Т. 1 A child is born with the anatomical and physiological heritage which the mankindaccumulated in the past. At the same time, a child is not the most adapted one for life among all live beings. What is necessary for child to become man? icon

Т. 1 A child is born with the anatomical and physiological heritage which the mankindaccumulated in the past. At the same time, a child is not the most adapted one for life among all live beings. What is necessary for child to become man?




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НазваТ. 1 A child is born with the anatomical and physiological heritage which the mankindaccumulated in the past. At the same time, a child is not the most adapted one for life among all live beings. What is necessary for child to become man?
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Т.1 A child is born with the anatomical and physiological heritage which the mankindaccumulated in the past. At the same time, a child is not the most adapted one for life among all live beings. What is necessary for child to become man?

A. To become an adult

B. Good nutrition

C. Bringing-up

D. Experience of living in society

E. Education


Т.2 The complex character and the long period of formation of man in society are the major questions ofthe problem of becoming man. What ensures the unity of such process?

A. Anthropogenesis

B. Anthroposociogenesis

C. Anthropologism

D. Sociogenesis

E. Phylogenesis


Т.3 In philosophy the problem of “man” is approached in many ways. One of the approaches is anthropocentrism, according to which the centre of the world is …?

A. Matter

B. Man

C. Being

D. Consciousness

E. Nature


^ Т.4 The central concept of anthropology is "man". What characterizes this concept?

A. Being distinct from everything else in the world

B. Being special biological species of live beings

C. Having ability to communicate

D. Having ancestral features

E. Having ability to be reasonable


^ Т.5 Being of a person expresses itself in many ways. What is its distinctive feature?

A. Character

B. Temperament

C. Social role

D. Moral principles

E. Spiritual (inner) life


Т.6 Such socially significant features as outlook, abilities, interests are used to characterize a man. What essence of man is described in this case?

A. That of individual

B. That of individuality

C. That of person

D. That of celebrity

E. That of leader


^ Т.7 «Life is the way of existence of albumin». Who does this definition belong to?

A. V. Lenin

B. C. Marx

C. F. Engels

D. V. Vernadsky

E. I. Pavlov


Т.8 T. Campanella aimed at the revolutionary reorientation of social relations. In which work did he express his main ideas?

A. “Utopia”

B. “The City of the Sun”

C. “Politia”

D. “Politics”

E. “State”


^ Т. 9 The meaning of human life is connected with certain values. What is their universal statement?

A. Morality

B. Science

C. Culture

D. Education

E. Bringing-up


  1. The term "global" originates from Latin. What is its translation?

  1. The Universe

  2. Universe

  3. The Solar system

D. The ball of the Earth

E. Galaxy


  1. In the history of social progress there is the theory of non-linear development. Its authors are Spengler and Danelevskiy. Who else is its coauthor?

A. A. Compte

B. A. Toynbee

C. C. Jaspers

D. E. Toffler

E. T. Campanella



  1. The number of global issues varies. What process generates global issues and promotes their solution?




  1. Scientific

  2. Cultural

C. Economic

D. Social

E. Moral




  1. Global military safety is one of the issues of the mankind. What kind of issues does it refer to?

  1. Environmental

  2. Economic

  3. Moral

D. Cultural

E. Political



  1. Global political issues should be solved with the help of ...

  1. Religious fanatism

  2. Dialogue

  3. Ideologization

D. Opposition

E. Confrontation


15. The teaching of being of the world, God, the Absolute in the world religions is the branch of religious philosophy. How is it called?

A. Ontology

B. Gnoseology

C. Logic

D. Axiology

E. Sociology


16. The economic backwardness of developing countries leads to social and cultural backwardness and influences the total population. What main tendency in demographic situation is observed in this case?


A. Population increase

B. Gerontological explosion

C. Population decrease

D. Stability

E. Population migration


17. The scientific and technical progress influences human health and consciousness negatively. What qualities in man does it favour?

  1. Moral

  2. Creative

  3. Economic

D. Humanistic

E. Intellectual


18. Progress of society has dangerous consequences for man on the genetic level. What factor influences negatively in this case?


