Ректор ________ С.В. Савченко
«_____» _______________ 2012 р.
фахового вступного випробування
спеціальність 8.02030302 „Мова та література (англійська)”
освітньо-кваліфікаційний рівень „магістр ”
The Notion of General Linguistics: Subject Matter of Research, Main Methods of Research, Structure of Scientific Field.
General Linguistics from Historical Perspective: Main Stages of Development, Major Outcomes for Language Investigation.
Comparative Linguistics (based on the notions of “language families”, “language tree”, “wave theory of language”).
The Theory of the Semantic Field: Common Semantic Denominator.
Interconnection and Cross-Influence of Languages (Contact Linguistics).
The Work of Ferdinand de Saussure and its Contribution to the Formation of Structural Linguistics.
Language. Language vs Dialect, Accent, Register.
The Structure of Language.
Morphemic Level of Language. Morpheme as the Smallest Unit of Grammatical Analysis.
The Concept of Meaning in Linguistics (based on the Notion of Semantics). Types of Meaning.
Language, Culture and Thought: the Interconnection (based on Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis of Relativity).
New Directions of Language Study: Pragmatics.
Compound and Comparative Methods of Research in Linguistics: their Practical Application.
Structural Typology: Language as a Subject of Typological Investigation.
Language Classifications: Genealogical, Areal, Typological Classifications.
Language Hierarchy: Phonological, Morphological, Lexical Systems of Language.
Morphological System of Language: the word (definition). Morphological structure of the word. Types of morphemes; synthetic, analytical and suppletive grammatical forms.
Grammatical Categories of Number, Case, Gender, Tense, Voice, Modality and their Typological Constants.
Types of linguistic oppositions. Explicit grammatical categories and implicit lexico-grammatical categories.
Criteria for classification of words into parts of speech. The Noun and its categories. The problem of the number of cases in Modern English.
The Verb (general characteristics and classification). The category of tense.
The Verb. The categories of aspect and voice. Lexico-grammatical means of expressing aspectuality in Modern English.
Syntactical System of Language: Word Combinations, Sentences, Texts, Discourses.
Lexical System of Language: Types of Word Meaning – Lexical / Grammatical Meanings, Denotational / Connotational Components of Lexical Meaning, Implicational Meaning.
Referential and Functional Approaches to Meaning.
Broadening (Generalization) and Narrowing (Specialization) of Meaning.
Word-building. Affixation (Prefixation, Suffixation).
Composition. Ways of forming compound words. Classification of English Compound.
Conversion. Criteria of Semantic Derivation. Substantivation of adjectives.
Abbreviations. Graphical abbreviations. Initial abbreviations. Abbreviations of words.
Secondary ways of word-building.
Language Ontology: Ontological Properties of language.
Principles of Paradigmatic Analysis. J. Trier and his semantic field theory.
Principles of Syntagmatic Analysis. Main factors for establishing syntagmatic relations and their types.
Cognitive Semantics. Semantic Paradigm of a Lexical Unit
Functional approach to language study. The mechanism of language making.
Stylistics as a branch of general linguistics. Types of stylistics and fields of investigation. The connection of stylistics with other branches of linguistics.
Main stylistic notions: style, norm, form, text, context, speech, writing, expressive means, stylistic devices, image.
General considerations about functional styles.
The notion of transposition of parts of speech.
Lexical stylistic devices. Figures of quantity: hyperbole, meiosis (litotes). Figures of quality: metonymy (synecdoche, periphrasis, euphemism); metaphor (antonomasia, personification, allegory, epithet); irony.
Stylistic semasiology. Figures of combination. Figures of identity: simile, synonyms. Figures of contrast: oxymoron, antithesis. Figures of inequality: climax, anticlimax, zeugma, pun.
Stylistic syntax. Syntactic stylistic devices.
Semantic changes. Types of semantic changes.
Phraseology. Ways of forming phraseological units.
Borrowings. Classification of borrowings according to the borrowed aspect. Classification of borrowings according to the degree of assimilation. Classification of borrowings according to the language from which they were borrowed. Etymological doublets.
Polysemy. Homonyms. Classifications of homonyms. Synonyms. Antonyms.
Archaisms. Neologisms. Lexicography.
New trends in language study: cognitive, communicative, contact, cross-cultural linguistics, discourse study.
Three periods of Shakespeare’s literary activities.
English drama after the Second World War.
The Victorian Age of English literature. General characteristics.
Sentimentalism. General description.
English romances of the Medieval literature (XI-XVI c.).
General characteristics of Renaissance.
Drama of the Renaissance period (Ch. Marlowe, popular plays).
Literature of the 1920-1945. modernism and its alternatives.
The turn of the century literature (1880-1920).
The “Romantic” fiction of the XIX c.
J. Swift “Gulliver’s Travels”.
Eighteenth-century literature (1690-1780). General description.
The Anglo-Saxon literature. Genres and stylistic peculiarities.
English romanticism. General description.
The Anglo-Norman period of the XI-XIV c. general description of the literary process.
G. Chaucer “The Canterbury Tales”.
The beginning of the novel (D. Defoe, S. Richardson, H. Fielding).
The “Satanic” school.
J. Milton “Paradise Lost” within a scope of Puritan literature.
British “Colonial Expansion” writers (R. Kipling, J. Conrad, S. Maugham).
Elizabethan poetry (E. Spencer, Ph. Sidney, W. Shakespeare).
W.M. Thackeray “Vanity Fair”, a novel without hero.
English Satirical literature of the XVIII c.
D. Defoe and his literary activities. “Robinson Crusoe” – problems, ideas.
The Victorian novel. Ch. Dickens and his books.
Information gap activities.
Requirements of good teaching
Praise. Effective and ineffective praise.
What is the aim of teaching English at school?
Introducing new language.
Introducing new grammar material.
What is a lockstep?
What is dicto-comp?
Methods of teaching.
Rapport. How can teachers establish rapport?
Teaching of receptive skills.
Techniques the teacher can use to correct students' mistakes.
Texts for reading. Authentic texts.
Pair and group work. Activities, can be used for pair and group work.
Individual work. Activities, which can be used for individual work.
Writing journals or dialogue journals.
Oral communicative activities.
How can the teacher develop students unprepared speech abilities?
How can the teacher develop students speaking abilities in monologues?
Written communicative activities.
Глова атестаційної комісії І.М. Карпенко