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Міністерство освіти і науки України

Сумський державний університет

Збірник вправ

з граматики англійської мови

для студентів

усіх спеціальностей

денної форми навчання


Видавництво СумДУ


Збірник вправ з граматики англійської мови / Укладачі:

Г.І. Литвиненко, О.І. Нефедченко.- Суми: Вид-во СумДУ,


Кафедра іноземних мов

Exercise 1 Insert to where necessary before the infinitive in brackets. Translate the sentences into your native language

1 He made me _____ (do) it all over again. 2 He will be able _____ (swim) very soon. 3 You ought _____ (go) today. 4 He made her _____ (repeat) the message. 5 They won’t let us _____ (leave) the Customs shed till our luggage has been examined. 6 I used _____ (smoke) forty cigarettes a day. 7 Will you help me _____ (move) the bookcase? 8 He is expected _____ (arrive) in a few days. 9 Please let me _____ (know) your decision as soon as possible. 10 He made me _____ (wait) for hours. 11 I’d like him _____ (go) to a university but I can’t make him _____ (go). 12 You seem _____ (know) this area very well. – Yes, I used _____ (live) here. 13 The kidnappers told the parents _____ (not, inform) the police, and the parents didn’t dare _____ (disobey). 14 I’m sorry _____ (disappoint) you but I can’t _____ (let) you _____ (have) any more money till the end of the month. 15 It is easy _____ (be) wise after the event. 16 Do you _____ (wish) _____ (make) a complaint? 17 We don’t _____ (want) anybody _____ (know) that we are here. 18 If you can’t _____ (remember) his number you’d better _____ (look) it up. 19 I want her _____ (learn) Esperanto; I think everybody ought _____ (know) it. 20 He is said _____ (be) the best surgeon in the country. 21 Visitors are asked _____ (not, feed) the animals. 22 He should know how _____ (use) the film projector, but if he doesn’t you had better (show) him. 23 He was made _____ (sign) a paper admitting his guilt. 24 I heard the door _____ (open) and saw a shadow _____ (move) across the floor. 25 He tried _____ (make) me _____ (believe) that he was my stepbrother. 26 As we seem _____ (have missed) the train we may as well _____ (go) back to the house. 27 I felt the house _____ (shake) with the explosion. 28 Before he let us _____ (go) he made us _____ (promise) _____ (not, tell) anyone what we had seen. 29 Would you _____ (like) _____ (come) in my car? – No, thanks, I’d rather _____ (walk). 30 I advised him _____ (ask) the bus conductor _____ (tell) him where _____ (get) off. 31 It is better _____ (put) your money in a bank than _____ (keep) it under your bed in an old stocking. 32 Did you remember _____ (give) him the money? – No, I didn’t, I still have it in my pocket; but I’ll _____ (see) him tonight and I promise _____ (not, forget) this time. 33 I saw the driver _____ (open) his window and _____ (throw) a box into the bushes. 34 That is too heavy for one person _____ (carry); let me _____ (help) you. 35 The children were made _____ (obey). 36 She was seen _____ (cross) the street and _____ (turn) round the corner. 37 I didn’t expect her _____ (marry) him. 38 They were supposed _____ (know) German well.

Exercise 2 Use the elements in brackets to complete the following sentences with Objective Infinitive construction (Complex Object). Pay attention to sentences 5 and 6 which have a Passive meaning

1 I don’t want (he/to stay). I want (he/to leave) my house and never (to come back).

2 The answer made (he/to feel) as if he had been slapped in the face.

3 I wonder if anyone saw (you/to come out) of that house. If anyone saw (you/to leave), you’ll be in trouble.

4 Robert heard (the footsteps/to die away) and (the door/to slam).

5 I’d like (this book/to publish).

6 Simon liked (everything/to keep) in perfect order.

7 His remarks sometimes make (I/to feel) uneasy. Could you be a dear and make (he/to stop) teasing me.

8 She watched (they/to disappear) and slowly went back into her house.

9 We told jokes and it made (the time /to pass).

10 For a long time I’ve been watching (he/to take over) all the important jobs in the company.

11 Julie had never known (he/to break down) so completely.

12 I saw (he/to stop) and (to look) at the house closely and (to put down) something in his notebook.

13 He knew (his son/to keep) an open mind in this matter.

14 Randolph didn’t want (his secretary/to find) those papers. They might make (she/to doubt) his loyalty to the firm.

^ Exercise 3 Paraphrase the following sentences using Objective Infinitive construction. Add appropriate subjects

Example: He went away. (to watch)

She watched him go away.

