1. What plane divides the human body into superior and inferior halves? icon

1. What plane divides the human body into superior and inferior halves?




Скачати 99.03 Kb.
Назва1. What plane divides the human body into superior and inferior halves?
Дата03.08.2012
Розмір99.03 Kb.
ТипДокументи
1. /HUMAN ANATOMY/TEST TO MODULE 1.doc
2. /HUMAN ANATOMY/TESTS TO MODULE #2/23 angl.txt
3. /HUMAN ANATOMY/TESTS TO MODULE #2/24 англ.txt
4. /HUMAN ANATOMY/TESTS TO MODULE #2/31 англ.txt
5. /HUMAN ANATOMY/TESTS TO MODULE #2/32 angl.txt
6. /HUMAN ANATOMY/TESTS TO MODULE #2/37англ.txt
7. /HUMAN ANATOMY/TESTS TO MODULE #2/41 англ.txt
8. /HUMAN ANATOMY/TESTS TO MODULE #2/5 1-2 англ.txt
9. /HUMAN ANATOMY/TESTS TO MODULE #2/9-12 ЧМН англ.txt
10. /HUMAN ANATOMY/TESTS TO MODULE #2/I-VI angl.txt
11. /HUMAN ANATOMY/TESTS TO MODULE #2/Lungs.txt
12. /HUMAN ANATOMY/TESTS TO MODULE #2/Lymphatic system.txt
13. /HUMAN ANATOMY/TESTS TO MODULE #2/VII-VIII angl.txt
14. /HUMAN ANATOMY/TESTS TO MODULE #2/perineum.txt
15. /HUMAN ANATOMY/TESTS TO MODULE #2/sensory org.txt
16. /HUMAN ANATOMY/TESTS TO MODULE #2/to stomack.txt
17. /HUMAN ANATOMY/TESTS TO MODULE #2/англ ь22.txt
18. /HUMAN ANATOMY/TESTS TO MODULE #2/ь 36 англ.txt
19. /HUMAN ANATOMY/TESTS TO MODULE #2/ь 43 англ.txt
20. /HUMAN ANATOMY/TESTS TO MODULE #2/ь 45 англ.txt
21. /HUMAN ANATOMY/TESTS TO MODULE #2/ь 46 англ.txt
22. /HUMAN ANATOMY/TESTS TO MODULE #2/ь 49angl.txt
23. /HUMAN ANATOMY/TESTS TO MODULE #2/ь 50 англ.txt
24. /HUMAN ANATOMY/TESTS TO MODULE #2/ь29англ.txt
25. /HUMAN ANATOMY/TESTS TO MODULE #2/ь30 англ.txt
26. /HUMAN ANATOMY/TESTS TO MODULE #2/ь38англ.txt
27. /HUMAN ANATOMY/TESTS TO MODULE #2/ь40 англ.txt
28. /HUMAN ANATOMY/TESTS TO MODULE #2/ь42 англ.txt
29. /HUMAN ANATOMY/TESTS TO MODULE #3/72-73 англ.txt
30. /HUMAN ANATOMY/TESTS TO MODULE #3/77.txt
31. /HUMAN ANATOMY/TESTS TO MODULE #3/Arteries and veins of the lower limb.txt
32. /HUMAN ANATOMY/TESTS TO MODULE #3/Parasympathetic system.txt
33. /HUMAN ANATOMY/TESTS TO MODULE #3/ь 61 англ.txt
34. /HUMAN ANATOMY/TESTS TO MODULE #3/ь 62 англ.txt
35. /HUMAN ANATOMY/TESTS TO MODULE #3/ь 63 англ.txt
36. /HUMAN ANATOMY/TESTS TO MODULE #3/ь 65 англ.txt
37. /HUMAN ANATOMY/TESTS TO MODULE #3/ь 66 англ.txt
38. /HUMAN ANATOMY/TESTS TO MODULE #3/ь 67 англ.txt
39. /HUMAN ANATOMY/TESTS TO MODULE #3/ь 69 англ.txt
40. /HUMAN ANATOMY/TESTS TO MODULE #3/ь 70 англ.txt
41. /HUMAN ANATOMY/TESTS TO MODULE #3/ь71 англ.txt
1. What plane divides the human body into superior and inferior halves?

1. What plane divides the human body into superior and inferior halves?

A. Sagittal

B. Horizontal

C. Frontal (coronal)

2. The physician needs to obtain the lateral X-ray image of cervical region. The X-rays are directed along one of the following planes:

A. Sagittal

B. Frontal (coronal)

C. Horizontal

3. Preparing for chest X-ray, the patient was instructed to assume upright posture with his face directed anteriorly and hands hanging down along the sides of the body. The organs of thoracic cavity are placed along one of the following planes:

A. Frontal (coronal)

B. Sagittal

C. Horizontal

4. In order to obtain X-ray image in direct projection the X-ray emitter requires orientation along one of the following axes:

A. Frontal (coronal)

B. Sagittal

C. Vertical

5. X-ray test revealed 6 lumbar vertebrae. Select the proper term for this anomaly from the list below.

A. Sacralization

B. Lumbalization

C. Scoliosis

D. Lumbar lordosis

E. Thoracic kyphosis

6. Computed tomography allows layer-by-layer imaging of body tissues. What axis required for orientation of device runs along the body from top to down?

A. Frontal (coronal)

B. Sagittal

C. Vertical Frontal (coronal)

7. The patient assumed anatomical position in front of the X-ray machine. Which of the following axes will be used to direct the X-rays?

A. Sagittal Frontal (coronal)

B. Frontal (coronal)

C. Vertical

8. A 10-year-old patient exhibits meningocele (hernial protrusion of the meninges through a defect in the cranium or vertebral column) in the area of the Th12. Which of the following parts fail to fuse in this case?

A. The arch of vertebra

B. The body of vertebra

C. Intervertebral disk

D. The articular processes

E. The transverse processes

9. The patient exhibits bleeding from the carotid artery branches. In order to stop bleeding, the common carotid must be pressed against the anterior tubercle of transverse process of cervical vertebra. Select the correct answer from listed below.

A. C5

B. C3

C. C4

D. C6

E. C2

10. A 18-year-old patient complains on chest pain associated with both expiration and inspiration. Chest X-ray revealed fractures of the ribs 5 through 6 along the anterior axillary line. What parts of the ribs are most likely to be fractured?

A. Cartilaginous

B. The heads of ribs

C. The tubercles

D. The necks

E. The bodies

11. In a patient, the head injury resulted in fractured cerebral fossae of the occipital bone. What part of the bone sustained the damage?

