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ENERGY MANAGEMENT AS CONSTITUENT OF ENERGY SAVING
Natalya Bunkovska, Dr. Oleksiy Lytvynenko
Sumy State University, Ukraine
The increase of power efficiency in some joint-stock company is a key moment in the decline of unit, modernization of production and diminishment of the negative influencing of activity of industrial enterprise cost on a surrounding atmosphere.
It is needed to manage by energy saving, as well as some other technological process. A power management answers this purpose.
Energy management, it is determined, how integration process, by which the professionally prepared specialists of energy form and manage on an enterprise activity of different structures with the purpose of optimization of acquisition and use of power resources. A power management is component part of general management in the general structure of management by an enterprise. Such statement of a question speaks about what this touches all links of enterprise.
One of above all directions in this work is achievement of control above energy consumption and financial means directed on the purchase of energy resources on the basis of budget (budgeting). Introduction of this principle on an enterprise will allow on an early stage to expose the untaken into account charges and adopt necessary facilities to their removal, set the current type of energy consumption, define periods, when a type changes, in number to estimate the economy attained due to energy saving measures and great deal other.
A budget on the expense of power mediums must be set both on a factory on the whole and for separate subsections, that through budgeting must be carried out. A weekly power report is the analysis of energy using for previous weeks shows deviation from the information stopped up in a budget. Analytical information appears as diagrams, graphs, tables which show a difference between operating and expected energy consumption.
On enterprises subsections are created, activity of which consists in drafting of energy balance, conducting of FEATHERS of measuring necessary for the analysis of efficiency of energy consumption, and also in development and introduction of energy saving measures.
From energy saving realization of Energy management for the cutback of spending of enterprise on making of products through the cost cutting on power resources is the above all task of subsection
Thus such saving of energy resources on an enterprise in a main measure depends on activity of subsections which carry out a Energy management policy.
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