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ECO-ECONOMIC ASPECTS OF RISK MANAGEMENT IN ECOLOGICAL SAFETY
Y.A. Goryaeva, A.A. Rubalov
Sumy State University, Sumy, Ukraine
Safety of vital space is the requirement of nowadays. Considerable amount of resources required to provide safety. The question of acceptable safe level appears sharply. Modern control system in the conditions of planetary above constituents and above rapid ecological processes based on the system estimation of risk constituents. Optimization of mechanism of adjusting of safety of ecological space on conception of risk needs improvement of instrument of estimation of risk factor.
Control system in an eventual result reserved on the unique eco-economic space. The base requirement of their mutual relations is principle of safety. The task of providing safety in modern terms dictates the necessity of mechanism creation for dynamic adjusting and development of conception of its optimization which integrates different fields of knowledge methodologically.
The factor of risk of management ecological safety became the object of this research. Determination of system structural eco-economical constituents of risk, analysis of basic aspects of consequences of his influencing, belonged a task on the base of approach of the systems.
Risk is related directly to ecological safety and conditioned them by economic losses. That is why conceptual bases of principles of choice of basic directions, approaches and methods of analysis were taken to measuring of risk degree in the mechanism of management ecological activity at working out ecological problems on the base of criterion of safety of eco-situation.
Risk as a factor of mechanism of management ecological activity with the purpose of providing of national safety needs research and analysis of different types of co-operation of man with nature, namely – elemental human unintentional influence on nature and transformation of biosphere, purposeful large-scale transformation of nature and use of its resources.
The analysis of risk consists of the stages of study of eco-economical constituents of risk, effects of influencing of risk factor on ecological space, creation of adequate models of quantitative estimation of credible threat to the environment at the certain levels of the ecological loading on an environment, development of mechanism of management and optimization of adjusting of safety of ecological space on conception of risk. A risk estimation is for the ecological systems based on the objective estimations of his constituents and introduction of descriptions of hierarchical, non-linear, open and non-neutral approach.
Results are got in relation to the factors of influencing on the basic tendencies of forming of constituents of factor of vagueness and risk allow, in our view, more consciously to form the criteria of seeing and estimation of ecological the issue of the day of modern time.
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Эти вопросы появились из-за нашего недопонимания геологических, в частности, геодинамических и гидрогеологических процессов, протекающих...