Children therapeutic dentistry м odule “Caries icon

Children therapeutic dentistry м odule “Caries




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Children therapeutic dentistry

Мodule1. Caries, non-carious lesions, complications in permanent and primary teeth, diagnosis, treatment


Evaluation scale

Current control of content module (max.)

Practical lessons


^ Number of points (max.)

One lesson

Total

Content module 1

Theme 1 – 8

3

24

Theme 9 control of content module 1

3

3

Content module 2

Theme 10-19

3

20

Theme 20 control of content module 2

3

3

Content module 3

Theme 21-36

3

48

Theme 37 defense of history case

3

3

Theme 38 Control of content module 3

3

3

^ Total for practical lessons (max.)

114

Individual self- students work


6

Total for current control


120

Final module control (max.)
^

Written control



30 tests


30

Practical skills

3 practical skills

15

^ Verbal answer

3 situational tasks

15

4 control questions

20

Total for final control (max.)

80
^

Total number of points for module 1


200



The head of Pediatric Stomatology Department,

Professor G.M. Melnycuk


Current control of module 1

Evaluation of practical knowledge by 3 points scale.

Evaluation of:

Test control – 1 point;

Verbal answer – 1 point;

Practical skills – 1 point.


^

Evaluation of practical skills of module 1



Points


Verbal answer

Tests

^ Practical skills

1

Full answer

17-20

Well done

0,5

A few mistakes

12-16

A few mistakes

0

Incorrect answer

Less than 12

Not done


Current educational activities ь:

Maximum number of points: 38 lessons × 3 = 114 points + 6 (for individual students work) is 120 points.

Minimum number of points: 38 lessons × 1 = 38 points.


Themes for individual students work ( 6 points) :


    1. Aesthetic restoration of permanent teeth in children using modern filling materials.

    2. Restoration methods of primary teeth using standard metal crowns and celluloid caps.

    3. Modern endodontic technics in the treatment of complications of caries in primary and permanent teeth, ultrasound and laser treatment of root canals.

    4. Filling of root canals using heated gutta-percha pointsі.



The head of Pediatric Stomatology Department,

Professor G.M. Melnycuk


FINAL CONTROL OF MODULE 1

^

Type of control


Points

1
Written control

30 tests

30


2


Practical skills

3 practical skills

15

3 situational tasks

15

3

^ Verbal answer

4 control questions

20

Total points

80



Evaluation scale of verbal answer:

5 points – full and correct answer;

4 points - A few mistakes;

3 points – partial question disclosure;

2 points – significant errors in answer;

1 points - reveals a small part of the material;

0 points – no correct answer.


^ Evaluation scale of practical skills:

5 points - Well done, due to algorithm .

4 points - Some inaccuracies have been admitted .

3 points - student consistently but with errors and technical inaccuracies performs practical skill.

2 points - Not followed by algorithm .

1 points - Small part of algorithm was done .

0 points - student does not fulfill the practical skills .


^ Evaluation scale of situational tasks:

5 points – Situational task well done;

4 points – A few mistakes;

3 points – some mistakes in final result and conclusions;

2 points – significant mistakes, incorrect answer;

1 point – No answer and conclusions;

0 points – situational task not solved.


Final module control:

Maximum points: 80

Minimum points for module 1: not less than 50 .


The head of Pediatric Stomatology Department,

Professor G.M. Melnycuk


List the required practical skills

^ MODULE №1:“Dental caries, non-carious lesions, complications of caries in temporal and permanent children's teeth: clinical picture, diagnostics, treatment”

  1. Be able to conduct the examination of a child's oral cavity.

  2. Be able to fill in the outpatient case history.

  3. Be able to diagnose caries of temporal and permanent teeth in children.

  4. Be able to make a preparation of carious cavity of Class I-V (according to Blake) in

temporal teeth depending on the type of filling material.

  1. Be able to make impregnation method of treatment of caries in temporal teeth.

  2. Be able to make a preparation of carious cavity of Class I-V (according to Blake) in permanent teeth depending on the type of filling material.

7. Be able to fill carious cavity of Class I-V (according to Blake) in temporal and

permanent teeth with help modern filling materials.

  1. Be able to conduct a remineralization therapy of acute initial caries.

  2. Be able to treat acute and chronic deep caries of permanent teeth without using:

    • medicines based on the calcium hydroxide;

- zing - eugenol pastes.

