Методичні вказівки з англійської мови для самостійної роботи студентів 1-го курсу спеціальності 110101 «Лікувальна справа» денної форми навчання icon

Методичні вказівки з англійської мови для самостійної роботи студентів 1-го курсу спеціальності 110101 «Лікувальна справа» денної форми навчання




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НазваМетодичні вказівки з англійської мови для самостійної роботи студентів 1-го курсу спеціальності 110101 «Лікувальна справа» денної форми навчання
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ТипМетодичні вказівки

Міністерство освіти і науки України

Сумський державний університет


Методичні вказівки

з англійської мови

для самостійної роботи студентів 1-го курсу

спеціальності 7.110101 «Лікувальна справа»

денної форми навчання


Суми

Видавництво СумДУ

2009

Методичні вказівки з англійської мови для самостійної роботи студентів 1-го курсу спеціальності 7.110101 «Лікувальна справа» / Укладач Н.Г. Горобченко. – Суми: Вид-во СумДУ, 2009. – 31 с.


Кафедра іноземних мов

AT THE MEDICAL INSTITUTE


Home Assignments 1


Task 1 Determine the type of syllable and transcribe the words:

circle, care, period, skull, side, during, arch, nerve, human, more, here


Task 2 Memorize!

  1. ea, ee are usually read as [i:] : treat – лікувати, meet – зустрічати;

ea before d, th is read as [e] : ready - готовий, breath - дихання, dead – мертвий;

  1. oo is read as [u:], but before k - [u]: soon - згодом, look – дивитися

  2. o before m, n, th, v is usually read as [ Λ ] : among - проміж, серед, come - приходити, another - інший, above – над


Task 3 Read:

  1. a) sleep, sea, three, weak, each, leave, feel, week; b) head, already, health, death

  2. too, school, spoon, tooth, took, food

  3. other, become, some, love, month, son



Task 4 Read the words with correct stress:

medical, entrance, anatomy, skeleton, ligament, extremity, conical, ventricle, capillary


^ Task 5 The ways of word formation:

1 Додавання, наприклад: head голова + ache біль = headache головний біль.

2 Афіксація, за допомоги суфіксів та префіксів. Суфікси

-er, -or утворюють іменники, які означають професію або особу, яка виконує дію: to found засновувати – founder засновник.

Префікс re- означає повторення дії: rewrite – переписати; to act діяти - to react впливати.

3 Конверсія (співпадання форм слів, які є різними частинами мови): to work працювати – the work робота; to help допомогти – the help допомога.


Суфікси іменників: -age, -ance(-ence), -ancy(-ency), -er(-or), -ian,

-ing, -ion, -(i)ty, -ist, -ment, -ness, -th, -ure, -y

^ Cуфікси прикметників: -able(-ible), -al, -ant(-ent), -ar, -ary(-ory,

-ery), -ful, -ian, -ic(al), -ing, -ish, -ive, -less, -ous, -y

Суфікси числівників: -th, -teen, -ty

Суфікс прислівників: -ly

^ Суфікси дієслів: -ate, -ize(-ise), -y, -en, -fy

Префікси: a-, ab-, be-, com-, con-, de-, dis-, ex-, il-, in-, inter-,

intra-, ir-, over-, per-, pre-, re-, sub-, un-


Task 6 Define the structure of the complex words and translate them into Ukrainian:

newspaper, textbook, homework, earache, notebook


Task 7 Translate the terms according to the term elements:

lecturer, teacher, worker, helper, examiner, to re-examine, to replace, to reconstruct, to re-do, to remake


^ Task 8 Form the verbs from the nouns using conversion and translate them into Ukrainian:

a place, a group, a stand, a head, a form, an end


Task 9 Read and translate the following terms (see task 5):

daily, greatly, beautifully, friendly, normally, badly, really, shortly, yearly, partly

experimental, prophylactic, anatomic, practical, democratic, social, medical


Task 10 ^ Practice reading the English terms. Match them with the Ukrainian equivalents:

ordinary, special, biology, medicine, person, action

біологія, звичайний, ліки, дія, особливий, особа


Task 11 Learn the following words and word combinations:


care – турбота; спостереження (лікаря), обслуговування

care for – цікавитись

take care of – піклуватися

under the care of smb – під опікою

great care – посилена турбота

enter – вступати

entrance – вступ, вхід

become – становитися

adult – дорослий

before – перед; до того, як

hostel – гуртожиток

relative – родич

get – отримувати

subject – предмет, тема

increase – збільшувати, посилювати

as – як; так як; у той час, як

attention – увага

pay attention to – звертати увагу на

medical attention (care) – медичне обслуговування

mean – означати

article – стаття

join – пов'язувати, приєднатися

scientific – науковий

heart – серце

disease – хвороба


Task 12 Remember the word combinations paying attention to the prepositions:

to care for, to pay attention to, to take care of, to have the responsibility for, to be under the care of, in class, in the first year, in some subject


