Poverty alleviation and environmental education toward sustainable development in africa kanduru Hussein Ally icon

Poverty alleviation and environmental education toward sustainable development in africa kanduru Hussein Ally




НазваPoverty alleviation and environmental education toward sustainable development in africa kanduru Hussein Ally
Дата02.03.2014
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POVERTY ALLEVIATION AND ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION TOWARD SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN AFRICA


Kanduru Hussein Ally

Kharkov National University of Radioelectronics, Kharkov, Ukraine


Given the fact that African continent, is one among the poor continents in the world, the efforts of overcoming ecological problems is a little bit challenging due to the fact that people overuse their natural resources in their daily life in order to survive. On the other hand, lack of environmental education in many of the African communities also consequently lead to environmental destruction as people not knowingly acts on environment, may cause the harmful effects on the environment. I will start my thesis by defining the key words of this thesis and which are Poverty Alleviation, Environmental Education and Sustainable Development.

Poverty alleviation- is any process which seeks to reduce the level of poverty in a community or amongst group of people or countries. This process may be also aimed at removing social and legal barriers to income growth among the poor. Some of the popular methods used in poverty alleviation are education, economic development, and income redistribution.

Environmental education- refers to curriculum and programs which aim to teach people about the natural world and particularly about ways in which eco-system works. The term is often used to imply education within the school system from primary to post secondary education, and sometimes it is used more broadly to include all efforts to educate the public and other audiences, including print materials, websites, media campaigns and so on.

Sustainable development- is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. This development takes the impact on the environment into account and tries to minimize environmental damage.

Given the above definitions, we can clearly see that, poverty alleviation and environmental education goes hand to hand with the efforts of environmental protection.

Poverty alleviation in Africa is vital if we want to fight environmental problems, without poverty alleviation a lot of people will still solely depend on their environment for their own survival, they will cut and burn down trees to get charcoal just because they cant afford a friendly energy source to the environment, they will use bad methods of fishing just because they cant afford to buy modern equipments for fishing, e.t.c. Some of the methods used to reduce poverty are education, economic development, and income redistribution.

Income redistribution is one of the effective method of poverty reduction in a society, a perfect income redistribution would mean that every one in a country has almost the same income and if there is a difference there shouldn’t a very big difference between a person with higher income and a person with lower income and this implementation can be possible when most members of a society are educated.

Economic development as another method of poverty reduction, involves development of economic wealth of a country or region through adoption of new technology, transition from agriculture based to industry based economy and general improvement of living standards of people in that particular country which will lead to poverty reduction of that country.

On the other hand, provision of environmental education in a society is as important as poverty reduction in a society. African governments should make a great emphasis on environmental education due to the fact that, African continent is in increasing danger of facing environmental problems due to the majority of their people being uneducated.

Environmental education in Africa should be put in education curriculum, so that students from primary schools up to secondary schools can learn the importance of environmental protection, understand the ways in which eco-system work as well as developing skills that can help them work individually or collectively towards solutions of current environmental problems and prevention of the new ones.

The objectives of environmental education is creating awareness which will help students, social groups and individuals to increase sensitivity to the total environment and it’s allied problems, provision of the basic knowledge of environmental protection, developing skills that will help students and individuals to identify and solve environmental problems, and lastly to increase participation of students and individuals so that they can be actively involved at all levels in working toward resolution of environmental problems.

In conclusion, environmental protection is not just the task of African governments, but is the war that every person should participate to win, because our lives and lives of the future generations depend on. With poverty alleviation and provision of environmental education, there is a great possibility to win this war.

References.

1. United Nations. “Report of the world commission on Environment and Development” General Assembly Resolution 42/187, 11th Dec. 1987.

2. Smith; Charles; Rees; Gareth (1998). Economic Development 2nd edition, Basingstoke, Macmillan.

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