Theme. Studies about an epidemic process. Measures that lead to infectious disease in cells of an organism. Effects of infectious disease in the district (family), doctors and іnfectionists icon

Theme. Studies about an epidemic process. Measures that lead to infectious disease in cells of an organism. Effects of infectious disease in the district (family), doctors and іnfectionists




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НазваTheme. Studies about an epidemic process. Measures that lead to infectious disease in cells of an organism. Effects of infectious disease in the district (family), doctors and іnfectionists
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Theme. Studies about an epidemic process. Measures that lead to infectious disease in cells of an organism. Effects of infectious disease in the district (family), doctors and іnfectionists.

Duration – 2 hours.

  1. Theme: intensive distribution of many infectious diseases, the need to study conformities of the law of epidemic process, which arises up and spreads at the certain terms of life in society. The modern terms of life of man,clear orientation of doctors on the feature of motion of epidemic process, knowledge of basic laws of epidemiology and general directions of fighting and prophylaxis of infectious diseases.

2. Whole lessons (pointing of levels and mastering of plans)

2.1. A student must know:

а-2|

  • determination|definition| of epidemiology;

  • a concept|notion| about an epidemic|epedemic| process|Carbro|;

  • constituents of epidemic|epedemic| process|Carbro|;

  • sections|division| of studies about an epidemic|epedemic| process|Carbro|;

  • disease measures|step| affecting cells|step|, directed|ducted| on the constituents of epidemic|epedemic| process|Carbro|;

  • governed inspection of cell of infectious disease|pathema|;

  • order of filling the proper documents|documentation|;

  • measures|step| of liquidation of cell;

  • measures|step| in relation to|toward| a patient and a transmitter|carrier|;

  • measures|step| of disinfestation of environment;

  • measures|step| of persons|personality|, which|what| socialized with the source|spring| of infectious disease|pathema|.

2.2. A student must be able:

а-3|

  • to distinguish the constituents of epidemic|epedemic| process|Carbro|;

  • to plan|glide| disease measures|step| in a cell|step|, directed|ducted| on the constituents of epidemic|epedemic| process|Carbro|;

  • to conduct the inspection of cell of infectious disease|pathema|;

  • to conduct filling of the proper document|documentation|;

  • to conduct measures|step| on liquidation of cell;

  • to conduct measures|step| in relation to|toward| a patient and transmitter|carrier|;

  • to conduct measures|step| on the disinfestation of environment;

  • to conduct measures|step| on persons|personality|, which|what| socialized with the source|spring| of infectious disease|pathema|.

^ 3. Materials|fabric| of preparation| for independent|self-maintained| work|wrk|

3.1. Base knowledges, abilities, skills, necessary for a study themes (interdiscipline integration)

Disciplines

To know

To be Able


Previous disciplines

Microbiology|microbialogy|


Properties of exciters of infectious diseases.


To analyse the results of microbiological researches, summarize them.


Immunology and allergology


A role of the system of immunity and heterospecific factors of defence in an infectious process, influence on the term of еlimination of exciter from the organism of man


To estimate|evaluate| information of immunological researches|work-up|


Propedeutics of internal|inlying| illnesses



Basic|main| stages and methods of clinical inspection of patient


To collect anamnesis, conduct the clinical inspection of patient, find out basic symptoms and syndromes. To analyse findings


Dermatology


Pathogenesis,clinic and stages of development of rash, for an infectious patient


To recognize a rash for an infectious patient


^ Next disciplines

Family medicine


Epidemiology, dynamics of clinical display, complications of infectious diseases. Principles of prophylaxis


To conduct differential diagnostics of illnesses of different genesis. To recognize an infectious disease,its complication; to interpret information of laboratory inspection.To hospitalize in good time a patient to infectious establishment


Interdiscipline integration

Infectious diseases


Features of infectious diseases. Principles of diagnostics, treatment, prophylaxis of infectious diseases. Pathogenesis, dynamics of clinical displays, laboratory diagnostics, complications of infectious diseases.


To utillize|use| the epidemiology method of researches|work-up|, conduct the analysis of infectious morbidity.