Task 13 Read and translate the following words and word combinations:

1 adult: my sister is an adult, they are adults, we are adults, children are not adults

2 increase: increases, increased, the temperature may increase, the increase of temperature

3 become: became, he became interested in Anatomy, she became a student

4 join: to join smth together, to join the party, to join the society

5 care: under the doctor’s care, to take care of the children, he takes care of his old parents, to care for medicine, great care


Task 14 Review Indefinite tenses:


^ Present Indefinite Active – + | V, Vs

- | do not V, does not V

? | Do … V?, Does … V?


Past Indefinite Active – + | V2

- | did not V

? | Did … V?


Future Indefinite Active – + | will V

- | Will not V

? | Will … V?


Task 15 ^ Write down Past Indefinite form of the following verbs:

    1. to get, to become, to mean, to read, to know, to tell, to be, to have, to do, to write, to go, to come, to make, to take, to begin, to pay, to understand, to teach, to see

    2. to increase, to want, to work, to plan, to answer, to apply, to occupy, to reply, to supply, to study


Task 16 ^ Use the proper form of the verb “do” in the following sentences:

1 … your fellow-student get a stipend this year?

2 … you care for Biology?

3 I … not join the Students’ scientific Society last year.

4 … you live with your relative now?


Task 17 ^ Write down the following sentences in Present Indefinite:

1 Did your friend get a stipend?

2 He did not know my address.

3 Did you live at the hostel?

4 They did not come to the hospital.


Task 18 Read the text. Write down a) adjectives with the suffixes –ic, -al; b) adverbs with the suffix –ly; c) word combinations containing two nouns and translate them:


At the Institute

Every year many young people who really care for medicine enter medical institutes and become students. A new life begins – it is the life of the adult who has the responsibility for all his actions before the society. Some students live at the hostel, others – with their relatives. Many students get stipends.

The students work much in class, at the institute laboratories and libraries. As the students want to become not ordinary but good doctors they must pay attention to modern medical literature. It means that they must study not only their textbooks but read many special medical articles in Ukrainian and foreign languages. They will continue to study them in class and at the Foreign Language Society.

Already in the first year some students join students’ scientific societies. There they work on those subjects which they care for. It may be Biology, Chemistry or Anatomy. In the Anatomy Scientific Society the subject of the students’ work may be the study of the heart or other organs of the body. In the second year some students join the physiology Scientific Society where they study the functions of the organs. This work in the scientific societies will help future doctors to understand better the character of many diseases. It will teach them to be more observant.


Home Assignments 2


Task 1 Memorize!

1 Before e, i, y the letter c is read as [s], and the letter g - [dg], in other cases c is read as [k], and g - [g].

c [s] - face, cite, cyst

c [k] - can, cut, cold, clot, back

g [dg] - large, gin, gym

g [g] - game, gum, got, grippe, bag

2 Letter combinations ai, ay, ei, ey in stressed syllables are usually read as [ei]: daily щодня, pay платити, vein вена, grey сірий.

3 The letter y at the beginning of the word before the vowel is read as [j]: yellow жовтий.

4 The letter a before ss, sk, st, sp, nce, th, ft is usually read as [a:]: last минулий, after після.


Task 2 Read:

1 practice, medical, medicine, place, necessary, lecture, general, large, surgical, ago, age, group, histology, gland

2 they, may, pain, day, eight, brain, way, gain, wait, weight

3 yes, yet, yesterday, you, young, year, your

4 master, ask, past, grasp, after, chance, bath, last


Task 3 ^ Remember the reading of the following terms and match them with the Ukrainian equivalents:

course, theoretical, practical training, human, to diagnose, assistant, general, therapy, to specialize, therapeutic

загальний, спеціалізуватися, помічник, терапевтичний (лікувальний), перебіг хвороби, лікування, людський, практика, теоретичний, ставити діагноз


