Харківська національна академія міського господарства тестові завдання з англійської мови icon

Харківська національна академія міського господарства тестові завдання з англійської мови




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МІНІСТЕРСТВО ОСВІТИ І НАУКИ УКРАЇНИ


ХАРКІВСЬКА НАЦІОНАЛЬНА АКАДЕМІЯ МІСЬКОГО ГОСПОДАРСТВА


ТЕСТОВІ ЗАВДАННЯ

з англійської мови


(для студентів 1-2 курсів за спеціальностями 6.070800 «Екологія та охорона навколишнього середовища», 6.092600 «Водопостачання та водовідведення», 6.092100 «Теплогазопостачання та вентиляція»)


Харків – ХНАМГ – 2006

Тестові завдання з англійської мови (для студентів 1-2 курсів за спеціальностями 6.070800 «Екологія та охорона навколишнього середовища», 6.092600 «Водопостачання та водовідведення», 6.092100 «Теплогазопостачання та вентиляція»). Укладач: Маматова Н.В. – Харків: ХНАМГ, 2006. – 47 с.


Укладач: Н.В. Маматова


Рецензент: О.В. Маматова


Рекомендовано кафедрою іноземних мов,

протокол №5 від 24 січня 2006 р.


INTRODUCTION


These tests are to change the attitudes of both teachers and students to classroom activities.

The teacher who brings these tests into the study is not depriving the students of language practice, but is, instead, providing a richer context for such practice.


The course consists of 10 Practice Tests. Each Practice Test contains the following:


* The test in modern English Grammar and the vocabulary


* Reading followed by a number of questions.


When teachers use texts for reading, they are often too concerned with what was written at the expense of how.


Reading in any language is an affective as well as a cognitive process. The teacher’s role is not that of corrector or judge, but rather that of enabler. The teacher assists with language, error, but should not replace the student’s perceptions with his or her own.

^ PRACTICE TEST 1

Part A

STRUCTURE AND WRITTEN EXPRESSION


Directions: In this part each problem consists of an incomplete sentence. Below the sentence are four choices marked (A), (B), (C) and (D). You should find the one choice which best completes the sentence.


  1. This test is designed to be a first course for the … ecologist or engineering student, as well as a reference for those more experienced with integration of environment and development in decision-making.

(A) learned (C) expert

(B) skilled (D) novice


  1. It seems a shame that so many animal species are … out.

(A) fading (C) dying

(B) passing (D) wiping


  1. Scientists cannot account … the disappearance of the dinosaurs.

(A) with (C) for

(B) on (D) about


  1. Dinosaurs are thought to … millions of years ago.

(A) died out (C) having died out

(B) have died out (D) dying out


  1. Nowadays the red squirrel is mainly confined … Scotсh pine woods.

(A) by (C) at

(B) in (D) to


6. Are marsupials peculiar … Australia, or are they found elsewhere?

(A) from (C) for

(B) to (D) of


7. What is the … difference between a butterfly and a moth?

(A) precise (C) correct

(B) accurate (D) very

8. Baby kangaroos are very small – only 3 centimetres … .

(A) tall (C) wide

(B) broad (D) long


9. Animals such as the hippopotamus, the tiger, and the rhino are very popular to see at zoos, but these and about 2000 other large animals are in danger of disappearing … from the wild.

(A) ever (C) forever

(B) never (D) not ever


10. The large number of species existing in the world is very interesting to study, beautiful to look at, but also very useful for our civilization if we use them ... .

(A) wisely (C) unbelievably

(B) unduly (D) uncertainly


^ Part B

reading comprehension


Directions: After reading the passage, choose the best answer to each question. Answer all questions following the passage on the basis of what is stated or implied in the passage.


Questions 1-10 refer to the following passage.


As viewed from space, the Earth’s distinguishing characteristics are its blue waters and white clouds. Enveloped by an ocean of air consisting of 78 per cent of nitrogen and 21 per cent of oxygen, the planet is the only one in our Solar System known to harbour life, circling the Sun at an average distance of 149 million km (93 million miles). The Earth is the third planet from the Sun and the fifth largest planet in the Solar System.