To conduct differential diagnostics of illnesses of different genesis. To recognize an infectious disease, its complication; to interpret information of laboratory inspection




^ 3.2 Structurally|structure| logical chart of maintenance of theme|object-matter| of employment|occupation|

STRUCTURE OF EPIDEMIC|epedemic| PROCESS|Carbro|

Sполилиния 32прямая соединительная линия 31полилиния 30прямая соединительная линия 29ource of exciters (first link)

Infectious| people, animals|zoon|

Patients

Transmitters|carrier|

^ Mechanism of transmission (second link)

The I phase is a selection of exciter from an organism

The II phase is a stay in an environment

The III phase is penetration of exciter in a new|firsttime| organism

Receptive organism (collective) (third link)

прямая со стрелкой 28


^ DESCRIPTION OF SOURCE|spring| INFECTION|

Infectious| people. Infectious| of animal|zoon|

прямая соединительная линия 27прямая соединительная линия 26прямая соединительная линия 25

PATIENTS TRANSMITTERS|carrier||carrier|

прямая соединительная линия 24прямая соединительная линия 23 ^ A form|shape| of illness A form|shape| of transmitter|carrier|

Sпрямая соединительная линия 19прямая соединительная линия 20прямая соединительная линия 21прямая соединительная линия 22harp|bitingly| Reconvalescent

Manifestation Sharp|bitingly|

Effaced Chronic

Abortive|ectrotic| Transitional (healthy|on-grade|)

Cпрямая соединительная линия 17прямая соединительная линия 18hronic Immune – after immunization

прямая соединительная линия 16 ^ Periods of illness

Incubation|

Prodromal

To the height

Convalesce (reconvalescent|)


DISEASE MEASURES|step| IN CELL OF INFECTIOUS DISEASE

Orientation|directionality| and maintenance of disease measures|step|

прямая со стрелкой 14прямая со стрелкой 12прямая со стрелкой 13прямая со стрелкой 15 First|first-run| link of epidemic|epedemic| process|Carbro|

прямая со стрелкой 11 Infected People


Exposure|discovery|

Finding out of epidemiology anamnesis

Isolation|insulant| at home or in permanent infectious establishment

A report|communication| is to|by| SES

Treatment|treating|

прямая со стрелкой 10 Infected Animals|zoon|

Exposure|discovery|

Isolation|insulant|

Treatment|treating| or elimination|nuke|

прямая со стрелкой 9прямая со стрелкой 8 Second|second-| link of epidemic|epedemic| process|Carbro|

прямая со стрелкой 7прямая со стрелкой 6 Factors of environment

Disinfection

прямая со стрелкой 5 Vectors|vection| of exciters

прямая со стрелкой 4 Disinfection , deraturation

прямая со стрелкой 3 Third|third-| link of epidemic|epedemic| process|Carbro|

Persons|personality| which|what| contact with the source|spring| of infection

  • Exposure|discovery| of contact persons|personality|

  • Exposure|discovery| among the receptors

  • Looking after foci during|for| a maximal|Max| latent period

  • Defence|protection| of receptors is specific іmunoprophylaxis|

Aпрямая со стрелкой 2прямая со стрелкой 1 search of the infected among the contact persons source of contagious with laboratory inspection

  1. Literature is made to order:

Basic|main|:

  • Epidemiology / After the release of Yu.D. Goca, I.P. Kolesnikovoy, G.A. Mokhorta. it is Kyiv: «Askaniya», 2007. – С.

  • K.M. A bruise is Epidemiology. Kyiv, 1998. -.С..46-56.

  • V.D. Belyakov, R.Kh. Yafaev - Epidemiology. M., 1998. - С. 36-83.

  • N.D. Yuschuk, M.A. Togova, V.V.Bushueva. it is Epidemiology. Mcode: Medicine, 1993. - С. 5-36.


Additional:

  • The methodical pointing|indication| and | mastering of practical skills from epidemiology / Compilers: M.D. Chemich, N.I. Ilina, G.S. Zayceva, V.V. Zakhlebaeva. - Sumi: publishing house SUMDU, 2008. – 92 p.

  • B.L.Cherkaskiy -Guidanse for general| epidemiology Mcode: Medicine, - 2001. - p.38-43

  • Official|formal| site|web-site| Ministry of health of Ukraine // www|. moz|.gov.ua


^ 3.4. Materials|fabric| are for self-control

3.4.1. A question is for self-control

  1. Object and tasks|tsk| of epidemiology.

  2. Basic|main| stages of development of epidemiology (D. Samoylovich, D.K. Zabolotniy, L.V. Gromashevskiy).

  3. Epidemic|epedemic| process|Carbro| and its|its| constituents.

  4. Sections|division| of studies about an epidemic|epedemic| process|Carbro|.

  5. Motive forces of epidemic|epedemic| process|Carbro|.

  6. Features|feature| of epidemic|epedemic| process|Carbro| at аntroponosis| and zoonosiss. A concept|notion| about sapronosiss.