^ Task 4 Learn the following words and word combinations:


found – засновувати

over – понад

department – відділення, факультет

such – такий

such as – такий, як

different – відмінний

to be different from – відмінятися

carry out – виконувати

nurse – медсестра;

last – тривати; минулий

surgery – хірургія

surgical – хірургічний

so – таким чином

gain – отримувати, досягати

knowledge – знання

the knowledge of medicine – знання з медицини

necessary – необхідний

experience – досвід

main – головний, основний

complete – завершувати; повний (курс)

appointment – призначення

field – область (діяльності)

prepare – готувати(ся)


Task 5 Learn the following word combinations paying attention to the prepositions and adverbs:

to be over, to be different from, to carry out, to last for, the knowledge of, in the main, in the field of, at the end of, to treat smb for smth with smth, in general, to work as, in an hour (a year), founded on facts (experiments)


Task 6 Read and translate:


1 general: in general, a general meeting, general knowledge, general subjects, general attention

2 surgery: surgical, the knowledge of surgery, a surgical department, a surgical nurse, Surgery is a clinic subject

3 necessary: necessary help, necessary time, necessary knowledge, good knowledge of anatomy is necessary for us

4 complete: completes, completed, to complete the work, to complete the course of studies, complete period of rest

5 field: an important field of medicine, to work in the field of surgery, in the field of medical research, he is a specialist in many fields

6 to found: to found a hospital, a theory founded on facts, to found a new medical school, to found practical conclusions, founded on experiments


Task 7 ^ Translate the following word combinations:

human anatomy, during the three-years’ period, to diagnose a disease, to carry out laboratory analyses, at the end of the course, to gain knowledge (experience), the place of their work appointment, to treat people for different diseases with medicines


^ Task 8 Review “The Numeral”:


Cardinal Numeral


1-12

13-19

20-90

100

1 one


2 two


3 three

4 four

5 five

6 six

7 seven

8 eight

9 nine

10 ten

11 eleven

12 twelve




13 thirteen

14 fourteen

15 fifteen

16 sixteen

17 seventeen

18 eighteen

19 nineteen




20 twenty

21 twenty-one

30 thirty

40 forty

50 fifty

60 sixty

70 seventy

80 eighty

90 ninety

100 a (one)hundred

101 a hundred and one

121 a hundred and twenty- one

200 two hundred


300 three hundred

400 four hundred

500 five hundred

600 six hundred

700 seven hundred

800 eight hundred

900 nine hundred

1,000 a thousand

1,001 a thousand and one


^ Ordinal Numeral

    1. 1st first

2nd second

3rd third

4th fourth

5th fifth

6th sixth

7th seventh

8th eighth

9th ninth

10th tenth

11th eleventh

12th twelfth


    1. 13th thirteenth

14th fourteenth

15th fifteenth

16th sixteenth

17th seventeenth

18th eighteenth

19th nineteenth


    1. 20th twentieth

21st twenty-first

30th thirtieth

40th fortieth

50th fiftieth

60th sixtieth

70th seventieth

80th eightieth

90th ninetieth

100 hundredth

101st one hundred and first

400th four hundredth


^ Task 9 Read:

15; 11; 130; 348; 12; 0.001; 0.05; 2/3; 41st; 12th


Task 10 Write down in English:

перше вересня, першого вересня; друге серпня, другого серпня; десяте січня, десятого січня


^ Task 11 Review “The Article”:


The Use of Articles


Types of Nouns

We give a name to a thing and make it one of a category contrasted to a thing of another category

We distinguish the thing from the other thing of the same category

Countable: Singular

an, a

This is an apple.


This is a good red apple.

the

Give me the apple

(which is on the plate).

Where is the red apple which I left here?

Countable: Plural

(0) - zero

These are (0) apples.


These are (0) good red apples.

the

I shall not eat the apples now (which you brought).

Please, buy the red apples on the counter.

Uncountable:

Abstract

Material

(0) - zero

(0) ^ Life is ever changing.

That house is built of (0) grey stone.


the

We are not speaking of the life there.

The stone of which our house is made is grey.



Task 12 Read the following sentences and explain why there is no article in them:

Poland is in Europe. My friend lives at this hostel. We study Biology, Anatomy and Histology. He is ill with tuberculosis. Professor Ivanenko lives here.