1 He came back so soon. (not to expect)

2 The woman gave out a little cry. (to hear)

3 My parents quarreled. (to hate)

4 One of the customers addressed the shop-assistant. (to hear)

5 You will be happy. (to want)

6 He said it to her face. (to hear)

7 Kate understood everything at last. (make)

8 Dave answered the phone. (to hear)

9 Now they know all about it. (to let)

10 The translation will be finished soon. (to expect)

11 He is the best singer we’ve heard yet. (to consider)

12 The doctor agreed with what he said. (to hear)

13 He’ll be imprisoned for life. (to expect)

14 He was always so helpful. (to think)

15 Nick took a deep breath. (to hear)

16 They returned home early that night. (to see)

17 Someone came in. (not to hear)

18 He’ll write more often, I promise. (to make)

19 Eric laughed indulgently. (to hear)

20 She’ll be absent for another week. (to expect)

^ Exercise 4 Paraphrase the following sentences using Complex Objects with ing-forms

Example: Look! There’s Tony. He’s waiting for someone.

We saw Tony waiting for someone.

1 Something’s burning in the kitchen.

2 Look! There’s Ann. She’s waving at us.

3 Look! It’s Bill. Why is he kicking that dog?

4 Listen! That’s Rose. She’s practising. She’s having a contest tomorrow.

5 Look! That’s Ben. He’s jogging.

6 Listen! Our neighbours are shouting at each other again.

7 Look! Someone’s breaking out of the jail!

8 Listen! Someone’s tramping in the hall.

9 Listen! That’s your sister. She’s asking you to come home.

10 Look! It’s Leslie. He is still revising for his exam. He is always sitting up late.

11 She is reading a fairy-tale to her children.

12 Look! Those schoolchildren are having a break.

13 Listen! Someone’s knocking at the door.

14 Look! They are trying to catch our neighbour’s cat. It has run away again.

^ Exercise 5 Complete the story with ing-forms

smoking (2) getting drinking having (2) wanting taking staying eating gaining telling going (2) being (2) shopping avoiding

Day1. I quit __________! This was the first day of the rest of my life as a non-smoker. __________ through the day wasn't too difficult. I quit __________ coffee today too, and I think that helped. I used to enjoy __________ a cigarette with a cup of coffee in the morning.

DAY 3. Today was harder. I called Dinah and admitted __________ to smoke. She advised __________ deep breaths and __________ busy. That worked. I have to resist __________ too much. __________ five pounds isn't a big deal, but I don't want to gain more than that.

Day 5. I got through the workweek __________smoke free. My boss keeps __________ me, "You can do it." I really appreciate __________ her support. I miss __________, but I don't miss __________ outside in the cold just to smoke. I also don't mind __________ holes in my clothes!

Day 7. Dinah suggested __________ out to dinner, but I can't risk __________ around smokers . . . Instead, we went __________ and I bought a shirt with the money I saved during my first week as a non-smoker.

Exercise 6 Look at the website. Finish it with the following words. Then read it attentively. What does the Student Council do? Does your school have a Student Council? Is student government useful? Have you ever been a member of a student government? Read the information on the website. Complete the text with ing-forms of the given verbs and the appropriate prepositions where necessary

to complain to visit to make to help to create to develop to see to improve to solve to communicate to provide to get to sit to meet to organize

at for to in of


Thank you __________ the Student Council webpage. The Council represents all students at Taylor. If you are a Taylor College student, you are already a member! Now is the time to think __________ involved and __________ a difference.

^ What does the Student Council do?

The Council is responsible _____

– __________ communication between the students and the administration

– __________ to improve student-faculty relationships

– __________ social events

– __________ ways (such as this website) for students to share information

– __________ committees __________ services

^ Why should you get active?

Because you

– have ideas __________ important issues

– are good __________ (and love to do it)

– are sick __________ around and __________

– are interested __________ other students, speakers, and faculty

^ Check out the links.

Then come to the meeting on October 23rd in Buford Hall. We look forward __________ you there!