A. The basilar

B. The squamous

C. The lateral

D. The jugular process

E. The foramen magnum

12. A 30-year-old woman complains on chest pain associated with both expiration and inspiration. Chest X-ray revealed fractures of the ribs 5 through 6 along the midaxillary line. What parts of the ribs are most likely to be fractured?

A. Cartilaginous

B. The heads of ribs

C. The bodies

D. The necks

E. The tubercles

13. What ribs are removed in order to restore or emphasize slender waist?

A. 3-4

B. 5-6

C. 7-8

D. 9-10

E. 11-12

14. Head injury resulted in fractured right occipital condyle. What part of the occipital bone is likely to be fractured?

A. The basilar

B. The squamous

C. The lateral

D. The jugular process

E. The foramen magnum

15. The cranial X-ray revealed fracture of the cranial base. The fracture line crosses both condyles. What bone has been fractured?

A. The ethmoid

B. The occipital

C. The sphenoid

D. The frontal

E. The temporal

16. The injury to the occipital region resulted in linear fracture across the groove for transverse sinus. What part of the occipital bone has been injured?

A. The left lateral

B. The right lateral

C. The basilar

D. The squamous

E. None of the listed

17. Inflammation of the tympanic mucosa (purulent middle otitis) expanded to the mastoid air cells. What wall of the tympanic cavity passed the pus into the air cells?

A. Medial

B. Anterior

C. Posterior

D. Lateral

E. Superior

18. The patient with the purulent otitis has been admitted to the ENT dept. Visual examination revealed subcutaneous phlegmon* in the area of mastoid process. Which of the walls of tympanic cavity is most likely pass the pus? (Phlegmon* is diffuse inflammation of the soft tissue due to infection).

A. Posterior

B. Anterior

C. Inferior

D. Medial

E. Superior

19After rescuing from blockage, the victim has been admitted to ER with injures to the anterolateral regions of face and the temporal region. Fracture of zygomatic arch has been diagnosed. What processes of cranial bones are likely to be injured?

19. Growing tumor of the pituitary caused enlargement and destruction of the hypophisial fossa. What cavity is affected in this case?

A. The optic canal

B. The carotid canal

C. The sphenoidal sinus

D. The tympanic cavity

E. The facial canal

20. During operation on the tympanic cavity, the surgeon reached the medial wall of it. What canal is likely to be destructed?

A. The tympanic canaliculus

B. The carotid canal

C. The musculotubal canal

D. The facial canal

E. The canaliculus for chorda tympani

21. The child has been admitted to the ENT dept with purulent inflammation of middle ear diagnosed. It was found that infection passed through the auditory tube, which resides in one of the following canals:

A. Tympanic canaliculus

B. Caroticotympanic canaliculi

C. Carotid canal

D. The canaliculus for chorda tympani

E. The musculotubal canal

22. A 5-year-old child was admitted to ENT dept with purulent inflammation of middle ear. The disease is associated with inflammation of nasopharynx. What canal of the temporal bone passed the pus to the tympanic cavity?

A. The carotid canal

B. The tympanic canaliculus

C. The musculotubal canal

D. The canaliculus for chorda tympani

E. The cariticotympanic canaliculi

23. A 54-year-old patient was admitted to neurosurgery dept. Upon admission, he complained on skin sensitivity loss in the areas of lower eyelid, lateral surface of nose and upper lip. Examination revealed inflammation of the second branch of trigeminal nerve. What foramen passes this branch?

A. The foramen spinosum

B. The foramen lacerum

C. The foramen ovale

D. The foramen rotundum

E. The superior orbital fissure

24. A 30-year-old patient, with pulpitis (inflammation of dental pulp) of the second upper molar on his record, visited physician for help about persistent headache and abundant nasal mucous secretion. The physician diagnosed pulpitis complicated with sinusitis. What sinus was affected?

A. The maxillary sinus

B. The frontal sinus

C. The sphenoidal sinus

D. The ethmoidal aircells

E. The mastoid air cells

25. In an 8-year-old child, inflammation of the middle ear expanded to the bulb of jugular vein. The condition develops in the case of thinned wall of the tympanic cavity. Which of the following walls is affected?

A. Medial

B. Superior

C. Inferior

D. Lateral

E. Anterior

26. In purulent otitis, the posterior wall of tympanic cavity has been damaged, which led to expansion of pus to the posterior cranial fossa. What is the name of wall?

A. The carotid wall

B. The membranous wall

C. The jugular wall

D. The tegmental wall

E. The mastoid wall

27. The patient with rhinitis exhibited symptoms of sphenoiditis (inflammation of sphenoidal sinus mucosa). What opening passed infection into the sinus?

A. The spheno-ethmoidal recess

B. The sphenopalatine foramen

C. The ethmoidal infundibulum

D. The ethmoidal cells

E. The hiatus semilunaris

28. The patient with rhinitis exhibited symptoms of frontal sinusitis (inflammation of rontal sinus mucosa). What opening passed infection into the sinus?

A. The hiatus semilunaris

B. The ethmoidal infundibulum

C. The sphenopalatine foramen

D. The ethmoidal cells

E. The spheno-ethmoidal recess

29. The patient complains on headache and labored nasal breathing. X-ray test confirmed the frontal sinusitis. Which of the nasal meatuses is likely to contain purulent excretion?

A. The common nasal meatus

B. The superior nasal meatus

C. The inferior nasal meatus

D. The middle nasal meatus

E. The spheno-ethmoidal recess

30. Examining the patient the ENT doctor diagnosed maxillary sinusitis. Which nasal meatus contained the pus?

A. The middle nasal meatus

B. The superior nasal meatus

C. The inferior nasal meatus

D. The common nasal meatus

E. The spheno-ethmoidal recess

31. A 28-year-old patient developed acute inflammation of nasolacrimal duct mucosa. The patient’s history reads that nasal excretions persisted for 10 days after recovery from influenza. What portion of the nasal cavity passed pathogens to the nasal cavity?

A. The middle nasal meatus

B. The frontal sinus

C. The superior nasal meatus

D. The limen nasi

E. The inferior nasal meatus

32. Injury to the eyeball resulted in suppuration of the neighboring soft tissues. What anatomical formation may cause expansion of inflammation to the middle cranial fossa?

A. The posterior ethmoidal foramen

B. The anterior ethmoidal foramen

C. The superior orbital fissure

D. The inferior orbital fissure

E. The zygomaticoorbital foramen

33. Injury to the eyeball resulted in suppuration of the soft tissues of orbit. What canal may pass the pus to the infratemporal fossa?