Task 13 Explain the use or absence of article in the following sentences:

Kyiv stands on the Dnipro. The Black Sea is in the south. They went to the Karpathian mountains. He gets a stipend. They are adults. Kharkiv is a large industrial city. Is he ill with tuberculosis? My father works at a surgical department of the clinic.


Task 14 Review “The Plural Form of the Noun”.

Memorize!

  • Nouns in English form their plural number by adding the ending –s which is pronounced [s] after voiceless consonants, and [z] after voiced consonants and vowels.

  • After sibilants the plural ending is spelt –es and pronounced [iz].

  • Some nouns ending in f or fe change f and fe in ves which is pronounced [vz].

  • Nouns ending in a consonant + y change y into ies in the plural.

  • A few nouns form the plural by changing the root vowel.


Task 15 Write down the following sentences in the plural form:

1 She was a nurse. 2 He is a child. 3 The box is on the table.

4 I am a young man. 5 I shall be a doctor.


Task 16 Review “The Pronoun”.

Pronouns are classified into:

  1. Personal Pronouns (I, he she, it, we you, they)

  2. Possessive Pronouns (my, his, her, its, our, your, their)

  3. Reflexive Pronouns (myself, himself, herself, yourself, itself, themselves, ourselves)

  4. Demonstrative Pronouns (this, these, that, those)

  5. Interrogative Pronouns (who, whom, whose, what, which)

  6. Negative Pronouns (nobody, no one, nothing, neither, none, no)

  7. Indefinite Pronouns (some, any, somebody, anybody, something, anything, anyone, someone)


Task 17 Translate the pronouns given in brackets:

1 I see (його) and (його) sister. 2 We know (їх) and (їхніх) children. 3 She teaches (нас) Biology. 4 (Наш) Institute is in Sanatorna Street. 5 He likes (свою) work. 6 I see a car. I see (її) well. (Її) color is black. 7 Do you know (його) and (його) brothers? 8 He meets (мене) every day.


Task 18 ^ Read the text. Entitle it. Rewrite the names of the subjects from the text. Get ready to discuss it:

Our Medical Institute was founded in 1992 and at first it was a faculty of the Sumy State University. As in all Ukrainian medical institutes, the course of studies is six years. During this period the students master the basis of theoretical and practical medicine.

For two years the students learn the so-called preclinical subjects, such as Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Human Anatomy, Histology and others.

The students have clinical subjects from the third to the fifth year. During the three-year period the students learn to diagnose different diseases, to carry out laboratory analyses and to treat people for these diseases.

At the end of the third year all the students have a six-week practical training. During this period they work as nurses. After their 4th year the students have another practical training. It lasts for eight weeks. During the second practical training they work as doctors’ assistants at the therapeutic, surgical and other departments. After the 5th year the students have a six-week practical training at a polyclinic. So in five years the students gain the knowledge necessary for a general practitioner.

In the 6th year the students gain more experience in one of the three main clinical subjects: Therapy, Surgery or Obstetrics.

When the students complete subinternship they get their work appointment. But before they begin to work at the place of their appointment they work as interns at a large hospital.

Such a system when a young doctor specializes for two years in one field of medicine helps to prepare necessary specialists.


Home Assignments 3


Task 1 Memorize!

1 The letter combination wa is read as [wo]: wash

2 war is read as [wo:]: warm

3 wor is read as [we:]: word

4 In the letter combination wh w is silent: whom [hu:m], whole or h is silent: white [wait]

5 The letter combination al is read as [o:l]: always or the letter l is silent: walk [wo:k]


Task 2 Read:

1 want, watch, was, wander, water

2 war, warm, warp, ward, warder, warty

3 work, world, worm, worst, worth, worse, worthy

4 who, what, whose, why, where, when, whether, which, while, whole, wheel

5 talk, salt, fall, chalk, all, small, call, hall, also


^ Task 3 Memorize!

1 Suffix -ure is the suffix of a noun.

-ture is read as [tƒə]: structure

-sure is read as [ ə]: measure

-ssure is read as [ƒə]: pressure

2 Suffix –y is used to form adjectives from the nouns: salt – salty.

3 Suffix –y may also be used in nouns and verbs: remedy, carry, supply


Task 4 Read and translate:

  1. nature, pleasure, mixture, lecture, picture, future, culture;

  2. difficulty, study, body;

  3. apply, multiply, study;

  4. happy, airy, wordy, healthy, sunny;