Exercise 7 Read the Student Council petition to the president of the College. Complete it with the ing-forms of the given verbs and the necessary prepositions from the list where necessary

to develop to have (2) to improve to find

to increase to have to make

at to in with on

We are concerned __________ Internet access at our College. Times are changing. With Wi-Fi (for Wireless Fidelity, or a wireless Internet connection), students can get on the Internet anywhere on campus. Many schools have succeeded __________ their campuses completely wireless. Taylor College has been slow __________ this technology, but it is becoming more necessary. Taylor College instructors are putting more and more course material online. With only a few Wi-Fi areas, busy students cannot count __________ a place to connect when they have the time to work on course material. __________ more Wi-Fi areas, the college will make education more efficient. We are asking the administration to consider __________ the number of "hotspots" for wireless connections. We look forward __________a completely wireless campus in the next few years.

^ Exercise 8 Combine the following pairs of sentences to make statements about school life. Use the prepositions in parentheses plus ing-forms

1 You can't walk on campus late at night. You have to worry about your safety. (without)


2 We can make changes. We can tell the administration about our concerns. (by)


3 The administration can help. It can listen to our concerns. (by)


4 In some cases, students just complain. They don't make suggestions for improvements. (instead of)


5 Students get annoyed with some teachers. Some teachers don't come to class on time. (for)


6 You can improve your grades. Study regularly. (by)


7 We're proud of our school. It has the latest computer technology. (for)


8 Students should learn about issues. Then they'll vote for the next Student Council president. (before)


9 You have great ideas. Those ideas could solve some problems on campus. (for)


10 Our school has been slow. It hasn't improved food services. (at)


11 Martha is happy. She's running for Student Council. (about)


^ Exercise 9 Read this entry in a personal diary. Underline all the verb + infinitive and the verb + object + infinitive combinations. Translate the text

Annie advised me to join a club or take a class, and I finally did it! / decided to join the school's Outdoor Adventure Club, and I went to my first meeting last night. I'm really excited about this. The club is planning a hiking trip next weekend. I definitely want to go. I hope it won t be too hard for my first adventure. Last night they also decided to go rafting in the spring. At first I didn't want to sign up, but the leader was so nice. He urged me not to miss this trip, so I put my name on the list. After the meeting, a group of people asked me to go out with them. We went to a coffee shop and talked for hours. We, I hoped to make some new friends when I joined this club, but I didn’t expect everyone to be so friendly. I'm glad Annie persuaded me not to give up.

Exercise 10 What do you think multi-use means? What can you use a camera phone for? Read the magazine article and complete it with the infinitives from the list

to meet to predict to send to call to listen to get to plan to store to take to have to e-mail to watch to play to imagine to organize to surf

^ Multi-Use Technology: When 1+1=more than 2

You can use it __________ instant pictures home to your family. You can use it __________ your friends. But a camera phone is so much more than just a camera plus phone! When the first model came out in 2000, some people (like me) thought, "Why do I need it?" Now, millions of people around the world ask, "How did I live without one?"

Megan uses hers __________ instant advice on shopping trips. "If I'm shopping for a new sweater, and my friends aren't with me, I take a few pictures, send them, and ask, 'Which one?'"

Carlos, a student, uses his __________ everything in his busy life. "I use the calendar __________ my week, and I use the address book __________ phone numbers and e-mail addresses." In school he uses it __________ pictures of the teacher's notes on the board.

Marie-Catherine is a TV journalist. "Sometimes I see something interesting, but I don't have a camera or video crew with me. But I always have my camera phone. I can instantly send my story with a photo or video in order __________ my deadline.

Many people, like Omar, use the camera phone just __________ fun. "I use it __________ the Internet, __________ my friends, __________ to music, __________ videos, and __________ games."

For work or for play, camera phones have changed our lives. What will the newest technology bring? It's hard __________. But one thing is certain: It will be faster and smaller. And, as always, people will find uses for it that are difficult __________ today.

Exercise 11 Do you always find excuses not to do certain things? If you answered "yes, "you are a procrastinator. What types of things do you put off doing? Why do you procrastinate? Read the excerpt from a magazine article about procrastinating. Complete it with infinitives or ing-forms of the verb from the list below

to finish to spend to tell to study to get to make to put off to procrastinate to put off to have to do (3) to start to avoid to feel to procrastinate to wait

^ Stop procrastinating – now!

It's a beautiful day. Eva doesn't feel like __________ it at the library. She goes to the park instead. She keeps __________ herself she'll work better the next day.

Todd planned __________ an appointment with the dentist, but he decided __________ another week, or maybe two.

