For the 4-th Course Students of Medical Faculty icon

For the 4-th Course Students of Medical Faculty




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НазваFor the 4-th Course Students of Medical Faculty
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THE LIST OF QUESTIONS FOR PREPARATIONS OF THE STUDENTS TO THE MODULE “DIAGNOSTIC, TREATMENT AND PROPHYLACTIC BASIS OF MAIN ENDOCRINOLOGY DISEASES”

for the 4-th Course Students of Medical Faculty



  • Etiology and pathogenesis of diabetes mellitus.

  • Diabetes mellitus: the role of a viral infection, autoimmunity process and genetic predilection.

  • Type 2 diabetes mellitus: the role of genetic predilection, obesity and external factors. Glycemia violations classification (WHO, 1999), clinical forms of diabetes mellitus.

  • Clinical symptoms of diabetes mellitus.

  • Characteristic of inner organs damages in patient with diabetes mellitus: damages of cardiovascular, hepatobiliary, urogenital systems. Diabetic osteoarthropathy. Diabetes mellitus diagnostic criterions and other hyperglycemia criterions (WHO, 1999).

  • Basic methods of the treatment of diabetes mellitus: diet, dosed physical activity, hypoglycemic drugs, self-checking of the patient.

  • Peroral hypoglycemic drugs.

  • Insulinotherapy.

  • Insulin preparations classification: human insulin of short and intermediate time of action, insulin analogues of ultra-shot time of action and without-peak.

  • Calculation of daily insulin demands.

  • Regimen of insulinotherapy: conventional (traditional) and intensive (basic-bolus).

  • Side effects (complications) of insulinotherapy: hypoglycemia, allergic reactions, insulin resistance, postinjection lipodystrophy, insulin edemas, Somogyi syndrome.

  • Diabetic nephropathy: development stages, diagnostic, differential diagnostic, treatment, prophylactic.

  • Diabetic rethynopathy: development stages, diagnostic, differential diagnostic, treatment, prophylactic.

  • Diabetic neuropathy: classification, diagnostic, differential diagnostic, treatment.

  • Diabetic foot: classification, diagnostic, treatment.

  • Hypoglycemic coma and status: etiology, pathogenesis, clinics, diagnostic, treatment.

  • Ketoacidotic status and coma: etiology, pathogenesis, clinics, diagnostic, differential diagnostic, treatment.

  • Hyperosmolarity (nonacidotic) diabetic coma.

  • Lactoacidosis and coma.

  • Iodine deficiency manifestations.

  • Determination of the sizes of thyroid gland. Age dynamics of thyroid gland volume.

  • Concept – goiter. Diffuse and nodular nontoxic goiter.

  • Iodine deficiency prophylactic: mass, group, individual.

  • Diffuse toxic goiter: etiology, pathogenesis, clinical manifestations. Thyrotoxic and endocrine ophthalmopathy.

  • Diffuse toxic goiter treatment: medicamental, surgical, radioactive with I131.

  • Hypothyroidism: etiology, pathogenesis, clinical manifestations, diagnostic.

  • Treatment of hypothyroidism.

  • Thyroiditis: classification, etiology, clinical manifestations, diagnostic, treatment. Pathomorphologic classification of thyroid gland tumors.

  • Cancer of thyroid gland: treatment, rehabilitation, dispensary supervision.

  • Hyperparathyroidism: clinics, clinical forms, medicamental treatment. Indications to the surgical treatment.

  • Hypoparathyroidism: clinics, diagnostic, differential diagnostic, treatment.

  • Addison‘s disease: etiology, pathogenesis, clinics, diagnostic, differential diagnostic, treatment.

  • Acute hypocorticism: etiology, pathogenesis, clinics, diagnostic, treatment, prophylactic.

  • Cushing’s syndrome (glucosteroma, corticosteroma): clinics, diagnostic, differential diagnostic, treatment.

  • Androsteroma, corticoestroma: clinics, diagnostic, differential diagnostic, treatment.

  • Primary hyperaldosteronism (Conn‘s syndrome): clinics, diagnostic, differential diagnostic, treatment.

  • Pheochromocytoma: clinics, diagnostic, differential diagnostic, treatment.

  • Acromegaly: etiology, pathogenesis, clinics, diagnostic, differential diagnostic, treatment.

  • Cushing‘s disease: etiology, pathogenesis, clinics, diagnostic, differential diagnostic, treatment.

  • Hyperprolactinemic syndrome: classification, etiology, pathogenesis, clinics, diagnostic, differential diagnostic, treatment.

  • Hypopitutarism: etiology, pathogenesis, clinics, diagnostic, differential diagnostic, treatment.

  • Diabetes insipidus: etiology, pathogenesis, clinics, diagnostic, differential diagnostic, treatment.

  • Obesity: etiology, pathogenesis, clinics, diagnostic, differential diagnostic, treatment.

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