Task 1 Write it up icon

Task 1 Write it up




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TASK 27


  1. Write it up

How do movies or television influence people's behavior? Use reasons and specific examples to support your answer.


  1. Translate the following passages into Ukrainian


From the Exxon side has come this week's announcement that the company will team with Russia's state-run oil giant Rosneft at a cost of $2.2 billion in the quest for oil in the ice-laden but promising Kara Sea in the Russian Arctic. At the same time, the Texas-based big enchilada among publicly held energy companies will pony up an additional $1 billion for a similar venture with Rosneft in the Black Sea. Also, the deal will likely let Rosneft participate in Exxon-operated deepwater Gulf of Mexico activities, along with joining onshore projects in Texas. Beyond that, there's the possibility of the Russian company joining in Canada's Hibernia project, which is 33%-owned by Exxon.

As you likely suspect, Exxon is replacing BP in the arctic portion of a partnership that was announced early this year. Rosneft and BP had planned a $16 billion agreement that would have yielded a 9.5% stake in Rosneft to the London-based company, while handing a 5% interest in BP to the Russians. The unusual deal was announced a matter of days before the disclosure of an Exxon-Rosneft venture for exploration of the Black Sea.

It didn't take long, however, for BP's Russian billionaire partners in the 50-50 TNK-BP joint venture to unleash a cacophony of disgruntlement involving a claim that BP's Rosneft deal violated the terms of its 2003 venture with the Russian oligarchs. The well-heeled locals -- who operate under Alfa-Access-Renova, or AAR -- took their argument in the form of a lawsuit to London's High Court, where they succeeded in obtaining an injunction that thwarted the new combination.


  1. Find the right answer from A-D


1. I’m in charge _____ dealing with other companies.

a) for b) to c) of d) with

2. One way to _____ employees is to offer them a bonus.

a) meet b) upset c) fear d) motivate

3. The company was set ______ ten years ago.

a) on b) up c) in d) off

4. We need to take legal ______ against them for copying our products.

a) compensate b) advise c) action d) package

5. Since 2003, bosses _____ slow to handle this problem.

a) have been b) were c) are being d) are

6. Global warming will ______ to a change in the way we use energy.

a) caused b) result c) due d) lead

7. This is _______ designed than the previous model.

a) most beautifully b) more beautifully c) beautiful d) beautifully

8. Analysts were surprised to hear the company had declared itself _______.

a) sold out b) bankrupt c) fired d) fallen

9. Can you fill in this _______ form?

a) apply b) applicant c) application d) applied

10. The person at the door, _______ greeted you, is the HR manager.

a) who b) what c) where d) why

11.If we ________ him, we wouldn’t have got an answer.

a) haven’t asked b) hadn’t asked c) asked d) ask

12. Would you be interested ______ joining us for a drink?

a) for b) with c) in d) to

13. You ______ come if you don’t want to. It isn’t obligatory!

a) don’t have to b) mustn’t c) ought to d) might not

14. She _______ if he’d ever been to Spain.

a) said b) told c) told me d) asked

15. The box _______ over to warehouse on this conveyor belt.

a) is carried b) carries c) are carrying d) be carried


TASK 28


  1. Write it up


Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Television has destroyed communication among friends and family. Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.


  1. Translate the following passages into Ukrainian

The lack of hiring in the U.S. last month surprised investors. Economists were expecting 93,000 jobs to be added. Previously reported hiring figures for June and July were revised lower. The average work week declined and hourly earnings fell. The unemployment rate held steady at 9.1 percent. The rate has been above 9 percent in all but two months since May 2009.

Kleintop said the jobs report didn't change his view that the economy was headed for a stretch of weak economic growth, not a recession. He said the figures were likely skewed by unusual events that may have made employers reluctant to add jobs in August.

The Labor Department's report relies on data collected from surveys of households and businesses in the second week of August. That's right after Standard & Poor's removed the country's AAA credit rating and fears mounted that Europe's banking crisis could spread to the U.S. Television screens were filled with images of riots in London.

"I'm not surprised that businesses weren't doing too much hiring in that environment," Kleintop said.


  1. Find the right answer from A-D


1. By the end of next year, the new factory ________.

a) built b) is built c) will have been built d) will build

2. What will you need in the _______ of resources?

a) way b) route c) aim d) road

3. Let’s try to improve the team ______ with a party!

a) goal b) player c) spirit d) project

4. You don’t know what the difficulty is, ______ you?

a) are b) know c) don’t d) do

5. Regular _______ to our mobile phone services can receive big discounts.

a) employees b) subscribers c) consumers d) programmers

6. We are not willing _____ anymore funding for this.

a) providing b) provide c) to provide d) are providing

7. Let’s try to ______ an agreement before the end of today.

a) reach b) meet c) do d) take

8. That’s _____ of the question I’m afraid.

a) in b) off c) answer d) out

9. I can’t _____ the importance of more training.

a) preemphasise b) overemphasise c) interemphasise d) multiemphasise

10. ______ energies are things like wind power and solar energy.

a) Reserve b) Renewable c) Refinery d) Fuel

11. A ______ is a situation where there is only one supplier of goods or a service.

a) payment b) cartel c) brokerage d) monopoly

12. They have a 30% ______ in that company.

a) margin b) core c) stake d) profit

13. The bank is going to ______ me half of what I need.

a) lend b) borrow c) save d) raise

14. He never listens to anyone else and only does what he thinks. He’s so ______.

a) cynical b) bad-tempered c) arrogant d) considerate

15. For the ______ of these people, there is only one objective.

a) likes b) like c) likened d) likely


TASK 29

  1. Write it up


Some people prefer to live in a small town. Others prefer to live in a big city. Which place would you prefer to live in? Use specific reasons and details to support your answer.