A. The posterior ethmoidal foramen

B. The anterior ethmoidal foramen

C. The superior orbital fissure

D. The inferior orbital fissure

E. The zygomaticoorbital foramen

34. Injury to the eyeball resulted in suppuration of the soft tissues of orbit. What canal may pass the pus to the inferior nasal meatus?

A. The posterior ethmoidal foramen

B. The anterior ethmoidal foramen

C. The superior orbital fissure

D. The inferior orbital fissure

E. The nasolacrimal canal

35. While feeding, the newborn exhibits aspiration of milk into the nasal cavity. Choose the most probable cause from the listed below:

A. Incomplete fusion of the palatal ridges (cleft palate)

B. Rightward deviation of bony nasal septum

C. Fracture of cranial base

D. Incomplete fusion of maxillary and lateral nose processes (cleft lip)

E. Leftward deviation of bony nasal septum

36. The accident victim has fracture of maxilla with the second upper premolar tooth knocked off. Which of the maxillary processes is fractured?

A. The frontal process

B. The zygomatic process

C. The palatine process

D. The alveolar process

E. The orbital process

37. The woman developed sphenoiditis (inflammation of sphenoidal sinus mucosa). Her record reads that the present status developed after influenza. What area is likely to be the source of infection expansion to the sphenoidal sinus?

A. The middle nasal meatus

B. The superior nasal meatus

C. The inferior nasal meatus

D. The limen nasi

E. The common nasal meatus

38. Injury to the eyeball resulted in suppuration of the soft tissues of orbit. What canal may pass the pus to the pterygopalatine fossa?

A. The superior orbital fissure

B. The foramen rotundum

C. The sphenopalatine foramen

D. The inferior orbital fissure

E. The zygomaticoorbital foramen

39. Injury to the eyeball resulted in suppuration of the soft tissues of orbit. What canal may pass the pus to the nasal cavity?

A. The inferior orbital fissure

B. The superior orbital fissure

C. The optic canal

D. The nasolacrimal canal

E. The zygomaticoorbital foramen

40. The patient with rhinitis developed antritis (inflammation of the maxillary sinus mucosa). The record reads that the present state resulted from the influenza. What anatomical formation is likely to pass the pathogens to the maxillary sinus?

A. The ethmoidal infundibulum

B. The hiatus semilunaris

C. The superior orbital fissure

D. The inferior orbital fissure

E. The sphenopalatine foramen

41. Injury to the eyeball resulted in suppuration of the neighboring soft tissues. What anatomical formation may cause expansion of inflammation to the middle cranial fossa?

A. The posterior ethmoidal foramen

B. The anterior ethmoidal foramen

C. The superior orbital fissure

D. The inferior orbital fissure

E. The zygomaticoorbital foramen

42. The patient with rhinitis developed frontal sinusitis (inflammation of the frontal sinus mucosa). The record reads that the present state resulted from the influenza. What anatomical formation in the middle nasal meatus is likely to pass the pathogens to the frontal sinus?

A. The ethmoidal infundibulum

B. The hiatus semilunaris

C. The superior orbital fissure

D. The sphenopalatine foramen

E. The inferior orbital fissure

43. The accident victim sustained the injury to the maxilla in the area of maxillary tuberosity. What surface of the bone was affected?

A. The nasal surface

B. The orbital surface

C. The anterior surface

D. The upper surface of the palatine process

E. The infratemporal surface

44. The patient with rhinitis developed inflammation of the pterygopalatine fossa. The record reads that the present state resulted from the influenza. What anatomical formation is likely to pass the pathogens to the fossa?

A. The ethmoidal infundibulum

B. The hiatus semilunaris

C. The sphenopalatine foramen

D. The limen nasi

E. The sphenoethmoidal recess

45. The patient was admitted with the injury to the calvaria. What sinuses are likely to be injured?

A. The sigmoid sinus

B. The superior petrosal sinus

C. The inferior petrosal sinus

D. The superior sagittal sinus

E. The inferior sagittal sinus

46. After rescuing from blockage, the victim exhibits progressing symptoms of contusion. Examination revealed numerous bruises on the head and neck and minor wounds around his face. In the postero-superior region of the head there is a large scalp wound accompanied by harsh deformity of the head contour. What bones are likely to be fractured?

A. The frontal and nasal bones

B. The ethmoid and maxilla

C. The parietal and occipital bones

D. The temporal bone and maxilla

E. The zygomatic and lacrimal bones

47. The accident victim sustained the injury to the maxilla in the area of infraorbital foramen. What surface of the bone was affected?

A. The nasal surface

B. The infratemporal surface

C. The anterior surface

D. The palatine surface

E. The orbital surface

48. Injury to the head resulted in fracture found by X-ray imaging. The fracture line crosses the foramen spinosum and foramen rotundum. What bone sustained fracture?

A. The ethmoid bone

B. The temporal bone

C. The sphenoid bone

D. The frontal bone

E. The occipital bone

49. In a patient, inflammation of the tympanic cavity became complicated with mastoiditis (inflammation of mastoid air cells mucosa). Furthermore, purulent embolization (the process or condition of becoming embolus) of the neighboring venous sinus became a concern. What sinus groove runs along the internal surface of the mastoid process?

A. The groove for superior petrosal sinus

B. The groove for transverse sinus

C. The groove for superior sagittal sinus

D. The groove for sigmoid sinus

E. The groove for inferior petrosal sinus

50. The purulent otitis resulted in destruction of the superior wall of tympanic cavity. What cranial fossa will be affected by pus?

A. The middle cranial fossa

B. The posterior cranial fossa

C. The anterior cranial fossa

D. The orbit

E. The ptrygopalatine fossa

51. The patient developed inflammation in the area of parotid gland. Through what pathway inflammation can be spread to the pterygopalatine fossa?

A. The superior orbital fissure

B. The pterygomaxillary fissure

C. The inferior orbital fissure

D. The foramen rotundum

E. The pterygoid canal

52. A newborn has malformation of the lower jaw represented by median fissure. What anatomical structure fails to fuse in this case?

A. The mandible

B. The maxillary processes

C. The palatine processes

D. The frontal processes

E. The zygomatic processes

53. In a patient, injury to the soft tissues around the sagittal suture resulted in profuse bleeding. What neighboring formation is likely to be injured?

A. The straight sinus

B. The superior petrosal sinus

C. The superior sagittal sinus

D. Inferior sagittal sinus

E. The transverse sinus

54. In a 6-year-old child, inflammation in the middle ear became complicated with purulent mastoiditis. Mastoidotomy (surgical opening of the mastoid process) is required. What neighboring sinus will be a concern during surgery?

