Health, safety, environment and investment decisions icon

Health, safety, environment and investment decisions




НазваHealth, safety, environment and investment decisions
Дата01.03.2014
Розмір8.91 Kb.
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Health, safety, environment and investment decisions


Marochko S.S., student

In today’s fast-paced and competitive environment, all components of business organizations are being asked to demonstrate their value to the organization.

Traditionally, health, safety and environmental (HS & E) investments have been looked upon as being expensive, but necessary to avoid costly government citations. Therefore, improvements or innovations in health, safety and environmental beyond what is necessary to meet compliance obligations were often delayed and actual business benefits of expenditures for HS & E were not examined. Others have resisted the notion of using financial metrics in connection with HS & E decision-making, feeling that business operational decisions would always take priority over proactive or innovative HS & E projects.

Problems, connected with health, safety, environment and investment decisions, were studied by many famous foreign scientists: S. Newell, J.Linhard, A. Brockhaus, L. Lowings and others. In Ukraine ecological problems of economical systems were studied by L. Melnick, I. Laptev, D.Zagwojska, I. Vovk, I. Dubowicz, N. Malysh and others.

In the mid-1990’s a task force of 15 ORC Worldwide Occupational Safety and Health Group member companies set themselves to the task of developing a way for financial analysis methods to be applied to HS & E investments and decisions. The result is the process and software called the ORC Return on Health, Safety and Environmental Investments or ROHSEI.

ROHSEI is a process and supporting tool set developed for use by occupational health, safety and environmental professionals and others to provide a comprehensive look at investment decisions and to answer important questions, such as:

  • What HS & E investments should we make?

  • When should we make a particular investment?

  • Which health and safety or environmental investments create the greatest value to the organization?

  • How do we compare an operational investment decision to a HS & E decision?

  • How do we know we are doing the ''right things'' in the ''right way''?

  • To which projects should we allocate our human resources?

  • How can we demonstrate the business value of our investment decisions?

To use ROSHEI business firms have to make a four-step process that guides the HS & E professional in building and communicating a business case for addressing virtually any type of safety, health or environmental project.

The four steps are:

  • understanding the opportunity or challenge (investments are always made for some purpose: to increase revenues, to decrease costs, to improve productiv­ity, to reduce injuries, to comply with regulations, and so forth);

  • identifying and exploring alternative solutions (in this step, ROHSEI users define the current situation and document their immediate ideas for responding to the opportunity or challenge presented);

  • gather data and conduct analysis;

  • make a recommendation.

Making HS & E investment decisions, companies have to use a number of parameters that can be considered, such as:

  • operational personnel time;

  • health and safety personnel time;

  • design and engineering time;

  • health and safety operations capital;

  • production downtime;

  • fine and penalties;

  • legal fees, workers' compensation and settlements;

  • medical costs and insurance;

  • property damage insurance;

  • long term disability;

  • material substitution and recovery.

Not all of the parameters need be examined for each analysis and the software tools allow a company to add some additional parameters customized to company needs.

Morozova I.A., EL adviser

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