10. Be able to prescribe general treatment of caries.

11. Be able to conduct

12. Be able to conduct the treatment of pulpitis in children without using консервативного method.

13. Be able to perform vital amputation in permanent teeth in children.

14. Be able to perform vital extirpation in permanent teeth in children.

15. Be able to perform devitalized amputation in temporal teeth in children.

16. Be able to perform devitalized extirpation in temporal teeth in children.

17. Be able to choose the filling material and fill root canals according to the stage of development of tooth root.

18. Be able to perform devitalized amputation in permanent teeth in children.

19. Be able to perform devitalized extirpation in permanent teeth in children.

20. Be able to determine the method of periodontits treatment in temporal tooth.

21. Be able to make the mechanical root canals preparation of temporal tooth in child according to the stage of development of tooth.

22. Be able to make the mechanical root canals preparation of permanent tooth in child according to the degree of root formation.

23. Be able to make the medicament root canal treatment of temporal and permanent tooth in child according to the stage of root development.

24. Master the method of temporal obturation of root canal by materials based on the calcium hydroxide during the treatment of permanent teeth in children.

25. Be able to choose the material for root fillings in temporal and permanent tooth in child according to the stage of root development.

26. Be able to fill root canals in temporal and permanent tooth in child according to the stage of root development.

27. Be able to read and analyze X-ray pictures of the teeth and bones of maxillofacial area in children of different ages.

28. Master the method of elektroodontodiagnostic hildren.

29. Be able to diagnose injury of temporal teeth in children.

30. Be able to determine treatment policy and conduct treatment of injuries of temporal teeth in children.

31. Be able to diagnose injury of permanent teeth in children.

32. Be able to determine treatment policy and conduct treatment of injuries of permanent teeth in children.

33. Be able to conduct test of Schiller-Pisarev.

34. Be able to interpret the results of cytologic research of content of periodontal pocket.

35. Be able to interpret the results of X-ray research at the diseases of periodontal tissues in children.

36. Be able to interpret the results of hemogram in norm in children with different age.

37. Be able to determine the degree of weight of chronic catarrhal gingivitis with help index PMA.

38. Be able to determine the degree of defeat of parodontium with help index CPI.

39.Be able to determine the hygienic condition of oral cavity with help index Green-Vermillion.

40. Be able to conduct individual hygienic learning and education of child depending on the condition of periodontal diseases and mouth cavity tunica mucosa.

41. Be able to prescribe means for individual hygienic oral health care at diseases of periodontal tissues and mouth cavity tunica mucosa.

42.Be able to conduct professional oral hygiene.

43.Be able to conduct irrigation of oral cavity.

44. Be able to conduct installations in the gingival and periodontal pockets.

45.Be able to conduct appliques in the treatment of diseases of the periodontal tissues and mouth cavity tunica mucosa.

46. Be able to remove dental deposits from the surface of mouth cavity tunica mucosa.


The head of Pediatric Stomatology Department,

Professor G.M. Melnycuk


Questions for the final control in Pediatric

Therapeutic Stomatology.


Part I. Prophylaxis.

1. Principles of pediatric stomatological help. Recording methods and documents in pediatric practice. Assessments of the pediatric stomatologist’s work.

2. Enamel.Hystology and chemical content, physical and physiological characteristics. Demineralization process of enamel.

3. Saliva, properties and function.

4. Formation, mineralization and development of temporary teeth. Factors that influence

this processes in prenatal period.

5. Terms and stages of tooth formation, mineralization and eruption of permanent teeth.

6. Factors that influence mineralization of permanent and primary teeth in prenatal and postnatal periods.

7. Examination of the pediatric patient.

8. Caries risk assesment.Caries indexes.

9. Exogamic prophylaxis of stomatological diseases.

10. Endogenic prophylaxis of stomatological diseases.

11. Educational measures in different age periods.

12. Nutrition and diet in caries control.

13. Plaque assessment and plaque control. Plaque disclosing procedure. Dental professional hygiene.

14. Oral microflora, its physiological function in epidemiology of caries and periodontal diseases.

15. Types of dental deposits, their role in pathogenesis of caries and periodontal diseases.

16. Methods of disclosing and elimination of dental deposits. Mechanical and physical methods of elimination. Prophylaxis of their development.

17. Methods of toothbrushing.Control tooth brushing in children groups.

18. Tooth brushes their types and characteristics. Storage and terms of using.

19. Chewing gums. Types, content and characteristics.

20. Tooth pastes .Content, characteristics, and indications to using. The hygienic, medical-preventive tooth pastes with anticaries effect that contain Fluoride and Calcium. The tooth pastes with anti-inflammatory and stimulation effect.

21. Fluoride, its role in process of remineralization. Optimal intake of Fluoride. The approximal doses calculation scheme of fluoride containing supplements according to child’s age and fluoride containence in drinking water.