Task 5 Learn the following words and word combinations:

numerous - численний

perform - вiдтворювати

attend - вiдвiдувати

listen to - слухати

deliver – читати (лекцiю)

clear – ясний, чистий

need - потребувати

need badly – дуже потребувати

deep - глибокий

hard – важкий, впертий

possibility - можливiсть

term - семестр

several - декiлька

middle - середина

whole - загалом

successful - вдалий


Task 6 Read and translate the following words and word combinations:

1 numerous: numerous books, numerous examples, numerous subjects, numerous things

2 clear: a clear day, clear water, a clear head, the question is clear, it becomes clear

3 need: to need badly, I need a book, we need it very much, do you need any help? He needs great care

4 whole: the whole day, the whole year, the whole world, the whole country, the whole summer

5 successful: a successful beginning, a successful end, successfully, to pass the examination successfully


Task 7 ^ Write the following sentences in Present Indefinite tense:

1 The assistant carried out numerous experiments.

2 The students attended classes in different subjects.

3 The doctor listened to the heart.

4 Professor Sobolyev delivered his lectures on Fridays.


Task 8 ^ Read and translate the sentences. Pay attention to the use of prepositions:

1 The lectures delivered by the professors of our institute are interesting.

2 I usually write my exercises with a ball-pen.

3 Our assistant’s experiments were successful.

4 He pays great attention to his studies.

5 We attend lectures in Biology on Monday.

6 The third-year students had practice at the therapeutic department in March.

7 The winter session lasts from the beginning till the end of January.

8 I shall go to my parents during my summer holidays.


Task 10 Read and translate the following sentences:

1 There are two terms in the academic year.

2 There will be a meeting at the institute.

3 There is a hostel near our Institute.

4 There was no medical article in the yesterday’s newspaper.

5 There were entrance examinations at the institute in August.

^ Task 11 Learn the following word combinations paying attention to the prepositions:

to listen to a lecture, in the middle of the term, classes in numerous subjects, a lecture in Anatomy, a lecture on art, in the first (second) year, each of them, from the beginning to the end of, to be necessary for, to be useful to smb


Task 12 Review “Impersonal sentences”.


Task 13 Read the text. Write down: a) the sentences with “there is (are); b) impersonal sentences from the text. Retell the text according to the plan: 1) The lectures. 2) The work on Anatomy. 3) The academic year.

^ Our Classes

Every day we have practical classes in numerous theoretical and special subjects. We perform different laboratory works and attend lectures in Biology, Anatomy and others. It is useful to us to listen to the lectures because the professors always deliver them clearly and scientifically.

We know that we shall need deep knowledge of Anatomy in our future work. Only hard work in the dissecting room will give us the possibility to gain this knowledge. That is why there are always many students in the dissecting room.

There are two terms in the first year. Each of them lasts for 20 weeks. At the end of the winter term we shall take examinations in Physics and Chemistry. We shall have several credit tests, too. At the end of the spring term we shall take some examinations.

It is necessary for us to work hard during the whole academic year if we want to pass our first examination session successfully, for “A good beginning makes a good ending.”


Home Assignments 4


Task 1 Read the following words:

she, short, show, shape, sharp

much, such, catch, watch

physics, phone, physiology

the, then, than, brother, father

thing, theory, thick, thirty, health


^ Task 2 Memorize!

Suffix –ion forms the nouns from the verbs.

Ex.: to protect – protection; to decide – decision


Task 3 Read and translate:

consultation, occlusion, attention, invasion, commission, session, occupation, obstruction


Task 4 Define the part of speech due to the acronyms:

call n, complete a, even a, for cj, for prp, air v


Task 5 Remember the reading of the following terms. Match them with the Ukrainian equivalents:

therapeutist, profession, patient, act, corpse

труп, хворий, справа, терапевт, професiя

^ Task 6 Learn the following words and word combinations:

remedy – лiки, засiб

harm – зле

require – вимагати, потребувати

remember – запам’ятати

easy – легкий

particular – особливий

kind – добрий; вид

ability – здiбность, вмiння

protection – охорона

health – здоров’я

be in good health – бути здоровим

be in poor health – мати слабке здоров’я

health protection – охорона здоров’я

prominent – видатний

consider – вважати

poor – поганий; бiдний

sometimes – iнодi

even – навiть

cure – лiкувати

valuable – коштовний


Task 7 Learn the following word combinations paying attention to the use of prepositions:

in particular, to be of interest (importance), to have abilities for, to cure smb of smth, to be in good (poor) health, one of many


