Європейський вектор економічного розвитку 2005 р. Зміст передмова / Foreword icon

Європейський вектор економічного розвитку 2005 р. Зміст передмова / Foreword




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ЄВРОПЕЙСЬКИЙ ВЕКТОР ЕКОНОМІЧНОГО РОЗВИТКУ

2005 р.

Зміст

ПЕРЕДМОВА / Foreword 3

Розділ 1. Теорія і методологія європейського

економічного розвитку 7

Геец В.М. Взаимодействие доверия и развития 8

Welfe W. Scenariusze długookresowego rozwoju gospodarczego Polski 24

Чухно А.А. Поєднання процесів індустріального та постіндустріального

розвитку: проблеми теорії і практики 34

Sadowski Z. Problemy transformacji systemowej w Polsce na tle gospodarki

światowej 50

^ Бодров В.Г. Стратегічні пріоритети економічних та інституціональних

перетворень в контексті Євроатлантичного вибору України 58

Kudrycka I. The Transformation of Polish Economy – Main Features and

Future Development 67

^ Пахомов Ю.М. Украина: проблема раскола 76

Kwiatkowski Ĺ. Zatrudnienie w polskiej gospodarce w kontekście integracji z

Unią Europejską 86

Філіпенко А. Теорія міжнародної економічної інтеграції 98

^ Мельник Л.Г., Сабадаш В.В. Экологические конфликты в

международной экономике: проблемы и решения 108

Малий І.Й., Галабурда М.К. Економічна наука і цілі розвитку країн

з трансформаційною економікою 117

Гаман М. Перспективи Eкраїнсько-польського економічного

і науково-технічного співробітництва 124

^ Розділ 2. Імперативи економічної політики

європейської інтеграції 129

Задоя А.О. Динаміка Української економіки: зростання

чи пожвавлення? 130

^ Базилевич В.Д. Розвиток внутрішнього ринку в умовах глобалізації:

тенденції та суперечності 137

Welfe A. Economic Growth: Hopes and Fears of the New Member States 143

^ Дементьев В.В. Экономическая власть в трансформационном

обществе: распределение и последствия 151

Кваснюк Б.Є. Прибуток та пропорції його розподілу в українській

економіці 160

^ Амоша О.І. Світовий досвід та проблеми використання в Україні

програмно-цільових підходів у бюджетному процесі 176

Tarasevich V. About Necessity and Constituents State Investment

Expansion 183

^ Гриценко А.А. Монетарні інститути України та проблема їх інтеграції

в інституційну архітектоніку Європи 190

Tomczak F. Rolnictwo w transformacji systemowej i integracji polski

z unią europejską 203

^ Петруня Ю.Є. Ефективність вищої освіти в Україні в умовах розвитку

Європейскої інтеграції 217

Tokarski T., Gajewski P. Реальная конвергенция в Польше:

региональный подход 220

^ Лебедєва В.К. Нова парадигма суспільного багатства і розвиток

креатосфери у перехідній економіці 234

Веклич О.О. Необхідність активізації екологічного вектора

євроінтеграційної стратегії України 244

Florczak W. Analiza ekonometryczna wymiany handlowej pomiędzy Polską

Ukrainą 252

АНОТАЦІЇ 267

Наші автори 273


АНОТАЦІЇ /annotation

Geets V. The Faith and Development Interrelation.

Democracy, first of all, is a process connected with the acceptance democratic values by the population of the state. Historic memory is of great importance in this respect. To establish the population’s faith to the existing political system it is necessary to form the political outlook of the nation. The analysis of the statistics data (1995–2004 years) that show the nation’s level of faith to the mass media, political parties, leaders, etc. is given, the dynamics of these data is demonstrated. It is shown, how the President elections of 2004 influenced the life of the country on the whole.

The elements formation of the society is impossible without the knowledge that includes social and individual with the help of «I» realization as the basic subject of a new economic and social system where a person «will have a chance not only of physical «I» existence, but will become a social «I».


Welfe W. The Script of Long-term Economic Development of Poland.