22. Systemic usage of Fluorides. Adequate control of Fluoride intake with food and drinking water.

23. Water fluoridation. Indications, doses. Advantages and disadvantages of this method. Providing fluoridation on community basis.

24. Milk fluoridation, choosing a dose. Advantages and disadvantages. Methods of using.

25. Salt fluoridation. Methods.

26. Fluoride containing tablets. Indications to their using. The doses and methods.

27. Fluoride gels and mouth rinses. Applications, indications, methods and prognosis.

28. Fluoride gels and varnishes as methods of exogenic prophylaxis. Indications for application, their advantages.

29. Fissure sealing as method of caries prophylaxis, particularly in molars. Classification of sealing materials .Application technique.

30. Prenatal prophylaxis of stomatological diseases. Public health education. Nutrition of pregnant women.

31. Cariesogenic situation in oral cavity. Factors that lead to its development. Methods of indications and elimination.

32. Diagnosis of caries in children .Methods of conduction. Its role in prophylaxis of caries.


Part II. Caries and non-caries abnormalities.

1. Morphological aspects of primary and permanent teeth in children.

2. Terms and characteristics of physiological eruption of primary teeth. Complications occurring during eruption. Main reasons of eruption’s term disorders.

3. Stages of permanent teeth development. Teeth development in regard to general health of the child.

4. Modern ethiology and pathogenesis of caries process.

5. Classification of dental caries.

6. Demineralization of enamel. Morphological characteristics.

7. Fissure caries. Reasons of development. Classification of fissures.

8. Differential diagnosis of fissure caries with non-mineralized fissures.

9. Rampant caries. Reasons of development. Principles of treatment.

10. Clinic, diagnosis, differential diagnosis and treatment of caries of primary teeth in children.

11. Clinic, diagnosis, differential diagnosis and treatment of caries of permanent teeth in children.

12. Indications to choice of materials for treatment of primary and permanent dental caries.

13. Clinical techniques of acute initial caries treatment. Indications, methods and efficiency control.

14. Compensative type of dental caries. Clinical diagnosis and treatment.

15. Subcompesative type of dental caries. Clinical diagnosis and treatment.

16. Decompnsative type of dental caries. Clinical diagnosis and treatment.

17. Impregnation method of caries treatment of primary teeth.

18. Treatment of acute deep caries. Methods, efficiency control. Choice of material for restoration.

19.Mistakes and complications that occur during caries treatment of primary and permanent teeth in children.

20.Non-caries abnormalities of hard tissues. Classifications according to Patrikeev V.K., Fedorov Y.A. and V.A.Drozhzhynova. Epidemiology.

21.Enamel hypoplasia.Clinic, differential diagnosis, treatment and prophylaxis of hypoplasia.

22.Types of hypoplasia. Clinical presentation,differential diagnosis, treatment and prophylaxis of hypoplasia.

23. Fluorosis. Classification according to Patrikeev V.K. Reasons of development, clinical presentations.

24. Differential diagnosis of systemic hypoplasia and fluorosis.

25. Differential diagnosis of caries (white spot lesion) and hypoplasia and fluorosis.

26. Treatment and prophylaxis of fluorosis.

27.Anomalies of tooth formation.Classification, Amelogenesis imperfecta, dentinogenesis imperfecta,odontogenesis. Treatment.

28.Medicamental and toxic anomalies of tooth development(tetracycline teeth, vitamin D deficiency). Reasons of development, prophylaxis and treatment.


Part III. Caries complications.

  1. Morphological and physiological aspects of the pulp in primary and permanent teeth at different periods of tooth development.

  2. Periods of primary teeth development. Terms of formation, eruption and resorption of the roots in primary teeth. Types of physiological resorption according to T.F. Vynogrodova.

  3. Classification of Pulpitis. Clinical Pulpal diagnosis, examination, differential diagnosis of Pulpitis in primary teeth.

  4. Clinical Pulpal, differential diagnosis of the Acute Pulpitis in primary teeth.

  5. Clinical Pulpal diagnosis, differential diagnosis of Chronic Pulpitis in primary teeth.

  6. Clinical Pulpal diagnosis, differential diagnosis of Acute Pulpitis in permanent teeth.

  7. Clinical Pulpal diagnosis, differential diagnosis of Chronic Pulpitis in permanent teeth.

  8. Clinical diagnosis, differential diagnosis and treatment of Pulpitis in Primary teeth complicated by Apical Periodontitis.

  9. Biological Indirect Pulp treatment. Indications, methods, prognosis and efficiency control.

  10. Surgical method of Pulpitis treatment. Vital Partial Pulpal amputation in permanent teeth. Indications, techniques and prognosis.

