Accounting of the ecological factor in the international economic relations is one of the main fundamentals of ukrainian sustainable economic growing icon

Accounting of the ecological factor in the international economic relations is one of the main fundamentals of ukrainian sustainable economic growing




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ACCOUNTING OF THE ECOLOGICAL FACTOR IN THE INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC RELATIONS IS ONE OF THE MAIN FUNDAMENTALS OF UKRAINIAN SUSTAINABLE ECONOMIC GROWING




Andrusenko I., V. Hryschenko



Studying of modern conditions and ecologization possibilities of foreign economic activity are specified by need to optimize the ways of Ukrainian enabling to the word’s global process and exclusive importance of this relations in maintenance of sustainable economic development in the market transformation conditions of the economy.

Among the variety of problems which need to be solved today in the international level it is reasonable to select the ecological problems and their influence on international economic relations.

From practical and scientifical point of view it is not explored remains the problem of the optimal cooperation between managerial system of Ukrainian foreign economic activity and its ecological and economic potential that requires new approach to develop the new international economic strategies.

The ecological factor in the international economic relations is revealing itself under:

  • joint international use of natural resources;

  • international trade in services, industrial and agricultural products;

  • trans-boundary flow of waste.

Today these economic relations are not regulated. There is no any economic management mechanism of compensation for environmental-economic damage of one country to another in the international level.

In our opinion, the major purpose of international ecological and economic policy of the state is creation of a basis for development of strong competitive industrial sector, guaranteeing the sustainable development of national economy.

Now globalization erases a line between internal and external spheres of economic activities, between internal and foreign policy. The development of the economic relations with other countries or regional groups can carries to country both advantages, and determined problems. On the one hand, participation of the country in international division of labor allows for the country to distribute resources which it has more effective, in production of which the country has a competitive advantages, in exchange on necessary goods and facilities, which country does not produce. On the other hand, world market could gives critical dependency of the national economy from conjuncture of the foreign markets and irrational structure of the export with dominating of raw nature materials. Besides, countries with small competitive potential will have the grate dependence from their trade partners and vastly decrease the possibility to dispose from status of provides raw materials and half-finished products on the world market. This is the contradiction of the open economy, but in modern conditions it is impossible to have the economy, which tried to develop only with its own recourses, without regarding trends of the world development.

The analysis of the character and consequences of Ukrainian foreign policy during its movement to the open economic system gives some basis to confirm that main faults of the policy were:

1) absence timed actions of state in implementation of ecology and economic reforms and transformations process in foreign economic sphere;

2) foreign ecology and economy policy were realized without clear determination of its tactical and strategic goals.

Foreign economic activity of the Ukraine developed on the total negative background, when volumes of production of the most important types of progressive high effective industrial products are radically falling down.

The negative character of the foreign policy is dangerously low volumes of final products in the export activity, as well as import of the quite a number of power resources, which Ukraine basically uses for production of raw materials and half-finished products, realization of which is practically unprofitable for national economy. Today in structure of the Ukrainian export dominate relatively law-technological goods, first of all - products of black metallurgy, main chemistry, as well as raw materials and products of agriculture.

On our opinion, compatibility of the economic growing and environmental protection are possible only in case when all countries without exception will understand the mutual ecology-economic dependency, need to consensus of environmental priorities and economic growing, and building on these principles their own international economic relations, together prevent destruction of our planet. For this it is necessary to search the ecologization mechanisms of the international economic relations and transition relations.

The decision of this complex of problems in order to ecologizate international economic relations and develop export production includes two directions - strategic and tactical.

The basic strategic direction of ecologization of international economic relations can be maintenance on integrity livelihood functions of natural systems in order to provide sustainable development of society and provide equal attention to its economic and social components, ecology-economic safety of the country and recognition impossibility of the economic growing while it is degradation of the environment.

The tactical direction must includes the system of goal-directed and forced actions on the ecologization of the international economic relations with the provision of ecology-economic consequence of the received decisions.

In our opinion, the decision of the global ecological problems must be based on four environmental fundamentals of the international economic relations:

  • promotion of the international environmental-economic agreements;

  • active international cooperation in the prevention of illegal trans-boundary flow of natural resources;

  • promotion of the environmental-economic laws in a sphere of international economic relations;

  • prevention of international trade in technologies, products and services which could be the course of environmental damage.

The decision of the global ecological problems expects the changes in area of the consciousness of the people, without which it can’t be scolded change in practice. The particularity of this approach consists in following: it pays attention to scolded reasons of the origin ecology-economic and social contradiction. In accordance with them are defined directions and ways, with the help of which these contradictions can be resolved. The analysis of the reasons of the arising the ecological problems on international level can help in development of the strategies further action in Ukraine. Only on base international cooperation in the field of ecologies mankind can hope on formation of the sustainable development without cargo the most serious ecology-economic problems. Accounting of the ecological factor in the international economic relations will promote, on our opinion, their successful permit.

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