In clause some scripts of development of a national economy of Poland in the intermediate term period (till 2010) and long-term period (till 2025) are considered on the basis of use of results of econometrical models W8D, W8D 2002, CGE. The factors of increase of productivity of work in Poland after the introduction in EU are opened. The main problems and basic advantages Eurointegration for the countries of EU – 10 are revealed. Is proved, that the main result of entry of Poland in the European Union will be reduction of break in a level WWP on soul of the population between her and countries of EU – 15, with an opportunity of excess of an average European level till 2025.


^ Chuhno A. The Combination of Industrial and Post-industrial Development: Problems of The Theory and Practice.

In clause the theoretical and practical problems of association of processes industrial and postindustrial of development are considered.

The author proves an opportunity postindustrial of transformations in Ukraine, that will ensure to the country transition to a new stage of civilized progress. The ways and methods of amplification of interaction industrial and postindustrial of development as bases of strategy of outstripping growth of economy and development of a society are proved.


Sadovski Z. The Problems of System Transformation in Poland to Context of World Economic Development.

The Polish experience in systemic transformation is evaluated in terms of both its achievements and failures against the background of global trends pertaining to changes in the market economic system. It is shown that, although a market economy based on private entrepreneurship was reinstated within a relatively short time, this result can hardly be considered fully successful as what was created does not represent a modern system. In particular, not much was achieved with regard to the development of a knowledge based economy. This sets a new challenge referred to as the need for a second phase of transformation to be started. Another deficiency of the Polish transformation is show to be a high accumulation of social problems resulting from mass unemployment and large area of poverty. Reasons for this turnout are analyzed and attributed party to the adherence of decision-makers to neoliberal ideology and partly to policy blunders.


Bodrov V. Strategic Priorities of Economic and Institutional Transformations in the Context of European-atlantic Choice of Ukraine.

In the article geopolitical priorities of development of Ukraine are examined, strategic points and intermediate aims of integration processes are grounded.


^ Kudrizka I. The Transformation of Polish Economy – Main Features and Future Development.

The analysis of structural changes in Polish economy in the period of transition and impact of the new technics & technologies on demand for labour and economic efficiency are the main subject of this article.

The results of applied researches are also presented,including the multidimensional analysis of distance of Poland to the developed countries – due to the R&D outlays and educational activity – and influence of R&D on GDP level in voivodships in Poland.

The differentiation of incomes of households and income transfers between social groups are also the matter of considerations.


Pachomov U. The Ukraine: Problem of Split.

The present article gives the analysis of the reasons, driving motives and possibl consequences of the Ukrainian nation’s split during the Orange revolution by the line «Centre-West» – «East-South». The Ukraine’s position in the modern world and probable ways of her integration into the global community are concidered from the point of view of the economic expediency. The present context shows the chellenges with which the new Ukrainian government has confronted and determines the possible ways of their overcoming.


Kwiatkowski Е. Employment in the Polish Economy in Context of the European Integration.

The paper presents past and current employment tendencies in the Polish economy as well as short run perspectives of employment in Poland in context of the European integration. Statistical data used in the paper refer to total employment and other macroeconomic variables in Poland and the European Union. A simple labour demand model dependent on aggregate output is used in order to estimate short-run forecast of emplyment in Poland for 2004-2007. The paper shows that positive short-run effects of Poland’s integration with the European Union on domestic employment can occur only if optimistic assumptions on output growth in Poland are made.


Filipenko A. The Theory of International Economic Integration.

In clause some existing definitions of integration are considered which were formulated by various scientific schools of a modern economic idea, namely: market, market-institutional and structural. Are in detail submitted and the types of the international economic integration are analysed.

The data, submitted by the author, result in a conclusion, that the international economic integration at the present stage is the more and more growing factor of a global economy.

^ Melnyk L., Sabadash V. Ecological Conflicts in International Economy: Problems and Decision.

Actual ecological problems of modern international economy are considering in the article, in particular, ecological conflicts arising up in the «trade – environment» system. Classification and analysis of problem knots in the international trade field are resulted, and also solving directions and instruments are offered. The existent and potential ecological problems of informative society are explored. Classification and description of resource conflicts in a global economy are given.


