Subject-matter plan of lectures, their contents and duration in hours for 5th year students of medical faculty icon

Subject-matter plan of lectures, their contents and duration in hours for 5th year students of medical faculty




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SUBJECT-MATTER PLAN OF LECTURES, THEIR CONTENTS AND DURATION IN HOURS FOR 5th YEAR STUDENTS OF MEDICAL FACULTY



Title of the topic and its contents

Duration, hrs




1

2

1


INTRODUCTION. NEUROSERGERY DEVELOPMENT HISTORY.

Achievements of modern neurosurgery and ways of its further development in the future. Organization and structure of neurosurgical care in Ukraine. Importance of studying neurosurgery for physicians.


CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA (CCT). Classification. Epidemiology. Closed craniocerebral trauma. Pathogenesis. Concussion, contusion, compression of the brain. Clinical presentation. Diagnostics. Treatment of skull and brain injuries on various stages of emergency care. Indications for surgical treatment of CCT and its principles. Complications in the acute and long-term periods, their prevention and treatment. Management of extracranial injuries, prevention of complications.


^ OPEN CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA. Classification. Clinical presentation. Diagnostics. Emergency care at the site of injury. Additional methods of investigation in diagnostics of the open CCT. Indications for surgical treatment and its principles. Gunshot wounds. Classification. Clinical presentation. Emergency care. Methods of removing of foreign bodies from the brain substance and the cranium. Complications, their treatment and prevention.

Joint and combined CCT. Classification. Clinical presentation. Peculiarities of emergency care and patient management with joint and combined CCT, also surgical in this respect. Short-term and long-term complications of open CCT, methods of their prevention and treatment. Rehabilitation and readaptation of patients in the remote period.


2

2

BRAIN TUMORS. HYDROCEPHALUS.

Classification. Epidemiology. Pathophysiological mechanisms of development of hypertensive syndrome and focal symptoms. Supplemental methods of investigation which are used in diagnostics of brain tumors, their role. Principles of surgical treatment of brain tumors. Radical and palliative methods of surgical treatment. Combined treatment of brain tumors. Rehabilitation and readaptation of patients after surgical intervention.

Hydrocephalus. Pathogenesis. Classification, clinical presentation, diagnostics. Modern methods of surgical treatment of hydrocephalus. Rehabilitation and readaptation of the patients.

^ TUMORS OF THE SPINAL CORD.

Epidemiology. Etiology and pathogenesis. Classification. Peculiarities of clinical presentation and diagnostics of these disorders depending on the structure of the tumor and its localization. Role of supplemental methods of investigation in the diagnostics of spinal cord tumors. Principles of surgical treatment. Prevention of complications and methods of rehabilitation of patients with these disorders.

1



2


2

3

TRAUMATIC INJURIES OF THE SPINE AND THE SPINAL CORD.

Classification. Epidemiology. Principles of emergency care at the pre-hospital stage. Peculiarities of patient transportation. Clinical presentation, diagnostics and treatment. Indications for surgical treatment, its principles. Short-term and long-term complications. Rehabilitation and readaptation of patients after trauma of the spine and the spinal cord.

TRAUMATIC INJURIES OF THE PERIPHERAL NERVES. Classification. Emergency care in different kinds of peripheral nervous system injuries. Modern diagnostic techniques. Indications for surgical treatment and principles of surgical interventions depending on the level and type of the injury. Kinds of short-term and long-term complications and their prevention. Rehabilitation and readaptation of patients with traumatic injuries of the peripheral nerves.

OSTEOCHONDROSIS.

Etiopathogenesis. Epidemiology. Classification. Clinical presentation, diagnostics, treatment. Indications for surgical treatment. Principles of modern methods of surgical treatment and prevention of osteochondrosis

2

4


.

^ PATHOLOGY OF THE BRAIN VESSELS.

Vascular diseases of the brain which require surgical treatment. Classification. Etiopathogenesis. Epidemiology. Clinical presentation, diagnostics. Emergency care in case of acute manifestations of vascular pathology such as hemorrhagic and ischemic strokes. Evaluation of supplemental investigations’ data in these disorders. Principles of surgical treatment of brain vessel pathology. Rehabilitation and readaptation of the patients after surgery due to brain vessel disease.

2


5

FUNCTIONAL AND STEREOTACTIC NEUROSURGERY.

Role of stereotactic technique in treatment of patients with epilepsy, parkinsonism, pediatric cerebral palsy, torsion dystonia etc. Principles of stereotactic surgeries. Reconstructive neurosurgery. Prospects of development of functional and reconstructive neurosurgery.

RECONSTRUCTIVE NEUROSURGERY. Reconstructive neurosurgery and principles of rehabilitation of patients with injury of nervous system..

2

Total

10



Head of the department of neurosurgery ,

academician V.Tsymbaliuk

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