SUBJECT-MATTER PLAN OF LECTURES, THEIR CONTENTS AND DURATION IN HOURS FOR 5th YEAR STUDENTS OF DENTAL FACULTY
Title of the topic and its contents
INTRODUCTION. NEUROSERGERY DEVELOPMENT HISTORY.
CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA (CCT). Classification. Epidemiology. Closed and open craniocerebral trauma. Pathogenesis. Concussion, contusion, compression of the brain. Clinical presentation. Diagnostics. Treatment of skull and brain injuries on various stages of emergency care. Indications for surgical treatment of CCT and its principles. Complications in the acute and long-term periods, their prevention and treatment. Management of extracranial injuries, prevention of complications.
^TRAUMATIC INJURIES OF THE SPINE AND THE SPINAL CORD.
TRAUMATIC INJURIES OF THE PERIPHERAL NERVES. Classification. Epidemiology. Principles of emergency care at the pre-hospital stage. Peculiarities of patient transportation. Clinical presentation, diagnostics and treatment. Indications for surgical treatment, its principles. Short-term and long-term complications. Rehabilitation and readaptation of patients after trauma of the spine and the spinal cord.
^PATHOLOGY OF THE BRAIN VESSELS.
Vascular diseases of the brain which require surgical treatment. Classification. Etiopathogenesis. Epidemiology. Clinical presentation, diagnostics. Emergency care in case of acute manifestations of vascular pathology such as hemorrhagic and ischemic strokes. Evaluation of supplemental investigations’ data in these disorders. Principles of surgical treatment of brain vessel pathology. Rehabilitation and readaptation of the patients after surgery due to brain vessel disease.
FUNCTIONAL AND STEREOTACTIC NEUROSURGERY. TREATMENT OF THE CHONIC PAIN SYNDROMES
Role of stereotactic technique in treatment of patients with epilepsy, parkinsonism, pediatric cerebral palsy, torsion dystonia etc. Principles of stereotactic surgeries. Reconstructive neurosurgery. Prospects of development of functional and reconstructive neurosurgery. Surgery of the pain. A trigeminal neuralgia and sympathalgia. A pain syndromes at a pathology of intervertebral disks (osteochondrosis). Prospects of development of functional and reconstractive neurosurgery.