A. The cavernous sinus

B. The superior sagittal sinus

C. The inferior sagittal sinus

D. The transverse sinus

E. The sigmoid sinus

55. A victim of car accident has been admitted to the ER. X-ray imaging revealed fracture of the bone, which occupies lateral position in the forearm. What bone is fractured?

A. The ulna

B. The radius

C. The humerus

D. The scaphoid

E. The lunate

56. Injury to the pectoral girdle resulted in fracture of flat bone. Select the correct answer.

A. The clavicle

B. The humerus

C. The ulna

D. The scapula

E. The sternum

57. Fall on outstretched arms resulted in fracture of the medial proximal portion of the bones of forearm. What anatomical formation has been injured?

A. The radial styloid process

B. The head of radius

C. The ulnar styloid process

D. The olecranon

E. The ulnar tuberosity

58. A 35-year-old woman slipped on the ground and fell down to land with outstretched arms. X-ray imaging showed fracture of the bone, which occupies medial position in the forearm. What bone has been fractured?

A. The humerus

B. The ulna

C. The radius

D. The scapula

E. The clavicle

59. In a patient, fracture in the area of the proximal epiphysis of the humerus has been diagnosed. What portion of one is subject to surgery?

A. The body

B. The anatomical neck

C. The surgical neck

D. The condyle

E. The head

60. A patient sustained fracture in the middle third of humerus. What portion of bone has been injured?

A. The head

B. The proximal epiphysis

C. The distal epiphysis

D. The shaft

E. The metaphysis

61. In the patient, the spiral fracture of humerus in the middle third has been diagnosed. What groove is damaged?

A. The intertubercular groove

B. The radial groove

C. The groove for ulnar nerve

D. The nutrient canal

E. None of the above

62. A victim of accident sustained the fracture in the area of outer surface of the right wrist joint. What is the exact location of fracture?

A. The ulnar styloid process

B. The inferior third of humerus

C. The radial styloid process

D. The capitate

E. The hamate

63. A victim of accident sustained the fracture in the area of the inner surface of left talocrural joint. What is the exact location of fracture?

A. The medial malleolus

B. Inferior third of fibula

C. The talus

D. The lateral malleolus

E. The calcaneus

64. After car accident, one of drivers was admitted to ER with deformity in the middle third of left shin. He complained on severe pain in the injured area especially on every attempt to stir a shin. Ends of fractured bone project from the wound; blood loss is increasing. What bone has been fractured?

A. The talus

B. The fibula

C. The femur

D. The patella

E. The tibia

65. Injury to leg resulted in fracture of the bone related to outer surface of the right shin. What bone has been fractured?

A. The talus

B. The tibia

C. The femur

D. The fibula

E. The calcaneus

66. A 70-year-old male patient, fall resulted in fracture of femur. What is the most typical site for fracture in this case?

A. The middle portion of shaft

B. The neck

C. The upper third

D. The lower third

E. The condyles

67. Injury to leg resulted in bone fracture in the outer lower third of shin. What bone has been fractured?

A. The fibula

B. The tibia

C. The femur

D. The talus

E. The calcaneus

68. Injury to foot resulted in fracture of the tubercle of a bone from proximal line of tarsus. What bone has been damaged?

A. The navicular

B. The cuneiform

C. The cuboid

D. The talus

E. The Calcaneus

69. A 45-year-old victim of car accident sustained bone fracture resulted from direct hit over the inner surface of middle third of shin. What portion of related bone has been fractured?

A. The distal epiphysis of fibula

B. The shaft of tibia

C. The distal epiphysis of tibia

D. The proximal epiphysis of tibia

E. The proximal epiphysis of fibula

ATHROLOGY

70. In a boxer, strong blow to the temporal region resulted in dislocation of the temporomandibular joint. What articular surfaces are likely to derange?

A. Head of mandible and the submandibular fossa

B. Coronoid process and the pterygoid fossa

C. Coronoid process and the submandibular fossa

D. Head of mandible and the mandibular fossa

E. Neck of mandible and the submandibular fossa

71. The car accident victim exhibits inability to perform forward and backward head tilts. What joint has been injured?

A. Right atlanto-axial joint

B. Atlanto-occipital joint

C. Zygapophysial joints

D. Median atlanto-axial joint

E. Left atltanto-axial joint

72. In a victim, rupture of angle of mandible with dislocation of bone fragment backwards and upwards has been diagnosed. What ligament is likely to contribute to such dislocation?

A. Sphenomandibular ligament

B. Intracapsular ligament

C. Lateral ligament

D. Stylomandibular ligament

E. The pterygomandibular ligament

73. In a small kid, fall resulted in injury to anterior fontanelle. What type of joint of skull has been injured?

A. Syndesmosis

B. Synchondrosis

C. Synostosis

D. Diarthrosis

E. Hemiarthrosis

74. A patient with dislocation in the temporomandibular joint has been admitted to ER. Diagnostic procedures revealed sprain of the cardinal ligament of joint. What ligament has affected?

A. Alar ligament

B. Lateral ligament

C. Stylomandibylar ligament

D. Ptrygomandibular ligament

E. Medial ligament

75. A 3-year-old child has been admitted to the pediatric dept, where incomplete obliteration of the anterior fontanelle has been diagnosed. By what age the anterior fontanelle is expected to obliterate?

A. By the end of the first year of life

B. Between 4th and 6th months of life

C. Between 2nd and 3rd months of life

D. By the second year of life

E. By the third year of life

76. X-ray shows damage to the bodies of lumbar vertebrae. What connective elements of the joints have been damaged?

A. The intervertebral discs and longitudinal ligaments

B. The ligamenta flava and intertransverse ligaments

C. The intertransverse and interspinous ligaments

D. The cruciate and supraspinous ligaments

E. The sacroccygeal ligaments and ligamenta flava

77. X-ray shows protrusion (hernia) of the intervertebral disc in the thoracic region. What type of joint is affected?

A. Syndesmosis

B. Diarthrosis

C. Synchondrosis

D. Hemiarthrosis

E. Synostosis

78. In a small kid, fall resulted in injury to posterior fontanelle. What type of the joints of the skull has been injured?

A. Synostosis

B. Synchondrosis

C. Syndesmosis

D. Diarthrosis

E. Hemiarthrosis

79. Examining a patient, the physician suggested meningitis. The diagnostic procedures include spinal puncture performed only between the arches of the neighboring vertebra. What ligament is punctured for these purposes?