Its rapid spin and molten nickel-iron core give rise to an extensive magnetic field which, coupled with the atmosphere, shields us from nearly all of the harmful radiation coming from the Sun and other stars. Most meteors burn up in the Earth’s atmosphere before they can strike the surface. The planet’s active geological processes have left no evidence of the ancient pelting it almost certainly received soon after it was formed.

The Earth has a single natural satellite - the Moon.

1. Approximately how much of the Earth’s atmosphere is nitrogen?

(A) One-third

(B) One-fourth

(C) Three-fourths

(D) All of it


2. Which of the following helps to create the Earth’s magnetic field?

(A) Its blue waters

(B) Its nitrogen atmosphere

(C) Its molten metal core

(D) Its white clouds


3. What two factors help to protect the Earth from radiation?

(A) Magnetic field and atmosphere

(B) Rapid spin and molten iron-nickel core

(C) The Sun and the Moon

(D) Blue waters and white clouds


4. In line 2, the word “consisting”most nearly means

(A) committing

(B) containing

(C) concluding

(D) concocting


5. Why does the Earth show almost no signs of having been hit by numerous meteors in the past?

(A) Humans have dug in most of the trenches.

(B) Most meteors fell into the ocean and not on land.

(C) The Earth’s magnetic field repelled most meteors.

(D) The Earth’s natural geologic activity has eliminated most traces.


6. The main idea of this passage is that

(A) there are life-supporting characteristics on Earth.

(B) the Earth is predominantly water.

(C) the Earth has no common characteristics with other planets.

(D) the Earth is the third planet from the Sun and the fifth largest planet in the Solar System.

7. The word “distinguishing” as it is used in this selection means

(A) elevating in nature

(B) devastating in nature

(C) characteristics like all other planets

(D) characteristics that set it apart from other planets


8. It’s probable that the next paragraph would discuss

(A) people on planets

(B) the Solar System as a whole

(C) the Earth’s natural satellite-the Moon

(D) Saturnian rings


9. As it is used in this selection, the word “harbour” is synonymous with

(A) support

(B) suppose

(C) burn

(D) suppress


10. This selection leads one to believe that

(A) the Earth never gets hit by meteors.

(B) the Earth always gets hit by meteors.

(C) the Earth was hit by meteors in some past time period.

(D) the Earth may be bombarded by meteors in the near future.


^ PRACTICE TEST 2

Part A

STRUCTURE AND WRITTEN EXPRESSION


Directions: In this part each problem consists of an incomplete sentence. Below the sentence are four choices marked (A), (B), (C) and (D). You should find the one choice which best completes the sentence.


1.Man’s age-old attitude about his place in the world ... by the menacing result of his alteration on the biosphere.

(A) was shaken (C) is shaken

(B) is being shaken (D) was being shaken


2. Food which has been condemned by the Ministry as dangerous to health is still being sold by some … traders.

(A) decadent (C) depraved

(B) scrupulous (D) unscrupulous

3. …no circumstances should you drink the tap water.

(A) Within (C) By

(B) On (D) Under

4. Water quality studies in tanks and reservoirs can be conducted to … many different goals.

(A) provide (C) study

(B) meet (D) develop

5. Ultimately, finding the correct balance between calculation time and accuracy is up … the modeller.

(A) in (C) to

(B) without (D) of


6. Disinfection at groundwater sources differs from sources influenced by surface water in that it is usually applied at the … itself.

(A) plant (C) river

(B) well (D) lake

7. Red water is … water containing a colloidal suspension of very small, oxidized iron particles that originated from the surface of the pipe wall.

(A) treated (C) arranged

(B) indicated (D) considered

8. …, pollution prevention at the source can be regarded as saving on resources.

(A) Although (C) Thereunder

(B) Thereinto (D) Therefore

9. The water was … by waste from the factory.

(A) contaminated (C) purified

(B) infected (D) infested

10. Unless we take immediate precautions, we shall not be able to … the epidemic.

(A) contain (C) staunch

(B) hold (D) destroy


^ Part B

reading comprehension


Directions: After reading the passage, choose the best answer to each question. Answer all questions following the passage on the basis of what is stated or implied in the passage.


Questions 1-10 refer to the following passage.

Since life began aeons ago, thousands of creatures have come and gone. Some, such as the dinosaurs, became extinct due to naturally changing ecologic conditions. More recent threats to life forms are humans and their activities. Man has drained marshes, burned prairies, dammed and diverted rivers. Some of the more recent casualties of man’s expansion have been the dodo, great auk, passenger pigeon, Irish elk, and Steller’s sea-cow.