A. Science

B. Arts

C. Industrial production

D. Robotization

E. Environment


^ 19. Being is one of the basic categories in philosophy. How is the category of "being" defined in philosophy?

A. All things

B. Objective reality

C. Everything in human life

Д. All things in existence and everything which exists

Е. Objective processes


^ 20. Organisms, structures, things, human individuals describe the world. What are they in the world?

A. Matter

B. Society

C. Being

D. Time

E. Space


21. Being has a number of forms. What is not considered to be the form of being?

A. Being of man

B. Being of the first nature

C. Being of the second nature

D. Spiritual being

E. Supernatural being


^ 22. Being of things, processes and states, in which man does not take part, is one of the forms of being. What kind of being is it?

A. Individualized

B. Objectified

C. Spiritual

D. That of the first nature

Е. That of the second nature


23. Being of man is presented by dialectics, which is the dialectic unity of body and … .

A. Consciousness

B. Emotions

C. Thinking

D. Senses (feelings)

E. Spirit


^ 24. Being of man has its initial (starting) characteristics. Which is such characteristic?

A. Natural

B. Practical

C. Social and historical

D. Spiritual and practical

E. Creative


25. Being exists and expresses itself at different levels. Such levels are microcosm, macrocosm and … .

A. Mega world

B. Nano world

С. World of atoms

D. World of man

E. World of microorganisms


^ 26. The matter has its forms of existence. Time and … are referred to them.

A. Society

B. Labour

C. Space

D. Movement

E. Rest


27. The matter has its way of existence. What does it only exist in?

A. Movement

B. Time

C. Space

D. Rest

E. Information


^ 28. The matter is one of the forms of being. How is it understood in philosophy?

A. As objectivity of consciousness

B. Objective facts

C. Material things

D. Objective reality

Е. Material processes


29. Life has various forms, in which it expresses itself. What kind of time is the life of a cell and organism is considered to be?

A. Historical

B. Chemical

C. Social

D. Biological

E. Physical


^ 30. Self-regulation and self-organization are the features of the process of movement. What systems are they characteristic of?

A. Computer

B. Social

C. Space

D. Biological

E. Economic


31. Information is one of the states of being. Its processes can be referred to material and … objects.

A. Natural

B. Public

C. Social

D. Ideal

E. Spiritual


32^ . Live substance has the characteristic features. Which one is not referred to them?

A. Self-organization

B. Self-destruction

C. Expediency

D. Self-regulation

E. Systemacy


33. Live organisms are ahead of time due to the hierarchical organization of the system of biological clock. What helps them to do this?

A. Habitat

B. Nutrition

C. Adaptation

D. Peculiarity of system

E. Self-organization


34. . Neothomism as the philosophical doctrine has its founder. Who is he?

A. Spinoza

B. Kant

C. Thomas Aquinas

D. Zenon Elias

E. Abelard


^ 35. Body movement in space describes the certain form of movement. What form of movement is it?

A. Chemical

B. Physical

C. Mechanical

D. Social

E. Historical


36. Change of properties, relations and states of objects, any interaction describes some process. What process is it?

A. Stagnation

B. Rest

C. Progress

D. Movement

E. Conservation


^ 37. Space and time do not exist as they are. What cannot they exist without?

A. Society

B. Man

C. Being

D. Matter

E. Universe


38. Social time has its characteristic features. Movement of society and … are referred to them.

A. Intermittence

B. Acceleration

C. Slowing down

D. Unevenness

E. Abnormality


^ 39. Time is presented by three kinds. They are social time, biological time and … time.

A. Physical

B. Chemical

C. Mechanical

D. Historical

E. Geographical


40. Symmetry – asymmetry, left – right are the characteristics of one kind of space. What do they describe?

А Biological space

B. Social space

C. Geographical position

D. System of coordinates

Е. Physical space


^ 41. Biological time has its initial (starting) units of measure. What is it?

A. Life of an organism

B. Life of a cell

C. Life of population

D. Metabolism

E. Change of generation


42. Appearance and disappearance of civilizations, wars, development of countries are the description of one type of time. Which one?

