualities as well spiritual beauty and harmony, achieved by means of self-actualization in the given sport.

Key words: gymnastic, aerobics, educational content, physical culture, physical education, sports, health, China.


^ THEORY AND METHODOLOGY OF TEACHING IN GENERAL EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS

Burlakova T.L. Social and Educational Conditions for the Health Culture Formation of Junior Pupils in Educational Environment

The article reveals the social and educational conditions for the health culture formation of junior pupils in the educational environment. Forming health culture is considered as a joint work of health professionals, teachers, educators and other related people, aiming at keeping and improving spiritual, psychological and physical health of children. The idea is that the improvement of pupils’ health is possible only if optimal social and educational conditions for forming the health culture in children and students are met. The content, functions and social and educational components of health culture in young pupils are also revealed as well as the interconnection of spiritual, psychological and physical components of a person’s health. The importance of human values, knowledge of norms and levels of spiritual conscience are also taken into consideration. Educators set the following tasks in the health culture issues: to increase the potential of individual and public health, to boost the priority of healthy lifestyle among pupils, to enhanse the value of health among universal human values, to breed dignity and the sense of respect to another person, to breed kindness to the world around.

^ Key words: health, junior pupils, educational environment, culture of health, healthy lifestyle.


Gornostaeva Yu.V. The Essence of Teaching Motor Actions in Students of Main School at the Lessons of Physical Culture

The article gives a detailed analysis of teaching motor actions of main school students at the lessons of physical culture. It determines and theoretically proves the factors, which influence this process and which should be paid special attention when teaching students motor actions. Also the article presents data, with the help of which we can determine the level of motivation to doing self-study home-made exercises for the development of physical qualities. Condition of the system of physical education is determined by the progress of the set tasks and organizational physical culture forms, scientific substantiation of its content, methodology level, as well as conditions, which secure its qualitative functioning. We should take into account that one of directions in the contemporary concept of physical education is focused on the achievement of the highest results in physical fitness, based on the implementation of revolutionary approaches, events, technologies, where the basis is not motor competence, but complex and hard work in the formation of really interested attitude to the process of body self-perfection. The task is to make active motor activity more conscious and purposeful, so that it meets the individual characteristics of the performer.

^ Key words: learning, motor activity, physical culture lesson.


Poltavsky A.P, Bragunets A.V. Enhancement of the Level of Fitness in Primary School-Aged Children

The article is dedicated to primary school age, which is considered as the most favourable period for the purposeful influence, when positive influence on the physical development of children is performed. The article attempts to raise the level of fitness in primary school-aged children with the help of elaborated techniques, which enhance the level of physical quality development. It gives data of statistically relevant parameters before and after the educational experiment. Furthermore, quantitative and percentage comparison of them is shown. Academic activity in general education school stipulates the creation of the basis for general physical training, formation of necessary fund for movement skills, achievement of the comprehensive harmonious development of personality. However, the current level of physical fitness in schoolchildren does not meet the requirements of today. Primary school age is the beginning of specialization in most kinds of sports. There is a necessity in the development of new techniques, with the help of which it is possible to raise the level of fitness and develop physical qualities in primary school-aged children, including such parameters as swiftness, strength and flexibility.

^ Key words: fitness, swiftness, strength, flexibility, enhancement.


E.I. Savko, V.M. Gaptar. Tourism as Physical Education and Health Culture of the Individual

Tourism is important means of harmonious development, health promotion and education of today's young generation. The use of active tourism as means of educating the person can positively influence the formation of vital human skills, the improvement of its motor and physical abilities, the development of moral and volitional and intellectual qualities. The etiology of delinquency of at-risk students has various factors, which include as follows: factors of macrosocial level, including family education and circumstances in the family, environment of a teenager, spread of alcoholism and drug addiction among the youth, impunity to delinquency; factors, connected with the personalities of characteristics and the mode of life of teenagers; social situational factors, related to the circumstances of problems and conflicts of life; factors of general social nature, like mass media, video products, etc. Thus, we may conclude that the less at-risk students are surrounded by social unfortunate undeveloped and disorganized social environment, the less negative and conflict situations they have, and the less interpersonal and group collisions and conflicts, the less are the rates of criminal risk and the level of delinquency in society.

Keywords: tourist club, students, surveys, education.


^ Shvidenko O.V. Sports Game Technology in Physical Education

The article focuses on innovations in physical education in the modern society. It is emphasized that education is the main factor in creation of high-performance economy, and the key tool for forming civic consciousness, freedom, and harmonious personality. The problem of universal type of education, which is defined in the article, would ensure positive result in the youth development. The main research concerns sport game educational technologies, their structure and patterns of development. The comparative analysis with the other educational technologies is made. It reveals the essence of game technologies, namely, the game, its models, types, and components. We analyze the conceptual positions of national innovators in education. Their importance for the modern educational science development is determined there. Special attention is paid to new technologies of youth physical education to make younger generation realize the necessity of respecting all the factors, strengthening health. Using modern technologies in his/her practice, searching for new ideas, methods and ways of teaching, requires teacher’s permanent state of intellectual, physical and spiritual “strain”. But it allows us to raise the educational process on the higher qualitative level, significantly expending the area of “proximal development” and student abilities.