A. Interspinous ligament

B. Iliolumbar ligament

C. Anterior longitudinal ligament

D. Posterior longitudinal ligament

E. Ligamentum flavum

80. X-ray of vertebral column shows 2 lordoses. Which of the listed are physiological?

A. Cervical and lumbar

B. Thoracic and sacral

C. Cervical and thoracic

D. Thoracic and lumbar

E. Lumbar scoliosis

81. A 3-year-old child has been admitted to the pediatric dept, where incomplete obliteration of the posterior fontanelle has been diagnosed. By what age the posterior fontanelle is expected to obliterate?

A. By the end of the first year of life

B. Between 4th and 6th months of life

C. By the second month of life

D. By the second year of life

E. By the third year of life

82. Chest X-ray revealed defect in the central portion of the intervertebral disc. What is the name of this portion?

A. Anulus pulposus

B. Nucleus fibrosus

C. Anulus fibrosus

D. Anulus flavum

E. Nucleus pulposus

83. In a patient dislocation of the shoulder joint is diagnosed. What ligament is likely to be affected?

A. Transverse scapular

B. Coracohumeral

C. Coracoacromial

D. Acromioclavicular

E. Coracoclavicular

!5. A woman visited a physician complaining of some difficulty in medial rotation (pronation) and lateral rotation (supination) of forearm. What joints are likely to be hard of moving?

84. So-called “habitual dislocation” at the shoulder joint, very often is determined by the under developing of the main elements of the joint. What are the elements?

A. Head of the humerus and glenoid cavity

B. Anatomical neck and greater tubercle

C. Surgical neck and lesser tubercle

D. Intertubercular sulcus and anatomical neck

E. Head and shaft of the humerus

85. On fracture of the radius, the plaster cast has to fixate both radio-ulnar joints (proximal and distal) because these belong to:

A. Simple joints

B. Complex joints

C. Compound joints

D. Combined joints

E. Multi-axial joints

86. On radiograph the of pelvis it is clear visible that all the three parts of the pelvic bone are separated by spaces which correspond to invisible on the film radiolucent cartilage. Up to what age the radiographs have such appearance?

A. Up to 16

B. Up to 36

C. Up to 46

D. Up to 40

E. Up to 50

87. An 18-year-old boy, at medical examination for admission to the army, was found to have the head of the talus dropped causing the flat foot. Weakness of what ligament does result in this pathological condition?

A. Dorsal cuneocuboid ligament

B. Plantar cuneocuboid ligament

C. Talonavicular ligament

D. Plantar calcaneonavicular ligament

E. Bifurcate ligament

88. In a patient suffering with diabetes mellitus the moist gangrene has developed. The partial amputation of the foot at the level of the transverse tarsal joint (Chopart’s) is necessary. What key-ligament should be cut to simplify amputation?

A. Anterior talofibular

B. Posterior talofibular

C. Long plantar

D. Bifurcate ligament

E. Talocalcaneal interosseous

89. On radiograph the all signs of the necrosis of the head of the femur are obvious. What ligament of the hip joint is likely to be injured?

A. Iliofemoral

B. Ligament of the head of the femur

C. Pubofemoral

D. Ischiofemoral

E. Zona orbicularis

MYOLOGY

90. A patient was admitted to the hospital with the knife injury of the 10th intercostal space along the right paravertebral line. Which muscle was injured?

А. External intercostal

В. Internal intercostal

С. Serratus anterior

D. Diaphragm

Е. Subclavius

91. A soldier on the army parade-ground (drill square) can not follow the command “Align!” because of some difficulty in maintaining of the strict erect posture of body. Which muscle provides such a posture?

А. Erector spinae

В. Latissimus dorsi

С. Trapezius

Д. Splenius capitis

Е. Splenius cervicis

92. A man got the knife wound of the 4th intercostal space at the level of costal cartilages (right side). What muscle is likely to be injured?

А. External intercostal

В. Internal intercostal

С. Subcostal

Д. Diaphragm

Е. Subclavius

93. A 68-year-old man suffering with the dystrophic myopathy (disease of muscle), can’t raise when lying on the back. What muscle is likely to be affected?

А. Erector spinae

В. Latissimus dorsi

С. Trapezius

Д. Rhomboid major

Е. Rhomboid minor

94. A patient complaining of painful breathing, catching of his breath, difficulty in coughing, hiccup has visited his physician. What muscle injury is manifested by all the symptoms?

А. Diaphragm

B. External intercostals

С. Internal intercostals

D. Serratus posterior inferior

E. Serratus anterior

95. A patient was seen in the surgical department with the swelling at the loin region. Lumbar hernia was established. What is the «weak point» through which the hernia protrudes?

А. Auscultation triangle

В. Lumbocostal triangle (of diaphragm)

С. Sternocostal triangle (of diaphragm)

Д. Lumbar triangle

Е. None of the above

96. A 47-year-old man has visited the physician complaining of swelling at the lower part of the back, above the iliac crest just lateral to the lower border of the latissimus dorsi muscle. Triangular in shape “weak point” corresponds to this area. A diagnosis of hernia was made. What is the hernia?

A. Indirect (oblique) inguinal

B. Direct inguinal

C. Umbilical

D. Diaphragmatic

E. Lumbar

97. In the emergency room, the patient with knife wound of the lateral surface of the neck on the left was seen. On examination, the left lateral flexion of the head is extremely painful. What muscle is likely to be affected?

A. Splenius capitis

B. Splenius cervicis

C. Trapezius

D. Rhomboid major

E. Subclavius

98. A patient complains of inability to maintain the trunk vertically. Function of what muscle is likely to be affected?

A. Latissimus dorsi

B. Erector spinae

C. Trapezius

D. Rhomboid major

E. Rhomboid minor

99. On the drill ground a soldier can’t pull himself on the horizontal bar. What muscle should be strengthened?

A. Erector spinae

B. Latissimus dorsi

C. Trapezius

D. Splenius capitis

E. Splenius cervicis

100. On medical checking up, a builder was found to have his right scapula bulging out. On dynamic examination, it was revealed that he can’t raise the right upper arm above the horizontal level. What muscles are likely to be affected?

A. Erector spinae

B. Serratus posterior superior and inferior

C. Trapezius and serratus anterior

D. Rhomboid major and minor

E. Levator scapulae and levatores costarum

101. A chronic asthmatic patient recently had a severe attack in a restaurant. It was noticed that he stood up and grabbed the tabletop and chair back to help him inspire. By grasping the table and chair, the patient was fixing his upper limbs and shoulder girdle so that he could use to better mechanical advantage his accessory muscles of inspiration. What are these muscles?

A. Pectoralis major, minor and serratus anterior

B. Serratus posterior superior and inferior

C. Intercostals external and internal

D. Trapezius and latissimus dorsi

E. Rhomboid major, minor and levator scapula

102. According to electromyography data, on forced expiration, some of autochthonous muscles of the chest work simultaneously. What are these muscles?