A. Historical

B. Physical

C. Biological

D. Social

E. Civilization


^ 43. Each type of time has its smallest initial unit of measure. What is such unit of measure for physical time?

A. Hour

B. Second

C. Historical period

D. Period of body life

E. Century


44. Space has its specific types. They are biological, social and …types.

A. Spiritual

B. Chemical

C. Material

D. Ideal

E. Physical


^ 45. Objects have qualitative and quantitative characteristics. What is height, width, size of objects characteristic of?

A. Movement

B. Space

C. Time

D. Man

E. Society


46. It is necessary for man to orientate oneself in the world. It is carried out with the help of … .

A. Science

B. Consciousness

C. Reflection of reality

D. Interaction with the nature

E. Culture


^ 47. The process of scientific cognition discloses the essence of phenomenon, conformity to natural laws, puts forward hypotheses. Which level carries out such role?

A. Initial

B. Theoretical

C. Technological

D. Empirical

E. Rational


^ 48. In scientific cognition there is the way to solve cognitive tasks, which were formulated. What is this way?

A. Method

B. Aim

C. Level

D. Essence

E. Phenomenon


49. There are the methods of scientific cognition, that reflect the most general laws of the world, which act in the nature, society, thinking. They are called … .

A. Universal

B. General

C. Special

D. Experimental

E. Cognitive


50. Cognition is the complex of processes thanks to which man receives and analyzes information about the world and oneself. Cognition should be understood as unity of information and … activity.

A. Productive

B. Practical

C. Intellectual

D. Spiritual

E. Material


51. The relationship in cognition includes the components. They are the subject, object and … .

A. Knowledge

B. Judgments

C. Notions

D. Truth

E. Practice


^ 52. What is the result of cognition?

A. Knowledge

B. Values

C. Ideals

D. Principles

E. Methods


Т.53. The result of cognition is the reproduction of the object as it is without dependency on man and his consciousness. What does it express itself in?

A. Truth

B. Delusion

C. Practice

D. Experience

E. Theory


^ Т.54 The result of cognition should determine the correspondence of activity and its results to the needs and interests of man. What is its criterion?

A. Practice

B. Theory

C. Gnoseology

D. Truth

E. Knowledge


Т.55 The universal methods of scientific cognition are used in all sciences. What sphere of knowledge generates them?

A. Ethics

B. Arts

C. Science

D. Philosophy

E. History


^ Т.56 The theoretical level of scientific cognition provides with knowledge. How is it obtained?

A. Through experiment

B. Through experience

C. Through abstract thinking

D. Through perception

E. Through sensation


Т.57 One of the means of cognition allows to trace the past of object, to have a glance at its future, to predict discoveries and give prognosis as for the process of development. What is it?

A. Experience

B. Modelling

C. Experiment

D. Practice

E. Deduction


^ Т. 58 Philosophy of religion has its history of development. Its origin and development is connected with … .

A. Western Enlightenment

B. Medieval scholasticism

C. Agnosticism

D. Eastern pluralism

Е. Western pragmatism


^ Т.59. The ancient philosophers considered and evaluated religion. What idea did they support?

A. That of agnosticism

B. That of Personalism

C. That of phenomenology

D. That of naturalism

E. That of materialism

Т. 60 The atheists of New time criticized religion. What was the character of atheism at that time?

A. Elitist

B. Indifferent

C. Humanistic

D. Skeptical

E. Naturalistic


Т. 61 «Thinking freely of religion is the responsibility of everyone», proclaimed A. Collins. He introduced the term "free-thinking" into the European culture. When was that?

A. 15th century

B. 16th century

C. 17th century

D. 18th century

Е. 19th century


^ Т.62 Atheism is one of the forms of freethinking. What is its idea?

A. Indifferent attitude to religion

B. Acknowledgement of God

C. Criticism of religion

D. Tolerance to faith

E. Dualism of faith and reason

T.63 There is a number of reasons of religion existence. The main ones are social, gnoseological and … .