  1. Translate the following passages into Ukrainian


The job market is even worse than the 9.1 percent unemployment rate suggests.

America's 14 million unemployed aren't competing just with each other. They must also contend with 8.8 million other people not counted as unemployed -- part-timers who want full-time work.

When consumer demand picks up, companies will likely boost the hours of their part-timers before they add jobs, economists say. It means they have room to expand without hiring.

And the unemployed will face another source of competition once the economy improves: Roughly 2.6 million people who aren't counted as unemployed because they've stopped looking for work. Once they start looking again, they'll be classified as unemployed. And the unemployment rate could rise.

Intensified competition for jobs means unemployment could exceed its historic norm of 5 percent to 6 percent for several more years. The nonpartisan Congressional Budget Office expects the rate to exceed 8 percent until 2014. The White House predicts it will average 9 percent next year, when President Barack Obama runs for re-election.



  1. Find the right answer from A-C


1. The organisational ____________ in our company is like a pyramid.

a) status b) subordinate c) hierarchy

2. If the phone rings, we’ll ____________ it.

a) avoid b) admit c) ignore

3. I like ___________ meetings where everyone is relaxed.

a) unformal b) informal c) disformal

4. Our market ____________ has fallen by 3% this year.

a) place b) share c) leader

5. I’ll meet you __________ Monday 1st.

a) on b) at c) in

6. You need to cut your spending. We’re on a really ___________ budget.

a) finance b) tight c) borrow

7. Local companies need a _____________ attitude to doing business abroad.

a) stable b) positive c) strong

8. I got my first job with the company on their graduate trainee ___________.

a) placement b) location c) scheme

9. You’ll need to _____________ an interview after you apply.

a) invite b) attend c) wait

10 After university I had to pay off my ____________.

a) debts b) accounts c) discounts

11. Many online banks are trying to protect customers from __________ and theft.

a) premiums b) claims c) fraud

12. I’ve asked three times for my money back but they still refuse to give me a ___________.

a) return b) satisfaction c) refund

13. The Just-in-time consultants say we need to reduce the ____________ in our warehouses.

a) stocks b) resources c) shares

14. All sales staff get a __________ at Christmas and it doesn’t matter how much they sell.

a) loyal b) bonus c) pay

15. ___________ people are self-employed.

a) A lot of b) A bit of c) Substantial


TASK 30


  1. Write it up

"When people succeed, it is because of hard work. Luck has nothing to do with success." Do you agree or disagree with the quotation above? Use specific reasons and examples to explain your position.

  1. Translate the following passages into Ukrainian


Former German chancellor Gerhard Schroeder on Sunday called for the creation of a "United States of Europe," saying the bloc needed a common government to avoid future economic crises.

Schroeder, a Social Democrat who ran the country from 1998 to 2005, said in an interview with Der Spiegel that European Union leaders were wrong to expect the euro to drive the bloc on its own.

"The current crisis makes it relentlessly clear that we cannot have a common currency zone without a common fiscal, economic and social policy," Schroeder said.

He added: "We will have to give up national sovereignty."

"From the European Commission, we should make a government which would be supervised by the European Parliament. And that means the United States of Europe."

Schroeder, who nurtured a close relationship with France during his leadership, welcomed an initiative launched by German Chancellor Angela Merkel and French President Nicolas Sarkozy to move toward a fiscal union in 2012.

Their proposal, which would mean giving up sovereignty over budgetary policies with the aim to shore up the 17-nation currency union, has received a lukewarm response from other euro zone countries.


  1. Find the right answer from A-D




1

Mexico has been independent ….. nearly 200 years.




A for

B on

C at

D by

2

Brasilia has been the capital city of Brazil …… 1960




A since

B at

C in

D by

3

The profit of the shop depends ……. the quality of goods sold their.




A on

B by

C in

D at

4

When a friend graduates ……. school or college, it’s a custom to give a present.




A from

B at

C by

D once

5

If I won the lottery, I ……… whatever I liked.




A will buy

B can buy

C could buy

D

6

If she ……… her umbrella, she wouldn’t have got wet.




A take

B had taken

C would take

D takes

7

……… you wear warm clothes, you will catch a cold.




A unless

B providing

C if

D if don’t

8

If I finish work early tomorrow, I ……… go the cinema.




A would

B might

C should

D will not

9

If I were you, I ……… professional advice.




A would seek

B will seek

C can seek

D sought

10

If he were more polite, he ……… more popular.




A will be

B would be

C can be

D was

11

Ann … seem very happy at the moment.




A hasn’t

B isn’t

C doesn’t

D be not

12

The water … . Can you turn it off?




A boil

B boils

C is boiling

D boiled

13

...............money shall we take with us?




A How

B How much

C How many

D ---

14

He is the headmaster's son................?




A isn't he

B doesn't he

C is he

D does he

15

I have lots of friends, but...............of them are away just now.




A either

B all

C both

D nor
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