Task 8 Read and translate:

1 particular: particular attention, this particular article, in particular, this article is of particular interest

2 ability: abilities, little abilities, he has great abilities for physics, to show the abilities

3 cure: cures, cured, to cure a disease, to cure smb of a heart disease, a complete cure

4 require: requires, required, to require much time, he requires great care , you will have everything you require

Task 9 Choose the corresponding adjectives to complete the sentences:

1 He is in … health as he is ill with tuberculosis.

2 This experiment is of … interest.

3 This is a … remedy.

4 She is a … person.

kind, valuable, poor, particular


^ Task 10 Translate the words in bold type:

My brother has great abilities for English. I read an article about (on) successful cure of tuberculosis. Our country pays great attention to the health protection of our people.


Task 11 Write Past Indefinite tense of the verbs:

to enter, to cure, to require, to consider, to remember, to harm, to act, to listen, to need, to attend


^ OUR FUTURE PROFESSION


Home Assignments 1

Task 1 Review “Modal Verbs”:

  • There are several modal verbs in English such as can, may, must, ought, which are used to express ability, possibility, permission or necessity of doing some action.

  • They have only some finite forms and have no infinitive, particles or gerund; therefore they cannot be used in any compound tenses.

  • They have no ending –s in the third person singular Present Indefinite.

  • After the verbs can, may and must the Infinitive is used without to, after ought with to.

  • The verbs shall, will, should, would are also used in some cases as modal verbs.


Task 2 Write down the following sentences in the affirmative form:

1 Must the students work during the whole term?

2 He could not enter the Institute last year.

3 Can he become a good therapeutist?

4 May this remedy do you harm?


Task 3 Review “General Questions and Special Questions”.

Task 4 Read the sentence and analyze the questions to it:

My father reads newspapers at home in the evening.

  1. Does my father read newspapers at home in the evening?

  2. What does my father read at home in the evening?

  3. Where does my father read newspapers in the evening?

  4. When does my father read newspapers at home?


Task 5 Fill in the blank with the proper question word:

1 … do you usually read newspapers in the evening? (when? where?)

2 … is on the table? (who? what?)

3 He works at the hospital. … is he? (who? what?)

4 … sister is she? (which? whose?)

5 … has a heart disease? (who? what?)

6 … month is July? (which? whose?)


Task 6 ^ Write down questions to the sentence:

My friend carried out a valuable experiment at the laboratory last week.


Task 7 Read the text. Find the sentences with modal verbs and translate them. Write down the terms with the same root of “possible”, “difficult”, “to know” and translate them. What is Prof. Konchalovskiy’s opinion of a doctor’s profession?

^ Learn the words of Hippocrates Oath by heart.

Our Future Profession

In Ukraine hundreds of thousands of young people study at different medical institutes. They study numerous theoretical and special subjects. They have practical training during which they do the work of nurses and assistant doctors. Such a course of studies helps them to gain much knowledge of medicine, which will give them the possibility to diagnose different diseases and treat people.

But medical students must remember that it is not easy to be a good doctor. A good doctor must have not only deep knowledge of a particular field of medicine such as surgery or therapy. He must love people and have a kind heart. He must give all his knowledge, all his abilities, all his talent, and all his time to people, to the protection of their health.

One of the prominent therapeutists Prof. Konchalovsky considers that a person may be a poor writer, he may be a bad painter or an actor but a man cannot and must not be a bad doctor.

Medical students must understand well all the difficulties of their future profession. They must remember that often it will be difficult to diagnose a disease, sometimes it will be even more difficult to cure it. But a good doctor will always do his best to gain his patient’s confidence. And the confidence of a patient in his doctor is a “valuable remedy”.

Did you hear about Hippocrates Oath before you entered the Institute? What does it read? It reads, “I shall enter any house for the good of the patient . I shall not do my patient any harm” – these are the words from Hippocrates Oath. And they must be not only words for medical students. They must become the motto of their life.

Medical students must remember that to treat patients is a great art but not an ordinary trade. It is one of the professions which requires a real calling for it.