A. Moral

B. Scientific

C. Cultural
^

D. Logical


E. Psychological


T. 64 There is the philosophical position which considers consciousness and body as two independent elements. Which position is this?

A. Idealism

B. Monism

C. Materialism

D. Pluralism

E. Dualism


^ T.65 Religious beliefs arise in the course of cognitive activity of man. They are characterized as … causes.

A. Cultural

B. Social

C. Gnoseological

D. Historical

E. Psychological

T. 66 The states and processes of group and social psychology favour the appearance and reproduction of religiousness. They are the reasons which are called … .

A. Culturological

B. Historical

C. Social

D. Psychological

E. Gnoseological


T. 67 Religious worldview differs from other historical types of worldview. The characteristic features of such worldview is belief in the supernatural and … .

A. Dualism of the world

B. Belief in miraculous healing

C. Belief in magic actions
^

D. Cult ceremonies


E. Belief in paradise existence


T. 68 The Evil is the blessing of the humankind. It brings up meekness, prepares people for overcoming of the evil for the sake of assertion of the divine ideals of the Good. This idea belongs to … .

A. Theology

B. Gnoseology

C. Anthropodition

D. Teodition

E. Axiology


^ 69. The first people Adam and Eve were expelled from Eden to the earth. What caused that?

A. Violation of God’s commandment

B. Eating the Forbidden fruit

C. Wish to live on the earth

D. Knowledge of the good and evil

E. Assimilation to immortal gods


^ 70. Teodition is the religious and philosophical concept. What does it analyze?

A. Expediency of existence of the Evil

B. Justification of man

C. Moral norms

D. Religious principles

E. God’s existence


71. Religious philosophy and theology have the aim and content. What is their main aim ?

A. Cognition of the world

B. Cognition of the nature

C. Cognition of miracle

D. Knowledge of God

E. Veneration of God


72. The major commandment of religion is love to one’s neighbour because man and his life are of great value. Why are they of such great value from the point of view of religion? Because man is … .

A. God’s creation

B. The purpose of life

C. The nature’s creation

D. Sinless

E. Moral


73. From the philosophical and theoretical point of view society is the social way of self-movement of the Nature as the Universe. Such self-movement of the Universe is the form of movement. Which one is it?

A. Physical

B. Chemical

C. Biological

D. Social

E. Mechanical


^ 74. In class society social antagonisms could not be solved with the help of existing regulatory mechanisms. In order to regulate the antagonisms … appeared.

A. Politics

B. Morality

C. State

D. Government

E. Law


75. The reasonably organized and purposeful activity of the large groups of people has variety of relations. Such groups of people, united by the joint (mutual) agreement, form … .

A. Country

B. State

C. Nation

D. Class

E. Society


76. The prosperity of state in "Utopia" written by T. More is possible, if the supreme leader is a morally faultless person. In which sphere of knowledge is he extremely educated?

A. Politics

B. Psychology

C. Philosophy

D. History

E. Law


^ 77. Progress of society is its industrial development, liberal democracy, market production. This idea is shared by the supporters of the … theory.

A. Formation

B. Industrial

C. Civilization

D. Informative

E. Postindustrial


78. Society is the system of historically determined forms of interaction and interrelation of people. This system forms in the process of … .

A. Communication

B. Activity

C. Practice

D. Culture

E. History


^ 79. The essence of language is expressed in its main functions. Which one gives the ability to name things and phenomena?

A. Nominative

B. Cognitive

C. Informative

D. Communicative

E. Symbolic


80. Historical process has its sense and purpose. What is the central link in determining its purpose and sense?

A. State

B. Politics

C. Leader

D. Governor

E. Man


^ 81. The peculiarity of the Ukrainian philosophy is tolerance, respectful attitude to disagreement in views. In which characteristic feature is this realized?

A. Tolerance

B. Symbolism

C. Ability to conduct dialogue

D. Anthropocentrism

E. Existentialism


^ 82. Kiev- Mogyla Academy was the first higher educational establishment

on the land of Slavs, where philosophy was studied for two years. The course of philosophy studies consisted of logic, physics and … .

