Лексичні тести з англійської мови для студентів та аспірантів усіх спеціальностей денної форми навчання icon

Лексичні тести з англійської мови для студентів та аспірантів усіх спеціальностей денної форми навчання




НазваЛексичні тести з англійської мови для студентів та аспірантів усіх спеціальностей денної форми навчання
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^ VI PROBLEM VERBS


The verbs lie/lay, rise/raise, and sit/set cause problems even for native English speakers. The solution to the problem is to remem­ber which verbs are transitive (verbs that take a complement) and which are intransitive (verbs that do not take a complement).

INTRANSITIVE





rise lie

sit



rose lay

sat


risen lain

sat


rising lying

sitting





TRANSITIVE





raise

lay

set


raised

laid

set


raised

laid

set

raising

laying

setting



RISE


This verb means to get up, move up under one’s own power (without the help of someone else), increase. Notice that there is no complement.

The sun rises early in the summer.

When the bell rings, the students rise from their seats.

When oil and water mix, oil rises to the top.

Jim rose early so that he could play golf before the others.

It must be late; the moon has risen.

Prices have risen more than ten percent in a very short time.

RAISE


The verb means to lift or elevate an object; or to increase something. It must have a complement.

The students raise their hands in class.

complement

The weightlifter raises the barbells over his head.

complement

The crane raised the car out of the lake.

complement

After studying very hard, John raised his grades substantially.

complement

Mr. Daniels has raised his tenants’ rent another fifteen dollars.

complement

The OPEC countries have raised the price of oil.

complement


LIE

This verb means to rest, repose, or to be situated in a place. It is often used with the preposition down. NOTE: This verb should not be confused with the verb lie, lied, lied, which means to say something that is not true.

The university lies in the western section of town.

If the children are tired, they should lie down for a nap.

Maria Elena lay on the beach for three hours yesterday sunbathing.

The old dog just lay on the grass watching the children at play.

Don't disturb Mary; she has lain down for a rest.

That old rug had lain in the corner for many years before it was put in the garage.

LAY


This verb means to put somebody or something on a surface.

Don't lay your clothes on the bed.

complement

The boy lays his books on the table every day.

complement

The enemy soldiers laid down their weapons and surrendered.

complement

The children laid their toys on the floor when they had finished using them.

complement

The students had laid their compositions on the teacher’s desk before the

complement

bell rang.

The nurse laid the baby in the crib.

complement


SIT

This verb means to take a seat. It is also often used with the preposition down.

We are going to sit in the fifth row at the opera.

Bullfight fans sit in the shade because it is cool.

Because the weather was nice, we sat on the patio.

After swimming, Bob sat on the beach to dry off.

Nobody has sat through as many boring lectures as Pete has.

They have sat in the same position for two hours.


SET

This verb means to put somebody or something on a surface or in a place. It is often interchangeable with lay or put except in certain idiomatic expressions like set the table.

The little girl helps her father set the table every night.

complement

The carpenters set their tools in the box at noon and go to lunch.

complement

The botanist set her plants in the sun so that they would grow.

complement

After carrying her son from the car, the mother set him in his crib.

complement

Don’t set the chocolate near the oven or it will melt.

complement

No sooner had they set the roast in the oven, than the electricity went out.

complement


^ IDIOMATIC EXPRESSIONS WITH SET, LAY AND RAISE


The company had to lay off twenty-five employees because of a production slowdown.

Dr. Jacobs has set many broken bones in plaster casts.

John set his alarm for six o’clock.

The chef is hoping that the Jell-O will set quickly.

While playing with matches, the children set fire to the sofa.

That fanner raises chickens for a living.


Exercise 1 Problem Verbs

Circle the correct form of the verb in parentheses and underline the complement if there is one. Remember that complements do not begin with prepositions


1 You will see on the map that the Public Auditorium (lies/lays) north of the lake. 2. My dog loves to (sit/set) in the sun.

