3216 Збірник текстів та вправ до них з дисципліни «Англійська мова» icon

3216 Збірник текстів та вправ до них з дисципліни «Англійська мова»




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Міністерство освіти і науки, молоді та спорту України

Сумський державний університет


3216 Збірник текстів та вправ до них

з дисципліни «Англійська мова»

для розвитку навичок усного мовлення

аспірантів першого року навчання

денної та заочної форм навчання


Суми

Сумський державний університет

2011


Збірник текстів та вправ до них з дисципліни «Англійська мова» / укладачі: Л. П. Ярмак, О. Р. Гладченко. – Суми : Сумський державний університет, 2011. – 39 с.


Кафедра іноземних мов


Видання розраховано для аспірантів першого року денної та заочної форм навчання. Принцип подання матеріалу, формування завдань та їх послідовність забезпечують ефективний та раціональний шлях досягнення основної мети – формування навичок усного мовлення аспірантів за тематикою, визначеною навчальною програмою.


^ UNIT I

A common language

English is now a global language that belongs to those

who speak it

  1. Read the facts about English:




  1. How do they make you feel about studying English?

  2. Why do you think the English language has become so successful?

  1. Read three texts about the people talking about using English. What would you say if someone asked you why you are learning English?

Part A

Danuta: I'm an engineering student at the University of Warsaw and English is part of my course. Of course, for me the biggest thing is engineering and to pass my examinations. But English will be important for my future, I'm sure. Maybe I will work abroad one day. Another thing is I am interested in pop music. Most of the websites, you know, about the bands, are in English. I like surfing on the Internet and chatting to people on­line, so my English has to be quite good.


^ Part B

Jorma: I work as an accountant in the Helsinki branch of a
multinational company. I am in contact with our offices
all round the world and the common language is
English. I don't have to write many letters, but I do use
e-mail a lot and I used to send a lot of faxes, but now
most information is sent electronically. I don't feel very
comfortable speaking English on the phone. When we
have visitors from overseas and we go and socialize, everyone speaks English, of course.

^ Part C

Jean-Luc: I am the chief receptionist in a hotel in a beautiful chateau, and without English it would be impossible to do my job. I have to answer e-mail messages and deal with faxes about bookings, and so on. My English isn't perfect but we use a lot of standard letters, you know, to confirm bookings, and so on. And of course I have to talk with the guests — the customers. I speak German too, because I worked in Germany when I first started. But English is the language I use the most, especially when we have visitors from the Gulf or Japan.

  1. The following phrases can be used to answer the question about the purposes of studying English:

  • to be able to speak to a native speaker;

  • to enjoy learning foreign languages;

  • to read books (watch films) in the original;

  • to make travel and hotel arrangements abroad;

  • to use English for social purposes, for business, for pleasure;

  • to enrish the vocabulary;

  • to keep a conversation in English;

  • to master English;

  • to be good at writing grammar tests;

  • to be able to read scientific journals;

  • to be able to ask for some information abroad;

  • to be able to collaborate with foreign colleagues

  1. Add the list of your own purposes of learning English.

  2. Give a full answer to the questions:

  1. How long have you been learning English?

  2. Are you good at languages in general? Do you have a good ear for languages?

  3. What problems did you have to overcome?

  4. What aspects in learning English were the most interesting for you?

  5. What did you like/dislike about learning English at University?

  6. What is your language learning style?


UNIT II

About myself

I. Prepare a list of questions based on the diagram and ask your partner. Then introduce him/her to the group and tell the most interesting facts you have learnt about him/her.






^ MY GROUPMATE





PAST



NOW



FUTURE



II. Interview one of your groupmates. Ask him/her to fill in the form given below:

Last name ____________________________

First name ____________________________

Date of birth __________________________________

Marital status (single, married) ______________________

Sex (male, female) ______________________

Place of birth___________________________

Place of residence _________ Country________

School finished__________________________

Foreign languages ____________________________

Interests _________________________________

Foreign countries visited ________________________

Main ambitions ___________________________

III. Read the letter written by the student of English to her pen friend in England about the American visitor. Tell your groupmates about a new acquaintance of yours using the scheme of narration.

