Classification approaches to ecologically sound goods dr., prof. Leonid Melnyk, Iryna Burlakova icon

Classification approaches to ecologically sound goods dr., prof. Leonid Melnyk, Iryna Burlakova




Скачати 22.66 Kb.
НазваClassification approaches to ecologically sound goods dr., prof. Leonid Melnyk, Iryna Burlakova
Дата01.01.2013
Розмір22.66 Kb.
ТипДокументи

CLASSIFICATION APPROACHES TO ECOLOGICALLY SOUND GOODS


Dr., prof. Leonid Melnyk, Iryna Burlakova

Sumy State University, Sumy, Ukraine


The strategic problem of ecologically sustainable development consists in that vigorous growth of production of the goods and services was not accompanied by the same increase in influence at environment. This problem requires search of directions of decrease in ecological losses. These directions can be differentiated on some groups: not capital-intensive actions within existing base structure of economy and a base pattern of consumption; capital-intensive actions within existing base structure of economy and a pattern of consumption; the actions directed on transformation of base structure of economy within the existing pattern of consumption; the actions directed on transformation of base structure of economy with simultaneous change of the existing pattern of consumption; the actions directed on development and sale of ecologically sound goods.

Ecologically sound goods are one of forms of high technological and information goods. Any material, information or material-information goods which assists removal of the reasons of ecodestructive influences, can be considered as the ecologically sound goods (ESG). It can be the environment protection equipment and technologies, educational services, the ecological literature, administrative technologies, etc. Answering fundamental economic questions, which consists an ethical imperative, it is possible to assume that ESG production will promote ecologically sustainable development that will allow to create necessary preconditions for prosperity of future generations. The analysis of the world ecological markets has allowed to develop classification signs of ESG (Table 1).


Table 1 – Classification of ecologically sound goods

Classification signs

Types of ecologically sound goods

Examples

1

2

3

Purpose

Consumer goods

Filters for potable water, counters

Industrial goods

Energy-saving equipment

Organizational technology

Computers, phones, faxes, modems

Economic life

The goods of short-term use

Ecological washing-up liquids

The goods of long-term use

Electro mobiles, software

Consumer demand

The goods of daily use

Organic food, hypoallergenic means

The goods of a preliminary choice

Non-polluting doors, window blocks

Specialty goods

Rare species of animals, plants

The goods of passive demand

Ecological insurance

1

2

3

Industrial structure

Equipment

Energy saving machine tools

Knots and units

Ecologically effective elements of technological systems

Ecologic raw materials and materials

Raw materials without arsenic

Industrial services

Services in installation of ecologically effective equipment

The intellectual goods

Ecologically focused techniques of realization of technooperations

The stages of product life cycle

Mono-functional

Ecoeffects on the one stage only

Poly-functional

Ecoeffects on the several stages

Positive influence on the environment

The goods reducing use of natural resources

Resource-saving technologies, recycling

The goods improving the environment quality

Toxic wastes utilization, sewage purification

The goods positively influencing on population

Life safe systems, organic food

The goods positive influencing on the Earth ecosystems

Ecological researches and monitoring

Market appointment

System forming goods

Ecological management, audit

Technologic goods

Ecoengineering, ecomodernisation

Financial goods

Ecological crediting, insurance

Consumer goods

Non-polluting furniture, medicine

Savings goods

Energy-saving technologies

Communicative goods

Trading in ecological technologies

Driving goods

Ecological marking, certification

Reproductive goods

Forestry, ground recultivation

Information goods

Ecomonitoring, ecoresearches


The increase in production and consumption of ecologically sound goods is capable to ensure achievement of such purposes: production of the means directed on these or those forms of softening of ecological pressure on the environment; restructuring of economy by replacement "difficult" (material-intensive and energy-intensive) kinds of primary processing of natural resources by sectors of economic activity on final consumption production; solving of the problem of investment sources (after all ecologically sound goods are first of all the goods for sale which are paid by the consumer instead of investing in the nature protection means subsidized largely from the budget).

Схожі:

Classification approaches to ecologically sound goods dr., prof. Leonid Melnyk, Iryna Burlakova iconSynergism in information economy leonid Melnyk, Iryna Dehtyarova

Classification approaches to ecologically sound goods dr., prof. Leonid Melnyk, Iryna Burlakova icon«confirm» on methodical meeting of endocrinology department a chief of endocrinology department, prof. Vlasenko M. V. “ 31 ” august 2012 y methodological recommendations
Тopic №10: Thyroididtis. Classification. Clinics. Diagnostics. Differential diagnosis. Treatment
Classification approaches to ecologically sound goods dr., prof. Leonid Melnyk, Iryna Burlakova iconClassification of malignant tumors in maxillofacial area. Tnm classification. Value of early diagnostics. Oncologic alarm. Principles of prophylactic medical examination

Classification approaches to ecologically sound goods dr., prof. Leonid Melnyk, Iryna Burlakova icon«confirm» on methodical meeting of endocrinology department a chief of endocrinology department, prof. Vlasenko M. V. “ 31 ” august 2012 y methodological recomмendations
Тopic №11: Thyrotoxicosis syndrome. Diffuse toxic goiter. Classification. Clinics. Laboratory and instrumental diagnostics. Differential...
Classification approaches to ecologically sound goods dr., prof. Leonid Melnyk, Iryna Burlakova icon«confirm» on methodical meeting of endocrinology department a chief of endocrinology department, prof. Vlasenko M. V. “ 31 ” august 2012 y methodological recommendations
Тopic №3: Diabetic angyopathy. Classification. Rethynopathy. Nephropathy. Diabetic foot. Diagnostics. Treatment dispensary supervision...
Classification approaches to ecologically sound goods dr., prof. Leonid Melnyk, Iryna Burlakova icon1/10 prof. Visotsky A. G. 04/02- ass prof. Gredzhev F. A. 15/10 ass prof. Mezhakov S. V. 11/02 ass. Kuzmenko A. Y

Classification approaches to ecologically sound goods dr., prof. Leonid Melnyk, Iryna Burlakova icon«confirm» on methodical meeting of endocrinology department a chief of endocrinology department, prof. Vlasenko M. V. “ 31 ” august 2012 y methodological recommendations
Тopic №1: Diabetes mellitus. Prevalence. Classification. Pathogenesis of main clinical symptoms. Clinics. Laboratory and instrumental...
Classification approaches to ecologically sound goods dr., prof. Leonid Melnyk, Iryna Burlakova iconTranslational Theory prof. Demetska V., assistant prof. Gizer V

Classification approaches to ecologically sound goods dr., prof. Leonid Melnyk, Iryna Burlakova iconPharmacoeconomical approaches to analysis of

Classification approaches to ecologically sound goods dr., prof. Leonid Melnyk, Iryna Burlakova iconMerlin with Sound Effects

Додайте кнопку на своєму сайті:
Документи


База даних захищена авторським правом ©zavantag.com 2000-2013
При копіюванні матеріалу обов'язкове зазначення активного посилання відкритою для індексації.
звернутися до адміністрації
Документи