^ Maliy I., Galaburda M. The Economics and Features of Development Transitional Economy Countries.

The problems of the economic theory, connected with a scientific substantiation of the possible quiding lines of the transformational economy countries further development are considered in the present article. The necessity of a precise formulation of the ultimate aims and, hence, of the definision of their achievement ways, is proved. In the context the factors determining the economic politics and also principles of its formulation are considered.


Gaman M. Perspectives of Ukrainian-Polish Cooperation in Economy, Science and Technology.

The perspectives to Ukrainian – Poland scientific and technical contribution are describe in the article. The cardinal direction in jointly activity of Ukraine and Poland selected oil and gas branch. Considered substantial potential of contribution our countries in sphere of electric power.


^ Zadoya A. The Dynamics of Ukrainian Economy: Increasing or Reviving?

The article deals with the economic development of Ukraine for the last years and foreseeing its prospects. It is proved that the crisis in Ukraine was not the classic phase of restoring cycle. But the modern stage of economic development in Ukraine has more features of reviving phase than increasing one. That is why state economic policy will be more grounded if it takes into account the reviving character of economic development.


Bazilevich V. Development of Internal Market in the Conditions of Globalization: Tendencies and Contradictions.

In the article are examined the problems of choice of optimum model of internal market development in the context of tendencies of globalization. Basic problems of the article: theoretical comprehension of tendencies of globalization and the place of Ukraine in them, looking for the sources and factors of development in national economy of Ukraine and ground of priority directions of its structural changes.


Welfe A. Economic Growth: Hopes and Tears of the New Member States.

The paper with regard to the most signiticant long-term effect ot EU enlargement – increasing wealth in EU-10 and aliminishing gap between them and EU-15 presents the major economic consequences, the forecast and the threats reterring to the economic growth of the accession countries. Scenario after joining EU is based on the macroeconometric model of Polish economy, W8 – D. It depicts results of the baseline scenario and its variants: an optimistic on ensuring high rates of economic development which requires intensitiedl investment efforts and a pessimistic one underlying continued deceleration in economy and acute tensions in the labour market, in the foreign trade and in the state budget.


^ Dementiev V. Economic Power in the Transitional Society: Distribution and Effects.

The paper analyses the issue of power in transitional economy. The deformation of the economic power system under condition of transformation is shown. The consequences of motivation? Individual income structure and turn over of economic resources are considered. Concept of effective economic power or socially necessary power order is substantiated. The necessity and main purpose of social control over the economic power distribution are argumented.


^ Kvasnyuk B. Profit and its Proportions of Distribution in Ukrainian Economy.

The article deals with the problems of proportional profit distribution in Ukrainian economy. It is proved that having standard gross and net profit performance, Ukrainian economy function on a lower level of production profitability. It negatively influences the economy competitiveness and the potential of its increasing. For defining the normative income the research of expenditures and gains according to the main kind of activity of enterprises and organizations are proposed. It will make possible to find real rental income value gained by such branches as management of nature, farming, hunting ground and forestry; and to get into budget rental gains made in rent forming branches but realized in turnover sphere by taxing too high incomes and grounded export duty introduction.


^ Аmosha О. World Experience and Problems of Use in Ukraine of the Program-target Approaches in Budget Process.

In the paper the necessity of use of a program-target method of drawing up of the budget for Ukraine as effective direction of improvement of budget policy is proved. The world and domestic experience is generalized and are revealed as the basic problems of system and technical character, which arise at its introduction, and basic advantages. The features of the working budget legislation are determined and the directions of its development are proved from the point of view of the further introduction of a program-target method.


Tarasevich V. About Necessity and Constituents State Investment Expansion.

The author speaks about necessity and constituents state investment expansion for providing of economic growth of country and rise of a national economy. He tryes to answer why with all effort of the state to Ukraine still does not become the effective economic leader.

The article contains the analysis of national economy investment sources, and also the offers indispensable expansionist actions of the state for mighty primary impulse of the investment. The direct state investment expansion by forming of state institutes system of development should become a first step in a solution of a considered problem. The support of growth of the investments is indispensable, where the regulation of tax base and monetary policy of great importance.


