THE PROPRIETOR CHANGE AS THE FACTOR
OF DESTABILIZATION OF RESOURCE SAVING ACTIVITY
AT UKRAINIAN INDUSTRIAL ENTERPRISES1
Sumy State University, Ukraine
Growth of industrial resources value, which are mostly bought by the Ukrainian industry from foreign suppliers under the world prices, dictates more rigid requirements to the resource efficiency of national industrial sector, updating resorce saving processes. However at the present stage in the industry of Ukraine the resource saving measures activization is interfered by a number of barriers, such as informative, social - psychological, administrative - legal, organizational - economic, financial and technical-technological. The most significant group among the specified barriers is organizational - economic, closely connected with legal and financial. The barrier of this group getting recently the increasing influence on resource saving processes in the national industrial sector, is the factor of enterprises' proprietor change.
In spite of the fact that privatization processes in Ukraine have begun at the beginning of 90th years of the last century, till now the significant part of the Ukrainian industrial enterprises from time to time changes their proprietors. On the one hand, repartition of the property is an objective process in the market economy, directed on search of more effective owner; on another hand, it is a change of the certain settled productive relations at the enterprise, accompanying with a stressful situation for labour collective and administration.
As a rule, practically the repartition of the industrial property "in Ukrainian" is always accompanied by change of the enterprise's top management. Thus, the labour collective should master productive "game rules" anew. The process of workers' adaptation to the new conditions occupies a long time that is not good for the enterprise, at least, in the first months of work at «a new mode». But especially perniciously these circumstances affect on innovative resource saving processes started at the enterprise.
The last years-experience of change of the proprietor and accordingly, administrations of the Ukrainian industrial enterprises testifies, that, as a rule, three basic variants of the events' development take place, which are negatively influencing on the further resource saving prospects on manufacture.
Firstly, frequently the policy of new enterprise's proprietors is directed not on the activization of the enterprise activity, but on the maximal pumping out of means from it. At such position of the proprietor (so administrations as the spokesman of his interests too), resource saving processes on the manufacture, meaning additional charges, cannot be realized.
Secondly, frequently the proprietor's change occurs at the Ukrainian industrial enterprises having serious financial problems. As a rule, in this situation the most popular recipe of treatment from the side of coming new team of managers is the staff reduction in spite of the fact that mostly the problem of inefficient manufacture is covered not so much in the great wage fund, but in irrational using of available material and energy resources. For many managers to fire the worker, explaining this by industrial necessity, is much easier and even sometimes more cheaply, than to implement expensive resource saving technologies, the effect from which should be expected through the certain time. So resource saving as the perspective direction of manufacture revival passes in the category of unpromising.
Thirdly, the arrival of the new managers' team on the enterprise means full revision of industrial policy priorities. First of all, it concerns the innovative resource saving processes started by the previous managers at the enterprise. Mostly such processes are connected to a great risk and demand considerable expenses, so a first step of the new managers' team, as a rule, becomes the analysis of expediency of means' expenditure for these directions of enterprise activity. Aspiration of new administration to recommend itself before the proprietor from the best side as soon as possible having found short-term profit increases reserves, causes the reduction of resource saving measures financing frequently.
In our opinion, the decision of the problem of resource saving processes stimulation at the Ukrainian industrial enterprises which have replaced the proprietor consists in the state role activization in order to forming the steady interest of enterprises' new proprietors and administration in resource saving. On the one hand this can be the direct state intervention in processes of the property repartition by obliging the new proprietor to carry out the resource saving measures on manufacture, that is expedient at enterprises' privatization. On another hand, it must be the activization of macroeconomic stimulation of resource saving processes in order to transformate resource saving into a priority sphere of activity for the Ukrainian industrial enterprise irrespective of who is its proprietor at the moment.