3 The delivery boy (lay/laid) the groceries on the table.

4 After the heavy rain, the water in the lake (raised/rose) another two feet.

5 The paperhangers decided to (raise/rise) the picture a few more inches.

6 He was exhausted so he decided to (lie/lay) down for a little while.

7 The workers were (lying/laying) cement for the patio when it began to rain.

8 The soldier (rose/raised) the flag when he heard the bugle blow.

9 In chemistry class, we learned that hot air (rises/raises).

10 They tried to (set/sit) the explosives carefully on the floor.


^ VII A big problem will be VOCABULARY


1 I feel depressed today because the weather is bad.

a) sad

b) joyous

c) healthy

d) rich


2 I want you to choose whichever dessert you want.

a) pick off

b) pick up

c) pick away

d) pick out


3 The top of the mountain is covered with snow.

a) base

b) foothills

c) peak

d) side


4 When you are thirsty, you should drink ____________.

a) gasoline

b) water

c) paint

d) ink


5 I live in a very safe ____________.

a) neigh

b) neighbour

c) neighbourly

d) neighbourhood


6 The test will be hard.

a) difficult

b) easy

c) short

d) simple


7 They inspected the engine completely.

a) partially

b) sporadically

c) thoroughly

d) superficially


8 It is risky to drive at night in an ice storm.

a) entertaining

b) hazardous

c) safe

d) fun


9 He was murdered when he was 23 years old.

a) born

b) graduated

c) married

d) killed

10 The doctors say he will recover and survive the operation.

a) pull over

b) pull out

c) pull off

d) pull through


If you have three answers that all mean the same thing, they cancel each other out and you are left with what is the correct answer, even if you don’t know the meaning of it