1 to do one’s best – робити все можливе

2 to gain confidence – завоювати довіру

3 to make (take) oath – давати клятву

4 calling – покликання


Home Assignments 2


Task 1 Read the following words:

air, hair, pair, impair

hear, clear, near, ear, dear, steer, smear, deer

learn, earth, earn, research, heard


^ Task 2 Learn the following words and word combinations:

admission – вступ

graduation – закінчення (ВНЗ)

responsible – відповідальний

be responsible for – відповідати за

achieve – досягати

decide – вирішувати

fix – встановлювати

fixed – встановлений

addition – додаток

in addition to – на додаток

contain – вміщувати

mark – відмічати

marked – помітний

tired – втомлений

rest – відпочинок

at rest – у спокою

the rest of – решта


Task 3 Read and translate the words and word combinations:

1 responsible: a responsible decision, doctors are responsible for the patients’ lives

2 achieve: achieves, achieved, to achieve success, to achieve good results

3 contain: contains, contained, this scientific article contains much valuable information

4 rest: a long rest, a short rest, a complete rest, the rest of the time, she needs rest, to have a good rest

Task 4 Read and translate the 2nd form of the verbs:

achieved, decided, fixed, contained, rested


Task 5 Use conversion to form the verbs from the following nouns and translate them:

mark, aim, date, rest, group, act, cure, harm


Task 6 Remember the following verbs from which the nouns are formed:

to admit – admission, to graduate – graduation, to add – addition, to examine – examination, to protect – protection, to situate – situation


^ Task 7 Translate the words in bold type:

1) He has a clear head. 2) I see chairs at the entrance to the hall. 3) Prof. Savenko is the Head of the Anatomy Chair. 4) Who is responsible for the protection of our health and lives? 5) My fellow-student lives in Kurgan. 6) First you must read this article. 7) We have the first practical class in the dissecting room today.


Task 8 Translate the following word combinations:

that person, this nurse, those articles, this hostel, these fields, that department, those adults, these marks

Task 9 ^ Translate the sentences in writing:

1) Це – медична стаття. 2) Це – необхідні предмети. 3) Ото – студентський гуртожиток. 4) Оті – мої родичі.


Task 10 Fill in the blanks with the proper pronouns “some”, “any”, “no”:

1 Will you deliver … lecture tomorrow?

2 He has … experience in the field of medicine because he is a student now.

3 Our assistant doctor knows … foreign languages.

4 The students will gain … knowledge of Surgery in the third year.


Task 11 Review “Degrees of Comparison of Adjectives”:

  • The suffix –er, when added to a monosyllabic (and sometimes to a disyllabic) adjective, forms the Comparative Degree of the adjective.

  • The suffix –est, when added to such an adjective, forms the Superlative Degree.

  • Polysyllabic adjectives have the meaning of the Comparative Degree when preceded by the word more.

  • When preceded by the word most, they have the meaning of the Superlative Degree.

  • The adjectives good, bad, little, many, much form their degrees of comparison from different stems.


Task 12 Form the degrees of comparison of adjectives:

well, responsible, deep, happy, high, early, great, new, easy, much, clear, interesting, little, bad


Task 13 ^ Translate the following word combinations:

better knowledge of Biology; you must know this better; to carry out less experiments; the most responsible work; to know worst of all


Task 14 Translate the sentences:

1) I am as tired as he is. 2) You must be more responsible for your work than he is. 3) He knows Latin worse than his friend does. 4) Solomin’s knowledge of Anatomy is not so deep as Petrov’s. 5) They came to the Institute earlier than usual.


^ Task 15 Learn the following word combinations paying attention to the prepositions:

on admission, graduation from, to graduate from, to be responsible for, in addition to, at rest, the rest of, to prepare for, most of, to wait for, on examination of the patient


Task 16 Read the text. Find the English equivalents of the following words and word combinations. Get ready to discuss the text:

Our First Examination Session

To be a good doctor in future means to study well at the Institute from the day of admission till the day of graduation.

We must remember that we cannot be bad doctors as we shall be responsible for the protection of people’s health and their lives. Our future work will require deep knowledge and all our abilities.

To achieve these high aims the students of our group decided not to waste any time and prepare well for our first examination at the Institute.

The dean fixed all the dates of our examinations. But in addition to examinations we had some credit tests. The most difficult test was in Physics but we passed it successfully ahead of time. The first examination was in inorganic Chemistry. We consider that this subject is the most difficult of all the subjects in the first year. So we began to work hard to pass it successfully.

The examination began. The students who entered the room took the cards and had some time to prepare for their answers. The cards contained all the things studied during the term. Most of the students answered well and got good and excellent marks. It was easier to take the next examination and all the students of our group passed it well.