  11. Surgical method of Pulpitis treatment. The vital pulpotectomy. Indications and techniques.

  12. Surgical method of Pulpitis treatment. Non-vital partial amputation. Indications, techniques. Partial Pulpal amputation medicaments.

  13. Surgical method of Pulpitis treatment. The non-vital pulpectomy. Indications, techniques. Pulpectomy medicaments.

  14. Root canal treatment in primary and permanent teeth with Pulpitis. Root filling materials.

  15. Aspects of Pulpitis treatment in primary and permanent teeth according to the stage of root development.

  16. Morphology of the Periodontum in permanent and primary teeth.

  17. Classification of the Apical Periodontitis. Ethiology and pathogenesis.

  18. Apical Periodontitis of the primary teeth. Clinical and differential diagnosis.

  19. Acute Apical Periodontitis of the permanent teeth in children. Clinical and differential diagnosis.

  20. Chronic Apical Periodontitis of the permanent teeth in children. Clinical and differential diagnosis.

  21. Radiological diagnosis of the Apical Periodontitis in children.

  22. Differential diagnosis of dental Caries, Pulpitis and Apical Periodontitis of primary and permanent teeth in children.

  23. Aspects of Apical Periodontitis treatment in primary teeth. Indications for the method of choice.

  24. Aspects of Apical Periodontitis treatment in permanent teeth. Indications. Treatment techniques. Prognosis.

  25. Mistakes and complications that occur in diagnosis and treatment of Apical Periodontitis of primary and permanent teeth in children.

  26. Classification of the endodontic instruments in regard to their design, purpose of administration and techniques.

  27. Root canal filling materials. Indications to their using.

  28. Root canal obturation with Gutta-Percha Points. Techniques.

  29. Traumatic injuries to the teeth. Classification, clinical presentation, diagnosis.

  30. Treatment of traumatic injuries to primary and permanent teeth.



The Head of Pediatric Stomatology Department,

Professor G.M. Melnychuk.


Хлам !!!!


Questions of the final control for students In Pediatric Oral Surgery


Anesthesia of Maxillofacial area in children and Tooth Extraction Procedure.

  1. Innervation of the teeth and soft tissues of the Maxilla.

  2. Innervation of the teeth and soft tissues of the Mandible.

  3. Types and methods of pain control in children. Indication to the method of choice.

  4. Mandibular nerve block techniques.

  5. Type of General anesthesia in children. Out-patients general anesthesia and In-patients (hospital-stay) intubation anesthesia. Pharmacological agents.

  6. Complications of General anesthesia. Treatment and prevention.

  7. Maxillary nerve block techniques.

  8. The specific of local anesthesia in children with some medical conditions.

  9. The specific of Mandibular anesthesia by limited opening.

  10. Surface (topical) anesthesia. Methods and techniques.

  11. Infiltration anesthesia. Methods and techniques.

  12. Intraligamentary anesthesia.

  13. Pharmacological agents for nerve block, infiltration and topical anesthesia.

  14. Conscious Sedation Techniques.

  15. Extraction of Primary teeth in children. Techniques of extraction and anesthesia.

  16. Extraction of Permanent Teeth in children. Techniques and anesthesia.

  17. Contraindications to teeth extraction.

  18. Extraction techniques of primary and permanent teeth on the Maxilla.

  19. Extraction techniques of primary and permanent teeth on the Mandible.

  20. Surgical instruments used for extraction on the Maxilla.

  21. Surgical instruments used for extraction on the Mandible.

  22. Complications of teeth extraction. Treatment and prophylaxis.

  23. Generalized complications of local anesthesia: fainting, collapse, toxicity. Clinical presentation, first aid, prophylaxis.

  24. Anaphylactic, types and emergency treatment.

  25. Local complications of local anesthesia. Emergency, prophylaxis.

  26. Alveolitis. Reasons of development, clinical presentation, treatment.

  27. Postoperative bleeding .Methods of heamostasis.

Inflammatory processes of maxillofacial area in children.

  1. Methods of surgical treatment of Periodontitis.

  2. Acute odontogenic Periostitis. Classification, diagnosis, differential diagnosis of acute odontogenic Periostitis in children.

  3. Treatment of acute odontogenic Periostitis in children. Indications to hospitalization.

  4. Ethiology, clinical presentation, diagnosis and differential diagnosis of acute not odontogenic Periostitis in children.

  5. Chronic Periostitis. Clinical presentation, diagnosis, differential diagnosis, treatment.

  6. Complications of acute odontogenic Periostitis of the jaws, their prophylaxis.

  7. Pathogenesis of Osteomyelitis. Modern theories of Osteomyelitis.Classification.

  8. Acute odontogenic Osteomyelitis of the Maxilla in children. Ethilology, pathogenesis, differential diagnosis, clinical presentation.

