Thematic plan of practical classes on neurosurgery for 5th year students of medical faculty icon

Thematic plan of practical classes on neurosurgery for 5th year students of medical faculty




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НазваThematic plan of practical classes on neurosurgery for 5th year students of medical faculty
Дата17.08.2012
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THEMATIC PLAN

OF PRACTICAL CLASSES ON NEUROSURGERY FOR 5th YEAR STUDENTS OF MEDICAL FACULTY


N

of modul

N

of theme

TOPIC OF THE CLASS

Duration, hours



1.

1.

Craniocerebral trauma (CCT). Closed CCT. Classification. Clinical presentation, diagnostics and treatment of cerebral concussion, contusion and compression. Rendering first aid to patients with CCT at the site of accident and at the pre-hospital stage. Modern diagnostic techniques. Indications for surgical treatment of CCT in acute and remote periods. Short-term and long-term complications in closed CCT. Conservative treatment of CCT in remote period of the disease. Rehabilitation and readaptation of patients who suffered a closed CCT. Open CCT. Classification. Combined and joint CCT. Principles of rendering first aid to patients with open CCT at the site of the accident and on the evacuation route.

2

2.

Traumatic injuries of the spine and spinal cord. Etiopathogenesis. Classification. Clinical presentation of different types of spinal cord and vertebral column lesions depending on the level of injury. Diagnostics. Application of supplemental diagnostic procedures in diagnostics of spinal cord and vertebral column lesions. Assessment of the revealed changes. Indications for surgical treatment. Modern methods of treatment of spinal cord and vertebral column injuries. Prevention and treatment of complications in the acute and long-term periods.

^ Traumatic injuries of the peripheral nervous system. Classification. Clinical presentation. Diagnostics. Emergency care of patients with traumatic injuries of peripheral nerves. Reconstructive surgical treatment of patients with peripheral nerve injury in the remote period. Reconstructive surgical treatment of organic brain lesions. Principles of surgical interventions depending on the type of pathology. Rehabilitation and readaptation of patients with peripheral nerve injuries and other injuries of central nervous system.

2

2.





3



^ Brain tumors. Classification. Clinical presentation. Diagnostics. Pathophysiological mechanisms of hypertensive syndrome development. Pathogenesis of primary and secondary symptoms in brain tumors. Role of supplemental investigations in diagnostics of brain tumors. Principles of surgical treatment of brain tumors. Radical and palliative surgeries. Combined treatment of malignant tumors. Rehabilitation and readaptation of patients after surgical intervention due to brain tumor.



2








4

Hydrocephalus. Pathogenesis. Clinical presentation. Diagnostics. Modern methods of surgical treatment. Developmental defects of the brain and the spinal cord. Classification. Pathogenesis. Clinical presentation. Diagnostics. Principles of surgical treatment. Reconstructive treatment. Rehabilitation and social readaptation of the patients.

^ Work with the patients. Work in the operating theater, in the dressing ward. Participation in the consultative work of policlinic of A.P. Romodanov Institute of neurosurgery

2

3.

5

^ Vascular pathology of the brain of hemorrhagic type. Classification. Clinical presentation. Etiopathogenesis. Diagnostics. Vascular diseases of the brain which require surgical treatment. Clinical presentation, diagnostics and treatment of aneurisms, arteriovenous malformations, carotid-cavernous fistulas in the acute and remote periods.

2

6

^ Vascular pathology of the brain of ischemic type. Classification. Clinical presentation. Etiopathogenesis. Diagnostics. Vascular diseases of the brain which require surgical treatment. Types of large vessel pathology which manifest with acute and chronic ischemia of the brain. Modern methods of surgical treatment of patients with pathology of the brain vessels. Rehabilitation and readaptation of patients with brain vessel pathology. .

2

4


5


8.

7

Spinal cord tumors. Classification. Peculiarities of clinical presentation depending on localization of the tumor and type of its growth. Modern techniques in diagnostics of spinal cord tumors. Role of contrast methods in examination of patients with spinal cord tumors and in differential diagnosis. Methods of surgical treatment of spinal cord tumors. Complications. Rehabilitation of patients after spinal cord tumor removal.

2


2

8

Osteochondrosis. Classification. Pathogenesis. Clinical presentation. Diagnostics. Indications for surgical treatment and its principles. Prevention of osteochondrosis. Rehabilitation and social rehabilitation of patients with diseases of vertebral column and spinal cord. Case history discussion.

9.

^ Functional neurosurgery. Principles of sereotaxic surgery. Indications for their implamentation in cerebral diseases. Prospects for development of functional neurosurgery.

Reconstructive neurosurgery. Reconstructive surgical treatment of patients with peripheral nerve injury in the remote period. Reconstructive surgical treatment of organic brain lesions. Principles of surgical interventions depending on the type of pathology. Rehabilitation and readaptation of patients with peripheral nerve injuries and other injuries of the peripheral and central nervous system.

10

Pain syndromes. Classification. Peculiarities of clinical presentation of pain syndromes. Modern techniques in diagnostics of pain syndromes. Role of contrast methods in examination of patients with pain syndromes and in differential diagnosis with other diseases. Methods of surgical tretment of pain syndromes.



2




FINAL MODULE CONTROL.

2

Total

20



Head of the department of neurosurgery,

academician V.Tsymbaliuk

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