75 Pushkinskaya str. №36

Kharkiv

61002

Ukraine

Tel: 038057-7061315

Dear Julie,

Another thing that happened to me is that I`ve made quite an interesting acquaintance with an American who`s staying in our city now. Her name`s Lesley Gearhardt. She struck me as an outgoing artistic person with a wide range of interests. But she spoke so fluently that I didn`t catch everything she said.

She`s from Livitz, she didn`t say exactly where it is. She spent her childhood there and then she moved to Philadelphia to study political science and international relations at Temple University. Now she`s come to Ukraine for two years to teach students at our University. It was interesting to find out that the system of their names is quite different from ours. For example, her patronymic was her nickname that she got from her father. Her pet name is Lynn and she is named after her mother. As for her age Lesley told us that she had just turned 22 the week before. She isn`t married and even can`t get married until she is 24 or 25. We asked her about her sisters and brothers and we were surprised when hearing that she had one older sister and one younger brother. My groupmate, Anton, is very curious, you know, so he asked why she had come to our country. She said that she had majored in computer science in college because she was interested in computers all over the world. When she was at Temple she had a chance to learn German and she spent a semester abroad studying in Berlin. She loved it. But after college Lesley wanted to do something different and go someplace really special and help people. So she joined Peace Corps. They offered her a position in Ukraine and she accepted it…

^ IV. Producing a CV (curriculum vitae) (British English) a resume (American English).

1. These are headings and categories commonly used in CVs:

Marital status Referees

Employment history Permanent address

Educational history Hobbies and interests

Title Personal details

Skills Surname

Qualifications Date of birth

^ 2. Read this CV. Complete a—h with appropriate headings or categories from the list above.


Toni Carter


a) _________________________


Full name:


Toni(Antonella) Carter

b) _____________________


14/02/78

Permanent Address


Linden Cottage

88 Whitecross Road Rickwood

Herts WD3 8KY

Tel./Fax

(01923)0845841


E-mail

CarterToni@gratisserve.co.uk


c) ________________________


Single

d) ___________________________

1997—2000

University of South Nottingham:


BSc Business Studies (2.1)

1994—1996

Dr Chalmer's Sixth Form College:


'A' levels in Italian (A),

Mathematics (B), Biology (B).


e) _________________________


Word-processing

Clean driving licence.

Languages:


Bilingual English / Italian

f) ________________________

January 2001—present


Kilt Corner, Rickwood: Assistant Manager.

After three months as a shop assistant I was appointed Assistant Manager. I deputize for the Manager in her absence and am in charge of seven other staff


August —December 2000


La Sorpresa Italian Restaurant: part—time waitress.

I combined this with a word-processing and spreadsheet course


g) ______________________


Soccer

At university I was captain of the women's soccer team




Member of SN Chamber orchestra




In my gap year I travelled round Australia and South-east Asia. I developed a much broader awareness of other cultures and ways of life. I did various short-term jobs including being a nanny, cook, and waitress


h) ___________________________

Catriona Flynn Manager, Kilt Corner, Gorton Street, Rickwood





Dr Phil March Senior Lecturer, Dept. Of Business Studies, University of South Nottingham, Nottingham








  1. ^ Which information is not usually asked for in your country? Should you give any information that is not mentioned here?

  2. Here are some bits of advice how to create your CV:

Interviewer: So tell us about CVs, then, Marika. What are the key things to include?

Marika: Well, you should start with brief personal details, of course. You know, name, age, and so on. Marital status is OK too, but no names of children or pets.

Interviewer: And next comes education, I suppose?

Marika: Yeah. You ought to list the schools and institutions you've attended in chronological order. Make sure that the dates make sense. Don't forget details of the qualifications you obtained. Remember to put down your grades too.

Interviewer: I see. And would you advise people to include copies of their qualifications, and so on?

Marika: No, they don't need to do that, not at this stage.

Interviewer: Uh huh. Right. Now for the part of the CV which deals with work experience. Should we go through this in chronological order or start with the most recent, or current job first?

Marika: I would definitely say begin with the present or most recent job first. Then work backwards. Give a brief description of each job and try to list one or two achievements.

Interviewer: That's hard if you're still a student, isn't it?

Marika: True, but you can still mention things like 'I was secretary of the Anglo-German society' or give details of any part-time or holiday jobs.

Interviewer: Oh, and one last question. What about a photograph?