A. External intercostals and transversus thoracis muscles

B. Internal intercostals and transversus thoracis muscles

C. Subcostales and levatores costarum muscles

D. Erector spinae and serratus anterior muscles

E. Thoracic iliocostalis and transversospinalis muscles

103. In a gym-hall, an athlete while pulling himself on the horizontal bar felt an acute pain on the sides of the trunk. Hyperextension of what muscle does result in this symptom?

A. Erector spinae

B. Latissimus dorsi

C. Trapezius

D. Serratus posterior superior

E. Serratus anterior

104. A bodybuilder while doing the recumbent press raises the barbell into the highest position up to the chest. What muscle of listed below is undergone to the highest loading while exercise is doing?

A. Erector spinae

B. Latissimus dorsi

C. Trapezius

D. Pectoralis major

E. Serratus anterior

105. In the gym workout a man, while pulling himself up on the parallel bars, felt an acute pain in the back. The adduction and pronation of the upper limb became reduced and painful. Which muscle could be injured?

А. Levator scapulae

B. Latissimus dorsi

С. Serratus posterior superior

D. Serratus posterior inferior

E. Serratus anterior

106. Fracture of the ribs in a patient resulted in some difficulty of expiration, while inspiration remains intact. What muscles are likely to be injured?

А. Diaphragm

B. External intercostals

С. Serratus posterior superior

D. Serratus anterior

E. Internal intercostals

107. On examination, an old man was found to have a fracture of the humerus at the level of crest of the lesser tubercle. Tendon of what muscle was torn?

А. Pectoralis minor

В. Trapezius

С. Serratus anterior

D. Latissimus dorsi

Е. Rhomboid major

108. A patient experiences the catching his breath because of bronchial asthma. Inspiration is in great difficulty. To facilitate an inspiration, the patient helps to himself by fixation of the upper limbs at the table. Which muscles take part in the inspiration in such forced position?

А. Diaphragm, external intercostals

B. Pectoralis major, serratus anterior

С. Serratus posterior inferior, trapezius

D. Internal intercostals, erector spine

109. Hyperextension of the back in a sportsman resulted in fracture of the spinous processes of the upper two lumbar vertebrae. Tendon of what muscle is probably torn off?

А. Trapezius

B. Latissimus dorsi

С. Serratus posterior superior

D. Serratus posterior inferior

E. Serratus anterior

110. In a sportsman the fracture of the spinous process of 7th cervical vertebra is diagnosed. Trauma was happened after hyperextension of the neck. Tendon of what muscle was probably torn off?

А. Trapezius

B. Latissimus dorsi

С. Serratus posterior superior

D. Serratus posterior inferior

E. Pectoralis major

111. A patient complains of pain in the lumbar region. On examination, the physician supposes the straining of the lateral arcuate ligament of the diaphragm. To confirm the diagnosis, X-Ray examination was performed. What bony structures revealed by x-ray image associate with the mentioned ligament?

А. Transverse process of L2 and XII rib

B. Bodies of L1-L2 and transverse process of L2

С. Spinous processes of L2-L3

D. Sacral crest and transverse process of L5

E. Dorsum of the sacrum and sacral spine

112. As a result of the fracture of the humerus (at the level of the surgical neck) patient got difficulty in shoulder pronation. What muscles are probably injured?

А. Trapezius, rhomboid major

B. Latissimus dorsi, teres minor

С. Serratus posterior superior, inferior

D. Latissimus dorsi, teres major

E. Rhomboid major, minor

113. A 52-year-old man complaining of a swelling in the inguinal region has visited the physician. On examination, the diagnosis an indirect (oblique) inguinal hernia was made. Through what structure the hernia does enter the inguinal canal?

А. Deep inguinal ring

B. Superficial inguinal ring

С. Umbilical ring

D. Medial inguinal fossa

E. Supravesical fossa

114. A 76-year-old man is found to have a direct inguinal hernia. Through what anatomical structure of the anterior abdominal wall the direct inguinal hernia does protrude?

А. Deep inguinal ring

B. Superficial inguinal ring

С. Umbilical ring

D. Medial inguinal fossa

E. Supravesical fossa

115. A surgeon operating the indirect inguinal hernia is going to reinforce the superficial inguinal ring and he tries to approach the upper and lower margins of the ring. What structures form the upper and lower margins of the superficial inguinal ring?

А. Lateral and medial crura of the internal oblique muscle aponeurosis

В. Lateral and medial crura of the transversus abdominis muscle aponeurosis

С. Lateral and medial crura of the external oblique muscle aponeurosis

D. Lateral and medial crura of the quadratus lumborum muscle aponeurosis

Е. Lateral and medial crura of the rectus abdominis muscle aponeurosis

116. A young man was admitted to the surgical department with the penetrating wound of the abdominal cavity. To revise the abdominal viscera the wide access to abdominal cavity should be performed. Along to what line the incision is considered to be less dangerous?

А. Midclavicular line

В. Parasternal line

С. Linea alba

Д. Intercostal line

Е. Interspinous line

117. On operation because of an indirect (oblique) inguinal hernia, the plastic surgery of the inguinal canal is usually accomplished. In order to reinforce the anterior abdominal wall it is necessary to tighten the elements of the superior wall of the inguinal canal, which are the following:

А. Aponeurosis of external oblique muscle and inguinal ligament

В. Aponeurosis of internal oblique muscle and superficial abdominal fascia

С. Transverse fascia and transverse abdominal muscle

D. Lower borders of the internal oblique and transversus abdominis muscle

E. Transverse fascia and inguinal ligament

118. On examination of a 1-year-old baby, a hernial protrusion at the center of the anterior abdominal wall is found. What hernia can be suspected?

А. Femoral

B. Inguinal

С. Umbilical

D. Lumbar

E. Diaphragmatic

119. A 52-year-old man complains of swelling at the groin. On examination, the diagnosis of direct inguinal hernia was made. Through what anatomical formation the hernia emerges under the skin?

А. Lateral inguinal fossa

B.Medial inguinal fossa

С. Supravesical fossa

D. Deep inguinal ring

E. Superficial inguinal ring

120. On operation concerning the direct inguinal hernia, a surgeon is going to accomplish a plastic reconstruction of the superficial inguinal ring. What structure does form its lateral margin?