^ Key words: word, game technology, game activities, educational process, education


Shchurova N.V. Medical condition of Modern Students as a Problem of Sports and Recreational Activities of Secondary Schools.

The article focuses on the analysis of the physical health of secondary schools students and addresses to the problem of health protection and strengthening, which will be formed with perception of their own health as a personal value. The concept of this approach is based on the modern sports education of modern school students. Thus, the main purposes of sports and recreational activities are determined with the advance of certain physical and moral health, integrated approach to the development of mental and physical qualities of the individual and improvement of the physical and psychological preparation for active life and professional activities on the basis of individual approach, priority of health-improving orientation, systematic of school process etc. The health-preserving technologies are considered as a system of measures, which protect and strengthen students’ health, take into account the characteristics of the educational environment, among which the most important are the following: the environmental factors, factors of the school environment, organization of the educational process and the mode of workload forms, methods of health-preserving activity of the institution of general education, the dynamics of current and chronic diseases.

Key words: health, physical education, sports profile.


^ THEORETIC BASES FOR THE TRAINING OF SPORTSMEN IN SPORTS


Zavadich V.N. Methodological Peculiarities of Artistic Gymnastics Training

The article gives theoretical grounds for the questions, connected with the selection and features of methodology of overall physical condition in gymnasts, which arise up in connection with the increase of complications of physical drills and its connection with technical training. Gymnastics has a special place and is one of the main means for the promotion of health, physical development, body tempering, and formation of vital motor skills. Based on the generalization of experience in scientific methodological literature and results of personal long-term practical experience, we give examples of exercises and peculiarities of their performance during overall physical training, which increase and improve the efficiency of technical gymnast training from various age groups. The article gives the most efficient exercises for the overall physical training, which are practically approved. Correct choice of overall physical training methods in gymnastics promotes the increase of efficiency of teaching complex artistic gymnastics elements. Physical and technical training are connected interdependent. Exercises to increase muscular strength are performed in the beginning of training, before the warm-up, and after the training.

^ Key words: gymnastics, overall physical training, technical training.


Lahno S.V., Shinkarev S.I. Technique of development of speed and power capabilities in boxing.

In the article the method of development of speed-power capabilities in boxing on the stage of preparation to higher sporting achievements is experimentally grounded. Statistical changes are determined in the characteristics of speed-power qualities of boxers during the experimental basic mesocycle of preparation. The level of development of speed-power qualities was investigated for boxers on the stage of preparation to higher sport achievements. It was shown that nowadays the methodology of development of special power-speed qualities in many kinds of sport requires to be immediately considered. Especially it concerns the speed-power kinds of sport. Therefore, the effective procedure of training process in boxing requires the use of modern scientifically grounded methods of development and perfection of speed-power qualities of sportsmen. And also gaining of objective and universal information, concerning different components of sports preparation of boxers by registration of a great number of characteristics represent the proper level of qualification of sportsmen due to the informative methods of control.

^ Key words: method, speed-power capabilities, stage of preparation, base mesocycle, higher sport achievements.


Lozhechka M.V. Theoretical and Methodological Approaches to the Definition of Criteria for Evaluating the Technical and Tactical Training of Wrestlers

The paper presents an analysis of literature on the problem of study of technical and tactical training of wrestlers. The results of research of domestic scientists are generalized. The analysis of the latest researches and publications testifies that modern sports science and practice is remained by the problem of determination of estimation criteria of technical and tactical training in the different types of sports wrestling. Efficient management of training is related with the use of various model characteristics of sportsman degree of training. Development of theoretical bases of modelling of the strongest sportsmen is the implementation of requirement and basic tendencies of development in any kind of sports. The analysis of the latest research and publications indicates that contemporary sports science and practice is a very topical problem of determination technical and tactical training in various kinds of sports wrestling. According to the leading specialists, the evaluation of determination criteria in technical and tactical training allows us to determine the basic peculiarities for the formation of mastery in wrestlers during training spells and competitive activity.

^ Key words: training, research, technician, tactics, wrestlers, criteria.


