List of theoretical questions for the final control of module 3 for the students of the 5th course icon

List of theoretical questions for the final control of module 3 for the students of the 5th course




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List of theoretical questions for the final control of module 3 for the students of the 5th course.


  1. What are the min mechanisms of traumas of the abdominal cavity? Classification of traumas of the abdominal cavity at trauma.

  2. Main symptoms of traumas of parenchymatous organs.

  3. Main symptoms of traumas of hollow organs.

  4. What additional methods are the most informative at injuries of parenchymatous and hollow organs of the abdominal cavity?

  5. What are the indications for urgent operation at haemorrhage that continues after traumas of parenchymatous and hollow organs of the abdominal cavity?

  6. What data of clinical and laboratory analyses ( Arterial pressure, pulse, general blood analysis and biochemical blood analysis) evidence about haemorrhagic syndrome and haemorrhage in the abdominal cavity?

  7. Name the main clinical manifestations of haemorrhage from the upper and lower departments of the digestive systems.

  8. What are the main causes of development of hemorrhages from the digestive system?

  9. Exudate from the stomach and large intestine depending on the position of hemorrhage source.

  10. Explain general principles of treatment and arrest of haemorrhages.

  11. what are the peculiarities of control of clinical development of a haemorrhage from the digestive tract, indications for surgical treatment.

  12. What are the indications for conservative and operative treatment, the extents of operation, effectiveness at haemorrhaging digestive tract.

  13. Name the main surgical diseases in children at which the inflammation of abdominal organs may develop.

  14. What are the main clinical manifestations and local symptoms of inflammation of abdominal cavity organs?

  15. What are the characteristic main clinical manifestations and local symptoms at inflammation of abdominal organs in the newborn?

  16. Peculiarities of clinical picture of acute appendicitis in young children ( before 3 years).

  17. What are the indications for conservative treatment and its character at peritonitis in the newborn?

  18. Peculiarities of preoperative preparation at abdominal cavity inflammations.

  19. What are the clinical symptoms and additional methods of diagnostics that are characteristic for destructive cholecystitis form?

  20. What are the general principles of cholecystitis treatment, indications for surgical intervention of its treatment.

  21. What are the main causes of development of acute pancreatitis?

  22. Indications for conservative and operative treatment of acute pancreatitis, its extents and method.

  23. What is classification of acquired intestinal obstruction in children?

  24. Define the main causes of development of intestinal intussusception, adhesive, obturation and dynamic obstruction.

  25. Call the main symptoms of acute intestinal intussusception.

  26. What are the methods of diagnosis and treatment of acute intussusception of the intestine?

  27. The peculiarities and terms of preoperative preparation at acquired intestinal obstruction.

  28. Characterize the roenthenological stages of acquired intestinal obstruction.

  29. What are the main signs of viability of strangulated bowel?

  30. What methods of operative treatment are used at intestinal intussusception?

  31. General principles of conservative therapy at early adhesive-paretic obstruction.

  32. Generalize information about the main stages of operative treatment and access at early and late intestinal obstruction.

  33. Give classification of dynamic obstruction.

  34. What are the main stages of conservative treatment of dynamic obstruction?

  35. What forms of acute destructive pneumonia do you know?

  36. What are the complications of pulmonary form of acute destructive pneumonia ?

  37. What are the complications of the pulmonary-pleural form of acute destructive pneumonia ?

  38. What is lung atelectasis?

  39. What is bull?

  40. What are the causes of pulmonary collapse at pyothorax?

  41. What is the roentgenological picture at pyopneumothorax?

  42. What is the roentgenological picture at lung atelectasis?

  43. What is the difference between the roentgenological picture of tense pyothorax and the lung atelectasis?

  44. What is the acquired pulmonary pathology on the roentgenogram of the thoracic organs when the mediastinal organs shift towards the pathology side?

  45. In what way are lung abscesses classified according to the localization?

  46. In what place on the thoracic wall is diagnostic pleural puncture performed?

  47. What is required for pleural puncture?

  48. What does fluid level in lung abscess evidence about?

  49. What are the abscesses a subcutaneous puncture must be performed with?

  50. What are the abscesses postural positions are used with?

  51. What does purulent sputum in a child with acute destructive pneumonia evidence about?

  52. What systems of aspiration from the pleural cavity do you know?

  53. What is the roentgenologial picture on the chest X-ray at pyopneumothorax?

  54. What does gas excreted from the pleural cavity through the drainage at acute destructive pneumonia evidence about?

  55. What are the clinical symptoms of oesophageal perforation?

  56. What roentgenological method is the most informative for diagnosis of traumas of the oesophagus?

  57. What examination methods are used at thoracic traumas?

  58. What is an indication for operative intervention at haemothorax?

  59. What diagnostic methods are used at oesophageal traumas?

  60. What diseases are joined into a group of oedematous scrotum syndrome?

  61. What must be detected in a patient with oedematous scrotum syndrome ?

  62. Why is it necessary to know the consequence of complaints at oedematous scrotum syndrome ?

  63. Name the main diseases differential diagnosis must be performed with at oedematous scrotum syndrome.

  64. What symptoms may be detected at oedematous scrotum syndrome ?

  65. What is grounding of the tentative diagnosis based on at oedematous scrotum syndrome ?

  66. What must be detected to form the treatment tactics for patients with acute orchoepididimytis, Morgani’s hydatid torsion, torsion of the testicle and acute ascites of testicular layers?