11 I ate a gargantuan piece of cake at lunch.

a) gigantic

b) little

c) small

d) tiny


12 Steve is stupid.

a) smart

b) intelligent

c) dumb

d) brainy


13 He comes from a poor family.

a) wealthy

b) moneyless

c) affluent

d) rich


14 The test was horrible.

a) awful

b) terrible

c) hideous

d) all of the above


15 The transformer is inoperative today.

a) good

b) malfunctioning

c) expensive

d) working


16 I need new glasses. I can’t see the ___________ of that clock.

a) fingers

b) arms

c) legs

d) hands


17 I feel weary today.

a) happy

b) exhausted

c) angry

d) silly


18 Choose the word that means the same as: leader, main

a) match

b) fever

c) chief

d) settle


19 Choose the word that means the same as: want

a) advance

b) produce

c) honor

d) desire

20 Choose the word that means the same as: student

a) pupil

b) industry

c) determine

d) advantage

21 Choose the word that means the same as: bother, annoy

a) disturb

b) qualify

c) influence

d) afford


22 Choose the word that means the same as: immediate

a) angle

b) instant

c) earn

d) recent


23 Choose the word that means the same as: choose, designate

a) efficiency

b) insult

c) refer

d) appoint


24 Choose the word that means the same as: turn down, reject

a) refuse

b) interference

c) audience

d) event



25 Choose the word that means the same as: stretch

a) balance

b) extend

c) jealous

d) relate


26 Choose the word that means the same as: ask for

a) basic

b) extent

c) request

d) jewel


27 Choose the word that means the same as: trip

a) behavior

b) extreme

c) resist

d) journey


28 Choose the word that means the same as: need, want

a) bribe

b) lack

c) responsible

d) faint


29 Choose the word that means the same as: stop, avoid

a) prevent

b) hire

c) deserve

d) accuse


30 Choose the word that means the same as: payment, wages

a) manufacture

b) fault

c) salary

d) ceremony


31 Choose the word that means the same as: wait

a) descend

b) practical

c) hesitate

d) witness


32 Choose the word that means the same as: friend

a) companion

b) figure

c) sort

d) mild


33 Choose the word that means the same as: fight

a) confess

b) struggle

c) model

d) forbid


34 Choose the word that means the same as: think about

a) suspect

b) modest

c) former

d) consider


35 Choose the word that means the same as: scare

a) frighten

b) system

c) motion

d) crop


36 Choose the word that means the same as: robber

a) gain

b) curious

c) thief

d) narrow


37 Choose the word that means the same as: unselfish

a) curse

b) generous

c) occasion

d) threaten


38 Choose the word that means the same as: rule

a) govern

b) dare

c) operation

d) trial


39 Choose the word that means the same as: little by little

a) value

b) patient

c) declare

d) gradual


40 Choose the word that means the same as: stop

a) violent

b) pause

c) guilt

d) decrease


41 Choose the word that means the same as: hurry

a) depend

b) haste

c) perform

d) weapon


42 Choose the word that means the same as: style

a) fashion

b) bury

c) manage

d) reward


43 Choose the word most similar in meaning to: jealousy, wanting what someone else has

a) misery

b) regret

c) envy

d) neglect

e) poverty


44 Choose the word most similar in meaning to: big meal

a) ruin

b) temper

c) reserve

d) basis

e) feast

45 Choose the word most similar in meaning to: strange, different

a) peculiar

b) solid

c) punctual

d) loyal

e) cruel


46 Choose the word most similar in meaning to: respect, think highly of

a) encourage

b) praise

c) wound

d) admire

e) damage


47 Choose the word most similar in meaning to: leave out, not include

a) various

b) adopt

c) harm

d) omit

e) reflect


48 Choose the word most similar in meaning to: rarely, not often

a) extensive

b) seldom

c) fond

d) steady

e) bitter


49 Choose the word most similar in meaning to: specific, certain

a) efficient

b) tough

c) sore

d) particular

e) neat


50 Choose the word most similar in meaning to: bother, disturb

a) approve

b) tempt

c) profit

d) compose

e) annoy


51 Choose the word most similar in meaning to: smart, intelligent

a) clever

b) proud

c) imaginary

d) broad

e) rude


52 Choose the word most similar in meaning to: ask, question

a) arrest

b) strike

c) twist

d) inquire

e) observe


53 Choose the word most similar in meaning to: pail, basket

a) citizen

b) greed

c) wage

d) spirit

e) bucket


54 Choose the word most similar in meaning to: hard, solid

a) calm

b) firm

c) standard

d) public

e) delicate


55 Choose the word most similar in meaning to: care, watchfulness

a) justice

b) pattern

c) stain

d) unit

e) caution

56 Choose the word most similar in meaning to: aware, awake

a) dependent

b) gentle

c) conscious

d) signal

e) local


57 Choose the word most similar in meaning to: comment, statement

a) remark

b) scene

c) treasury

d) reputation

e) ambition


58 Choose the word most similar in meaning to: allow, enable

a) surround

b) rescue

c) permit

d) evil

e) avoid


59 Choose the word most similar in meaning to: fake, copy

a) victory

b) curve

c) duty

d) association

e) imitation


60 Choose the word most similar in meaning to: correct, suitable

a) rough

b) chimney

c) due

d) proper

e) wicked


61 Choose the word most similar in meaning to: shopkeeper, businessman

a) account

b) soil

c) committee

d) merchant

e) agent


62 Choose the word most similar in meaning to: say, speak

a) express

b) fade

c) pretend

d) tell

e) utter


63 Choose the word most similar in meaning to: valuable, worth a lot

a) vain

b) solemn

c) moral

d) precious

e) absolute


64 Choose the word most similar in meaning to: keep, save

a) claim

b) scold

c) resign

d) intend

e) preserve


65 Choose the word most similar in meaning to: private, secret

a) confidential

b) regard

c) humble

d) awkward

e) shallow


66 Choose the word most similar in meaning to: smell, odor

a) grace

b) delight

c) nuisance

d) scent

e) limb

67 Choose the word most similar in meaning to: big, large, huge

a) slight

b) lame

c) bare

d) immense

e) severe


68 Choose the word most similar in meaning to: garbage, trash

a) accord

b) rubbish

c) critic

d) modesty

e) weed


69 Choose the word most similar in meaning to: fear, nervousness

a) anxiety

b) universe

c) mercy

d) decay

e) shelter


70 Choose the word most similar in meaning to: decoration

a) detail

b) ornament

c) virtue

d) substance

e) grease


71 Choose the word most similar in meaning to: unusual, special, unique

a) hollow

b) tender

c) extraordinary

d) fancy

e) ripe


72 Choose the word similar in meaning to: competitor, enemy

a) commerce

b) rival

c) worship

d) union

e) despair


73 Choose the word most similar in meaning to: freedom

a) liberty

b) spite

c) wreck

d) discipline

e) faith


74 Choose the word most similar in meaning to: fight, argue

a) dismiss

b) distinguish

c) pinch

d) quarrel

e) burst


75 Choose the word most similar in meaning to: edge, border

a) widow

b) surface

c) organ

d) joint

e) boundary


76 Choose the word most similar in meaning to: important, necessary

a) artificial

b) essential

c) spare

d) idle

e) prompt



77 Choose the word most similar in meaning to: fast, quick

a) fierce

b) pity

c) rapid

d) permanent

e) pleasant


78 Choose the word most similar in meaning to: prevent, deter

a) retire

b) urge

c) yield

d) boast

e) hinder


79 Choose the word most similar in meaning to: small package

a) charm

b) remedy

c) parcel

d) deceit

e) pardon


80 Choose the word most similar in meaning to: shake, shiver, vibrate

a) wander

b) tremble

c) scatter

d) tend

e) amuse


81 Choose the word most similar in meaning to: status, position

a) bunch

b) conscience

c) origin

d) rank

e) obedience


82 Choose the word most similar in meaning to: question, request for information

a) debt

b) inquiry

c) excess

d) prejudice

e) confidence


Exercise 1 Fill in the blanks below with the correct noun

Example: Children should take care of their pets.