А. Intercrural fibers

В. Medial crus of the external oblique aponeurosis

С. Lateral crus of the external oblique aponeurosis

D. Reflected ligament

Е. Interfoveolar ligament

121. On surgical treatment of the direct inguinal hernia, the surgeon is going to reinforce the medial inguinal fossa. It is easy to identify position of the medial inguinal fossa taking into consideration its projection to the anterior abdominal wall. It projects to the:

А. Umbilical ring

В. Supravesical fossa

С. Lateral inguinal fossa

D. Deep inguinal ring

Е. Superficial inguinal ring

122. Surgical treatment of the indirect (oblique) inguinal hernia implies the strengthening of the deep inguinal ring. What anatomical formation the deep inguinal ring does correspond to?

А. Medial inguinal fossa

В. Lateral inguinal fossa

С. Supravesical fossa

D. Umbilical ring

Е. Superficial inguinal ring

123. On numerous fractures of the ribs or burns, to prevent a traumatic shock the vago-sympathetic blockade is usually accomplished. Anesthetic solution must be injected behind to the posterior border of the sternocleidomastoid muscle above to the inferior belly of the omohyoid. At what triangle of the neck the blockade is thus performed?

А. Omotracheal

B. Omolavicular

С. Carotid

D. Omotrapezoid

E. Submandibular

124. A 65-year-old man has visited a dentist complaining of inability to move mandible backward. It was found, that one of the muscles was affected when he felt down and hurt his head. What is the muscle?

А. Masseter

B. Temporalis

С. Lateral Pterygoid

D. Medial Pterygoid

E. Digastric

125. On examination, a patient is found to have right angle of the mouth displaced to the left side, right cheek and lips are closely pressed to the gums and teeth. What muscle is likely to be injured?

А. Buccinator

B. Risorius

С. Orbicularis oris

D. Depressor anguli oris

E. Zygomatic

126. To remove the tumor like formation of the tongue, the lingual artery should be legated. At what topographical area of the neck this manipulation is accomplished?

A. Carotid triangle

B. Pirogov's triangle

С. Submental triangle

D. Omotrapesoid triangle

E. Omotracheal triangle

127. On examination at the neurology department, the patient is found to have so-called “transverse smile” (mouth is stretched out). Patient is not able to protrude the lips forward and whistle. What muscle is most probably injured?

А. Orbicularis oris

B. Zygomaticus major

С. Buccinator

D. Orbicularis oculi

E. Masseter

128. Complicated dental caries of the inferior left premolar resulted in the purulent inflammation of the floor of the mouth. What muscles are involved into the inflammation?

А. Digastric and stylohyoid

B. Mylohyoid and geniohyoid

С. Hyoglossus and stylohyoid

D. Platysma and omolohyoid

E. Thyrohyoid and sternohyoid

129. While studying muscles, the medical student has revealed, that only one of mastication (chewing) muscles doesn’t take place in the elevation of the mandible. What is this muscle?

А. Temporalis

B. Medial pterygoid

С. Lateral pterygoid

D. Masseter (superficial head)

E. Masseter (deep head)

130. Mother saw a pediatrist with a 1-year-old baby whose head is fixed turning to the left. Which of the neck muscles is poor developed?

А. Sternocleidomastoid

B. Platysma

С. Digastric

D. Longus colli

E. Stylohyoid

131. A 35-year-old man was admitted to the surgical department with the infected wound of the neck in front to the trachea (previsceral space). There is the risk of spreading of the infection if medical aid won’t be brought in time. Where the infection can spread into?

А. Into retrovisceral space

B. Into the thoracic cage - middle mediastinum

С. Into the thoracic cage - posterior mediastinum

D. Into the thoracic cage - anterior mediastinum

E. Into the suprasternal space

132. Patient complains of painful chewing, especially while mandible moves forward and side to side movement. What muscle is mainlyaffected?

А. Masseter

B. Temporalis

С. Buccinator

D. Medial pterygoid

E. Lateral pterygoid

133. In a patient with an inflammation of the facial nerve the following symptoms are present: the wrinkles of the forehead and right nasolabial fold are smoothed, the right palpebral fissure is wider than the left one, and the right angle of the mouth sags down, while mouth is drawn leftward. Function of what muscles is lost?

А. Muscles of the facial expression

B. Muscles of mastication

С. Epicranius muscle

D. Suprahyoid muscles

E. Infrahyoid muscles

134. During a street fight, a 20-year-old man got a knife wound with an injury of the common carotid artery. At what topographical area of neck the artery is placed?

А. Omoclaviular triangle

B. Submandibular triangle

С. Omotracheal triangle

D. Omotrapezoid triangle

E. Carotid triangle

135. In a patient the paronychia (inflammation involving the fold of tissue around the fingernail) of the thumb was complicated with the phlegmon* of the palmar surface of the hand and forearm. What is the pathway through which the inflammation can spread? (Phlegmon* is diffuse inflammation of the soft tissue due to infection).

A. Common synovial sheath of the flexors

B. Synovial sheath of the digital tendons

C. Carpal canal

D. Tendineous sheath of the flexor pollicis longus

E. The radial groove of forearm

136. A patient is not able to adduct the hand after surgical operation at the wrist joint. Function of what muscles is lost?

А. Flexor digitorum superficialis and extensors carpi radialis

В. Flexor digitorum superficialis and extensors carpi ulnaris

С. Flexor carpi ulnaris and extensor carpi ulnaris

Д. Extensor carpi ulnaris and flexor carpi radialis

Е. Extensors carpi radialis longus and brevis

137. On surgical operation at the region of the extensor retinaculum, the contents of the 2nd osteofibrous canal was affected. Tendons of what muscles were injured?

А. Extensor carpi ulnaris

В. Extensor digiti minimi

С. Extensor digitorum and extensor indicis

Д. Extensor policis longus

Е. Extensor carpi radialis longus and brevis

138. Into traumatology department a patient who can not extend the elbow joint was admitted. Which muscle is likely to be affected?

А. Triceps brachii

B. Biceps brachii

С. Brachioradialis

D. Coracobrachialis

E. Brachialis

139. Patient can’t move his fingers away from the midline of the hand. Which muscles are affected?

А. Lumbricals

B. Dorsal interossei

С. Palmar interossei

D. Flexor digitorum superficialis

E. Flexor digitorum profundus

140. In a patient the paronychia (inflammation involving the fold of tissue around the fingernail) of the little finger was complicated with the phlegmon* of the palmar surface of the hand and forearm. What is the pathway through which the inflammation can spread? (Phlegmon* is diffuse inflammation of the soft tissue due to infection).

А. Common synovial sheath of the flexors

B. Tendineous sheath of the flexor pollicis longus

C. Carpal canal

D. Radial carpal canal

E. Interfacial spaces

141. Industrial trauma of a 45-year-old worker resulted in inability to extend the elbow joint. What muscles were affected?

