OF PRACTICAL CLASSES ON NEUROSURGERY FOR 5th YEAR STUDENTS OF MEDICAL FACULTY
TOPIC OF THE CLASS
Craniocerebral trauma (CCT). Closed and open CCT. Classification. Clinical presentation, diagnostics and treatment of cerebral concussion, contusion and compression. Rendering first aid to patients with CCT at the site of accident and at the pre-hospital stage. Modern diagnostic techniques. Indications for surgical treatment of CCT in acute and remote periods. Short-term and long-term complications in closed CCT.
Traumatic injuries of the spine and spinal cord. Etiopathogenesis. Classification. Clinical presentation of different types of spinal cord and vertebral column lesions depending on the level of injury. Diagnostics. Assessment of the revealed changes. Indications for surgical treatment. Modern methods of treatment of spinal cord and vertebral column injuries. Prevention and treatment of complications in the acute and long-term periods.
^Brain tumors.Classification. Clinical presentation. Diagnostics. Pathophysiological mechanisms of hypertensive syndrome development. Pathogenesis of primary and secondary symptoms in brain tumors. Principles of surgical treatment of brain tumors. Radical and palliative surgeries. Combined treatment of malignant tumors.
Hydrocephalus. Pathogenesis. Clinical presentation. Diagnostics. Modern methods of surgical treatment.
^Spinal cord tumors. Classification. Peculiarities of clinical presentation depending on localization of the tumor and type of its growth. Modern techniques in diagnostics of spinal cord tumors. Methods of surgical treatment of spinal cord tumors. Complications.
Osteochondrosis. Classification. Pathogenesis. Clinical presentation. Diagnostics. Indications for surgical treatment and its principles. Prevention of osteochondrosis.
Vascular pathology of the brain of ischemic type. Classification. Clinical presentation. Etiopathogenesis. Diagnostics. Types of large vessel pathology which manifest with acute and chronic ischemia of the brain. Modern methods of surgical treatment of patients with pathology of the brain vessels.
Functional neurosurgery. Surgical tratment of chronic pain. Principles of sereotaxic surgery. Indications for their implamentation in cerebral diseases. Prospects for development of functional neurosurgery.