1 One’s ___________ on parents lasts a long time.

2 What was the ___________ with your brother about?

3 Please have ___________ with me.

4 Who had the most ____________ on you when you were young?

5 Dad wanted ___________ with chores.


help

influence

dependence

patience

quarrel


Exercise 2 Fill in the blanks below with the correct noun

Example: I have several videos about the Beatles.

1 He is giving a ___________ of early romantic music.

2 The __________ of the fair disappointed the children.

3 We were sad about the __________ of our vacation plans; we had to wait another month.

4 He collects ___________ about grammar.

5 The ___________ about planets was very interesting.


show

books

concert

cancellation

postponement


Exercise 3 Fill in the blanks below with the correct noun

Example: How is her proficiency in English?


1 The ___________ of the th sound was easy for him.

2 For homework, she recommended ___________ with idioms.

3 Did she make any ____________ in pronunciation?

4 We are striving for ____________ in English.

5 The __________ from English into Hebrew was difficult.


translation

errors

fluency

pronunciation

practice


Exercise 4 Fill in the blanks below with the correct noun

Example: The layoff of thirty employees was announced yesterday.


1 They mailed their ____________ for a license.

2 His ___________ for the position came in the mail today.

3 The ___________ of three more workers is expected.

4 We need a __________ with someone in the auditor’s office so we can get our permit.

5 After ___________ of our financial status, we must withdraw our offer.



consideration

connection

layoff

application

contract


Exercise 5 Fill in the blanks below with the correct noun

Example: He asked for protection from a bully.


1 Don’t worry, there is no ___________ of famine in the area.

2 They search for ____________ from gang activity.

3 The __________ of unsafe driving practices comes through education.

4 The __________ of private property is illegal.

5 Their __________ against flood damage included sandbags.


defense

awareness

destruction

danger

freedom


Exercise 6 Fill in the blanks below with the correct noun

Example: They prayed for victory over their enemies.

1 He has not been in ___________ with his former wife.

2 Her __________ with her classmate resulted in an argument

3 We have total __________ in them.

4 Nations form ___________ with other nations for protection

5 We hated him for his ____________ of our secret.


alliances

confidence

contact

betrayal

disagreement



Exercise 7 Fill in the blanks below with the correct noun

Example: He began his research on the topic a year ago.

1 She wrote a ____________ on Latin American art.

2 We are having an ___________ in math.

3 Their ____________ of ancient tools was remarkable.

4 He received _____________ in computer programming.

5 Her ___________ of the infant’s behavior was thorough.



instruction

study

paper

analysis

exam



Exercise 8 Fill in the blanks below with the correct noun

Example: The cost of electricity is high.


1 Is there a ____________ on cigarettes?

2 The ____________ of success is hard work.

3 Your _____________ for pencils will be filled immediately.

4 When does _____________ of the new software begin?

5 Who paid the _____________ for the delivery?


production

tax

bill

order

price


Exercise 9 Fill in the blanks below with the correct noun

Example: Who is the head of the department?

1 He noticed a ___________ in the size of the patient’s tumor.

2 Has there been any ____________ in her condition?

3 The ___________ of the illness was wrong.

4 She used a needle to give me an ___________ of Novocain.

5 The doctor called in a ____________ for pain medication.


prescription

injection improvement

growth

diagnosis


Exercise 10 Fill in the blanks below with the correct noun

Example: They were involved in a competition for best design.


1 His ___________ against the new construction was unconvincing.

2 Who provided the ___________ for expansion?

3 The __________ in chemical engineering will give a lecture today.

4 Some __________ from the first measurement was expected.

5 There was a huge ___________ between the two conclusions.


difference

deviation

argument

expert

rationale


Exercise 11 Fill in the blanks below with the correct noun

Example: He has proposed a cut in taxes.


1 No one expected a _________ in interest rates.

2 The ________ to the politician’s credibility could not be undone.

3 The ________ of the economic upswing was not clear.

4 He predicts a sharp _________ in the value of the dollar.

5 Do you see the __________ of that country's economic policy?

cause

fall

rise

advantage

damage




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