  7. Quantitative|quantitive| and qualitative displays of epidemic|epedemic| process|Carbro|.

  8. Disease measures|step| in the cells of infectious diseases|pathema|.

  9. Give|giveth| determination|definition| the cell of infectious disease. What directions of epidemiology inspection of cell?

  10. How do yuor stipulates|cause| the limits|border| of cell of infectious disease? Make examples.

  11. Name|call| the purpose and task|tsk| of epidemiology inspection of a cell.

  12. How is the exposure|discovery| of infectious patients and report|communication| conducted?

  13. Source|spring| and reservoir of exciters of infectious diseases.

  14. Sick|diseased| man and transmitter|carrier| and their epidemiology value|importance|.

  15. Categories of transmitters|carrier| of exciters of infectious diseases.

  16. Measures|step| on patients and transmitters|carrier| as sources|source| of exciters of infectious diseases.

  17. Epidemiology value|importance| of animals|zoon|.


3.4.2. Tests|tst| are for self-control

To choose|repackage| right answers

1. Name|call| an epidemic|epedemic| process|Carbro|:

A - distribution of infectious diseases among animals|zoon|;

B - distribution of infectious diseases among plants;

C - distribution of exciters among bloodsucker’s| vections|vection|;

D - distribution of infectious diseases in population| of people;

E - state|figure| of infection of organism, man or animal|zoon|.


2. The sources|source| of infection for a man can be:-

A - home animals|zoon| (cats|gib|, dogs);

B - agricultural|farin| animals|zoon| ( goats, sheep, pigs);

C - wild animals|zoon| (wolves, foxes|fox|);

D - synanthropic rodents (rats, mise|Michael|);

E - birds;

F - shellfishes|mollusc|, fishess|needle-fish|.


3. What patients are most dangerous|unsafe| as source|spring| of infection?

A - patients are with the heavy flow|current| of illness;

B - patients are with the easy|light| flow|current| of illness;

C - transit bacillicarriers;

D - chronic bacillicarriers.


4. The source|spring| of contagium can be:

A - any|some| objects in which|what| an exciter is found ;

B - living infected organism of man or animal|zoon|;

C - any|some| environment|Wednesday| in which|what| an exciter stays|kept| for a long time;

D - vectors|vection| in which|what| an exciter stays|kept| and propagates oneself.


5. Classification of infectious diseases is based on :

A - to description of properties|virtue| of exciters;

B - differences in receptivity|susceptivity| of people;

C - the originality of mechanism of transmission of exciter;

D - features|feature| of clinical display of illness.


6. The links of epidemic|epedemic| process|Carbro| are|appear|:

A - exciters of infectious diseases;

B - source|spring| of contagium;

C - mechanics of transmission of exciter;

D - water, air|aer|, meal|food|, soil|earth|, living vectors|vection|;

E - receptive organism.


7. What time of year will the ways of transmission of exciters be realized easily?

A - in autumn|in the fall|, in winter;

B - in all times|time| of year;

C - in spring;

D - hot time of year, cold time of year;

E - in summer.


8. Specify|indicate|, what objects of external|outward| environment|Wednesday| (factors of transmission of exciters of intestinal|coliform| infection) have an epidemic|epedemic| value|importance| mostly:

A - child's toys;

B – door’s knobs;

C - milk;

D - vine|grape|;

E - cucumbers;

F - sour cream.


9. In what periods of infectious disease a man presents|represent| the most threat for circumferential:

A - during|for| all of latent period;

B - in the closing dates of latent period;

C - in a prodromal| period;

D - in a period the height of illness;

E - in a period reconvalescence|.


10. Choose|repackage| a sapronosiss:

A - esherishiosis;

B - legionelosis;

C - hydrophoby;

D - ilnesses which are caused|call| Bac|. aureus|;

E - toxoplasmosis;

F - measles.