Procrastinating – __________ until tomorrow things you need __________ today – is a universal problem. College students are famous for__________, but we all do it sometimes. What causes people __________ important tasks? Read what the experts say.

unpleasant tasks • It's not always fun __________ a lot of the things on our To Do lists. Most people prefer __________ enjoyable things.

poor time management • __________ too little time for a task is discouraging. It's hard __________ started on a project when you feel that you can't finish it.

fear • An important test can make you feel so nervous that you put off __________.

perfectionism • The belief that you must do a perfect job can prevent you from __________ or __________ a task.

As you can see, people often procrastinate because they want __________ bad feelings. But procrastinators end up __________ even worse because of their procrastination. The only solution: stop __________. Now!

^ Exercise 12 Complete these sentences with an appropriate preposition and verb form

1 Alice isn’t interested _____ (look) __________ for a new job.

2 Henry is excited _____ (leave) __________ for India.

3 You are capable _____ (do) __________ better work.

4 I have no excuse _____ (be) __________ late.

5 I’m accustomed _____ (have) ___________ a big breakfast.

6 The rain prevented us _____ (complete) __________ the work.

7 Fred is always complaining _____ (have) __________ a headache.

8 Instead _____ (study) __________, Margaret went to a ballgame with some of the friends.

9 Thank you _____ (help) __________ me carry my suitcases.

10 Mrs. Grant insisted _____ (know) __________ The whole truth.

11 I believe _____ (be) __________ honest at all times.

12 You should take advantage _____ (live) __________ here.

13 Fatima had a good reason _____ (go, not) __________ to class yesterday.

14. Everyone in the neighbourhood participated _____ (search) __________ for the lost child.

15 I apologized to Yoko _____ (make) __________ her wait for me.

16 The weather is terrible tonight. I don’t blame you _____ (want, not) __________ to go to the meeting.

17 Who is responsible _____ (wash) __________ and (dry) __________ the dishes after dinner?

18 In addition _____ (go) __________ to school full time, Spiro has a part-time job.

19 I stopped the child _____ (run) __________ into the street.

20 Where should we go for dinner tonight? Would you object _____ (go) __________ to an Italian restaurant?

21 The major made another public statement for the purpose _____ (clarify) __________ the new tax proposal.

22 The thief was accused _____ (steal) __________ a woman’s purse.

23 The jury found Mr. Adams guilty _____ (take) __________ money from the company he worked for and (keep) __________ it for himself.

24 Larry isn’t used _____ (wear) __________ a suit and tie every day.

25 I’m going to visit my family during the school vacation. I’m looking forward _____ (eat) __________ my mother’s cooking and (sleep) __________ in my own bed.

^ Exercise 13 Using the words in parentheses, complete the sentences

1 Kostas went to bed instead _______________ (finish)

2 I thanked my friend _______________ (lend)

3 I’m excited _______________ (go)

4 I’m not accustomed _______________ (live)

5 Omar didn’t feel good. He complained _______________ (have)

6 I don’t blame you _______________ (want, not)

7 I have a good reason _______________ (be)

8 It’s getting late. I’m worried _______________ (miss)

9 I’m interested _______________ (find out about)

10 I’m thinking _______________ (go)

11 I apologized to my friend _______________ (be)

12 I am/am not used _______________ (drive)

13 Nothing can stop me _______________ (go)

14 In that office, who is responsible _______________ (take care of)

15 I look forward _______________ (go)

16 The thief was guilty _______________ (steal)

17 Sonya has two jobs. In addition _______________ (work)

18 Please forgive me _______________ (write, not)

19 Sarah is an honest person. She’s not capable _______________ (tell)

20 Ill health keeps my grandfather _______________ (travel)

^ Exercise 14 Give answers to the question, using ing-forms as the objects of prepositions

Example: Your friend was late. Did she apologize?

Yes, she apologized/no, she didn’t apologize for being late

1 You were late for class yesterday. Did you have a good excuse?

2 You are going to Kyiv to visit your friends this weekend. Are you looking forward to that?

3 Lena picked up your pen when you dropped it. Did you thank her?

4 You’re living in a cold/warm climate. Are you accustomed to that?

5 You’re going to the Crimea for a vacation. Are you excited?

6 You interrupted the teacher while she was speaking. Did you apologize?

7 The students in the class did pantomimes. Did all of them participate?

8 Someone broke the window. Do you know who is responsible?

9 Americans usually have their biggest meal in the evening. Are you used to doing that?

10 The weather is hot/cold. What does that prevent you from doing?

11 Your sister has to do a lot of homework. Does he complain?

12 He didn’t study grammar last night. What did he do instead?

13 You studied last night. What did you do in addition?

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