Marika: Well, it can go on an application form or with a covering letter, but there`s no reason why you can`t put it on your CV. If I were a job seeker, I'd invest in a studio photograph — one that made me look as good as possible, rather than one from a machine. And of course, never send a picture of you on the beach or at a party —people have sent me some amazing things!

  1. Create your own CV using the information above as a guide.



UNIT III

Family Affairs

(What makes a group of people a family?

Is it just because they are born that way?)


^ I. Read the article «Family» and answer the questions:

  1. What is a «nuclear family»?

  2. How did the father (mother) spend a typical day fifty years ago?

  3. Why are some people worried about the society today?

  4. Do couples that live together always get married?

  5. Are modern families larger or smaller than fifty years ago?


Family


When British and American people use the word family they often mean only the mother, father and their children. In a general social context, «the family» is usually taken to mean this nuclear family.

Society in Britain and the US is traditionally based on a nuclear family living in the same house and closely involved in each other`s lives. Fifty years ago, the typical family was a husband and a wife, and two or three children. The father spent all day at work and made most of the decisions about how the money he earned was spent. The mother stayed at home to manage the house and look after the children. Children were expected to obey their parents.

Many modern families live rather differently, and because of this some people think that the family unit is dying and society is being weakened. Many couples still get married, but others live together without getting married. A few years ago, couples living together usually got married when they wanted to start a family, but this happens less now. Another trend is for people to get married later in life and to have fewer children, so the size of the average family is shrinking.

  1. Let`s discuss the problem why fathers want to look after the baby (yes, really!)

One of the most surveys of fathers has now shown that, far from the stereotype, most men would like to share childcare duties with partners or wives.

Based on the survey results, four types of fathers were defined, from the traditional type of dad to the perfect New Dad, who is as much involved in taking care of the children as the mother. The survey found that the majority of men were somewhere between these two types.

In the first category comes Enforcer Dad, the old-fashioned disciplinarian who does not see himself as involved in the day-to-day care of his children. He sees his responsibilities as setting clear limits for them and being a role model. Most fathers do not see this as their only role.

The two biggest categories are Entertainer Dad and Useful Dad. Entertainer Dad is at his best keeping his children laughing while his partner gets on with household chores and arranging the children's school and extra activities. Useful Dad is willing to help out around the house, even though he expects the mother to be the 'team leader' in all things domestic.

Finally, and probably every woman's dream, is Fully Involved Dad. He is equally engaged in running the home and the family, and sees the role of the father and the mother as practically identical. Fully Involved Dads adjust their work arrangements to their partners «professional duties». «I do have definite childcare commitments», said one father in this category. «There are certain times or occasions where it is non-negotiable and I just leave the office on time».

  1. Some problems for discussion:

1. Who, in your opinion, should play a leading role in child caring?

2. What is a real situation in child caring among your close people?

3. What type of a dad appeals to you most of all and why?

4. Would you like to be a team leader in your family? Why?

5. Would you like to see the role of fathers and mothers practically identical?

6. Would you set some clear limits for your children or find some other ways of bringing them up?

7. What are the main advantages (disadvantages) of a one child family?

8. What is the main reason for one child family rise?

^ II. Talk to your partner about his/her family. Use the following questions as guidelines:

  1. How close are you to the various members in your family?

  2. Do most people get on with their in-laws?

  3. How do you keep in touch with your relatives?

  4. Who do you miss most when you go away from your home?

  5. What are advantages/disadvantages of living with your parents until you get married?

  6. Who is the breadwinner in your family?

  7. Are you a first-born, a middle-born, the youngest or an only child?

  8. What type of a family is considered to be ideal?

III. Some useful vocabulary on the topic:

A well-off family, a nuclear family, an extended family, a tight- knit family, a one-parent (two parent) family, to keep in touch with, relatives (close, near, distant), blood relatives, relatives by marriage (in-laws), on mother`s (father`s side), to be left motherless(fatherless), a full brother(a half brother), a lasting marriage, ups and downs, a divorce, a devoted wife(husband), sharing is life, a self-centred person, to balance job and family life, to teach smb about sharing, to feel confident, to feel fully supported, to share responsibilities, childcare commitments, to acknowledge responsibilities, to deal with domestic issues, to set an example for children, to run home and the family, to amuse children.


UNIT IV

Hobbies, likes, dislikes. Leisure time


^ I. Read the texts about four people talking about their hobbies. Which of them have you done? What do you like dislike about them?

