24 The small and large intestine. The liver. The pancreas ! The small intestine begins at icon

24 The small and large intestine. The liver. The pancreas ! The small intestine begins at




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24 The small and large intestine. The liver. The pancreas


! The small intestine begins at:

the pylorus

#the cardiac orifice

the ileocaecal junction

the duodenojejunal flexure


! The small intestine ends at:

the ileal orifice of the caecum

#the pyloric orifice

the cardiac orifice

the sacral flexure of the rectum


! Which parts are distinguished in the small intestine?

the duodenum, the jejunum, the ileum

#the caecum, the jejunum, the ileum

the duodenum, the ileum, the rectum

the duodenum, the caecum, the rectum


! What parts are distinguished in the duodenum?

the superior, descending, horizontal (inferior) and

ascending parts

#the superior, descending, vertical and ascending parts

the transverse, descending, horizontal (inferior) and

ascending parts

the superior, descending, horizontal (inferior) and

vertical parts


!1 What lies at the lower end of the longitudinal fold of

the duodenal mucosa?

the major duodenal papilla

#the superior duodenal papilla

the inferior duodenal papilla

the superior duodenal fold


!1 On the top of the major duodenal papilla there is the

opening for:

the bile duct and pancreatic duct

#the common hepatic duct and the pancreatic duct

the bile duct and the accessory pancreatic duct

the common hepatic duct and the accessory pancreatic duct


! What is the peritoneal relation of the duodenum ?

the extraperitoneal position

#the intraperitoneal position

the mesoperitoneal position

the subperitoneal position


! The large intestine is divided into:

the caecum, the colon, the rectum and the anal canal

#the ileum, the colon, the rectum, the anal canal

the caecum, the jejunum, the rectum, the anal canal

the jejunum, the ileum, the colon, the rectum


! The colon is divided into:

the ascending colon, the transverse colon, the descending

colon, the sigmoid colon

#the ascending colon, the superior colon, the descending

colon, the sigmoid colon

the ascending colon, the horizontal colon, the descending

colon, the rectum

the ascending colon, the descending colon, the sigmoid

colon, the rectum


! The ascending colin is covered with peritoneum from:

three sides

#one side

all sides

not covered at all


! The transverse colon runs between:

the right and left colic flexure

#the iliocaecal junction and left colic flexure

the iliocaecal junction and right colic flexure

the left colic flexure and sacral flexure of rectum


! The left colic flexure is between:

the transverse colon and descending colon

#the ascending colon and transverse colon

the ascending colon and descending colon

the descending colon and sigmoid colon


! The descending colon is covered with peritoneum from:

three sides

#one side

all sides

not covered at all


! The descending colon runs between:

the transverse colon and sigmoid colon

#the ascending colon and transverse colon

the caecum and ascending colon

the caecum and sigmoid colon


! Where does the rectum lie?

in the lesser pelvis

#in the greater pelvis

in the abdominal cavity

in the anorectal fossa


! Which surfaces has the liver?

the diaphragmatic and visceral surfaces

#the diaphragmatic and cardiac surfaces

the pulmonary and intestinal surfaces

the medial and lateral surfaces


!1 What ligament is on the diaphragmatic surface of the

liver?

the falciform ligament

#the ligamentum venosum

the ligamentum teres of the liver

the hepatorenal ligament


!1 A deep transverse fissure situating in the centre of the

visceral surface of the liver is called:

the porta hepatis

#the groove for vena cava

the fissure for ligamentum teres

the fissure for lifamentum venosum


! What lobe of the liver lies anterior to the porta hepatis?

the quadrate lobe

#the caudate lobe

the right lobe

the left lobe


!1 What lobe of the liver lies posterior to the porta

hepatis?

the caudate lobe

#the quadrate lobe

the right lobe

the left lobe


!1 The bile duct (choledoch) forms in the porta hepatis as

the resalt of merging of:

the common hepatic duct and the cystic duct

#the right and left hepatic duct

the common hepatic duct and the pancreatic duct

the bile ductule and the common hepatic duct


! Which parts has the gall bladder?

he fundus, the body, the neck

#the the fornix, the body, the istmus

the fundus, the body, the ampulla

the body, the ampulla, the neck


! The pancreas is divided into:

the head, the body, the tail

#the head, the neck, the body

the body, the neck, the tail

the fundus, the body, the tail


! The tail of pancreas runs in direction of:

the splenic hilum

#the porta hepatis

the hilum of the right kidney

the hilum of the left kidney


! The accessory pancreatic duct opens on:

the minor duodenal papilla

#the major duodenal papilla

the omental eminens

the head of pancreas


! The pancreatic islets (Lanngerhans` islets) belong to:

the endocrine portion

#the exocrine portion

the stroma of pancreas

the mixed portion


!1 The exocrine portion of the pancreas consists of

functional units:

the pancreatic lobules

#the pancreatic islets (Lanngerhans` islets)

the pancreatic ducts

the pancreatic segments


! The endocrine portion of the pancreas is represented with:

the pancreatic islets (Lanngerhans` islets)

#the pancreatic lobules

the pancreatic acinuses

the stroma of pancreas

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