Gritsenko A. Monetary Institutes of Ukraine and the Problem of their Integration in the Institutional Architectonics of Europe.

The basic institutes of monetary-credit system are institutes of faith, liquidity and stability. The tasks of economic policy, the main obstructions that prevent the balanced economic growth and the results, which the decision of these problems in a wrong way can cause, are scrutinized. The budget-monetary area faults are found out. It is determined that structural elements of monetary-credit architectonics should be taken into account in the process of monetary strategy development and monetary policy realization.

Institutional architectonics of Europe as a system formation, where a large number of different elements interact, coordinate and subordinate, is studied. Ukraine needs not only institutes’ transformation (the formation of European manner of thinking, the behavior models etc.) to get over to the higher level of integration process, but the transformation institutes. It is necessary to use the principals of institution architectonics for this.


^ Tomczak F. Agriculture in the Systemic Transformation and Integration of Poland with European Union.

In the paper there are presented the circumstances of the development of Polish agriculture before transformation as well as principles and effects of transformation (basic phenomenon and tendencies for structural changes of agriculture in the period of 1989–2004). In relation to membership of Poland in European Union there were formulated justification for chances, challenges and threats, which are connected with Poland’s membership in European Union. There were also emphasized some of the differences and economic phenomenon related to Poland and Ukraine and the place of Poland and Ukraine defined in the developmental hierarchy of the world agriculture.


^ Petrunja U. The Efficiency of Higher Education in Conditions of the Development European Integration.

The present article conciders the problems of the higher education in Ukraine efficiency increase in the conditions of the European integration. The system of the higher education in Ukraine in comparison with the developed Western countries is analysed. Taking into concideration this analysis the recommendations for the students preparation qaulity improvement are given. The attention is paid to the efficiency increase of the state funds use directed to the higher education.


^ Tokarski T., Gajewski H. Actual Convergence in Poland: the Regional Approach.

The empirical analysis of process of an actual convergence in Poland at the regional approach is conducted. Represented that the descriptive analysis enzo- and endogenic variable, statistical of an estimation of parameters of offered model of a regional convergence.

The authors conclude a possibility of magnification of labour productivity in Polish economy more than on 10% at the expense of regulation of abundant umployment in an agriculture from the analysis of the given model. A stimulation of processes of a regional convergence and economic growth should be connected with labour market policy according to the estimations of regional constant growth rates of labour productivity and GIP in the equation of the developed model. That policy is based on support of new working places creation outside of an agriculture on territories with a high occupancy rate in this sphere.


^ Lebedeva V. The New Paradigm of Public Wealth and the Development of Creation Sphere in Transitional Economy.

New paradigm of the public wealthy conditions the necessity and possibility of creation sphere in which is realized the activity replacement mechanism.


^ Veklich O. The Necessity of Activation of the Ecologic Vector of Euro Integrative strategy of Ukraine.

The necessity of activation of the implantation of environmentally-oriented approaches into the elaboration of national development strategies are proved. The groups of causal domestic problems which brake on the process of formation of the single environmentally balanced European area – the constituent part of Ukrainian integrative strategy – are revealed and systematized. The proposals about priority of the development of domestic environmental industry («green» industry) as a perspective direction of international specialization of Ukraine on good’s exchange with EC is substantiated.


Florczak W. Econometric Analysis of Foreign Trade between Poland and Ukraine.

To better understand bilateral economic relationships between two given economies, one has to be able to account for their mutual trade exchange. The higher such an exchange, the more related to each other the economies are. Changes in economic activity of one country affect, via foreign trade, the economy of the other.

In the paper an attempt was made to quantify, in the framework of econometric methodology, bilateral trade flows between Poland and the Ukraine. An econometric model was constructed that includes equations explaining the commodity flows by the SITC classification. The model, after introducing it into some national economic model of Polish/Ukrainian economy, may contribute to better understanding the mutual inter-links between the two countries and forecasting the volume of their foreign trade.

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