Sadly, we can no longer attribute the increasing decline in our wild animals and plant species to “natural” processes. Many species are dying out because of exploitation, habitat alteration or destruction, pollution, or the introduction of new species of plants and animals to an area. As mandated by Congress, protecting endangered species, and restoring them to the point where their existence is no longer jeopardized, is the primary objective of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s Endangered Species Programme.


1. In line 1, the word “aeons”most nearly means

(A) ages

(B) hours

(C) seconds

(D) minutes


2. Which of the following is a form of man’s habitat alteration?

(A) Typhoons

(B) Hurricanes

(C) Dammed rivers

(D) Snow-storms

3. Which of the following have become extinct due to man’s destruction?

(A) White pelicans

(B) The dodo,Irish elk,great auk,passenger pigeon, and Steller’s sea-cow

(C) The piping plover

(D) The golden eagle


4. Which of the following would be a likely theme for the next paragraph?

(A) Naturally changing ecological conditions

(B) Animals that have become extinct

(C) Achievements of the Government Endangered Species Programme

(D) Programmes that have destroyed natural habitats


5. In line 7, the word “attribute”most nearly means

(A) assign

(B) assort

(C) introduce

(D) assume


6. The tone of this passage is

(A) antipodal

(B) pro-wildlife

(C) anti-wildlife

(D) anti-social


7. “Habitat alteration” as it is used in this paragraph means

(A) changing clothes

(B) changing animals’ environments

(C) changing humans’ environments

(D) climate change


8. According to this passage,

(A) man is the cause of some animal extinction.

(B) animals often bring about their own extinction.

(C) Congress can absolutely end extinction of animals.

(D) a law is more important than human responsibility.


9. Which of the following is not a cause of increasing decline of wild animal population?

(A) Exploitation

(B) Pollution

(C) Habitat alteration

(D) Congressional law


10. The primary objective of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s Endangered Species Programme can be stated as

(A) custodial care of endangered species

(B) enforcement of Congressional law

(C) education of the public

(D) thoughtful buying

^ PRACTICE TEST 3

Part A

STRUCTURE AND WRITTEN EXPRESSION


Directions: In this part each problem consists of an incomplete sentence. Below the sentence are four choices marked (A), (B), (C) and (D). You should find the one choice which best completes the sentence.


1. The dinosaurs … the most successful land animals.

(A) are (C) will be

(B) were (D) have been


2. The dinosaurs originated during the Triassic period, which … 240 million years ago, when all the landmasses were assembled into the supercontinent Pangaea.

(A) began (C) has begun

(B) had begun (D) would begin


3. The success of the dinosaurs is exemplified …their extensive range.

(A) for (C) with

(B) at (D) by


4. The generally warm climate of the Cretaceous period produced … vegetation, including ferns and cicadae, that supplied the insatiable diets of the plant-eating dinosaurs.

(A) poor (C) scanty

(B) lush (D) stingy


5. … if we continue to destroy the ozone layer with our pollutants, we might find ourselves going the same way as the dinosaurs.

(A) And (C) For

(B) Because (D) So

6. The bald eagle is one of Ontario’s most impressive birds of prey, with a total length of almost one metre and a wing … which more than doubles this measurement.

(A) spandrel (C) spangle

(B) spa (D) span


7. White pelicans usually feed … coarse fish species which have little or no commercial value.

(A) on (C) under

(B) in (D) for


8. The distribution of the eastern cougar has apparently fluctuated in response … human disturbances and environmental modifications.

(A) to (C) off

(B) out of (D) aside


9. This secretive animal is … sensitive to human disturbances and many factors will influence its ability to co-exist with man.

(A) height (C) high

(B) higher (D) highly


10. The Kirtland’s warbler is one of the world’s … critically endangered birds.

(A) more (C) many

(B) most (D) much


^ Part B

reading comprehension


Directions: After reading the passage, choose the best answer to each question. Answer all questions following the passage on the basis of what is stated or implied in the passage.


Questions 1-10 refer to the following passage.