11. The possible|possibly| source|spring| of exciters of shigelosis| can be:

A - man which|what| selects a bacterium|backterium|;

B – carriers|diseased|;

C - living culture of dysenteric bacteria|backterium|;

D - water is infected;

E - flies;

F - tableware which|what| was used by a patient.


12. The links of epidemic|epedemic| process|Carbro| is|appear|:

A - exciters of infectious diseases;

B - source|spring| of contagium;

C - mechanics of transmission of exciter;

E - water, air|aer|, meal|food|, soil|earth|, living vections|vection|;

F - receptive organism.


13. The term "endemic" means:

A - of long duration storage|economy| of exciters is in soil|earth|, water;

B - infection by the exciters of living vections|vection|;

C - permanent|constant| existence is on this territory of infectious disease, characteristic|character| for this locality|local|;

D - distribution on territory of infectious diseases is among wild animals|zoon|.


14. Specify|indicate| the variants of mechanism of transmission of exciters of infectious diseases:

A - aerosol|sogasoid|;

B - fecal-oral;

C - transmission;

D - contact;

E - water|aquatic|;

F - food;

G - vertical.


15. From the offered list|enumeration| of the infected objects choose the possible|possibly| sources|source| of infection:

A - people;

B - rodents;

C - birds;

D - pigs;

E – mosquitoes malaria;

F - pliers;

G - mosquitoes

H - vegetables;

I - milk;

J - water.


16. Originality of mechanism of transmission of exciter is determined:

A -by weight of flow|current| of illness;

B - by localization of exciter in an organism;

C - by the terms of life of sources|source| of infection;

D - by firmness|resistibility| of exciters in an environment;

E - by pathogenicity|pathogenic| and virulence of exciters.


17. The displays of epidemic|epedemic| process|Carbro| is|appear|:

A - illness in a sharp|bitingly| phase;

B - illness in a chronic form|shape|;

C - transmitter|carrier|;

D - sporadic type|typestyle| of morbidity;

E - epidemic|epedemic| type|typestyle| of morbidity.


18. Choose|repackage| the potential sources|source| of infection:

A - sick|diseased| people;

B - bacillicarriers;

C - birds;

D - lice;

E - ticks;

F - rodents;

G - milk and a products of milk.


19. The displays of infectious process|Carbro| can be:

A - illness;

B - transmitter|carrier|;

C - epidemic|epidemy| of flu;

D - a flash|flashout| of infectious disease|pathema| among animals|zoon|.


20. What sign is examined|consider| basically |main| at the estimation|appraisal| of disease|pathema| as a "flash|flashout|", "epidemic|epidemy|", "pandemic":

A - after prevalence;

B - after the amount|quantity| of sick|diseased| people;

C - after weight of disease|pathema|.


21. The source|spring| of infection at аnthroponosis| is|appear|:

    1. infected people;

    2. infected animals|zoon| ;

    3. infected vections|vection| ;

    4. infected objects around the environments|Wednesday|.


22. Sapronosiss are|appear| illnesses at which|what|:

A - the source|spring| of infection is not set;

B - exciters sporulate;

C - exciters are unpretentious and propagate it self in water, soil|earth|, on-the-spot different|diverse| objects.


Standards|etalon| of right answers:

1 – D

7 - B


13 - C


19 – A , B


2 -A, B ,C, D, E


8 –A ,B,C, D, E


14 - A,B,C,D,G


20 – B


3 - B, D


9 - B, C


15 -A,B,C,D


21 – A


4 – B


10 - B, D


16 - B


22 – C


5 – C


11 - A


17 - D, E





6 - B, C, E


12 - B, C, E


18 – A,B,C






3.4.3. Tasks|tsk| are for self-control

Task|tsk| 1

A few|a little| cases|accident| of typhoid|typhia| are reported in one area. All of the patients consumed|sawing| milk which|what| was purchased at the market from one salesman|salesperson|.

Name|call| the possible|possibly| source|spring| of infection and factors of transmission of exciter.

Task|tsk| 2

Among the inhabitants|habitant| of settlement of a foot-hill, which|what| use water from the river, found|exposes| out the cases|accident| of anginal-bubonic form|shape| of rabbit-fever.

Define the possible|possibly| sources|source| of infection and factors of transmission of exciter.

Task|tsk| 3

In a kindergarten the spread|flashout| of shigelosis| is reported in an incorporated Area|zone|,where they use sour cream in the meal|food|.

