Notional module 2 Morphology of blood supply and limphokinesis disturbance Lectures – 4 hours icon

Notional module 2 Morphology of blood supply and limphokinesis disturbance Lectures – 4 hours




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НазваNotional module 2 Morphology of blood supply and limphokinesis disturbance Lectures – 4 hours
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Notional module 2

Morphology of blood supply and limphokinesis disturbance

Lectures – 4 hours

Practical classes – 8 hours

Student’s self-work – 7 hours

Form of student’s individual self-work – thesis or library-research papers

Specific objects of the module


  • To explain the causes and consequences of ion-osmotic and water balance disturbances.

  • To analyze the role, causes and consequences of renin-angiotension-aldosteron system function disturbance.

  • To explain mechanisms of development, morphologic manifestations and consequences of the following kinds of circulation disorders: arterial and venous plethora, ischemia, hemorrhages, stasis, plasmorrhagia, shock, embolism.

  • To explain lymphokinesia disturbance development mechanisms, morphologic manifestation and consequences.

  • To describe structural-functional components of hemostasis system.

  • To analyze hemorrhagic syndromes` reasons, morphologic manifestations and consequences

  • To analyze thrombosis reasons, morphologic manifestations and consequences

  • To analyze thrombosis reasons, morphologic manifestations and consequences

Disseminated intravascular blood coagulation syndrome.



Theme 8 Ion-osmotic and water balance disturbances

Basic matters for self-training

Ion-osmotic and water balance disturbances The causes, pathogenesis of hyposmolar and hypersmolar comas, their consequences and patients’ death causes. Hyper- and hypopotassemia: definition, causes of development, role in thanatogenesis. Water balance disturbance, hypo- and hyperpotassemia: causes of development, role of intercellular and cellular dehydration in thanatogenesis. Transsudate, cavities hydrops, viscus edema (lungs, cerebrum): patho- and morphogenesis, clinicopathologic characteristics.

Renin-angiotension-aldosteron system. Life incompatible blood pH disturbance: definition, role in thanatogenesis. Osmotic pressure, oncotic pressure: characteristics, regulation. Potassiou metabolism disturbance. Hypopotassemia, hyperpotassemia: mechanisms of development, clinical manifestations.

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Theme 9 Blood circulation disorders: plethora, ischemia, infarction, hemorrhage, bleeding, stasis, plasmorrhagia. Embolism. Shock. Lymph flow disturbance


Basic matters for self-training

Plethora (plethora). Arterial plethora. Causes, types, morphology. Venous plethora: general and local, acute and chronic. Venous (passive) congestion in small circle of blood circulation system: patho- and morphogenesis, clinicopathologic characteristics, consequences. Blood circulation disorders under chronic myocardium cardiac decompensation. Heart and lungs disorders pathomorphology under chronic right ventricle and left ventricle cardiac insufficiency (cardiac decompensation). Venous plethora in portal vein system (portal hypertension): pathogenesis and clinicopathologic manifestations.

Ischemia (ischemia): definition, causes, mechanisms of development, morphologic characteristic and methods of diagnostics, clinical meaning. Collateral blood circulation role. Acute and chronic ischemia. Infarction: definition, causes, classification, morphologic characteristic of various kinds of infarctions, complications, consequences.

Hemorrhage: external and internal, bleeding. causes, kinds, clinicopathologic characteristics. Hemorrhagic diathesis. Stasis: causes, mechanism of development, kinds, clinicopathologic characteristics, consequences. Pre-stasis, slagging phenomenon. Bleeding. Plasmorrhagia: causes, mechanism of development, kinds, morphologic characteristics, consequences causes. Lymph flow disturbance. Lymph flow insufficiency. Causes, kinds, morphologic manifestations. Lymphedema – acute and chronic, general and regional. Lymphostasis, elephantiasis. Lymphorrhea – external and internal (chylous ascites, chylothorax ). Importance of lymph flow disorders.

Shock: definition, causes, pathogenesis and stages of development, pathologic anatomy manifestations of acute disorders of blood circulation and their consequences with patients died of shock. Postischemic-reperfusion organs injuries: causes, pathogenesis, clinicopathoanatomic features and their consequences.

Embolism: definition, kinds, causes, morphologic characteristics. Orthograde, retrograde and paradoxical embolism. Thrombo embolism: causes of development, clinical significance. Pulmonary artery thrombo embolism, acute cor pulmonale. Thrombo embolism syndrome: clinicopathologic characteristic.


Theme 10 Hemostasis disorders. Thrombosis, disseminated intravascular coagulation syndrome

Basic matters for self-training

Idea of hemostasis system structural-functional components. Pathogenetic classification of hemostatic disorders.

Hemorrhagic syndromes: definition, basic causes, principal pathogenetic kinds, pathoanatomic manifestations, consequences.

Thrombosis. Internal and external systems of coagulation. Fibrinolysis. Cells and factors participating in coagulation and fibrinolysis. Thrombocyte aggregate formation. Concept of coagulation cascade. Local and general factors of thrombus formation. Thrombus, its types, morphologic characteristic. Venous thrombosis. Arterial thrombosis. Thrombosis in cardiac cavities. Varicose veins. Thrombophlebitis and phlebothrombosis. Thrombosis significance and consequences. Disseminated intravascular coagulation syndrome. Definition, kinds, mechanisms of development, stages, morphologic characteristic, clinical manifestations.

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