It was not until one hundred and fifty years ago that scientists learned about the existence of dinosaurs. Thanks to an English doctor and his wife, the door was opened to this zoological study. Reasoning that the reptiles’ tremendous size must have made them terrible creatures, scientists combined two Greek words, deimos, meaning terrible, and sauros, meaning lizards, to form the word dinosaur.

After many years of study, they determined that these beasts roamed the earth for millions of years, and ceased to exist some sixty million years ago.

Unbelievable as it may seem, not all dinosaurs were carnivores, that is, the flesh-eating animals. Many dinosaurs were herbivores, or vegetarians.

By reassembling the bones found at excavation sites, scientists have been able to reconstruct the skeletons and learn a great deal about the dinosaurs’ living conditions.

1. According to the passage,

(A) scientists learned about the existence of snakes.

(B) scientists learned about the existence of dinosaurs.

(C) scientists learned about the existence of bears.

(D) scientists learned about the existence of bugs.


2. The main idea of the passage is that

(A) scientists combined two Greek words to form the word “dinosaur”.

(B) scientists combined two Latin words to form the word “dinosaur”.

(C) scientists combined three Greek words to form the word “dinosaur”.

(D) scientists combined two Chinese words to form the word “dinosaur”.


3. How have scientists been able to learn of the living conditions of these animals?

(A) Scientists have been able to reconstruct their habitat.

(B) Scientists have been able to reconstruct the rainforests.

(C) Scientists have been able to reconstruct the living bank.

(D) Scientists have been able to reconstruct the skeletons.


4. When did scientists learn about the existence of dinosaurs?

(A) A century ago

(B) 4 million years ago

(C) It was not until one hundred and fifty years ago

(D) 50 million years ago


5. The word “herbivores” in line 9 is closest in meaning to

(A) the flesh-eating animals

(B) fur-bearing animals

(C) farm animals

(D) vegetarians


6. Which of the following statements is true?

(A) Not all dinosaurs were carnivores.

(B) All dinosaurs were carnivores.

(C) All dinosaurs were vegetarians.

(D) All dinosaurs were big animals.


7. In line 10, the word “bones”most nearly means

(A) a textile fabric

(B) the hard tissue

(C) raw materials

(D) dress material

8. This selection leads one to believe that

(A) the last of the dinosaurs disappeared some sixty million years ago.

(B) the last of the dinosaurs disappeared some six million years ago.

(C) the last of the dinosaurs disappeared some three million years ago.

(D) the last of the dinosaurs disappeared some two million years ago.


9. The style of this passage is

(A) turgid style

(B) lofty style

(C) humorous style

(D) naturalistic and concrete style

10. The passage refers to

(A) science fiction

(B) natural sciences

(C) exact sciences

(D) social sciences


^ PRACTICE TEST 4

Part A

STRUCTURE AND WRITTEN EXPRESSION


Directions: In this part each problem consists of an incomplete sentence. Below the sentence are four choices marked (A), (B), (C) and (D). You should find the one choice which best completes the sentence.


1. In scientific terms, ecology is the study of the relationships between plants, animals, people, and their environment, and the balances … these relationships.

(A) among (C) in space

(B) between (D) in time


2. A few years ago, the average person … the slightest idea of this term.

(A) would have had (C) wouldn’t have had

(B) will have (D) had had


3. Man-made pollution frequently alters the environment in which a … of organisms lives and upsets its delicate balance.

(A) community (C) society

(B) union (D) company


4. The ecological problem which is also very … a social one, is one of the pressing problems of our days.

(A) little (C) many

(B) a little (D) much


5. If indeed silence is golden, it is also becoming … rare … gold.

(A) not so … as (C) as … as

(B) either … or (D) neither … nor


6. It … that the progress of man includes a rising volume of noise.

(A) seems (C) seemed

(B) seem (D) seeming

7. You can pass any factory or construction area and the roar of its machinery will make your … ring.

(A) nose (C) teeth

(B) ears (D) tongue


8. Even the quiet of our carefully protected wilderness areas … at any moment by a passing jet.

(A) should be invaded (C) could be invaded

(B) will have to be invaded (D) can be invaded


9. We are learning finally, that silence is a natural resource and … protected by law.

(A) ought to be (C) must be

(B) should be (D) would be


10. It appears that we all find company … sound, but at the same time, we all demand

a little quiet from time to time.

(A) on (C) with

(B) in (D) of


  1   2   3

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