Recommendations for writing authors summary (abstract) of scientific articles in the journal icon

Recommendations for writing authors summary (abstract) of scientific articles in the journal




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Recommendations for writing authors summary (abstract) of scientific articles in the journal


Authors annotation (abstract) is a brief summary of the work of a scientific character, should be comprehensible without reference to the publication itself.

Author's summary of the article is the main source of information for home and foreign information systems and databases, that are indexing journals.


The structure, content and scope of the author's resume

Author's summary should state the essential facts of work, and should not exaggerate or contain the material that is not in the main part of the publication.

The structure of annotation, that is repeating structure of the paper and includes: introduction, aims and objectives, methods, results, conclusion is welcome.

The subject, theme, purpose of the work is specified if they are not clear from the article title; the method or the methodology of the work is best described if they show the novelty, or show the interest from the point of view of this paper.

^ The results of the paper are described very accurately and informatively. The general theoretical and experimental results, factual data, the found relations and regularities are given. At the same time, new results and long-term data, important discoveries, conclusions, that refute the existing theories, and the data, that author thinks, has practical value, is preferred.

Conclusions may be accompanied by recommendations, ratings, suggestions, hypotheses, described in the article.

The information contained in the title should not be repeated in the text of the author's resume.

The text of the author resume should be concise and beads, free of irrelevant information, unnecessary introductory words common and insignificant language.

Abbreviations and symbols are not allowed.

Links to the publication number in the references of the article are not written in the author's resume.

The text volume of the author’s resume is defined by the publication’s content (by the data volume, its science value and/or its practical value), but must be not less than 100-250 words.


^ Author’s resume in English

Annotations (abstracts, author’s summary) in English at Ukrainian-language (Russian-language) publication are general for foreign scientists and specialists, and, as a rule, the only source of the information about the article’s content and research results.

Annotations should be:

  • informative (must not contain general words);

  • meaningful (must reflect main content of the article and research results);

  • structured (should follow the article’s logic for describing of the results);

  • «English-written» (must be written in good English);

  • compact (must contain from 100 to 250 words).

One of the main variants of annotations is the short repeating the structure of the article, including introduction, aims and objectives, methods, results, conclusions (in an explicit or in implicit form).

^ Примеры написания авторского резюме

Пример авторского резюме на русском языке:

Значительная часть инновационных планов по внедрению изменений, содержащих в своей основе нововведения, либо не доходит до практической реализации, либо в действительности приносит гораздо меньше пользы, чем планировалось. Одна из причин этих тенденций кроется в отсутствии у руководителя реальных инструментов по планированию, оценке и контролю над инновациями. В статье предлагается механизм стратегического планирования компании, основанный на анализе как внутренних возможностей организации, так и внешних конкурентных сил, поиске путей использования внешних возможностей с учетом специфики компании. Стратегическое планирование опирается на свод правил и процедур, содержащих серию методов, использование которых позволяет руководителям компаний обеспечить быстрое реагирование на изменение внешней конъюнктуры. К таким методам относятся: стратегическое сегментирование; решение проблем в режиме реального времени; диагностика стратегической готовности к работе в условиях будущего; разработка общего плана управления; планирование предпринимательской позиции фирмы; стратегическое преобразование организации. Процесс стратегического планирования представлен в виде замкнутого цикла, состоящего из 9-ти последовательных этапов, каждый из которых представляет собой логическую последовательность мероприятий, обеспечивающих динамику развития системы. Результатом разработанной автором методики стратегического планирования является предложение перехода к «интерактивному стратегическому менеджменту», который в своей концептуальной основе ориентируется на творческий потенциал всего коллектива и изыскание путей его построения на основе оперативного преодоления ускоряющихся изменений, возрастающей организационной сложности и непредсказуемой изменяемости внешнего окружения.


^ Оригинальное авторское резюме на английском языке:

A considerable part of innovative plans concerning implementation of developments with underlying novelties either do not reach the implementing stage, or in fact yield less benefit than anticipated. One of the reasons of such failures is the fact that the manager lacks real tools for planning, evaluating and controlling innovations. The article brings forward the mechanism for a strategic planning of a company, based on the analysis of both inner company’s resources, and outer competitive strength, as well as on searching ways of using external opportunities with account taken of the company’s specific character. Strategic planning is based on a code of regulations and procedures containing a series of methods, the use of which makes it possible for company’s manager to ensure prompt measures of reaction to outer business environment changes. Such methods include: strategic segmentation; solving problems in real-time mode; diagnostics of strategic readiness to operate in the context of the future; working out a general plan of management; planning of the business position of the firm; strategic transformation of the company. Strategic planning process is presented as a closed cycle consisting of 9 successive stages, each of them represents a logical sequence of measures ensuring the dynamics of system development. The developed by the author strategic planning methods result in the recommendation to proceed to “interactive strategic management” which is conceptually based on the constructive potential of the collective body, on searching ways of its building on the basis of effective overcoming accelerating changes, increasing organizational complexity, and unpredictable changeability of the environment.


^ Пример структурированного авторского резюме из иностранного журнала в Scopus:

Purpose: Because of the large and continuous energetic requirements of brain function, neurometabolic dysfunction is a key pathophysiologic aspect of the epileptic brain. Additionally, neurometabolic dysfunction has many self-propagating features that are typical of epileptogenic processes, that is, where each occurrence makes the likelihood of further mitochondrial and energetic injury more probable. Thus abnormal neurometabolism may be not only a chronic accompaniment of the epileptic brain, but also a direct contributor to epileptogenesis. Methods: We examine the evidence for neurometabolic dysfunction in epilepsy, integrating human studies of metabolic imaging, electrophysiology, microdialysis, as well as intracranial EEG and neuropathology. Results: As an approach of noninvasive functional imaging, quantitative magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging (MRSI) measured abnormalities of mitochondrial and energetic dysfunction (via 1H or 31P spectroscopy) are related to several pathophysiologic indices of epileptic dysfunction. With patients undergoing hippocampal resection, intraoperative 13C-glucose turnover studies show a profound decrease in neurotransmitter (glutamate-glutamine) cycling relative to oxidation in the sclerotic hippocampus. Increased extracellular glutamate (which has long been associated with increased seizure likelihood) is significantly linked with declining energetics as measured by 31P MR, as well as with increased EEG measures of Teager energy, further arguing for a direct role of glutamate with hyperexcitability. Discussion: Given the important contribution that metabolic performance makes toward excitability in brain, it is not surprising that numerous aspects of mitochondrial and energetic state link significantly with electrophysiologic and microdialysis measures in human epilepsy. This may be of particular relevance with the self-propagating nature of mitochondrial injury, but may also help define the conditions for which interventions may be developed. © 2008 International League Against Epilepsy.

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