A. Ethics

B. Aesthetics

C. Psychology

D. Arts

E. Metaphysics


83. Philosophy is the specific form of world view. These two notions correlate as ... .

A. Identical

B. Equal

C. Philosophy is wider than worl view

D. Worldview is wider than philosophy

E. Opposite


^ 84. The intellectual heritage of the Ukrainian philosophy includes the idea of two natures and three worlds. Who is the author of this idea?

A. A. M. Grushevskiy

B. N. Kostomarov

C. G. Skovoroda

D. P. Mogyla

E. P. Kulish


85. Each person has his/her world outlook which forms and changes throughout life.

Which structural element of outlook is the leading one in the formation of his/her scientific picture of the world?

A. Emperical

B. Theoretical

C. Everyday (routine)

D. Emotional

E. Volitional

  1. TPhilosophy as scientific knowledge has its bases. What else except logic is the base of philosophy?

A. Dialectics

B. Metaphysics

C. Arts

D. Science

E. Morality


^ 87. The famous Ukrainian philosopher G. Skovoroda created a large-scale philosophical system of ideas. What in his opinion is the result of philosophical thinking?

A. Knowledge

B. Experience

C. Wisdom

D. Life in the truth

E. Practical skills

^ 88. The central problem of G. Skovoroda’s philosophy is the problem of human happiness. What in his opinion is happiness?

A. State of euphoria

B. State of joy

C. Wealth

D. Fame

E. Peace of mind


89. The Ukrainian philosopher G. Skovoroda created the philosophical system of ideas. Its central problem is that of human happiness. How can it be attained in the philosopher’s opinion?

A. Having “beloved” work

B. Doing philosophical thinking

C. Keeping to the commandments

D. Doing good things

E. Taking care of one’s relations


90. The scientific type of world outlook is characterized by its distinctive features. Theoretical proof and ... are referred to them.

A. Practical substantiation

B. Theorem

C. Hypothesis

D. Axiom

E. Experience


91. Philosophy deals with many questions, but not all of them are its subject. What is the subject of philosophy?

A. Origin of man

B. History of society

C. Relations "man-world"

D. Relations of people in society

E. Diversity of the nature


^ 92. During the Kiev Rus period in the history of the Ukrainian philosophy the first truly philosophical work “Sermon on Law and Grace” was written. Who was its author?

A. P. Mogyla

B. I. Vyshenskiy

C. V. Monomakh

D. J. Drogobych

E. Illarion


93. Consciousness as ideal exists only in the material form of its expression. What is such form of expression of consciousness?

A. Language

B. Thinking

C. Speech

D. Reflection

E. Labour


94. There were social determinants in the history of consciousness. They are labour, communication and ... .

A. Thinking

B. Perception

C. Language

D. Music

E. Arts


95. The dialectic method is aimed at the main, the essential, the universal. It gives meaning to the internal unity of the relations of man and ... .

A. Society

B. World

C. Being

D. Consciouness

E. Worldview


96. Theoretical biology and medicine characterise interrelation of organism and environment. It expresses the relative constancy of internal organism environment. What concept describes this interrelation?

A. Homeostasis

B. Pathology

C. Norm

D. Measure

E. Sociogenesis


^ 97. The central idea of the Renaissance йpoque is humanism. What is its base?

A. the Nature

B. God

C. Man

D. Reason

E. Soul


98. Who does the idea of the “beloved” work belong to?

A. J. Drogobych

B. T. Shevchenko

C. P. Kulish

D. P. Jurkevych

E. G. Skovoroda


99. A. Camus, Marsel, J.P. Sartre and C. Jaspers shared the same philosophical base. Which philosophical idea did they express?

1. Marxism

2. Thomism

3. Personalism

4. Existentialism

5. Freudism


100. The evolutional processes favoured the qualitative shift in transition to human consciousness. What appeared in human consciousness as result of this process?

A. Sensation

B. Susceptibility

C. Thinking

D. Psychological form of reflection

E. Irritability




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