  9. Acute odontogenic Osteomyelitis of the Mandible in children.Ethiology, pathogenesis, differential diagnosis, clinical presentation.

  10. Methods of treatment of acute odontogenic Osteomyelitis in children.

  11. Clinic, diagnosis of chronic odontogenic Osteomyelitis of the Maxilla in children. Clinical and radiological type of the disease.

  12. Clinic, diagnosis of chronic odontogenic Osteomyelitis of the Mandible in children. Clinical and radiological type of the disease.

  13. Treatment and rehabilitation of the patients with chronic odontogenic Osteomyelitis.

  14. Complications of acute and chronic Osteomyelitis in children, their prophylaxis.

  15. Acute heamatogenous Osteomyelitis in children. Ethiology, clinical presentation and diagnosis.

  16. Treatment of acute heamatogenous Osteomyelitis in children.

  17. Anomalies of eruption in primary and permanent teeth.

  18. Treatment of abscesses and phlegmons located around the Maxilla, complications and prophylaxis.

  19. Treatment of abscesses and phlegmons located around the Mandible. Complications and prophylaxis.

  20. Treatment of abscesses and phlegmons in children. Possible complications and prophylaxis.Adenophlegmone.

  21. Ethiolgy, diagnosis and clinical presentation of face furuncles in children.

  22. Treatment of face furuncles in children, complications and prophylaxis.

  23. Carbuncles, stages of development, clinical presentation and treatment.

  24. Aspects of lymphatic system in children. Reasons of development. Classification.

  25. Ethiology, clinical presentation and treatment of acute odontogenic lymphadenitis of maxillofacial area in children. Prophylaxis of complications.

  26. Ethiology, clinical presentation and treatment of acute not odontogenic Lymphadenitis in children.

  27. Ethiology, clinical presentation and treatment of chronic odontogenic and not odontogenic Lymphadenitis in children.

  28. Lymphogranulomatosis. Clinical presentation, diagnosis, complications and treatment.

  29. Erysipelas. Clinical presentation, diagnosis, complications.

Salivary glands disorders. Pediatric trauma of soft tissues.

1. Ethiology, pathogenesis, classification of Salivary glands diseases.

2. MAMPS-viral epidemic Parotitis. Ethiology, clinical presentation, treatment.

3.Viral not epidemic Parotitis. Ethiology, clinical presentation, diagnosis, treatment.

4. Clinical presentation, diagnosis of acute bacterial Sialodenitis.

5. Acute contagious Sialodenitis. Clinical presentation, diagnosis, differential diagnosis.

6. Treatment of sialodentits. Prognosis. Complications and prophylaxis.

7. Chronic parenchymal Sialodenitis. Clinical presentation, diagnosis, differential diagnosis.

8. Chronic interstitial Sialodenitis. Clinical presentation, diagnosis, differential diagnosis.

9. Treatment of Sialodenitis and prognosis.

10. Limphogenous Parotitis. Clinical presentation, diagnosis, differential diagnosis.

11. Calculus Sialodenitis.Clinical presentation, diagnosis, differential diagnosis.

12. Methods of treatment of Calculus Sialodenitis, prophylaxis of complications.

13. Syalography, methods of administration. Syalographs by chronic processes of salivary glands.

14. Sialosis. Clinical presentation, diagnosis, treatment.

15. Classification of soft tissues trauma. Methods of diagnosis, clinical presentation.

16. Specific of first surgical interferences of maxillofacial trauma according

To child’s age and the type of injury.

17. Thermo-trauma of soft tissues. First surgical help.

18. Chemical burns of soft tissues of maxillofacial area in children.

19. Traumatic shock. Aspects of development. Firs aid.

20. Complications of trauma of maxillofacial area.


Практичні навики БАЗАЛИЦЬКА


МЕТОДИЧНІ ВКАЗІВКИ

ДЛЯ СТУДЕНТІВ 3 КУРСУ

Модуль 1. “ПРОФІЛАКТИКА СТОМАТО-ЛОГІЧНИХ ЗАХВОРЮВАНЬ”


( НА УКРАЇНСЬКІЙ ТА РОСІЙСЬКІЙ МОВАХ)


МЕТОДИЧНІ ВКАЗІВКИ

ДЛЯ СТУДЕНТІВ 3 КУРСУ

Модуль 1. “ПРОФІЛАКТИКА СТОМАТО-ЛОГІЧНИХ ЗАХВОРЮВАНЬ”


( НА АНГЛІЙСЬКІЙ МОВІ)

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