Name|call| the possible|possibly| source|spring| of infection and factors of transmission of exciter.


Task|tsk| 4

For the child of 3yrs old| is diagnosed measles. A report was made about the disease in that the first|first-run| day of illness a child visited kindergarten , and|but| the day before|on the eve| in family|monogynopaedium| of patient relatives were a guest with children|kids|.

Specify|indicate| the reference|approximate| limits|border| of epidemic|epedemic| cell.


Standards|etalon| of answer|reply| are on a task|tsk|

Task|tsk| 1

By the source|spring| of infection in this case can be the milkman,or his|its| family members, and|but| a factor of transmission is milk.

Task|tsk| 2

The source|spring| of infection in this case were rodents (water-rat|water-vole|, ondatra|musk-rat|) which|what| infected the water in the river, and|but| the factor of transmission was water

Task|tsk| 3

By the source|spring| of contagium in this case there can be workers of nutrition unit| of kindergarten or milky - factory|, and|but| by the factor of transmission is sour cream.

Task|tsk| 4

An epidemic|epedemic| spreads|widens| on the group of kindergarten children, apartment|apts| of patient family,|monogynopaedium| and relatives which|what| came as guests , is there any one among this people who|what| are not sick of measles|.


^ 4. What are the materials|fabric| for|auditory| research |se|wrk|

4.1. List|enumeration| of educational practic and tasks|task| which|what| must be done on practic:

Definition of epidemic|epedemic| process:|Carbro|.

  • The effect of disease measures|step| in organisms|step|, related to epidemic|epedemic| process|Carbro|.

  • Ways of inspection in infectious disease|pathema|.

  • What are the |measures|step| taking for patient and transmitter|carrier|, disinfestations of environment and persons|personality|, and the source|spring| of infection|pathema|.

  • To lay hands on the receptions of epidemiology and method of researches|work-up|;

  • Give |substantiate| reasons,|cause| origin, mechanism of development and displays of epidemic|epedemic| process|Carbro|.


^ 4.2. Materials|fabric| of the methodical providing|ADM| of the basic|main| stage of employment|occupation|

4.2.1. A professional algorithm in relation to|concerning| forming of skills and abilities of leadthrough of disease |in the cells of infectious diseases


Task


Sequence of implementation


A remark, warning, in relation to self-control

To lay hands on the receptions of epidemiology method of researches|work-up|

The|substantiate| reasons|cause|, mechanism of development and displays of epidemic|epedemic| process|Carbro|


Determination|definition| of epidemiology and epidemic|epedemic| process|Carbro|

A concept|notion| is a “parasite” and “parasitogenic system”

Source|spring| and reservoir of exciters of infectious diseases.

Antroponosis, zoonosiss, sapronosiss

Structure and maintenance of epidemiology method of researches|work-up|


Theory of mechanics of transmission


To familiarize with the receptions of researches|work-up|:

  1. descriptive evaluation;

  2. analytical;

  3. experimental|brassboard|

To estimate|evaluate| the quantitative|quantitive| displays of epidemic|epedemic| process|Carbro|:

sporadic, epidemic|epedemic| (flash|flashout|, epidemic|epidemy|) and pandemic morbidity.

Endemic|precinctive| and exotic things|exotic| morbidity after territory

To know determinations|definition| of epidemic|epedemic| process|Carbro|, his|its| link, motive forces

To draw the chart of opened|reveal| and closed|veiling|, mono-| and polynomial parasitogenic systems

To give|giveth| description of source|spring| and reservoir| contagiums


To know the receptions of epidemiology method of researches|work-up|


To know phases and types of mechanics of transmission


Able to utillize|use| the epidemiology method of researches|work-up|


Able to analyse|assaid| the social factors age|age-dependent| groups of risk, risk collectives and risk time (in the long-term and annual dynamics of morbidity)


To distribute infectious diseases|pathema| depending on the source|spring| of infection


To make examples descriptive evaluation, analytical, еxperimental|

To make classification of infectious diseases on the mechanics of transmission



Materials|fabric| |to know, independent|self-maintained| work|wrk|

Subject of UDRS and NDRS:

  • Epidemiology features,|feature| motion of infectious diseases|pathema| for modern terms.

  • Modern methods of epidemiology research|work-up| of infectious diseases|pathema|.




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