Me and my passion

Four people talk about their hobbies

A. Katie Holleran: accountant

When you mention windsurfing to people, they generally imagine suntanned 20-year-olds. But the sport has matured since it started in the 1960s, and so have its participants. Any reasonably fit person can do it, and age isn`t a barieer.

Beginners need enough strength in their arms to pull themselves back up onto the board after falling off. At first, you do spend a lot of time in the water, but it's worth it for the feeling of excitement you get when you're moving along successfully — that's fantastic.

In the early days, sails and boards were made of heavy materials like polyethylene, and the sport was very physical. But improved technology has changed all that. And you don`t have to live by the sea—50 per cent of windsurfing takes place on inland lakes and reservoirs. I used to have a boat, but with that you always need other people to help you. And you're not allowed to take a boat on some lakes, whereas you can windsurf anywhere.


B. Karen Hallstrom: salesperson

When I tell people I race vintage cars from the 1920s and 1930s, one question they're sure to ask is:« Do you wear 1920s outfits too ?» «No», is the polite version of my answer. I have to wear fireproof overalls and a helmet in order to meet modern safety laws, I'm afraid. Things have changed in other ways since the old days, too. To be allowed to race my cars, I had to pass both written and practical tests. That wasn't difficult, but then vintage cars aren't a novelty to me: they were part of my upbringing. I used to spend hours, bored stiff, with my fingers stuck in my ears while my father watched races at the local motor-racing track. I said it was the last thing I'd ever do. But when I was a bit older, I too fell in love with cars, first driving a vintage model at age 17. Then, later, a boyfriend with a boat got me interested in sailing, much to the horror of my family! But it didn't last, and somehow I've always come back to cars.


C Kevin Shaw: builder

It's become a tradition in our household that I make an indian curry every Monday evening. I wanted to learn how to make my dishes more authentic, so I signed up for a cookery course at a top Indian restaurant in London. Every time I go, I learn something new and I'm now building up quite a repertoire of curry recipes. Andy, the head chef, is also a qualified teacher, which is a big advantage of the course. He explains how the herbs, spices, oils and rice used in Indian cooking are combined by experts to get subtle variations in flavour. It's perfectly possible to have dishes which contain exactly the same ingredients, but you end up with something totally different depending on the methods used in the part of the country where is prepared!

After all the theory, we go down to the kitchen to observe Andy and his team of highly-qualified chefs in action and then, of course, we get to sample the dishes we've learned to cook.


D Joe Campilos: office worker

I'm lucky because, within reason, I can choose what hours I do at the office and this means I have time to combine it with my real passion, which is jazz music. Every weekend, and sometimes on Fridays as well, we play on the street. Not in the main square, as you need to buy a licence for that and it`s a bit pricey but in various places around the city where there are no regulations. People sometimes complain because they think we're beggars, but that's not fair. Although we do accept money, because it's the accepted custom, that's not why we're there. It's really a kind of advertisement – if somebody likes what they hear, then they can hire us. We get to do weddings, parties, that sort of thing, which gives us a bit of extra pocket money. Sometimes jazz clubs approach us, too. But it's never fame and fortune-and to tell you the truth, I like my life just the way it is.

  1. Read the text and fill in the gaps with the words from the box. What hobbies do you have and how and when did you take them up?

become routine casual room leisure

boring music influence take up devote


Some people adore their work, while others may find it monotonous and ____________ (1). But after periods of hard work they all seek an escape or at least a change from their everyday__________ (2). Modern life offers a wide choice of ways to spend ____________ (3) time. Pop culture fashion, pop ____________ (4), magazines, fun and play is part of youth pastime. A lot of young people ___________ (5) a hobby for relaxation, pleasure, or friendships, or to develop new interests, and even to get additional income. Almost any kind of leisure activity can ___________ (6) a hobby. People sometimes choose a hobby without realizing they are doing so. A _____________ (7) interests grows into a fascination as the person learns more about the subject and ______________(8) an increasing amount of time to it. Deciding on a hobby, young people consider different factors that can ___________(9) their choice: whether they have enough time for their new interests, whether they can spend money or buying necessary equipment or items of collection, and whether they have __________(10) for their hobbies.



  1. Read the text below and express your own opinion as for collecting things. What things have you ever collected?

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