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INFORMATION SYSTEM FOR MONITORING THE CONDITION OF TERRITORIAL-PRODUCTION SYSTEMS IN TERMS OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
Anastasiia Savytska, Dmytro Arbuzin
PE “Adanit-service”,Kyiv, Ukraine;
National technical university of Ukraine “Kiev polytechnical institute”, Ukraine
Currently, Ukraine is undergoing reforms, its economy is unstable, processes that occur in it, threaten the safe operation of certain territories, state and society in general. The transition to sustainable development (SD) of the state is possible only by ensuring SD of all its regions, which envisages formation effective spatial structure of national economy with balancing the interests of all regions. Problems that are solved in each region, to a great extent should comply with a national objective, but considering local peculiarities. It implies the need for target monitoring and comparative analysis of many factors and indicators in developing and implementing strategies and tactics for sustainable development (SD) of regions. That’s why the current practice of regional analysis requires development methodological provisions of creation information-analytical system of monitoring indexes-indicators of ecologically sustainable regional development.
To date, to assess SD of international community more than 1 thousand indexes were developed, which are rather difficult to make decisions, assess the sustainable development of territories [1, 2]. Overall development of criteria and indicators of SD is carried out using two main approaches:
Unification is usually based on three groups of indicators: ecological-economic, ecological and socio-economic and environmental.
One of the main components of this system is to create a database (DB). The main cause of a natural occurrence database concept is the desire to increase the flexibility of automated information systems, ie make them less dependent on changes in requirements for automated information systems (AIS) with information processing and more suitable for further development and modification.
Above all, it’s necessary to declare the main ideas underlying the concept of database:
1. To isolate any application from the impact of changes in other applications through shared data by distinguishing logical records used by applications from the results that actually(physically) stored on magnetic media.
2. To Eliminate redundant data duplication.
3. To Centralize data management.
Thus, the essence of the concept of database is integrated conservation and differentiated applications using all the information about the objects of the data domain, which represent a particular interest for the organization. Under such conditions, on the one hand, data presentation formats are described in a logic (obvious) level for each program, but on the other hand, all other data that stored in the database and have no connection to a certain application, is "transparent" for it. This means that the application does not feel their presence.
Thus, all data is placed in the same repository. AIS users are able to apply to any data that interest them. The same data can be in different combinations and presented differently according to users’ needs. This is achieved by immersion of the database in a special software environment, that performs the access of functions and data structures transformation, which is called database management system (DBMS).
So, it’s not difficult to notice that the use of DB and DBMS to create large powerful AIS, which include a large number of interconnected applications, definitely gives significant advantages compared with the same variations of creation AIS based on file systems.
To develop a well-built, centralized information-analytical system of decision making, firstly, it’s necessary to design a global database, which has to include as many factors, indicators, indices, etc. as possible, which relate to sustainable development of Ukraine regions. Such database must be programmatically flexible and a universal structure, that allows easily to manipulate data.
It is suggested to be developed via “Microsoft SQL Server 2008”, as this software environment allows using a number of required processing and storage methods.
To provide the functionality of the database it must be developed:
1) A set of functions:
2) Mathematical tools:
3) User Interface:
In our view, it is possible to realize all this by the means of environment programming “Microsoft Visual Studio 2008”, by using C# programming language. “Microsoft Visual Studio 2008” and “Microsoft SQL Server 2008” have extremely good compatibility and allow the programmer to work with them easily.
Based on the development and implementation of information-analytical sustainable development system of Ukraine, it will be able to try various computer -mathematical models, aimed at an objective and complex assessment of the effectiveness of Ukraine regional development in various fields.
1. World Bank. World Development Report, 1993. – Washington D.C.: World Bank, 1993 – 175 p.
2. Indicators of Sustainable Development: Guidelines and Methodologies. – New York: UN, 2001. – 319 p.
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