We were a little tired after the examinations and credit tests but happy that the first session was over. Winter rest at a sports camp was waiting for us.


Home Assignments 3

Task 1 Memorize!

1 –(i)ty – is the suffix of the nouns: quantity кількість ; quality якість.

2 Suffix –ment forms the nouns from the verbs: to excite - excitement


Task 2 Read and translate:

activity, reality, humanity, ability, possibility, responsibility

requirement, treatment, achievement, appointment, department

^ Task 3 Learn the following words and word combinations:

return – повертатися

late - пізно

hold – тримати, проводити захід

happen to – траплятися

member – член родини, гуртка

former – минулий

excited – збуджений, схвильований

while – у той час, як

strength – сила

devote – присвячувати

fight – боротися

true – вірний

feel – почуватися

feel bad – почуватися погано

still – все ще

to be going to – збиратися щось робити


Task 4 Read and translate:

to return – to leave; strength – weakness; late – early; excited – still; former – present


Task 5 Match the terms with the same meaning:

  1. to intend, force, to come back, faithful, when, nervous, to occur, to receive, to appoint, grown-up

  2. to fix, to happen, strength, to be going to, to return, adult, to get, while, true, excited


Task 6 Review “Present Participle”:

  • The Participle is a non-finite form of a verb which has the

functions of an adjective and of an adverb.

  • It is used in a sentence as Attribute, Predicative, and as an

Adverbial Modifier.

- It is often used instead of an attributive or an adverbial subordinate clause.

- The Participle has Present, Past and Perfect forms and the forms of the Passive Voice.


Task 7 ^ Write Present Participle from the following verbs and translate them:

to perform, to get, to treat, to enter, to die, to study


Task 8 Review “Continuous Tenses:

to be + Ving


Present Continuous Active – am, is, are + Ving


Past Continuous Active – was, were + Ving


Future Continuous Active – will be + Ving


Task 9 Use the part of the predicate in the proper tense form:

  1. What (to be) you doing now? – I (to be) preparing for my credit test in Physics.

  2. Yesterday from 2 till 6 o’clock we (to be) working at our scientific laboratory.

  3. When I was at my sister’s at 4 p.m. yesterday she (to be) learning Latin.

  4. Tomorrow at 5 p.m. I (to be) preparing a lecture.


Task 10 Write a General question and a Special question to the sentence:

They were taking the examination at ten o’clock yesterday.


^ Task 11 Learn the following words and word combinations paying attention to the prepositions:

to happen to, devoted to, to fight for, to fight against, to be going to, to listen to, first of all, to be true to smb, to do harm to smb


Home Assignments 4


Task 1 Define the part of speech of the following terms:

admission, examiner, treatment, ability, structure, fixation, daily, body, measure, early, healthy, pressure, rapidly


Task 2 ^ Fill in the blanks with the proper prepositions:

1) … Monday the surgeon will perform the operation … the clinic. 2) … last week I was ill … the grippe. 3) … 2007 I entered … the Medical Institute. 4) Let us go … the dissecting room to prepare … our next Anatomy class. 5) The doctor was listening … the patient’s heart attentively.


^ Task 3 Put up questions to the words in bold type:

1) He left the hospital in good health. 2) The doctor will have the possibility to examine the patient tomorrow. 3) The little girl was lying in bed, because she had a high temperature. 4) The day before yesterday we held our group meeting.


Task 4 Put up questions to get the following answers:

1) Yes, we completed some experiments yesterday. 2) Yes, some members of our scientific society deliver lectures. 3) Yes, he needs some care.


Task 5 ^ Read and translate the text. Learn it by heart. Write down the equivalents of the following word combinations:

високе звання лікаря, урочисто присягаю, працювати добросовісно, надавати медичну допомогу, вдосконалювати знання та професійну майстерність, ніколи не відмовляти у пораді, бути вірним цієї присязі


The Oath of the Doctor

Receiving the lofty title of the doctor and beginning the medical practice, I solemnly take the oath:

To devote all my knowledge and strength to the protection and improvement of the people’s health, to the treatment and prevention of diseases, to work honestly wherever the interests of the society require;

To be always ready to give medical assistance, to deal with the patient attentively and carefully, to keep the medical secrecy;

To perfect the medical knowledge and professional skill, to promote the development of medical science and practice by honest labour;

To consult the colleagues wherever the interests of the patient may require and never to refuse an advice or assistance to anybody;

I swear to be true to this oath during the whole life.






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