Polulyashchenko T.L, Pivovarov A.I. Some Issues of Sports School Curriculum in Bicycling in the Process of Annual Preparation of Novices, Specialized in Cross-Country

The article considers the issues of the optimization possibilities of training of novice bicyclists with the use of variative approach to curriculum planning. Optimal parameters of training loads at the stage of initial training are given. Early beginning of classes in the specialization of cross-country bicycling allows us to conduct high quality long-term training of future racers without forcing of their results, using cycling specialty of BMX and trials bikes. The main problem of curriculum of novice bicyclists, specialized in cross-country, is insufficient organizational development of long-term training at all stages, taking into account consideration of training system of qualified bicyclists in long-term aspect, as one of the stages of preparation of qualified bicyclists. The determined parameters prove the presence of increase of training load in comparison with ones, given by the leading specialists in sports. V.M. Platonov thinks that parameters of training load at the initial stage of preparation should not exceed such model parameters as overall physical condition, which is 50%, secondary training makes 45 %, and conditioning for gymnastics, which is 5%.

^ Key words: method, load, physical training.


Sklyar M.S. Planning for Long-Term Training of Young Karatekas.

The article indicates theoretical principles of successful long-term planning of karateka’s training, possible taking into account the following cpmponents: 1) the optimal age to achieve the best results in the chosen type of karate; 2) predominant orientation of training at this stage; 3) corresponding levels of physical, technical, and tactical preparedness to be achieved by karatekas; 4) sets of effective means, methods, organizational forms of athletic training, specific for karate; 5) allowable training and competitive load in karate according to age; 6) control standards appropriate to the qualifications of karatekas. Conduction of educational observations and medical-biological research promotes an adequate determination for the term of transition of karatekas to long-term sports development. The process of long-term preparation of young karatekas should be performed on the basis on certain methodological provisions. It may be divided into certain stages. The length of these stages is conditioned by peculiarities of the chosen karate type, as well as the level of preparedness of combatants. It is necessary to take into account real and physiological age of a sportsman, the level of his/her physical development and readiness, the ability to perform growing specific training and competitive loads.

Key words: karate, construction, planning, training, young.


^ THEORETIC BASES FOR THE PERSONALITY SOCIALIZATION


Goncharenko N.O., Kroshka S.A. Lisichansk Teacher Training College as Gold Palace of Education (on the 75-th Anniversary)

Historical milestones of Lisichansk teacher training college are revealed in the article. Innovative activity of the personnel of educational college, focused on the provision of high quality training of specialists in the sphere of education, is revealed, including the integration of scientific, educational, industrial training, social and humanitarian work, creative application of modern teaching, information and communication technologies, the process of healthy culture formation. Lisichansk teacher training college provides education through teaching: the transformation of an educational process in technology, education through creative application of modern educational technology, development of teachers’ creative potential for their professional self-realization. Interest to the problem of sports development and health improvement is conditioned by general development tendencies of modern culture, essential characteristics of health culture in the achievement of physical, psychical, and moral healthy personality. Ukraine has major changes in the system of education. Therefore, the problem of sports development becomes very important, because formation of humanistic and educational paradigm is possible if included in national and universal culture.

^ Key words: education, innovation, technology, sports, health.


Limonchenko A.S. Methodology of Using Physical Exercises to Reduce Psychological Tension

In this article, the authors actualize one of the major problems of the modern world: impact of globalization on human society in terms of relationship stressors and physical health parameters. This issue is the subject of the intense research interest of domestic and international scientists. The authors of this article offer their view for ways to solve this problem, namely: the use of physical activity as a factor in preventing and reducing stress, depression and nervous tension. The article presents carefully tracked and clear arguments showing the beneficial effects of physical activity normalized on human health. Noting a number of hypotheses to explain the reasons for the positive impact of physical activity on mental health, the authors further detail at the two of them: psychological (distraction hypothesis) and physiological (hypothesis endorphins) give the results of series of experiments. Interest shown by the authors information obtained from the study of the relationship between the different types of exercise and mood changes people. The authors stress the need for everyone to take care of their health because directly depends on the life of future generations.

^ Key words: Anxiety, depression, stress, exercise, nervous tension.


Hasan Faisal Ali Hasan. Characteristics of Psycho Physiological Changes in Students who had Cerebral Spastic Infantile Paralysis during the Long Period of Track and Field Throwing

This article is focused on the results of influence investigation of track and field throwing on the rates of neurodynamic quality of higher nervous activity of students with cerebral spastic infantile paralysis effect. It was determined the parameters of positive psycho physiological changes in the process of five courses, which provide the formation and improvement of motion and acquired habits of students with cerebral spastic infantile paralysis. According to the worldwidestatistics, every tenth person on the Earth is disabled. And this propotion is growing due to worsening environmental conditions, drug and alcohol use, infectious and hereditary diseases, natural disaster, constant reduce of the quality of food etc. Thus, it is very important to socialize people with deviations in their health. Rehabilitation of persons after the infantile cerebral paralysis is very urgent now. Infantile cerebral paralysis refers to a complex of diseases, each of which is accompanied by postural difficulties and и problems with physical activity as a result of brain damage at early stages of ontogenesis.

Key words: psycho physiological rates, students with cerebral spastic infantile paralysis, track and field throwing.

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