А. Biceps brachii and anconeus

B. Brachioradialis and anconeus

С. Biceps brachii and triceps brachii

D. Triceps brachii and anconeus

E. Triceps brachii and coracobrachialis

142. On surgical operation at the region of the extensor retinaculum, the contents of the sixth osteofibrous canal was affected. Tendons of what muscles were injured?

А. Extensor carpi ulnaris

В. Extensor digiti minimi

С. Extensor digitorum and extensor indicis

Д. Extensor policis longus

Е. Extensor carpi radialis longus and brevis

143. Inflammation from the axillary cavity (armpit) can reach the root of the neck through the:

А. Triangular oprning

B. Inferior aperture (outlet) of axilla

С. Superior aperture (inlet) of axilla

D. Quadrangular opening

E. Superior opening of the radial nerve canal

144. An accident victim got a trauma of elbow with the fracture of the medial epicondyle of the humerus and damage of the nerve which passes through the groove behind the epicondyle. Name the groove.

А. Groove of musculocutaneous nerve

B. Groove of radial nerve

С. Groove of ulnar nerve

D. Groove of median nerve

E. Groove of medial cutaneous nerve of forearm

145. In a man the cut wound of the lower one third of the arm resulted in damage of the muscles which flex the forearm. What muscles are most probably were injured?

A. Deltoid and infraspinatus

B. Triceps and anconeus

C. Coracobrachialis and supraspinatus

D. Biceps and brachialis

E. Deltoid and biceps

146. A man got a stab wound of the posterior wall of the axilla. What openings for nerves and vessels passage are likely to be injured?

A. Superior aperture

B. Triangular and quadrangular

C. Greater and lesser sciatic

D. Superficial and deep inguinal

E. Suprascapular

147. A 27-year-old man was admitted to the emergency room after a motor vehicle accident. He complains of a severe pain at the knee joint and inability to extend leg. On examination, the patella is found superiorly displaced, and the knee is extremely swollen. Tendon of what muscle is likely to be injured?

А. Tibialis anterior

B. Extensor digitorum longus

С. Triceps surae

D. Peroneus longus and brevis

E. Quadriceps femoris

148. Patient has a muscular dystrophy of the anterior muscular compartment of the leg. What are these muscles?

А. Tibialis anterior, peroneus longusand brevis

B. Tibialis anterior, extensor digitorum longus, extensor hallucis longus

С. Tibialis posterior, flexor digitorum longus, flexor halucis longus

D. Peroneus longus, brevis and tertius

E. Fibularis longus, tibialis anterior, tibialis posterior

149. Sportsman got a rupture of the Achilles tendon. Which muscle is injured?

А. Triceps surae

B. Tibialis anterior

С. Tibialis posterior

D. Peroneus longus

E. Flexor digitorum longus

150. Man has a deep chopped wound of the foot on the dorsal surface of the first metatarsal bone. What muscles are damaged?

А. Extensor hallucis longus and brevis

B. Tibialis anterior and flexor hallucis longus

С. Extensor hallucis longus and flexor hallucis longus

D. Flexor hallucis longus and brevis

E. Extensor digitorum brevis and abductor hallucis

151. As a result of car accident man feels an acute pain in the ankle when he trys to extend, elevate the medial border and rotate the foot outward. Anterior surface of the ankle is swollen. Function of what muscle is more probably affected?

А. Flexor hallucis longus

B. Flexor digitorum longus

С. Tibialis anterior

D. Peroneus longus

E. Peroneus brevis

152. A patient complaining of a pain at the left inguinal region visited a physician. Diagnosis of femoral hernia was made. What are the walls of the femoral canal?

А. Superficial and deep layers of fascia lata, femoral artery

B. Superficial and deep layers of fascia lata, femoral vein

С. Inguinal ligament, superficial and deep layers of fascia lata

D. Deep layer of fascia lata, femoral vein, inguinal ligament

E. Inguinal ligament, femoral vein, superficial layer of fascia lata

153. After fall down a patient complains of inability to extend leg at the knee joint. What muscle is injured?

A. Semitendinosus

B. Semimembranosus

C. Biceps femoris

D. Triceps surae

E. Quadriceps femoris

154. On examination, in a patient the femoral hernia is revealed. Through what anatomical formation the hernial sac protrudes under the skin?

А. Adductor canal

B. Muscular lacuna

С. Saphenous opening

D. Vascular lacuna

E. Superficial inguinal ring

Схожі:

1. What plane divides the human body into superior and inferior halves? iconMore than half the sensory receptors in the human body are located

1. What plane divides the human body into superior and inferior halves? iconТема Williams P., Scharf M. P. Nato intervention on Trial: The Legal Case That Was Never Made // Human Rights Review. 2000. V. P. 103-107. Von Kohl Ch. Priority for Human Rights or for International Law? // Human Rights Review. 2000. V. P. 88-93. Тема 2
Гетьман В. “Нульовий варіант” крізь призму втрачених можливостей // Політика і час. 1996. № С. 16-20
1. What plane divides the human body into superior and inferior halves? icon38. Inferior vena cava. Veins of pelvic cavity. Portal vein. Veins of the lower limbs

1. What plane divides the human body into superior and inferior halves? iconThe superior margin of hemisphere is between following surfaces

1. What plane divides the human body into superior and inferior halves? icon25 The peritoneum !1 The superior wall of the abdominal cavity, separating it

1. What plane divides the human body into superior and inferior halves? iconWorkshop 18 Surgical anatomy of the superior level of peritoneum

1. What plane divides the human body into superior and inferior halves? iconRomboid fossa is limited to the upper part by: +Superior cerebellar peduncle

1. What plane divides the human body into superior and inferior halves? iconПрограма стажування з прав захисту людини Інституту Відкритого суспільства Оголошується прийом заяв для участі в програмі «Open Society Human Rights Internship»
Оголошується прийом заяв для участі в програмі «Open Society Human Rights Internship» (Програма стажування з прав захисту людини...
1. What plane divides the human body into superior and inferior halves? iconKey words: body mass index, motivation, obesity, physical activity. Relevance of the topic of research

1. What plane divides the human body into superior and inferior halves? icon37. The superior vena cava. Veins of the head and neck. Azygos and hemiazygos veins. Veins of the upper limbs

Додайте кнопку на своєму сайті:
Документи


База даних захищена авторським правом ©zavantag.com 2000-2013
При копіюванні матеріалу обов'язкове зазначення активного посилання відкритою для індексації.
звернутися до адміністрації
Документи