  67. What complications may develop at acute disease of the testicle?

  68. What must be detected in a patient with traumatic injury of the urinary system?

  69. What changes may be detected at palpation of the lumbar area at renal trauma?

  70. What is grounding of the tentative diagnosis of traumatic renal injury based on?

  71. What diagnostic methods will help in diagnostics of renal traumas?

  72. Peculiarities of examination of children with traumas of the urinary bladder and urethra.

  73. What must be determined in a patient with traumatic injury of the urinary bladder?

  74. What are the principles of list of traumas for differential diagnosis at traumas of the pelvic bones and small pelvis organs?

  75. The most probable methods of diagnostics which may help to establish the diagnosis of trauma of the urethra.

  76. The peculiarities of physical examination of children with scrotum trauma.

  77. What is the most important to be detected at establishing the treating tactics for patients with traumatic injury of the urinary system?

  78. What is the morbidity of pyoseptic diseases in the newborn, their structure and main causes?

  79. What anatomical-physiological peculiarities of anatomy of the skin and subcutaneous substance provide for inflammatory process spread?

  80. Name the clinical manifestations of necrotic phlegmon of the newborn depending on its form.

  81. Treatment tactics at necrotic phlegmona neonatorum.

  82. Forms and clinical manifestations of omphalitis in the newborn.

  83. Differential diagnostics of catarrhal omphalitis with fistulas.

  84. Peculiarities of treatment of omphalitis depending on the disease form.

  85. Complications and consequences connected with omphalitis in a child.

  86. When and what is mastitis in the newborn connected with?

  87. Peculiarities of operative intervention at mastitis in the newborn.

  88. Causes of development of paraproctitis in the newborn.

  89. Operative interventions performed at paraproctitis depending on its cause.

  90. What are the directions of treatment of pyo-septic diseases of the newborn?

  91. What makes a basis of the empirical approach to antibiotic administration?

  92. How should bacteriological examination at pyo-septic diseases be performed?

  93. Name the components of the treating influence onto the child with pyo-septic diseases, what does it depend on?

  94. What is a syndrome of systemic inflammatory response?

  95. What are the components of toxic form of the disease according to the international sepsis classification?

  96. What is blood circulation of bone segment in the newborn characterized with?

  97. When does tubular bones epyphisis formation finish?

  98. What is normal intraosseous pressure?

  99. What are the peculiarities of diagnostic puncture and measurement of intraosseous pressure in children with suspected acute haematogenic osteomyelitis? How is intraosseous pressure changed at acute haematogenic osteomyelitis ?

  100. The peculiarities of structure of long tubular bone.

  101. Name the clinical forms of acute haematogenic osteomyelitis.

  102. The thromboembolitic theory of acute haematogenic osteomyelitis.

  103. Why may we observe metaephyphysis injury in the newborn and children by 2 years?

  104. Name atypic forms of osteomyelitis.

  105. What is the most frequent syndrome of metaepyphysis osteomyeliis, how may it be confirmed?

  106. Peculiarities of joint puncture in the newborn, how frequently are they performed?

  107. Peculiarities of immobilization, its terms in children with metaepyphysis osteomyelitis.

  108. recall the complications connected with haematogenic osteomyelitis, when do they appear?

  109. The terms of dispensary surveillance, possible disease consequences.

  110. What does out-patient supervision of patients with haematogenic osteomyelitis include?

  111. When is sanatorium-resort treatment indicated?

  112. Call the most common operative interventions at chronic osteomyelitis in children.

  113. Call the main clinical manifestations of hemangiomas and lymphangiomas.

  114. Call the methods of conservative and operative treatment of hemangiomas and lymphangiomas .

  115. Call clinical manifestations of pigment tumors.

  116. Treatment tactics at pigment tumors.

  117. Clinical picture of atheromas and dermoid cysts.

  118. Peculiarities of dermoid cyst removal.

  119. Define clinical manifestations of melanomas.

  120. Differential diagnostics and combined treatment of melanoma.

  121. Call clinical manifestations of soft tissue malignant tumors ( rhabdosarcoma, teratoblastoma).

  122. Surgical and combined treatment of soft tissue malignant tumors.

  123. Additional methods of tumor diagnostics in children. Their role in differential diagnostics.

  124. Peculiarities of clinical development of benign tumors and tumor-resembling bone diseases.

  125. Мethods of surgical treatment of benign tumors and tumor-resembling bone diseases.

  126. Conservative treatment of bone cysts.

  127. Clinical manifestations of osteogenic sarcoma and Juing sarcoma.

  128. Principles of combined treatment of malignant bone malformations.

  129. Clinical picture of benign bone tumors.

  130. Methods of treatment of benign bone tumors.

  131. Conservative treatment of bone cysts.

  132. Methods of diagnostics of malignant bone tumors.

  133. Clinical manifestations and treatment of neuroblastoma in children.

  134. Clinical manifestations and treatment of nephroblastoma in children .

  135. Additional methods of diagnostics of retroperitoneal space in children.

  136. Clinical picture and diagnostics of tumors of the mediastinum in children.

  137. Treatment of children with benign and malignant mediastinum tumors.

  138. Differential diagnosis of intussusceptions and dysentery

  139. Difference between X-Ray signs of acute osteomyelitis and tuberculosis ostitis

  140. What infectious diseases are in row of differential diagnosis when acute appendicitis is suspected?

  141. Differential diagnosis of pelvic acute appendicitis and salmonelloses

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